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 International Codes


 

___ Languages of the World with Language Code (ISO 639)

List of languages in English and French names, with a short description where this languages are spoken,
additional the international ISO 639-2 Alpha-3 as well as the designated Alpha-2 language codes.

 

Languages


A-B

Abkhazian to Burmese
 
C-D Caddo to Dzongkha
E-F Efik to Fulah
G-H Ga to Hupa
I-J Iban to Judeo-Persian
K-L Kabardian to Lushai
M-N Macedonian to Nzima
O-P Occitan (post 1500) to Pushto
Q-R Quechua to Russian
S-T Salishan languages to Twi
U-Z Udmurt to Zuni

ISO 639-2 is the alpha-3 code. Where two codes are provided (22 languages total) the bibliographic code is given first and the terminology code is given second.

ISO 639-1 is the alpha-2 code. Multiple codes for the same language are to be considered synonyms.
Sources: ISO 639-1 Registration Authority Home | ISO 639-2 Registration Authority Home

A-B

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Abkhazian abkhaze abk ab Abkhazian (Abkhaz) is a Caucasian language spoken mainly by the Abkhaz people in Abkhazia, the breakaway republic that is generally considered to be part of Georgia.
Achinese (Acehnese) aceh ace   Achinese (Aceh) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in Aceh province, the northernmost part of Sumatra (island) in Indonesia.
Acoli acoli ach   Acoli is spoken by the Acholi people in Acholiland in northern Uganda and in Magwe County in southern Sudan.
Adangme adangme ada   Adangme (also Dangme), is a Kwa language spoken in south-eastern Ghana.
Adyghe; Adygei adyghé; adygh ady   Adyghe is s spoken by various tribes of the Adyghe people of Adygea a republic in the Russian Federation.
Afar afar aar aa Afar (Qafár af) is a Cushitic language spoken by Afar poeple of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti.
Afrihili afrihili afh   Afrihili is a constructed language designed in 1970 by K. A. Kumi Attobrah to be used as a lingua franca in all of Africa.
Afrikaans afrikaans afr af Afrikaans is an Indo-European language, derived from Dutch spoken mainly in South Africa and Namibia. Afrikaans developed among the Dutch speaking Protestant settlers, and the indentured or slave workforce of the Cape area in southwestern South Africa.
Afro-Asiatic languages afro-asiatiques langues afa   Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family with about 375 living languages spoken throughout North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula. Semitic, Egyptian, Berber, Chadic, Cushitic, and Omotic are considered to be Afro-Asiatic languages.
Akan akan aka ak Akan is a language group of the Kwa language family spoken native peoples mainly in Ghana and eastern Côte d'Ivoire.
Akkadian akkadien akk   Akkadian (or Assyrian-Babylonian) is a Semitic language that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia until the first century CE.
Albanian albanais alb/sqi* sq Albanian (Gjuha shqipe) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily in Albania and Kosovo.
Aleut aléoute ale   Aleut (Unangam Tunuu) is a language of the Eskimo-Aleut language family spoken by the Aleut (Unangax̂) the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, US, and Kamchatka Krai, Russia.
Algonquian languages algonquines, langues alg   Algonquian languages are a group of Native American languages spoken by Algonquian peoples, one of the most populous and widespread North American Native groups.
Amharic amharique amh am Amharic (amarəñña) is a Semitic language spoken in North Central Ethiopia.
Apache languages apache apa   Apache languages (also Southern Athabaskan) are spoken by various groups of Native American Apache and Navajo peoples in the US.
Arabic arabe ara ar Arabic (العربية - al-‘arabiyyah) is a Semitic language. Modern Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage with about 30 varieties. Arabic is spoken in the "Arab World" on the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. See: Countries by Languages - List of Arabic speaking countries.
Aragonese aragonais arg an Aragonese (aragonés) is a Romance language spoken in parts of Aragon, an autonomous community in northeastern Spain.
Aramaic araméen arc   Aramaic is a ancient Semitic language, its dialects were widespread during the period of the Assyrian empire,
Arapaho arapaho arp   Arapaho (hinono'eitiit) is the language of the Native American Arapaho Indians originally living on the eastern plains of Colorado and Wyoming (USA). Arapaho language is in danger of becoming extinct.
Araucanian araucan arn   Araucanian (Mapudungun) is spoken by indigenous Mapuche people, inhabitants of central Chile and west central Argentina.
Arawak arawak arw   Arawak is spoken by some hundred Arawak people in scattered locations across the north of Suriname.
Armenian arménien arm/hye* hy Armenian (Hayeren) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian people. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia.
Assamese assamais asm as Assamese is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken mainly in the Indian state of Assam.
Asturian; Bable asturien; bable ast   Asturian (Asturianu or Bable) is a Romance language of the West Iberian group, it is spoken by the Asturians in Asturias, a province in the northwest of Spain.
Athapascan languages athapascanes, langues ath   Athapascan languages are the languages of the Athabaskan First Nation, a large group of closely related Native American Indians. Northern Athabaskan languages are spoken throughout the interior of Alaska (US), and the interior of northwestern Canada. Pacific Coastal Athabaskan languages are spoken in the US states of southern Oregon and northern California.
Australian languages australiennes, langues aus   The Indigenous Australian languages comprise several language families native to Australia. Ethnologue's genetic classification system lists 258 languages for the ISO Code: aus.
Austronesian (Other) malayo-polynésiennes, autres langues map   A language family prevalent throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific.
Avaric avar ava av Avaric or Avar language is spoken mainly in the eastern and southern parts of the Caucasus republic of Dagestan, Russia, and in the north-west region of Azerbaijan.
Avestan avestique ave ae Avestan is an Iranian language that was used to compose the sacred texts and hymns of the Avesta, the liturgical core of Zoroastrianism, once the dominant religion of much of Greater Iran.
Awadhi awadhi awa   Awadhi (अवधी: avadhī) an Indo-Aryan language is spoken predominantly in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh, a state of India.
Aymara aymara aym ay Aymara (Aymar aru) is spoken by the Aymara people, a native ethnic group in the Andes and Altiplano regions of western Bolivia, southern Peru and northern Chile.
Azerbaijani azéri aze az Azerbaijani (Azərbaycan dili) is a Turkic language closely related to Turkish spoken in southwestern Asia, primarily in Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran.
B        
Balinese balinais ban   Balinese is spoken on the island of Bali, as well as in the northern region of Nusa Penida, western Lombok and eastern Java, Indonesia.
Baluchi baloutchi bal   Baluchi (Balochi) is spoken by the Baloch an Iranian people living in Balochistan region of Pakistan, in southeast Iran and southern Afghanistan.
Bambara bambara bam bm Bambara (Bamanankan) is spoken by the Bambara a Mande ethnic group of Mali, in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, and Senegal.
Bamileke languages bamilékés, langues bai   Bamileke is a group of languages spoken by the Bamileke people of the western highlands (West Province) of Cameroon.
Banda banda bad   Banda is a family of Ubangian languages spoken by ethnic Banda people in Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Bantu (Other) bantoues, autres langues bnt   Bantu languages are a group of some 600 languages spoken in the regions of central Africa, east Africa, and southern Africa.
Basa basa bas   Basa is a Bantu language spoken in Cameroon.
Bashkir bachkir bak ba Bashkir is a Turkic language spoken by the Bashkirs who live mostly in the republic of Bashkortostan in Russia.
Basque basque baq/eus* eu Basque (Euskara) is spoken by one quarter of the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France.
Batak (Indonesia) batak (Indonésie) btk   Batak is a language group of seven languages spoken by the Batak people in the highlands of North Sumatra, Indonesia.
Beja bedja bej   Beja is spoken by the Beja nomdas of the southern coast of the Red Sea in parts of Egypt, Sudan, and Eritrea.
Belarusian biélorusse bel be Belarusian is spoken by Belarusians an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Republic of Belarus.
Bemba bemba bem   Bemba (Chibemba) is a Bantu language spoken by the Bemba people primarily in Zambia.
Bengali bengali ben bn Bengali (Bangla) is an Indo-Aryan language, it is spoken in Bangladesh and in parts of the Indian states of West Bengal and Assam.
Berber (Other) berbères, autres langues ber   Berber languages are a group of languages spoken by the indigenous Berber people of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya.
Bhojpuri bhojpuri bho   Bhojpuri (bhōjapurī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in parts of north-central and eastern India.
Bihari bihari bih bh Bihari is spoken in Bihar and neighboring states in India.
Bikol bikol bik   Bikol languages are a group of closely related languages (macrolanguages) spoken particularly on the Bicol Peninsula on the island of Luzon and parts of Catanduanes and Burias Island in the Philippines.
Bini bini bin   Bini (or Edo) is a Benue-Congo language spoken by the Bini people in Edo State, Nigeria.
Bislama bichlamar bis bi Bislama is a English-based creole language spoken in the island state of Vanuatu in the South Pacific Ocean.
Blin; Bilin blin; bilen byn   Blin; Bilin is a Cushitic language which is spoken in central Eritrea.
Bokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål bokmål, norvégien; bokmål norvégien nob nb see: Norwegian
Bosnian bosniaque bos bs Bosnian (bosanski jezik) is spoken by Bosniak people, it is the official language of Bosnia and Herzegovina, also spoken in Montenegro and Serbia.
Braj braj bra   Braj (also Brij Bhasha) is a Central Indian language closely related to Hindi.
Breton breton bre br Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany (Breizh/Bretagne) in France.
Buginese bugi bug   Buginese is spoken in the southern part of Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Bulgarian bulgare bul bg Bulgarian is a Slavic language, it is the national language of Bulgaria,
Buriat bouriate bua   Buriat are a Mongolic language group spoken by the Buryats in Buryat Republic, a federal subject of Russia, in northeast Mongolia, and in Hulun-Buyr District, Inner Mongolia, China.
Burmese birman bur/mya* my Burmese (mjàmmà) is the official language of Myanmar.

C-D

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Caddo caddo cad   Caddo is an almost extinct Native American language (25 speakers), spoken by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.
Carib caribe car   Carib is an Amerindian language, spoken by about 10 000 people in parts of Venezuela. Carib is also spoken in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, and Suriname.
Castilian; Spanish castillan; espagnol spa es See below: Spanish
Catalan; Valencian catalan; valencien cat ca Catalan (valencià) is the language used in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Alicante, Valencia and Castellón) of Spain. The language is also known as Catalan (català) and is official language of Andorra.
Cebuano cebuano ceb   Cebuano is spoken in Central Visayas and some parts of Mindanao in the Philippines.
Celtic (Other) celtiques, autres langues cel   The code corresponds to Shelta, the secret language of Travellers (Pavees) in the British Isles and the US. The language is based largely on Irish, the language of Ireland.
Central American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique centrale,
autres langues
cai   Central American Indian (other) refers to groups of indigenous languages spoken in Meso-America an area which covers southern Mexico, Guatemala and Belize and parts of Honduras and El Salvador. There are three major linguistic stocks in Meso-America: Oto-Manguean, Mayan, and Aztec Tanoan languages.
Chagatai djaghataï chg   Chagatai is an extinct Turkic language which was once spoken in Chagatai Khanate in Central Asia.
Chamic languages chames, langues cmc   Chamic languages are a group of Cham languages spoken by the Cham people of Southeast Asia, prevalent in Vietnam (100 000) and in Cambodia (220 000 speakers).
Chamorro chamorro cha ch Chamorro (Chamoru) is the native language of the native Chamorro people of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam.
Chechen tchétchène che ce Chechen (Нохчийн мотт) is spoken by Chechen people (1.3 million spekers) mostly in the Chechen Republic, a federal subject of Russia.
Cherokee cherokee chr   Cherokee (Tsalagi) is spoken by Native American people of the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma and North Carolina, United States.
Cheyenne cheyenne chy   Cheyenne (Tsėhesenėstsestotse) is a Native American language spoken by people of the Cheyenne Nation in the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation in Montana and in Oklahoma, United States.
Chibcha chibcha chb   Chibcha (muyskkubun) an almost extinct language of the Muisca people of the central highlands of Colombia.
Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja chichewa; chewa; nyanja nya ny see: Nyanja
Chinese chinois chi/zho* zh Chinese (中文, Zhōngwén) can be considered as a language or a language family, it is originally the indigenous languages spoken by the Han Chinese in China. There are some main regional language groups of spoken Chinese of which the most spoken are Mandarin, Wú (Wú yǔ), Min (Mǐn yǔ; 70 million) and Cantonese (Yue; 70 million); all of them with their own dialects or varieties. Some of the regional languages are mutually unintelligible with other varieties of Chinese. Standard Mandarin (Putonghua) is the official language of the PR China.
Chinook jargon chinook, jargon chn   Chinook jargon (also Chinuk Wawa) was originally an intra-indigenous contact language in the Pacific Northwest of the United States and Canada.
Chipewyan chipewyan chp   Chipewyan (Dene Suline) is spoken by the Native American Chipewyan people of central Canada.
Choctaw choctaw cho   Choctaw is spoken by the Native American Choctaw people (about 9,200 speakers) of the southeastern United States.
Chuang; Zhuang chuang; zhuang zha za Chuang or Zhuang is spoken by the Zhuang people of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China.
Chuukese chuuk chk   Chuukese (Trukese) is a Trukic language spoken primarily on the islands of Chuuk in Micronesia.
Chuvash tchouvache chv cv Chuvash is a Turkic language spoken in central Russia, primarily in the Republic of Chuvashia and adjacent areas.
Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa newari classique nwc   Classical Newari, see: Old Newari
Coptic copte cop   Coptic or Coptic Egyptian is the final stage of the Egyptian language, a northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in Egypt, extinct in the 17th century.
Cornish cornique cor kw Cornish is a formerly extinct language which was revived in the 20th century spoken today by some 2 000 people in Cornwall, in the United Kingdom.
Corsican corse cos co Corsican (Corsu) is the traditional language of the native people living on the island of Corsica (acquired by France in 1768) and northern Sardinia (Italy).
Cree cree cre cr Cree is spoken by approximately 117,000 indigenous Cree people, and is by far the most spoken aboriginal language in Canada.
Creek muskogee mus   Creek (Mvskoke) is spoken by the Native American Muscogee (Creek) peoples in the United States.
Creoles and pidgins (Other) créoles et pidgins divers crp   Creoles and pidgins are language constructs of two ore more languages resulting of an extended contact between communities (one usually European) with different languages. Examples are English-based Creoles, French-based Creoles, see more below.
Creoles and pidgins,
English-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins anglais, autres cpe   English-based Creoles (English creole) are creole languages based on British English, Irish- or Scottish language. Varieties of English-based Creole are spoken in Jamaica (Jamaican Patois), in Belize (Belizean Kriol), in Nicaragua (Miskito Coastal Creole), in the Bahamas (Bahamian Creole), in Anguilla (Anguillan Creole), in Antigua and Barbuda (Antiguan Creole), in Barbados (Bajan or Barbadian Creole), in Grenada (Grenadian Creole), in Guyana (Guyanese Creole), in Montserrat (Montserrat Creole), in Saint Kitts and Nevis (Saint Kitts Creole) in Trinidad and Tobago (Tobagonian and Trinidadian Creole), and in British Virgin Islands and the US Virgin Islands (Virgin Islands Creole). Creole varieties are also spoken in Cameroon (Cameroonian Pidgin English, 5% of pop.), in Liberia (Kreyol), Krio is spoken in Sierra Leone, in Nigeria (Nigerian Pidgin) and in Papua New Guinea (Tok Pisin).
Creoles and pidgins,
French-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins français, autres cpf   French-based Creoles are creole languages based on the French language. Varieties of French-based Creole are spoken in the Caribbean on Haiti, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Dominica, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago. Other varieties are spoken in Mauritius, the Seychelles, the island of Réunion and in New Caledonia.
Creoles and pidgins,
Portuguese-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins portugais, autres cpp   Portuguese-based Creoles are creole languages based on Portuguese language, Portuguese pidgins were used as a lingua franca in Asia and Africa until the 18th century,
Portuguese-based Creoles have nearly all lexical content bases on Portuguese, while grammatically they are very different. Portuguese creoles are spoken in Guinea-Bissau (Guinea-Bissau Creole (Kriol)), in Cape Verde (Cape Verdean Creole (Kriolu, Kriol)), in parts of São Tomé and Príncipe, Papiamento is spoken on the Caribbean islands of Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao, in parts of Suriname (Saramaccan),
Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish tatar de Crimé crh   Crimean Tatar is the language of the Crimean Tatars who live predominantly in Crimea, an autonomous republic of Ukraine.
Croatian croate scr/hrv* hr Croatian (Hrvatski) is the national language of Croatia, it is also an official language in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Montenegro.
Cushitic (Other) couchitiques, autres langues cus   Cushitic languages are a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken in Eastern Africa (Horn of Africa). Cushitic languages are Oromo, Somali, Sidamo, Hadia, and Kambata.
Czech tchèque cze/ces* cs Czech (čeština) is a West Slavic language, it is the official language of the Czech Republic. Czech is similar to and mutually intelligible with Slovak.
D        
Dakota dakota dak   Dakota (Sioux) is a Siouan language, it is just one of forty-five languages or dialects spoken by the Native American Sioux tribes of Canada and the US.
Danish danois dan da Danish is one of the Scandinavian languages, it is the official language of Denmark.
Dargwa dargwa dar   Dargwa or Dargin language is a dialect continuum with three principal dialects, they are spoken by the Dargin people who live mainly in western Dagestan, a republic of Russia.
Dayak dayak day   Dayak languages are a group of languages spoken by the indigenous Dayak people of Borneo, Western Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Delaware delaware del   The Delaware languages is a nearly extinct language family once spoken by the Lenape people of Southern Ontario (Munsee language), Canada. Unami was formerly spoken in northeastern and west central Oklahoma, northern New Jersey, and lower Delaware Valley, in the US
Dinka dinka din   Dinka (thuongjang) is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken by the Dinka (Mounyjieng), a group of tribes of south Sudan.
Divehi maldivien div dv Dhivehi (or Divehi) is spoken in the Republic of Maldives.
Dogri dogri doi   Dogri is spoken by the Dogras, an ethnic group in South Asia, they live predominantly in Jammu but also in adjoining regions of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Northeastern Pakistan.
Dogrib dogrib dgr   Dogrib is the language of the Native American Tli Cho pepole living in the Northwest Territories (NWT) of Canada.
Dravidian (Other) dravidiennes, autres langues dra   Dravidian is a family of languages spoken mainly in southern India and northeastern Sri Lanka.
Duala douala dua   Duala is the language spoken by the Duala people of coastal Cameroon.
Dutch; Flemish néerlandais; flamand dut/nld* nl Dutch is the national language of the Netherlands. Flemish, the variety of Dutch (not Vlaams) spoken in Belgium is only slightly different from the variety spoken in the Netherlands.
Dutch, Middle (ca. 1050-1350) néerlandais moyen (ca. 1050-1350) dum   Middle Dutch (Middelnederlands) was once spoken in the Netherlands and Belgium.
Dyula dioula dyu   Dyula (Dioula; Jula) is spoken by the Dyula people, a Mande ethnic group in western Burkina Faso. It is also spoken in Côte d'Ivoire and Mali.
Dzongkha dzongkha dzo dz Dzongkha is the language that is spoken in Bhutan.

E-F

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Efik efik efi   Efik (a dialect of the Ibibio language) is spoken by the Efik people in Akwa Ibom State and Cross River State in the south of Nigeria.
Egyptian (Ancient) égyptien egy   Ancient Egyptian was the language of ancient Egypt, it is one of the oldest recorded languages (3000 BC - 300 BC.)
Ekajuk ekajuk eka   Ekajuk (Akajo) is spoken in the Cross River State and some surrounding regions of southeastern Nigeria.
Elamite élamite elx   Elamite is an extinct language, it was an official language of the Persian Empire from the 6th to the 4th centuries BC.
English anglais eng en English, a West Germanic language is the first language for about 309–400 million people. See: Countries by Languages - English Speaking Countries.
English, Middle (1100-1500) anglais moyen (1100-1500) enm   Middle English is is the ancestor of Modern English. The term refers to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the 12th and the 15th century, The language developed on the base of Chancery Standard, a written form of English used by government bureaucracy.
English, Old (ca.450-1100) anglo-saxon (ca.450-1100) ang   Old English (Englisc) is an early form of the English language that was spoken and written in parts of what are now England and south-eastern Scotland
Erzya erza myv   Erzya is spoken in the northern and eastern and north-western parts of the Republic of Mordovia and adjacent regions.
Esperanto espéranto epo eo Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed language in the world, created by: L. L. Zamenhof (1887).
Estonian estonien est et Estonian (eesti keel), a Finno-Ugrian language, is the language spoken in Estonia.
Ewe éwé ewe ee Ewe is a Niger-Congo language spoken in Ghana, Togo and Benin.
Ewondo éwondo ewo   Ewondo is spoken by the Ewondo people of Cameroon.
F        
Fang fang fan   Fang is the language spoken by the Fang people in northern Gabon, southern Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
Fanti fanti fat   Fante (or Fanti) is a Twi language and is the common language for communicating between the several Kingdoms of the Fante in southern Ghana, though each has its own language.
Faroese féroïen fao fo Faroese (føroyskt) is a Scandinavian language spoken on the Faroe Islands.
Fijian fidjien fij fj Fijian is an Austronesian language spoken in Fiji.
Filipino; Pilipino filipino; pilipino fil   Filipino (Pilipino) is the national language of the Philippines. Pilipino is the de facto standardized version of Tagalog.
Finnish finnois fin fi Finnish (suomi) is the language spoken in Finland.
Finno-Ugrian (Other) finno-ougriennes, autres langues fiu   Finno-Ugrian or Finno-Ugric is a group of languages in the Uralic language family, comprising Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian and related languages.
Flemish; Dutch flamand; néerlandais dut/nld* nl Dutch is the national language of the Netherlands. Flemish, the variety of Dutch (not Vlaams) spoken in Belgium is only slightly different from the variety spoken in the Netherlands.
Fon fon fon   Fon is spoken mainly in Benin and in parts of Togo.
French français fre/fra* fr French (français), a Romance language - a descendant of the Latin language, is the language spoken in France and is officilal language in 28 other countries. (see: List of French speaking countries)
French, Middle (ca.1400-1600) français moyen (1400-1600) frm   Middle French (le moyen français) is the ancestor of Modern French. French language became the official language of the Kingdom of France (1539).
French, Old (842-ca.1400) français ancien (842-ca.1400) fro   Old French (l'ancien français), was a range of Romance dialects spoken in the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland.
Frisian frison fry fy Western Frisian is spoken mainly in Friesland (Fryslân), a province in the north of the Netherlands.
Friulian frioulan fur   Friulian is a language of northeast Italy in Friuli region and adjacent areas.
Fulah peul ful ff Fula is a language of West Africa, spoken by the Fulani people (Fula; Fulɓe) in Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea, Cameroon and Sudan.

G-H

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Ga ga gaa   Ga, a Kwa language is spoken in Ghana on the coastal regions around Ghana's capital Accra
Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic gaélique; gaélique écossais gla gd The Gaelic language of Scotland (Scottish Highland) .
Gallegan galicien glg gl Gallegan (Galician) is spoken in northwest Spain in the Autonomous Region of Galicia. Also spoken in Portugal.
Ganda ganda lug lg Ganda (also: Luganda) is a language of southeast Uganda, spoken by the Baganda people of Buganda region situated south of Lake Kyoga, to the west of Lake Victoria and to the Tanzania border.
Gayo gayo gay   Gayo is spoken in the mountain region of north Sumatra around Takengon, Genteng, and Lokon, Indonesia.
Gbaya gbaya gba   Gbaya languages are spoken mainly in the Central African Republic.
Geez guèze gez   Geez, Ge'ez, Ethiopic is an extinct language, but remains in use as a liturgical language in some of the Ethiopian Orthodox and Christian Churches.
Georgian géorgien geo/kat* ka Georgian is the official language of Georgia.
German allemand ger/deu* de German (Deutsch) refers mostly to Standard German (German: Hochdeutsch) the standard variety of the German language used as a written and spoken language. German or its modern dialects is spoken in Germany, Liechtenstein, and in parts of Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Switzerland.
German, Low; Saxon, Low; Low German; Low Saxon allemand, bas; saxon, bas; bas allemand; bas saxon nds   West Low German, (also known as Low Saxon) is a group of Low German dialects spoken in the Northwest German states (Bundesländer) of Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia (the Westphalian part), Bremen, Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Saxony-Anhalt (western areas), in the northeast of the Netherlands and by a minority in the southernmost part of Denmark.
German, Middle High (ca.1050-1500) allemand, moyen haut (ca. 1050-1500) gmh   Middle High German (Mittelhochdeutsch) refers to the general linguistic usage of the German language in the period between 1050 and 1500. Middle High German was a cluster of dialects which were the ancestors of Modern German, spoken in Germany, and parts of Switzerland, and Austria.
German, Old High (ca.750-1050) allemand, vieux haut (ca. 750-1050) goh   Old High German (Althochdeutsch) refers to the earliest group of West Germanic languages or dialects, which were spoken in southern Germany (south of the city of Duesseldorf), parts of Austria and Switzerland, and in Southern Bohemia.
Germanic (Other) germaniques, autres langues gem   Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family. Germanic languages are English, Dutch, and German, and the North Germanic languages including Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic, and Faroese.
Gikuyu; Kikuyu kikuyu kik ki Gikuyu (Kikuyu) is spoken primarily by the Kikuyu people, the largest ethnic group in Kenya.
Gilbertese kiribati gil   Gilbertese is spoken on the island of Kiribati.
Gondi gond gon   Gondi is spoken by the Gondi people the largest tribe of central India.
Gorontalo gorontalo gor   Gorontalo is spoken inthe Gorontalo area of northwestern Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Gothic gothique got   Gothic is an extinct Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths, an East Germanic tribe.
Grebo grebo grb   Grebo is the name for a language family spoken by members of the ethnic Grebo group of southeast Liberia, there are also Grebo living in Côte d'Ivoire.
Greek, Ancient (to 1453) grec ancien (jusqu'à 1453) grc   Ancient Greek in its various dialects was the language of the Archaic and Classical periods of the ancient Greek civilization.
Greek, Modern (1453-) grec moderne (après 1453) gre/ell* el Modern Greek (Ελληνικά) is the official language of Greece and of the Republic of Cyprus.
Greenlandic; Kalaallisut groenlandais kal kl Greenlandic is an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken by most people in Greenland. Western Greenlandic (Kalaallisut) is the official language of Greenland.
Guarani guarani grn gn Guaraní (avañe'ẽ) is one of the official languages of Paraguay (spoken by 94% of the population)
Gujarati goudjrati guj gu Gujarati is official language in the Gujarat state of India, it is also spoken in the Indian Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Gwich’in gwich’in gwi   Gwich’in is an Athabaskan language spoken by indigenous Gwich’in people in Canada and the United States.
H        
Haida haida hai   Haida (Xaat Kíl) is an endangered language, only spoken by some 3 or 4 dozen indigenous Haida people of Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands) Canada, and on Prince of Wales Island in southeast Alaska.
Haitian Creole; Haitian créole haïtien; haïtien hat ht Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen) is spoken in Haiti by about 7 million people.
Hausa haoussa hau ha Hausa is spoken by the the Hausa people, who live in Niger and in the north of Nigeria
Hawaiian hawaïen haw   Hawaiian, an Austronesian language, is along with English official language of the US State of Hawaii.
Hebrew hébreu heb he Hebrew (עִבְרִית, ‘Ivrit), Modern Hebrew, based on Classical Hebrew, the holy language of the Torah, is is the official language in Israel.
Herero herero her hz Herero (Otjiherero) is spoken by Herero people in Namibia (113,000) and parts of Botswana.
Hiligaynon hiligaynon hil   Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) is spoken in Western Visayas, one of the regions of the Philippines.
Himachali himachali him   Himachali (meaning 'Himachal-speech') is a cover term for various related languages spoken in Himachal Pradesh state of India.
Hindi hindi hin hi Hindi a dialect cluster of languages, spoken in northern and central India.
Hiri Motu hiri motu hmo ho Hiri Motu is an official language of Papua New Guinea.
Hittite hittite hit   Hittite or Nesili is the extinct language once spoken by the Hittites in the late Bronze Age.
Hmong hmong hmn   Hmong is a group of dialects spoken by the Hmong people (Mong) of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi in southern China, northern Vietnam, Thailand, and Laos.
Hungarian hongrois hun hu Hungarian (magyar nyelv) is the official language of Hungary.
Hupa hupa hup   Hupa is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken in the Trinity valley in California by the Native American Hupa people (Natinixwe).
        

I-J

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Iban iban iba   Iban is spoken by the Iban, who live on the island of Borneo, in the Sarawak state of Malaysia, in the Kalimantan Barat province (West Kalimantan) of Indonesia, and in Brunei.
Icelandic islandais ice/isl* is Icelandic (íslenska) is the official language of Iceland.
Ido ido ido io Ido is a constructed language created by a group of reformist Esperanto speakers in 1907.
Igbo igbo ibo ig Igbo (Igbo: Asụsụ Igbo) is a language spoken by the Igbo in Nigeria (20-25 million people), especially in the southeastern region known as Biafra and parts of the southern region of Nigeria.
Ijo ijo ijo   Ijo is a language cluster within Kwa (a Niger-Congo language) and is spoken by the Ijaw people in Bendel and Rivers states of Nigeria.
Iloko ilocano ilo   Iloko (Ilocano) is the third most-spoken language of the Philippines.
Inari Sami sami d'Inari smn   Inari Sámi (anarâškielâ) is a Sami language spoken by some 300-400 people, the majority of whom are middle-aged or older and live in the municipality of Inari in in Finnish Lapland, Finland.
Indic (Other) indo-aryennes, autres langues inc   Indic, the Indo-Aryan languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family.
Indo-European (Other) indo-européennes, autres langues ine   The Indo-European is a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects — 449 according to the SIL estimate (2005). Subdivisions of the Indo-European languages are: Albanian, Anatolian, Armenian, Balto-Slavic, Celtic, Germanic, Greek, Indo-Iranian, Italic, and Tocharian.
Indonesian indonésien ind id Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the national language of Indonesia.
Ingush ingouche inh   Ingush (ГІалгІай Ğalğaj) is spoken by the indigenous Ingush in Ingushetia and Chechnya, both republics of Russia.
Interlingua (International
Auxiliary Language Association)
interlingua (langue auxiliaire internationale) ina ia Interlingua is an international auxiliary language (IAL), developed between 1937 and 1951 by the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA)
Interlingue interlingue ile ie Interlingue (Occidental) is a constructed language created by Edgar de Wahl, published in 1922.
Inuktitut inuktitut iku iu Inuktitut is an Inuit language spoken by Inuits in northern Canada
Inupiaq inupiaq ipk ik Inupiaq is a group of dialects of the Inuit language, spoken in northern and northwestern Alaska.
Iranian (Other) iraniennes, autres langues ira   Language family; the 'Iranian' languages branch is so named because its principal member languages, including Persian, have been spoken in the area of the Iranian plateau since ancient times.
Irish irlandais gle ga Irish (Gaeilge), also known as Irish Gaelic is the language spoken in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (UK)
Irish, Middle (900-1200) irlandais moyen (900-1200) mga   Middle Irish is the form of Irish used from the 10th to 12th centuries.
Irish, Old (to 900) irlandais ancien (jusqu'à 900) sga   Old Irish is the oldest form of the Irish language spoken in Ireland and Scotland, a still older form of Irish is known as Primitive Irish.
Iroquoian languages iroquoises, langues (famille) iro   Iroquoian languages are a Native American language family includes Mohawk, Huron-Wyandot and Cherokee.
Italian italien ita it Italian (italiano) is the official language of Italy, it is also one of four official languages of Switzerland. Italian is official language of San Marino, and primary language of the Vatican City State.
J        
Japanese japonais jpn ja Japanese (日本語, Nihongo) is the official language of Japan.
Javanese javanais jav jv Javanese is spoken in the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.
Judeo-Arabic judéo-arabe jrb   Judeo-Arabic are Arabic dialects spoken by Jewish communities in the Arab world.
Judeo-Persian judéo-persan jpr   Judeo-Persian (Judæo-Persian or Jidi)
Jewish dialects spoken by the Jews living in Iran, and Judæo-Persian texts (written in Hebrew alphabet).
        

 

K-L

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Kabardian kabardien kbd   Kabardian is spoken mainly in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia, both republics of Russia.
Kabyle kabyle kab   Kabyle (Taqbaylit) is a Berber language spoken by the Kabyle people of northeastern Algeria.
Kachin kachin kac   Kachin (Jingpho) is spoken in the Kachin state of northern Myanmar and also in adjacent parts of Yingjiang District of PR China.
Kalaallisut; Greenlandic groenlandais kal kl Kalaallisut; Greenlandic is an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken by most people in Greenland.
Kalmyk kalmouk xal   Kalmyk is spoken by the Kalmyk people in the autonomous Republic of Kalmykia, Russia.
Kamba kamba kam   Kamba (Kikamba) is a Bantu language spoken by the Akamba people of Kenya.
Kannada kannada kan kn Kannada is spoken by the Kannadigas, it is the official and administrative language of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Kanuri kanouri kau kr Kanuri is spoken mainly in lowlands of the Lake Chad basin comprising parts of Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria.
Karachay-Balkar karatchaï balkar krc   Karachay-Balkar is spoken by the Karachays and Balkars in the north Caucasus, Russia.
Kara-Kalpak karakalpak kaa   Kara-Kalpak is spoken by Karakalpaks in Karakalpakstan, an autonomous republic of Uzbekistan.
Karen karen kar   Karen languages are spoken by the Karen people in Myanmar (primarily in Karen State) and western Thailand.
Kashmiri kashmiri kas ks Kashmiri is an official language of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and is spoken primarily in the Kashmir Valley and in parts of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
Kashubian kachoube csb   Kashubian language has evolved from the language spoken by Kashubians, some early Slavic tribes who settled in the region of Pomerania, today part of Poland and Germany.
Kawi kawi kaw   Kawi (Bhāṣa Kawi) is the ancestor language of modern Javanese spoken on Java, Indonesia. Other names; Old Javanese.
Kazakh kazakh kaz kk Kazakh, a Turkic language, is the official language of Kazakhstan (10 m), spoken also in China Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.
Khasi khasi kha   Khasi is an Austro-Asiatic language, official regional language of Meghalaya state in India.
Khmer khmer khm km Central Khmer; Alternate names: Khmer, Cambodian; spoken throughout Cambodia (12 m) also spoken in Viet Nam (1 m)
Khoisan (Other) khoisan, autres langues khi   Khoisan (Other) are the indigenous languages of the Kalahari Desert in southern and eastern Africa, spoken in southern Africa by the Khoi and Bushmen (Saan), in east Africa by the Sandawe and Hadza peoples. The languages are famous for their clicks.
Khotanese khotanais kho   Khotanese is a language once spoken (10th century A.D.) in the Buddhist Kingdom of Khotan that was located in the area which is today Xinjiang province in China north of Tibet (TAR).
Kikuyu; Gikuyu kikuyu kik ki Kikuyu (Gikuyu) is spoken primarily by the Kikuyu people, the largest ethnic group in Kenya.
Kimbundu kimbundu kmb   Kimbundu is one of the most widely spoken languages in Angola, especially in the north-west of the country.
Kinyarwanda rwanda kin rw Kinyarwanda is a Bantu language spoken primarily in Rwanda.
Kirghiz kirghize kir ky Kirghiz is a Turkic language spoken in Kyrgyzstan, it is the official language of the country, together with Russian,
Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol klingon tlh   Klingon (tlhIngan Hol in Klingon) is the artificial language spoken by Klingons, a warrior race in the fictional Star Trek universe. The language was created by Marc Okrand, an American linguist.
Komi komi kom kv Komi is a Finno-Permic language spoken by the Komi peoples in the northeastern European part of Russia.
Kongo kongo kon kg Kongo (Kikongo) is a Bantu language spoken by the Bakongo and Bandundu people living in the tropical forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Angola.
Konkani konkani kok   Konkani are two individual languages, Konkani and Goan Konkani spoken by the Konkani people of Konkan a section of the western coastline of India in Maharashtra state.
Korean coréen kor ko Korean is the language of the Korean peninsula, today divided in North Korea and South Korea.
Kosraean kosrae kos   Kosraean is spoken on the Micronesian island of Kosrae part of the Federated States of Micronesia.
Kpelle kpellé kpe   Kpelle is a language family of very closely related languages (macrolanguage) of the Mande language family spoken in Guinea and Liberia.
Krio krio kri   Krio is the lingua franca language spoken throughout Sierra Leone by 97% of the population.
Kru krou kro   Kru is a Niger-Congo language family refering to a number of related dialects spoken in the south-east of Liberia, the east of Côte d'Ivoire and in some souther parts of Burkina Faso.
Kumyk koumyk kum   Kumyk is a Turkic language, spoken by the Kumyks, inhabitants of the Kumyk plateau in north Dagestan, a republic of the Russian Federation.
Kurdish kurde kur ku Kurdish is the language spoken by Kurds, who live in the southeastern part of Turkey, in northern Iraq and northwestern Iran.
Kurukh kurukh kru   Kurukh is spoken by the Kurukh people, a native Indian tribe (Ādivāsīs) inhabiting the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal and parts of northern Bangladesh.
Kutenai kutenai kut   The Kutenai language is nearly extinct, it is the language of the Native American Kootenai people inhabiting south-eastern British Columbia (Canada) and the adjacent portions of Montana and Idaho (USA).
Kwanyama, Kuanyama kwanyama; kuanyama kua kj Kwanyama (Oshiwambo) is a standardized dialect of the Oshiwambo language, it is a national language of Angola and Namibia.
L        
Ladino judéo-espagnol lad   Ladino (Judeo Spanish) is a Jewish language derived from Old Spanish, it is influenced by Hebrew and Aramaic, but also Arabic, Turkish and to a lesser extent Greek. Spoken by about 100,000 in Israel.
Lahnda lahnda lah   Lahnda, also known as Western Panjabi is a dialect of the Punjabi language spoken in the historical Punjab region (now divided between Pakistan and India).
Lamba lamba lam   Lamba is the language of the Lamba people of Zambia, Lamba is also spoken in parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Lao lao lao lo Lao is the official language of Lao PDR, and also spoken in the northeast of Thailand (Isan).
Latin latin lat la Latin (lingua Latīna) historically spoken in Ancient Rome. Through the Roman conquest, Latin spread throughout the Mediterranean and a large part of Europe. Latin was the international language of science and scholarship in central and western Europe until the 17th century.
Latvian letton lav lv Latvian (latviešu valoda) is the official state language of Latvia.
Lezghian lezghien lez   Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is Lithuania's official language.
Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish limbourgeois lim li Limburgish, is a language of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, near the common Dutch / Belgian / German border.
Lingala lingala lin ln Lingala is a Bantu language spoken throughout the northwestern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) and in a large part of the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville).
Lithuanian lituanien lit lt Lithuanian
Lojban lojban jbo   Lojban is a logically engineered human language based on predicate logic.
Low German; Low Saxon; German, Low; Saxon, Low bas allemand; bas saxon; allemand, bas; saxon, bas nds   West Low German, (also known as Low Saxon) is a group of Low German dialects spoken in the Northwest German states (Bundesländer) of Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia (the Westphalian part), Bremen, Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Saxony-Anhalt (western areas), in the northeast of the Netherlands and by a minority in the southernmost part of Denmark.
Lower Sorbian bas-sorabe dsb   Lower Sorbian is a Slavic minority language spoken in eastern Germany in the historical province of Lower Lusatia, today part of Brandenburg. (see also Upper Sorbian)
Lozi lozi loz   Lozi (Silozi) is spoken by the Lozi people, primarily in southwestern Zambia and in neighboring countries.
Luba-Katanga luba-katanga lub lu Luba-Katanga (Kiluba) is a language spoken mostly in the south-east area of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Luba-Lulua luba-lulua lua   Luba-Lulua (Tshiluba) is a Bantu language, it is one of the four national languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Luiseno luiseno lui   Luiseno is a nearly extinct language (total speakers: 30–40) spoken by the Luiseño people, Native Amercan Indians in southern California.
Lule Sami sami de Lule smj   Lule Sami is a Sami language spoken by about 1500 people along the Lule River in Gällivare and Jokkmokk in northern Sweden. about 500 speakers in the province of Nordland in Norway.
Lunda lunda lun   Lunda is spoken in the northern part of Zambia, as well as in parts of Angola and, to a lesser extent, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) luo (Kenya et Tanzanie) luo   Luo is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken by about 3 mi people in Kenya's Nyanza Province, also spoken by few in Tanzania.
Lushai lushai lus   Lushai, (Mizo) language is spoken by the Mizos in the Indian state of Mizoram, the language is known as the Lushai Hills District till 1954.
Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch luxembourgeois ltz lb Luxembourgish is a West Central German dialect of High German spoken in Luxembourg.
        

M-N

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Macedonian macédonien mac/mkd* mk Macedonian is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia.
Madurese madourais mad   Madurese is the language of the Madurese people from Madura Island, Indonesia.
Magahi magahi mag   Magahi is a language spoken in the Indian state of Bihar.
Maithili maithili mai   Maithili is a language spoken in the eastern part of India, mainly in the Indian state of Bihar and in the eastern Terai region of Nepal.
Makasar makassar mak   Makasar is both a language and a writing system used by the ethnic Makassar in South Sulawesi island (Celebes) in Indonesia.
Malagasy malgache mlg mg Malagasy is the national language of Madagascar.
Malay malais may/msa* ms Malay (Bahasa Melayu) is spoken by the Malay peoples who predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, the east coast of Sumatra, and the coast of Borneo. Malay is official language in: Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and East Timor.
Malayalam malayalam mal ml Malayalam is predominantly spoken in the Indian state of Kerala, in southern India.
Maltese maltais mlt mt Maltese (Malti) is the national language of Malta.
Manchu mandchou mnc   Manchu used to be the language of the Manchu peoples who originated in Manchuria (today's Northeastern China) Today the Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) and the Manchu language is almost extinct. (See also Qing Dynasty)
Mandar mandar mdr   Mandar is spoken on South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Mandingo mandingue man   Mandingo (Mandinka) spoken by the Mandinka people, one of the largest ethnic groups in West Africa. Mandinka is spoken in Mali, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau and Chad.
Manipuri manipuri mni   Manipuri (Meitei) is the predominant language and lingua franca in the southeastern Himalayan state of Manipur, and is also spoken in the Indian states of Assam and Tripura and some parts of Bangladesh,
Manobo languages manobo, langues mno   Manobo languages are a language family spoken in the Southern Philippines.
Manx manx; mannois glv gv Manx, also known as Manx Gaelic, is spoken on the Isle of Man, a self-governing Crown Dependency of the UK.
Maori maori mao/mri* mi Maori, (te reo Māori, te reo) is the language of the Māori peoples of Aotearoa (New Zealand) where it is an official language.
Marathi marathe mar mr Marathi is the official language of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The language is spoken by the Marathi people of western India.
Mari mari chm   Mari is spoken primarily by the Mari people in the Mari Republic of the Russian Federation.
Marshallese marshall mah mh Marshallese is a Polynesian language of the Marshall Islands. There are two major dialects: Rälik (western) and Ratak (eastern). Also spoken in Nauru.
Marwari marvari mwr   Marwari is dialect of Hindustani and is spoken in the Indian state of Rajasthan, but is also found in the neighboring state of Gujarat and in Eastern Pakistan.
Masai massaï mas   Masai (Maa), the Maasai language is spoken in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania by the semi-nomadic Maasai people.
Mayan languages maya, langues myn   Mayan languages are a language family spoken by various indigenous Maya peoples in Mesoamerica and northern Central America, primarily in Guatemala, Mexico, and Belize.
Mende mendé men   Mende (Mɛnde yia) is spoken by the Mende people and by other ethnic groups as a regional lingua franca, Mende is a major language of Sierra Leone.
Micmac; Mi'kmaq mi'kmaq; micmac mic   Micmac; Mi'kmaq (Míkmawísimk) is a Native American language spoken by the Míkmaq of eastern Canada and in the United States.
Minangkabau minangkabau min   Minangkabau (Bahasa Minangkabau) is the language of the Minangkabau-people of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Mirandese mirandais mwl   Mirandese language is sparsely spoken in a small area of northeastern Portugal.
Mohawk mohawk moh   Mohawk is the language spoken by the Native American Mohawk nation in the United States and Canada.
Moksha moksa mdf   Moksha is a language spoken by the people in the western part of the Russian province of Mordovia.
Moldavian moldave mol mo Moldavian is the official language of the Republic of Moldova, the language is identical to Romanian but is written in Latin alphabet.
Mon-Khmer (Other) môn-khmer, autres langues mkh   The code referes to 144 languages of the Mon-Khmer language family, descendants of the languages spoken in the Dvaravati and Angkor empires of Southeast Asia.
Mongo mongo lol   Mongo is spoken by the Mongo people of the southern part of Équateur province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Mongolian mongol mon mn Mongolian is the officiall language of Mongolia, Mongolian is written with the Cyrillic alphabet.
Mossi moré mos   The Mòoré language is spoken by the Mossi people, the largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso. The language is closely related and mutually intelligible with the Dagbani language spoken in northern Ghana.
Multiple languages multilingue mul    
Munda languages mounda, langues mun   The Munda languages are a language family spoken by about nine million people in central and eastern India and Bangladesh.
N        
Nahuatl nahuatl nah   Nahuatl referes to a group of languages and dialects of the Nahua people, descendants of the Aztecs, who live in Central Mexico.
Nauru nauruan nau na Nauru ((dorerin Naoero)) is a language spoken on the Micronesian island of Nauru.
Navajo; Navaho navaho nav nv Navajo is spoken by the Navajo people (Diné), a Native American Nation of the southwest United States.
Ndebele, North ndébélé du Nord nde nd The Northern Ndebele language is a Nguni language spoken in Zimbabwe.
Ndebele, South ndébélé du Sud nbl nr The Southern Ndebele language, is also a Nguni language (Sotho-Tswana) it is spoken in South Africa.
Ndonga ndonga ndo ng Ndonga is a Bantu language spoken in Namibia and southern Angola.
Neapolitan napolitain nap   Neapolitan (Napoletano-Calabrese) is the language of the city of Naples and in parts of the Campania and Calabria provinces of Italy.
Nepal Bhasa; Newari nepal bhasa; newari new   Nepal Bhasa, also known as Newari is one of the oldest written languages of Nepal spoken mainly by the Newars, inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley.
Nepali népalais nep ne Nepali (not to be confused with Nepal Bhasa) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma), it is the lingua-franca of Nepal.
Nias nias nia   Nias is spoken on Nias and Batu islands off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia..
Niger-Kordofanian (Other) nigéro-congolaises, autres langues nic   The term refers to a proposed super language family spoken in Sudan's Kurdufan region.
Nilo-Saharan (Other) nilo-sahariennes, autres langues ssa   The Nilo-Saharan languages are a hypothetical group of African languages spoken mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers (hence the term "Nilo-"), including historic Nubia (see: Nubian languages).
Niuean niué niu   Niuean is a Polynesian language spoken on the island nation of Niue. The language is closely related to Tongan.
Nogai nogaï; nogay nog   Nogai (Nogai Tatar) is a Turkic language spoken in the Caucasus region of southwestern Russia.
Norse, Old norrois, vieux non   Old Norse is the North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements during the Viking Age, until about 1300. Modern Scandinavian languages are the linguistic descendant of Old Norse.
North American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Nord, autres langues nai   The term referes to all Indigenous languages of the Americas, spoken by First Nation peoples from the southern tip of South America to Alaska and Greenland.
Northern Sami sami du Nord sme se Northern Sami is the most widely spoken language of the Sami people of the northern parts of Norway, Sweden and Finland as well as northwestern parts of Russia.
Northern Sotho; Pedi; Sepedi sotho du Nord; pedi; sepedi nso   See: Sotho language
North Ndebele ndébélé du Nord nde nd Northern Ndebele (isiNdebele) language is spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe.
Norwegian norvégien nor no The language of Norway. There are two official forms of written Norwegian – Bokmål (literally "book language") and Nynorsk (literally "new Norwegian").
Nubian languages nubiennes, langues nub   Nubian languages referes to the Nubian language group still spoken in southern Egypt and in the Sudan.
Nyamwezi nyamwezi nym   Nyamwezi (Kinyamwezi) is the language spoken by the Nyamwezi in northwest central Tanzania, they are the second-largest of over 120 ethnic groups in the country.
Nyanja; Chichewa; Chewa nyanja; chichewa; chewa nya ny Nyanja (Chichewa) is the language of the Chewa people, it is widely spoken in south-central Africa and is the National language of Malawi.
Nyankole nyankolé nyn   Nyankole (Nyankore) is the language of the Nyankore people, the third largest of 43 ethnic groups living in Uganda.
Nynorsk, Norwegian; Norwegian Nynorsk nynorsk, norvégien; norvégien nynorsk nno nn Nynorsk (literally "New Norwegian") is one of the two official languages of Norway, the other being Bokmål.
Nyoro nyoro nyo   Nyoro (Runyoro) language of the Nyoro people of west-central Uganda.
Nzima nzema nzi   Nzima (Nzema) s the language of the Nzema people of southwestern Ghana and southeast Côte d'Ivoire.
        

O-P

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Occitan (post 1500); Provençal occitan (après 1500); provençal oci oc See below: Provençal
Ojibwa ojibwa oji oj Ojibwa (Chippewa, Ojibwe) is the language of the Amerindian Ojibwa tribes, inhabitants of the of the Great Lakes and the northern Great Plains. Canada and USA
Old Newari; Classical Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa newari classique nwc   The early form of the Newari language a Tibeto-Burman language, mother tongue of the Newars, the earliest settlers of the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal.
Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Church Slavic; Old Church Slavonic vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare; slavon d'église chu cu Old Church Slavonic, also known as Old Bulgarian, was the first literary Slavic language used in the 9th century for the translation of the Bible and other ancient texts.
Oriya oriya ori or Oriya is an Indian language, mainly spoken in the Indian state of Orissa.
Oromo galla orm om Oromo a Cushitic language is spoken by the Oromo people of Ethiopia and Kenya.
Osage osage osa   Osage is the language of the Osage Nation an Indian tribe in the United States, which is mainly based in Osage County, Oklahoma.
Ossetic; Ossetian ossète oss os Ossetic is an East Iranian language spoken in Ossetia wich is ocated partly in Russia and Georgia.
Otomian languages otomangue, langues oto   Otomian languages refers to the Oto-Manguean group of 11 Amerindian languages spoken in Mexico.
P        
Pahlavi pahlavi pal   Pahlavi or Pahlevi denotes a particular and exclusively written form of various Middle Iranian languages.
Palauan palau pau   Palauan is spoken in the Micronesian island Republic of Palau,
Pali pali pli pi Pali is a literary and liturgical language of India, there are no native speakers, it is best known as the language of the earliest extant Buddhist scriptures and the language of Theravada Buddhism. (see also: Prakrit)
Pampanga pampangan pam   Pampanga (Kapampangan) is one of the major languages of the Philippines spoken by the people in Pampanga province.
Pangasinan pangasinan pag   Pangasinan is spoken by more than 1.5 million Pangasinan people, it is one of the twelve major languages in the Philippines.
Panjabi; Punjabi pendjabi pan pa See: Punjabi
Papiamento papiamento pap   Papiamento (or Papiamentu) is a creole language spoken on the Caribbean island of Aruba, and in the Netherlands Antilles on the islands of Bonaire, and Curaçao.
Papuan (Other) papoues, autres langues paa   Papuan
Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho pedi; sepedi; sotho du Nord nso   See: Sotho
Persian persan per/fas* fa Persian (Farsi) is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan and has official-language status in all three countries.
Persian, Old (ca.600-400 B.C.) perse, vieux (ca. 600-400 av. J.-C.) peo   Old Persian was spoken in Ancient Iran, sources of the language appears primarily in inscriptions, clay tablets, and seals of the Achaemenid era.
Phoenician phénicien phn   Phoenician is a Semitic language originally spoken in Phoenicia (Canaan) the coastal region in Ancient Egypt (1200 BC – 333 BC).
Pilipino; Filipino pilipino; filipino fil   Pilipino (Filipino) is the national language of the Philippines. Pilipino is the de facto standardized version of Tagalog.
Pohnpeian pohnpei pon   Pohnpeian is a Micronesian language, it is spoken on the island of Pohnpei and the Caroline Islands of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)).
Polish polonais pol pl Polish is the official language of Poland.
Portuguese portugais por pt With Portugal's establishment of a colonial and trade empire, the Portuguese language spread worldwide in the 15th and 16th centuries. Portuguese is official language in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, and São Tomé and Príncipe.
Prakrit languages prâkrit pra   Historic languages of Ancient India, the linguistic precursor of Sanskrit.
Provençal; Occitan (post 1500) provençal; occitan (après 1500) oci oc Provençal (Provençau) is one of several dialects of Occitan also known as langue d'oc, and closely related to Catalan, spoken by a minority of people in southern France, mostly in Provence.
Provençal, Old (to 1500) provençal ancien (jusqu'à 1500) pro   An extinct language of Southern France. The ancestor of modern Occitanian
Punjabi; Panjabi pendjabi pan pa Punjabi is spoken by inhabitants of the historical Punjab region (today parts of India and Pakistan)
Pushto pachto pus ps Pushto, also known as Afghani, is spoken primarily in Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan.
        

Q-R

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Quechua quechua que qu Quechua is a Native American language spoken in various regional forms in parts of Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Argentina and Chile. Quechua is official language in Bolivia and Peru.
R        
Raeto-Romance rhéto-roman roh rm Raeto-Romance, also Romansh is one of the four official languages of Switzerland.
Rajasthani rajasthani raj   Rajasthani is spoken in Rajasthan and other states of India and in some adjacent areas of Pakistan.
Rapanui rapanui rap   The Rapa Nui is spoken by the inhabitants of Easter Island, the Rapanui.
Rarotongan rarotonga rar   Rarotongan is the Maori language of the Cook Islands.
Romance (Other) romanes, autres langues roa   Romance (Romanic languages) comprises all the languages that descend from Latin.
Romanian roumain rum/ron* ro Romanian is primarily spoken in Romania and Moldova, Romanian is written in the Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet.
Romany tsigane rom   Romany is the language of the Romani people, a Gypsies group of eastern Europe.
Rundi rundi run rn Rundi (Kirundi) is a Bantu language spoken by some 6 million people in Burundi and adjacent parts of Tanzania and Congo-Kinshasa,
Russian russe rus ru Russian is the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages, and the native language in the Russian Federation.
        

S-T

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Salishan languages salish, langues sal   The Salishan language family consists of twenty-three languages spoken in the Pacific Northwest (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana).
Samaritan Aramaic samaritain sam   Samaritan Aramaic was the language of the Samaritans who inhabited the Levant. Samaritan Aramaic ceased to be a spoken language some time between the 10th and the 12th centuries.
Sami languages (Other) sami, autres langues smi   Sami languages are the general name for a group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sami people of the Sápmi area in parts of northern Finland, Norway, Sweden and extreme northwestern Russia.
Samoan samoan smo sm Samoan (Sāmoan) is a Polynesian language, it is the traditional language of Samoa and American Samoa. There are approximately 900 000 Samoan speakers worldwide, 70% of whom live in the Samoan Islands.
Sandawe sandawe sad   Sandawe is spoken by about 40 000 Sandawe people in the Dodoma region of Tanzania.
Sango sango sag sg Sango is the primary language spoken in the Central African Republic.
Sanskrit sanskrit san sa Sanskrit is a historical Indo-Aryan language, one of the liturgical languages of Hinduism and Buddhism, and one of the 22 official languages of India.
Santali santal sat   Santali is spoken by the Santali, a Scheduled Tribe* in India.
Sardinian sarde srd sc Sardinian (Sardu) is, after Italian, the main language spoken on the island of Sardinia, Italy.
Sasak sasak sas   Sasak is spoken by the Sasak people of Lombok, Indonesia, the ethnic group make up the majority of Lombok's population.
Saxon, Low; German, Low; Low Saxon; Low German saxon, bas; allemand, bas; bas saxon; bas allemand nds   Also Low German (de.: Plattdeutsch) spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Scots écossais sco   TheLowland Anglic language of Scotland.
Scottish Gaelic; Gaelic gaélique écossais; gaélique gla gd The Gaelic language of Scotland (Scottish Highland) .
Selkup selkoupe sel   Selkup is spoken by about 1,500 Selkup people in the region between the Ob and Yenisei Rivers (in Siberia, Russia)
Semitic (Other) sémitiques, autres langues sem   Semitic languages are a group of languages,most spoken semitic languages are Arabic, Amharic, Tigrinya, and Hebrew.
Sepedi; Northern Sotho; Pedi sepedi; sotho du Nord; pedi nso   see below: Sotho
Serbian serbe scc/srp* sr Serbian is spoken in the countries of former Yugoslavia mainly in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro (64%), and Croatia.
Serer sérère srr   Group of languages spoken by the Serer people in West Africa, mainly in Central Senegal.
Shan chan shn   Shan is spoken in the Shan State in Northeast Myanmar and in adjacent regions of China, Laos and Thailand. Shan is related to the Thai language.
Shona shona sna sn Shona (chiShona) is the native language of the Shona people of Zimbabwe and southern Zambia.
Sichuan Yi yi de Sichuan iii ii Sichuan Yi is spoken by the Yi people (Nuosu; eng.: Lolo) one of the most numerous minority nationalities in China.
Sicilian sicilien scn   Sicilian is spoken on the island of Sicily, and in parts of southern Italy.
Sidamo sidamo sid   Sidamo is spoken in parts of southern Ethiopia.
Sign languages langues des signes sgn   Sign languages are the communication language of the Deaf community, they are representations of meanings in a gestural-visual form.
Siksika blackfoot bla   Siksika or Blackfoot are Algonquian languages spoken by the Blackfoot tribes of Native Americans.
Sindhi sindhi snd sd Sindhi is the language of the Sindhis of the Sindh region, a province of Pakistan. is official language in Pakistan and India.
Sinhalese; Sinhala singhalais sin si Sinhala is the native language of the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, where it is one of two official languages, the other is Tamil.
Sino-Tibetan (Other) sino-tibétaines, autres langues sit   Not clear classified language family composed of Chinese and the Tibeto-Burman languages.
Siouan languages sioux, langues sio   Siouan languages are a Native American language family spoken amongst others by the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota people of the Great Sioux Nation.
Skolt Sami sami skolt sms   Skolt Sami is one of the official Sami languages in Finland, but only spoken by approximately 400 speakers.
Slave (Athapascan) esclave (athapascan) den   Slave also Slavey is spoken among the Slavey First Nations of Canada in the Northwest Territories.
Slavic (Other) slaves, autres langues sla   Slovenian is the official language in: Slovenia.
Slovak slovaque slo/slk* sk Slovak is spoken in the Slovak Republic (Slovakia).
Slovenian slovène slv sl Slovenian (Slovene) is the national language of Slovenia.
Sogdian sogdien sog   Extinct language spoken in Sogdiana, an ancient civilization centered around Samarkand (Uzbekistan)
Somali somali som so Somali is spoken by ethnic Somalis in Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen and Kenya
Songhai songhai son   Songhai is widely used as a lingua franca** on the middle stretches of the Niger River in the west African nations of Mali, Niger, and Benin.
Soninke soninké snk   Soninke is a Mande language spoken by the Soninke people of West Africa, primarily in Mali.
Sorbian languages sorabes, langues wen   Sorbian languages are the native languages of the Sorbs, a Slavic minority in eastern Germany. See: Upper Sorbian and Lower Sorbian.
Sotho, Northern; Pedi; Sepedi sotho du Nord; pedi; sepedi nso   Sesotho sa Leboa is one of the official languages of South Africa spoken in the South African provinces of Gauteng, Limpopo Province and Mpumalanga..
Sotho, Southern sotho du Sud sot st Sesotho (Southern Sotho) is a Bantu language spoken primarily in South Africa and in Lesotho,
South American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Sud, autres langues sai   Indigenous languages of the Americas
Southern Sami sami du Sud sma   Southern Sami is a seriously endangered language. There are approximately 2000 people considered ethnically Southern Sami in Norway and Sweden, but only approximately 500 of them can fluently speak the language.
South Ndebele ndébélé du Sud nbl nr The Southern Ndebele language (isiNdebele) is spoken by the Ndebele people (amaNdebele) of South Africa.
Spanish; Castilian espagnol; castillan spa es Spanish (Español), is one of the most-spoken languages by native speakers.
See: Countries by Languages - Spanish Speaking Countries
Sukuma sukuma suk   Sukuma is a Bantu language spoken by the Sukuma people of northern Tanzania.
Sumerian sumérien sux   Sumerian was the language of ancient Sumer of the Tigris-Euphrates river region.
Sundanese soundanais sun su Sundanese (Basa Sunda) is spoken by about 27 million people from the western third of Java, Indonesia.
Susu soussou sus   Susu is one of the national languages of Guinea and spoken mainly in the coastal region of the country, also Also spoken in parts of Guinea-Bissau, and Sierra Leone.
Swahili swahili swa sw Swahili (Kiswahili) the first language* of the Swahili people, it is one of the working language of the African Union, and official language of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda,
Swati swati ssw ss Swati (siSwati) is a Bantu language spoken in Swaziland and South Africa.
Swedish suédois swe sv Swedish (svenska) is a North Germanic language, spoken by more than ten million people, predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland,
Syriac syriaque syr   The individual languages within this macrolanguage are:Assyrian Neo-Aramaic [aii] and Chaldean Neo-Aramaic [cld].
Tagalog tagalog tgl tl Tagalog is one of the major languages used in the Philippines, widely used as a lingua franca throughout the country.
Tahitian tahitien tah ty Tahitian is one of the languages spoken in French Polynesia (along with French and other Polynesian languages).
T        
Tai (Other) thaïes, autres langues tai   Tai languages are a subgroup of the Tai-Kadai language family, including Thai, the national language of Thailand, Lao or Laotian, national language of Laos, the Shan language in Myanmar, and Zhuang, a major language of southern China.
Tajik tadjik tgk tg Tajikis is official language in Tajikistan, it is a modern variety of the Persian language (Farsi) and spoken in Central Asia.
Tamashek tamacheq tmh   Tamashek is a Berber language spoken by the nomadic Tuareg (Kel Tamasheq), in many parts of Mali, Niger, Algeria, Libya and Burkina Faso
Tamil tamoul tam ta Tamil is one of the four "classical languages" of India, spoken predominantly by Tamil people. It has official status in India, Sri Lanka and Singapore.
Tatar tatar tat tt Tatar is the language of the ethnic group of theTatars, who mainly inhabiting Russia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan.
Telugu télougou tel te Telugu or Telugu bhasha is one of the four "classical languages" of India, mostly spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language..
Tereno tereno ter   Tereno also Terêna is spoken in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, in 20 villages and 2 cities.
Tetum tetum tet   Tetum is the national language and one of the two official languages of East Timor.
Thai thaï tha th Thai is the national language of Thailand, also spoken in Northern Malaysia, in parts of Cambodia, parts of Myanmar, and in Laos.
Tibetan tibétain tib/bod* bo Tibetan is official language in Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
Tigre tigré tig   Tigre also known as Xasa is spoken by about 800 000 people in Eritrea, also spoken in parts of Sudan.
Tigrinya tigrigna tir ti Tigrinya is one of the two official languages of Eritrea, and in also spoken in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia.
Timne temne tem   Timne is spoken by about 1 million people in Central Sierra Leone.
Tiv tiv tiv   The Tiv language also known as Munshi
is spoken by more than 2 million people in Nigeria, and by a minority in Cameroon.
Tlingit tlingit tli   Endangered language spoken by the Tlingit people of Southeast Alaska (USA) and Western Canada, with fewer than 140 native speakers
Tok Pisin tok pisin tpi   Tok Pisin is an English-based creole language spoken throughout Papua New Guinea.
Tokelau tokelau tkl   Austronesian language, is spoken by some 1,700 people on the atolls of Tokelau (Polynesia) and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighbouring American Samoa.
Tonga (Nyasa) tonga (Nyasa) tog   Tonga is spoken by around 170,000 in the north of Malawi.
Tonga (Tongan; Tonga Islands) tongan (Îles Tonga) ton to Tongan is an Austronesian language spoken in Tonga.
Tsimshian tsimshian tsi   Tsimshian is spoken by ethnic Tsimshian people in northwestern British Columbia, (Canada) and and the southernmost corner of Alaska (USA).
Tsonga tsonga tso ts Tsonga or Xitsonga is spoken in southern Africa by the Tsonga people, inhabiting the southern coastal plain of Mozambique, parts of Zimbabwe and Swaziland, and the South African provinces of Gauteng, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.
Tswana tswana tsn tn Tswana (Setswana), is a Bantu language. It is the national language of Botswana, the majority of Setswana speakers are actually in South Africa.
Tumbuka tumbuka tum   Tumbuka is a a Bantu language spoken in parts of Malawi, Zambia, and Tanzania.
Tupi languages tupi, langues tup   The language family of Tupi or Tupian comprises about 70 languages spoken in South America, best known of this lingua franca are Tupi proper and Guarani which is one of the official languages of Paraguay and Bolivia.
Turkish turc tur tr Predominantly spoken in Turkey. Turkish has about 60 million speakers, with many enclaves in the Balkans and Cyprus, Since 1928 the language is written in a phonetic variant of the Latin alphabet.
Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928) turc ottoman (1500-1928) ota  

The Ottoman Turkish language is variety of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language in Turkey and all the countries where the Ottoman Empire has expanded. Ottoman Turkish was written in a version of the Perso-Arabic alphabet.

Turkmen turkmène tuk tk The national language of Turkmenistan. It is spoken in parts of Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Turkey.
Tuvalu tuvalu tvl   Tuvaluan language is spoken on the Polynesian island of Tuvalu formerly known as Ellice Islands.
Tuvinian touva tyv   Tuvan also known as Tuvinian, Tyvan, or Tuvin, is spoken by around 200 000 people in the Russian Republic of Tuva in south-central Siberia.
Twi twi twi tw Twi is a language predominantly spoken in the Ashanti Region of Ghana by about 15 million people.
        

U-Z

Language Name in English Language Name in French alpha-3 code alpha-2 code Spoken in
Udmurt oudmourte udm   Udmurt is spoken by the Udmurts, natives of Udmurtia, a constituent republic of the Russian Federation, where it is co-official with the Russian language.
Ugaritic ougaritique uga   The Ugaritic language, discovered by French archaeologists in 1928, is known only in the form of writings found in the lost city of Ugarit, near the modern village of Ras Shamra, Syria.
Uighur; Uyghur ouïgour uig ug see: Uyghur
Ukrainian ukrainien ukr uk The official language of Ukraine
Umbundu umbundu umb   Umbundu is a language spoken by the Ovimbundu people in the central highlands of Angola. It is the most widespread Bantu language in Angola.
Upper Sorbian haut-sorabe hsb   Upper Sorbian is a minority language spoken in Germany in the historical province of Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz), which is today part of Saxony. (see also: Lower Sorbian)
Urdu ourdou urd ur Urdu is the official language of Pakistan and is partly-spoken in India (it is one of 23 official languages of India).
Uyghur; Uighur ouïgour uig ug Uyghur is spoken by the Uyghur population in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,a Central Asian region administered by China. Uyghur is also spoken by 300 000 people in Kazakhstan.
Uzbek ouszbek uzb uz Uzbek is a Turkic language and the official language of Uzbekistan.
V        
Vai vaï vai   A Mande language. The majority of its speakers live in Liberia. Vai is also spoken in Sierra Leone.
Valencian; Catalan valencien; catalan cat ca Valencian (valencià) is the language used in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Alicante, Valencia and Castellón) of Spain. The language is also known as Catalan (català) and is official language of Andorra.
Venda venda ven ve Venda also known as Tshivenḓa, or Luvenḓa is an official language in South Africa. There are also speakers in Zimbabwe.
Vietnamese vietnamien vie vi The national and official language of Vietnam.
Volapük volapük vol vo Volapük (worldlanguage) is an artificial language, proposed in 1879 by Johann Martin Schleyer, a German Catholic priest.
Votic vote vot   Votic is spoken by the Votes of Ingria (Region south of Finland in Russia). It is closely related to Estonian.
W        
Wakashan languages wakashennes, langues wak   Family of languages spoken in British Columbia and on Vancouver Island (Canada), and in the northwestern corner of the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state (USA)
Walamo walamo wal   Walamo also Wolaytta is an Omotic language spoken in the Wolaytta Region, Lake Abaya area of Ethiopia.
Walloon wallon wln wa Romance language spoken as a second language by some in Wallonia, Belgium.
Waray waray war   Spoken in the provinces of Samar, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Leyte (eastern portion), and Biliran in the Philippines.
Washo washo was   Endangered Native American language isolate spoken by the Washo on the California–Nevada border especially around Lake Tahoe (USA).
Welsh gallois wel/cym* cy Language spoken natively in Wales (Cymru), and in England by some along the Welsh border.
Wolof wolof wol wo Wolof is the native language of the Wolof people, most spoken in Senegal, but also in The Gambia, and Mauritania.
X        
Xhosa xhosa xho xh Xhosa is one of the Bantu languages and is an official language of South Africa. Xhosa is spoken by approximately 7.9 million people.
Y        
Yakut iakoute sah   Sakha, or Yakut, is a Turkic language with around 460,000 speakers spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation.
Yao yao yao   Spoken by Yao (Mien) people in China Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar.
Yapese yapois yap   One of theAustronesian languages, spoken by about 6600 people on the island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia).
Yiddish yiddish yid yi A non-territorial High German language of Jewish origin, spoken throughout the world. Unlike other such languages, Yiddish is written with the Hebrew alphabet as opposed to a Latin alphabet.
Yoruba yoruba yor yo Language of the Yoruba people, it is spoken, among other languages, in Nigeria, Benin, and Togo.
Yupik languages yupik, langues ypk   Eskimo-Aleut languages spoken by several Yupik peoples of western and southcentral Alaska (USA) and northeastern Siberia (Russia).
Z        
Zande zandé znd   Zande language is spoken by the Azande, primarily in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and southwestern Sudan, but also in the eastern part of the Central African Republic.
Zapotec zapotèque zap   Mesoamerican languages spoken by the indigenous Zapotec people from Mexico's southwestern-central highlands region. Present-day numbers of native speakers are estimated at over half a million, with the majority inhabiting the state of Oaxaca.
Zenaga zenaga zen   Berber language spoken by some 200 to 300 people (Ethnologue estimate, 1998) between Mederdra and the Atlantic coast in southwestern Mauritania.
Zhuang; Chuang zhuang; chuang zha za Spoken by the Zhuang people in the People's Republic of China. Most speakers live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Zulu zoulou zul zu Language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.
Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, and Swaziland
Zuni zuni zun   Language of the Zuni people, indigenous to western New Mexico and eastern Arizona in the United States.
        

Language glossary:

* First language
A first language (also mother tongue, native language, or L1) is the language a human being learns from birth.
Sometimes the term is used for the language that the speaker speaks best.

** Lingua franca
O riginally a mix-up of mediterranean languges spoken by traders and sailors, today the term is used to describe a language that is used as a means of communication between people of diverse speech.

Creole language, or creole, is a language construct of two ore more languages (one usually European) resulting of an extended contact between communities with different languages, which has developed from an artificial pidgin into a stable first language.

Pidgin, is a simplified artificial language used for communication between speakers of different languages, if a pidgin becomes established as the native language of a group, it is known as a Creole..

Mutual intelligibility
In linguistics mutually intelligible is called a relationship between different languages in which speakers of different but related languages can readily understand each other.
 
More to explore:

 Index International Languages
Languages by Continents.

 Languages of Africa |  Languages of the Americas |  Languages of Asia |
 Languages of Australia and the Pacifics |  Languages of Europe

 Most spoken Languages in the World

External Links to language related sites and sources:

SIL International (initially known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics)
SIL International is a faith-based organization that studies, documents, and assists in developing the world’s lesser-known languages.

Ethnologue
An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 6,912 known living languages.

Wikipedia - Natural language
Wikipedia entry about human language (or ordinary language) a language that is spoken, signed, or written by humans for the general purpose of communication.
  
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Countries of the World: A - C | D - G | H - L | M - P | Q - T | U - Z
Continents: Africa | The Americas | Asia | Australia/Oceania | Europe
 
 

Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.