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A virtual guide to Lithuania, the largest and most southerly of the three Baltic republics. Get an overview of Lithuania's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this Eastern European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Lithuania, addresses of Lithuania`? and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more.

Vilnius
Vilnius - old and modern © travel.lt
 

Republic of Lithuania | Lietuvos Respublika

Country Profile



Flag of Lithuania

Flag of Lithuania

Background:
Independent between the two World Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but this proclamation was not generally recognized until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993.
Lithuania subsequently has restructured its economy for eventual integration into Western European institutions.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Belarus, Latvia, Poland, Russia (Kaliningrad)

realated countries: Estonia
 
Where in Europe is Lithuania?

Official Name:
Lietuvos Respublika
short form: Lietuva
int'l long form: Republic of Lithuania
int'l short form: Lithuania

ISO Country Code: lt

Time:
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Thu-Dec-18  18:21

Country Calling Code: +370

Capital City: Vilnius (pop. 541 000)

Other Cities: Kaunas (360 000), Klaipeda (187 000), Siauliai (130 000), Panevezys (115 300).

Government:
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)
Constitution: Adopted 25 October 1992.

Geography:
Location: Eastern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.
Area: 65,300 kmĀ² (25,212 sq. mi.).
Terrain: fertile, central lowland plains separated by hilly uplands created by glacial drift. A total of 758 rivers, many navigable, and 2 833 lakes cover the landscape.
Administrative divisions: 10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus.

Climate: Humid continental with four distinct seasons, and a moderating maritime influence from the Baltic Sea.

People:
Nationality: Lithuanian(s).
Population: 3.2 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Lithuanian 83.5%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, Byelorussian 1.2%, other 2.3%.
Religions: Catholic (79%), Orthodox (4.1%), Protestant (1.9%).
Languages: Lithuanian; a minority speaks Russian (8%) and Polish (5.6%).
Literacy: 99.6%.

Natural resources: Peat, arable land, amber.

Agriculture products: Grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish.

Industries: Metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry.

Currency: Litas (LTL)

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and others.

Lithuania in Figures
Key statistical data of Lithuania.

 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Lithuania

Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas
Site of Lithuania's president (in Lithuanian).

Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybò
Official website of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania
(Lithuanian, English).

Seimas
The Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania.



Uzsienio Reikalu Ministerija
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Lithuania to the UN
Embassy of the Republic of the Lithuania
Washington D.C.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Vilnius
Address list of foreign Diplomatic Missions.

Statistics
Statistikos departamentas prie Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybës
Statistics Lithuania.

Lithuania in Figures
Key statistical data of Lithuania.

Maps

Map of Lithuania
Political Map of Lithuania.
Google Earth Google Earth Lithuania
Searchable map and satellite view of Lithuania.
Google Earth Google Earth Vilnius
Searchable map and satellite view of Lithuania's capital.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

 

Lithuanian News

BNS
News agency (for subscribers only).
ELTA
Lithuanian News Agency.

Lithuania in the world
Magazine features news on domestic politics, foreign affairs, the economy, business, foreign investment, culture, science, sports and tourism.

Lietuvos rytas
National daily news (in Lithuanian).
Lietuvos Zinios
Lithuanian daily, Vilnius (in Lithuanian).
Kauno diena
Lithuanian newspaper from Kaunas (in Lithuanian).

Atgimimas
Political weekly (in Lithuanian).
Veidas
Another political weekly (in Lithuanian).

Verslo Zinios
Lithuanian Business News (daily).

Baltic Times
News from Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania.

TV/Radio
Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija (LRT)
Lithuanian Radio and TV.
Radiocentras
Commercial radio station for pop music.
 

 

Arts & Culture

Art
Art Museum of Lithuania
One of the greatest museums of Lithuania and has the oldest history.
Contemporary Art Centre
Official website of the largest art centre in the Baltic States.
Lithuanian Art Museums
A guide to Lithuanian art museums.

Amber Museum-Gallery
Museum for amber jewellery of modern and classical design.

National Museum of Lithuania
Official website of the museum.
Museums of Lithuania
A guide to Lithuanian museums.

Martynas Mazvydas
The National Library of Lithuania. 

 

Business & Economy

Bank of Lithuania
Lithuanian Central Bank.

Vilnius Stock Exchange
(VSE is the only regulated securities market in Lithuania, offering trading, listing and information services.

Lithuanian Development Agency
A local partner for foreign businesses interested in investing in Lithuania.
Lithuanian Business Directory
Business Directory (in Lithuanian).
Lithuanian Development Agency
Website of Lithuanian Development Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises.

Vilnius Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts
Website of the chamber (in Lithuanian).

Transportation
Airlines
Lietuvos avialinijos
Lithuanian Airlines, the national carrier of Lithuania.

Airports
Tarptautinis Vilniaus Oro Uostas
Vilnius International Airport is Lithuania's main airport.
Kaunas Airport
Second busiest civil airport in Lithuania.
Palanga Airport
Official site with information about the Palanga airport.
 
Europa Square
Europa Square © travel.lt

Destination Lithuania - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Lithuania: resort towns: Birstonas, Druskininkai, Neringa, Palanga, architectural heritage: Kaunas, Kernave, Klaipeda, Trakai, and Vilnius.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, cycling, fishing, hiking, cruising, skiing, yachting, tours and much more by following the links below.

Lithuania Tourism Info
The Official Lithuanian Travel Guide.

Lithuanian State Department of Tourism
Site of the Tourism Department.

Countryside vacation in Lithuania
A guideto rural Lithuania by Countryside Tourism Association.



Cities of Lithuania
Vilnius
Official website of the capital city, Vilnius Municipality.
Vilnius tourist information centre
Official website of the tourist information centre.
Birstonas
Birstonas Municipality.
Druskininkai
Spa town Druskininkai Tourism and business information center.
Kaunas
Kaunas city municipality.
Klaipeda
Klaipeda Tourism and Culture Information Centre.
Neringa
Official website on tourism information of Neringa.
Palanga
Palanga tourism information centre.


Hotels
Hotels in Lithuania
Find a Hotel in Lithuania.

Lithuanian Hotels On-line
Searchable Hotel index of Lithuanian hotels.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Trakai Castle
Trakai Castle © travel.lt

Education

Vilnius University
One of the oldest and most famous establishments of higher education in Eastern and Central Europe, founded in 1579.
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Official website of Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.
Kaunas University of Technology
Vytautas Magnus University
Klaipeda University

Higher Education and Science of Lithuania
Address list of Lithuanian Institutions of Higher Education and Science.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Government Agencies
Ministry of Environment
Official website of the ministry.
State Service for Protected Areas
Official website of the State Service with information about its function and goals.

NGOs
Lietuvos zaliuju judejimas
Lithuanian Green Movement.

Nature
Aukstaitija National Park
National Park of Aukstaitija ethnical region.
Dzukija National Park
Guide to the National Park on the territories of Dainava land.
Kursiu Nerija National Park
National Park at Lithuanian seaside.
Trakai Historical National Park
The official park guide.

Zemaitija National Park
Official website of the National Park in north-western Lithuania.
Nature Lithuania
A guide to Lithuania's national parks.

 
Nerija National Park
Nerija National Park © nerija.lt

History

Lithuanian History
About the rich culture of Lithuania.
Short Lithuanian History
More to say?
WWW-VL History: Lithuania
Geography, language, references and more.
 

Search

Lithuania-On-Line
Index of Lithuanian Internet sites.

Additional Information about Lithuania

BBC News Country Profile: Lithuania
Open Directory Project: Lithuania
REENIC: Lithuania
Russian and East European Network Information Center about Lithuania.
School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London: Lithuania
Wikipedia: Lithuania
The World Factbook -- Lithuania


 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.