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Trakai Castle panorama
Trakai Castle, the 14th century island castle is located in Lake Galvė near the historic city of Trakai in Lithuania.
Image: Abhijeet Kumar
 
Flag of Lithuania
Flag of Lithuania
Location map of Lithuania. Where in Europe is Lithuania?
Location map of Lithuania

Destination Lithuania, an Eastern European country and one of the three Baltic states with a coastline at the Baltic Sea in west. Lithuania is bordered by Belarus, Latvia, Poland, and Russia (Kaliningrad) and it shares a maritime border with Sweden.

The country covers an area of 65.300 km², making it slightly smaller than half the size of Greece, or slightly larger than West Virginia. Its smooth landscape offers sandy beaches, numerous lakes, wetlands, and mixed forest areas.

Lithuania has a population of 2,8 million people (in 2015), capital and largest city is Vilnius. Spoken language is Lithuanian, a Baltic language, closely related to Latvian.



Republic of Lithuania | Lietuvos Respublika

Country Profile



Background:
Independent between the two World Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but this proclamation was not generally recognized until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993.

Lithuania subsequently has restructured its economy for eventual integration into Western European institutions.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

 

Official Name:
Lietuvos Respublika
short form: Lietuva
int'l long form: Republic of Lithuania
int'l short form: Lithuania

ISO Country Code: lt, ltu

Time:
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Thu-Mar-23  02:15

Country Calling Code: +370

Capital City: Vilnius (pop. 541 000)

Other Cities: Kaunas (360 000), Klaipeda (187 000), Siauliai (130 000), Panevezys (115 300).

Government:
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)
Constitution: Adopted 25 October 1992.

Geography:
Location: Eastern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.
Area: 65,300 km² (25,212 sq. mi.).
Terrain: fertile, central lowland plains separated by hilly uplands created by glacial drift. A total of 758 rivers, many navigable, and 2 833 lakes cover the landscape.
Administrative divisions: 10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus.

Climate: Humid continental with four distinct seasons, and a moderating maritime influence from the Baltic Sea.

People:
Nationality: Lithuanian(s).
Population: 2,8 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Lithuanian 83.5%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, Byelorussian 1.2%, other 2.3%.
Religions: Catholic (79%), Orthodox (4.1%), Protestant (1.9%).
Languages: Lithuanian; a minority speaks Russian (8%) and Polish (5.6%).
Literacy: 99.6%.

Natural resources: Peat, arable land, amber.

Agriculture products: Grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish.

Industries: Metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry.

Exports - commodities: refined fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, plastics

Exports - partners: Russia 13.7%, Latvia 9.8%, Poland 9.7%, Germany 7.8%, Estonia 5.3%, Belarus 4.6%, UK 4.5%, USA 4.4%, Netherlands 4% (2015)

Imports - commodities: oil, natural gas, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, chemicals, textiles and clothing, metals

Imports - partners: Russia 16.9%, Germany 11.5%, Poland 10.3%, Latvia 7.6%, Netherlands 5.1%, Italy 4.5% (2015)

Currency: Litas (LTL)

 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Lithuania


Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas
Site of Lithuania's president (in Lithuanian).

Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybò
Official website of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania
(Lithuanian, English).

Seimas
The Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania.

Uzsienio Reikalu Ministerija
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Lithuania to the UN
Embassy of the Republic of the Lithuania
Washington D.C.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Vilnius
Address list of foreign Diplomatic Missions.

Statistics
Statistikos departamentas prie Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybës
Statistics Lithuania.

Lithuania in Figures
Key statistical data of Lithuania.

Maps

Map of Lithuania
Political Map of Lithuania.
Google Earth Google Earth Lithuania
Searchable map and satellite view of Lithuania.
Google Earth Google Earth Vilnius
Searchable map and satellite view of Lithuania's capital.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


Backyard of the Presidential Palace in Vilnius
Backyard of the Presidential Palace in Vilnius.
Image: Jan Mehlich


Skyline of Vilnius
Skyline of Vilnius at dusk as viewed from Gediminas' Tower.
Image: David Iliff

Lithuanian News


ELTA
Lithuanian News Agency.

Lietuvos rytas
National daily news (in Lithuanian).
Lietuvos Zinios
Lithuanian daily, Vilnius (in Lithuanian).
Kauno diena
Lithuanian newspaper from Kaunas (in Lithuanian).

Veidas
A political weekly (in Lithuanian).

Verslo Zinios
Lithuanian Business News (daily).

Baltic Times
News from Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania.

TV/Radio
Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija (LRT)
Lithuanian Radio and TV.
Radiocentras
Commercial radio station for pop music.
 

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Arts & Culture


Art
Art Museum of Lithuania
One of the greatest museums of Lithuania and has the oldest history.
Contemporary Art Centre
Official website of the largest art centre in the Baltic States.
Lithuanian Art Museums
A guide to Lithuanian art museums.

Amber
Palanga Amber Park
The Amber Museum in Palanga.
Amber Museum-Gallery
Museum for amber jewellery of modern and classical design.

National Museum of Lithuania
Official website of the museum.
Museums of Lithuania
A guide to Lithuanian museums.

Martynas Mazvydas
The National Library of Lithuania. 



Hill of Crosses near Siauliai Hill of Crosses near Siauliai
Image: David Iliff

Business & Economy


Bank of Lithuania
Lithuanian Central Bank.

Vilnius Stock Exchange
(VSE is the only regulated securities market in Lithuania, offering trading, listing and information services.

Lithuanian Development Agency
A local partner for foreign businesses interested in investing in Lithuania.
Lithuanian Business Directory
Business Directory (in Lithuanian).
Lithuanian Development Agency
Website of Lithuanian Development Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises.

Vilnius Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts
Website of the chamber (in Lithuanian).

Transportation
Airlines
Lietuvos avialinijos
Lithuanian Airlines, the national carrier of Lithuania.

Airports
Tarptautinis Vilniaus Oro Uostas
Vilnius International Airport is Lithuania's main airport.
Kaunas Airport
Second busiest civil airport in Lithuania.
Palanga Airport
Official site with information about the Palanga airport.
 


Europa Square
Europa Square © travel.lt
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Lithuania - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Lithuania: resort towns: Birstonas, Druskininkai, Neringa, Palanga, architectural heritage: Kaunas, Kernave, Klaipeda, Trakai, and Vilnius.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, and much more by following the links below.

Lithuania Tourism Info
The official Lithuanian Travel Guide.

Lithuanian State Department of Tourism
Site of the Tourism Department.

Countryside vacation in Lithuania
A guide to rural Lithuania by Countryside Tourism Association.



Cities of Lithuania
Vilnius
Official website of the capital city, Vilnius Municipality.
Vilnius tourist information centre
Official website of the tourist information centre.
Birstonas
Birstonas Municipality.
Druskininkai
Spa town Druskininkai Tourism and business information center.
Kaunas
Kaunas city municipality.
Klaipeda
Klaipeda Tourism and Culture Information Centre.
Neringa
Official website on tourism information of Neringa.
Palanga
Palanga tourism information centre.

Lithuanian Hotels On-line
Searchable Hotel index of Lithuanian hotels.
 
Trakai Castle, Lithuania
Trakai Castle on an island in Lake Galvė © travel.lt

Education


Vilnius University
One of the oldest and most famous establishments of higher education in Eastern and Central Europe, founded in 1579.
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Official website of Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.
Kaunas University of Technology
Vytautas Magnus University
Klaipeda University

Higher Education and Science of Lithuania
Address list of Lithuanian Institutions of Higher Education and Science.
 
Vilnius, capital city of Lithuania
Vilnius - old and modern © travel.lt

Environment & Nature


Government Agencies
Ministry of Environment
Official website of the ministry.
State Service for Protected Areas
Official website of the State Service with information about its function and goals.

NGOs
Lietuvos zaliuju judejimas
Lithuanian Green Movement.

Nature
Aukstaitija National Park
National Park of Aukstaitija ethnical region.
Dzukija National Park
Guide to the National Park on the territories of Dainava land.
Kursiu Nerija National Park
National Park at Lithuanian seaside.
Trakai Historical National Park
The official park guide.

Zemaitija National Park
Official website of the National Park in north-western Lithuania.
Nature Lithuania
A guide to Lithuania's national parks.

 
Nerija National Park, Lithuania
Nerija National Park © nerija.lt

History


Lithuanian History
Comprehensive page about the rich history and culture of Lithuania.
History of Lithuania
Wikipedia page about Lithuania's' History.
WWW-VL History: Lithuania
Geography, language, references and more.

 

Search

Lithuania-On-Line
Index of Lithuanian Internet sites.

Open Directory Project: Lithuania

Sources and additional Information about Lithuania

Baltic Worlds
A scholarly journal from the Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES) Södertörn University, Stockholm.

School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London: Lithuania

BBC Country Profile: Lithuania

GlobalEDGE: Lithuania

OEC: Lithuania

Wikipedia: Lithuania

The World Factbook -- Lithuania

 
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