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___ Zimbabwe

A virtual guide to Zimbabwe. Get an overview of Zimbabwean art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this South African nation, e.g.: official web sites of Zimbabwe, addresses of Zimbabwean and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information, tourist attractions, events and more.

Victoria Falls
Victoria Falls

Republic of Zimbabwe

Country Profile

Zimbabwe Flag

Flag of Zimbabwe

The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection. The ruling ZANU-PF party used fraud and intimidation to win a two-thirds majority in the March 2005 parliamentary election, allowing it to amend the constitution at will and recreate the Senate, which had been abolished in the late 1980s. In April 2005, Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. President MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with significant gains in opposition seats in parliament. MDC opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the presidential polls, and may have won an out right majority, but official results posted by the Zimbabwe Electoral Committee did not reflect this. In the lead up to a run-off election in late June 2008, considerable violence enacted against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of vote tampering and ballot-box stuffing resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power sharing agreement, allowing MUGABE to remain as president and creating the new position of prime minister for TSVANGIRAI, were finally settled in February 2009. Morgan Richard TSVANGIRAI sustained non-life threatening injuries in a car crash on 6 March 2009 when heading towards his rural home in Buhera. His wife, Susan Tsvangirai, was killed in the collision.

(Source: CIA - The World Factbook and other)

border countries: Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia
related countries: UK
Where in Africa is Zimbabwe?

Official Name:
Republic of Zimbabwe
short form: Zimbabwe
formerly: Republic of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia.

ISO Country Code: zw

Local Time = UTC +2h

Country Calling Code: +263

Capital City: Harare (pop. 1.5 million)

Other Cities: Bulawayo, Chitungwiza, Mutare, Gweru, Kwekwe, Masvingo, Marondera.

Type: Parliamentary.
Constitution: 21 December 1979.
Independence: 18 April 1980 (from UK)

Location: Landlocked country in Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia.
Area: 390,757 sq. km. (150,872 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Desert and savanna, mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east.

Climate: Subtropical and tropical, moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March).

Nationality: Zimbabwean
Population: 12.7 million (2012 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Shona 71%, Ndebele 16%, other African 11%, white 1%, mixed and Asian 1%.
Religions: Christianity 75%, offshoot Christian sects, animist, and Muslim.
Languages: English (official); Chishona, Sindebele with various dialects.
Literacy: 90%

Natural resources: Coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals.

Agriculture products: Corn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts; sheep, goats, pigs.

Industries: Mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages.

Exports partners: South Africa 32.3%, China 6.3%, Zambia 6.2%, Japan 5.9%, USA 4.9%, Netherlands 4.6%, Italy 4.4%, Germany 4% (2006)

Imports partners: South Africa 46.1%, China 5.9%, Botswana 4.8%, Zambia 4.1% (2006)

Zimbabwean Dollar (ZWD)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Government
The Zimbabwe Government online.

Parliament of Zimbabwe
Official website of the Parliament in Harare.

Zimbabwe Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official website of the ministry.

Diplomatic Missions
Zimbabwe - Permanent Mission to the United Nations
Site of Zimbabwe's representation to the UN.

The Embassy of Zimbabwe in the US
Washington D.C.
Embassy of Zimbabwe Canada

Zimbabwe Department of Meteorological Services


Map of Zimbabwe
Political Map of Zimbabwe.

Google Earth Google Earth Zimbabwe
Searchable map and satellite view of Zimbabwe.
Google Earth Google Earth Harare
Searchable map and satellite view of Zimbabwe's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Victoria Falls
Satellite view of Victoria Falls.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.


News Zimbabwe
Current news from Zimbabwe.
Has Zimbabwe news.
The Chronicle
Government controlled press (Bulawayo).
The Daily News
Daily independent newspaper, with the largest circulation.
News, views and opinions.
Financial Gazete
Weekly independent press.
Government controlled press.
Standard Online
The Zimbabwe Standard Online, independent press.
Zimbabwe Independent
Online Edition of the Zimbabwe Newspaper, independent.
The Zimbabwe Mirror
Government influenced national news.
Zimday - pro Zanu-PF news.
Government influenced national news.
The Zimbabwe Situation
News and links relating to the crisis in Zimbabwe.
Zim Observer
Zimbabwean internet news website, updated constantly throughout the day.
UK based Zimbabwe related news site.

International News Sources - Zimbabwe
With news from Zimbabwe.
Mail & Guardian
Leading newspaper from South Africa, covers all Africa with current information.

SW Radio Africa
The Independent Voice of Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation
Zimbabwe TV, Radio, and News.

Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Zimbabwe
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

HIFA, Harare International Festival of the Arts
Annual international arts festival in five main disciplines: music, theatre, fine arts, dance and spoken word.

National Museums and Monuments Of Zimbabwe
Online guide to National Museums and Monuments Of Zimbabwe.

A resource of Zimbabwean music & culture.
The Mbira Page
Mbira, Marimba and Chimurenga styles of music from the indigenous cultures of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe Music Guide
A guide to Chimurenga, Jit, and Sungura styles from Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwean community portal site.

Issues Zimbabwe
Amnesty International Zimbabwe
Amnesty Int'l page with information about Human rights issues in Zimbabwe.
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
Zimbabwe's newest and strongest opposition political party with its leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

Business & Economy

Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
Central bank of Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
Zimbabwe's Stock Exchange

Zimbabwe trade information portal.

__ Transportation
Air Zimbabwe
The former Air Rhodesia. Air Zimbabwe is the country's largest passenger carrier.

Destination Zimbabwe - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Zimbabwe: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, tours and much more.

Explore Zimbabwe
Guide by Zimbabwe Tourism Authority (ZTA)
A Zimbabwe portal site.
Zimbabwe travel and tourism web-site.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Africa University
A private, Pan-African and United Methodist-Related institution close to Mutare.
University of Zimbabwe
Harare, the nation's largest university, founded in 1955.

Environment & Nature

Environment - current issues:

Deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution.
Poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution.
The black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching.

Wildlife & Environment Zimbabwe
Private Voluntary Organisation for the conservation and protection of Zimbabwe’s environment.
Zambezi River Authority (of Zambia and Zimbabwe)
The function of the authority is to manage and develop the water resources of the common Zambezi River and the Kariba Dam Complex.
Zambezi Society
The Zambezi Society aims to save Zambezi Basin Ecosystems and Wildernesses


Zimbabwe's History
Condensed to a page of bullet points by AfricaNet

Zimbabwe's history: Key dates
Brief overview of Zimbabwe's post-colonial history by BBC News.
History of Zimbabwe
Wikipedia entry about Zimbabwe's history.


Traditional Shona music
Shona People
Some information on the Shona People by the University of Iowa
Traditional States of Zimbabwe
The Changamire Empire and other Shona states, the Ndebele ("Matabele") Kingdom.

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