Continents Africa Zimbabwe
Flag of Zimbabwe
With an area of 390,757 km² (150,872 sq mi), compared it is about half the size of Turkey or slightly larger than the US State of Montana. Zimbabwe was formerly known as Rhodesia, it declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1965, but was only recognized in April 1980.
The country has a population of 14.2 million people (2016 est.), most commonly spoken languages are English, Shona and Ndebele.
Republic of Zimbabwe
The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923.
A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power.
In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia).
UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980.
Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence.
His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection.
The ruling ZANU-PF party used fraud and intimidation to win a two-thirds majority in the March 2005 parliamentary election, allowing it to amend the constitution at will and recreate the Senate, which had been abolished in the late 1980s. In April 2005, Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition.
President MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with significant gains in opposition seats in parliament.
MDC opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the presidential polls, and may have won an out right majority, but official results posted by the Zimbabwe Electoral Committee did not reflect this. In the lead up to a run-off election in late June 2008, considerable violence enacted against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of vote tampering and ballot-box stuffing resulted in international condemnation of the process.
Difficult negotiations over a power sharing agreement, allowing MUGABE to remain as president and creating the new position of prime minister for TSVANGIRAI, were finally settled in February 2009.
Morgan Richard TSVANGIRAI sustained non-life threatening injuries in a car crash on 6 March 2009 when heading towards his rural home in Buhera. His wife, Susan Tsvangirai, was killed in the collision.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook and other)
Republic of Zimbabwe
short form: Zimbabwe
formerly: Republic of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia.
ISO Country Code: zw, zwe
Local Time = UTC +2h
Country Calling Code: +263
Capital City: Harare (pop. 1.5 million)
Other Cities: Bulawayo, Chitungwiza, Mutare, Gweru, Kwekwe, Masvingo, Marondera.
Constitution: 21 December 1979.
Independence: 18 April 1980 (from UK)
Location: Landlocked country in Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia.
Area: 390,757 sq. km. (150,872 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Desert and savanna, mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east.
Climate: Subtropical and tropical, moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March).
Population: 14.2 million (2016 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Shona 71%, Ndebele 16%, other African 11%, white 1%, mixed and Asian 1%.
Religions: Christianity 75%, offshoot Christian sects, animist, and Muslim.
Languages: English (official); Chishona, Sindebele with various dialects.
Natural resources: Coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals.
Agriculture products: Corn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts; sheep, goats, pigs.
Industries: Mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages.
Exports - commodities: platinum, cotton, tobacco, gold, ferroalloys, textiles/clothing
Exports partners: China 27.8%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 14%, Botswana 12.5%, South Africa 7.6% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, other manufactures, chemicals, fuels, food products
Imports partners: South Africa 48.1%, China 12.1%, India 5.2%, Zambia 4.6% (2015)
Currency: Zimbabwean Dollar (ZWD)
Zimbabwe's government system is a full presidential republic; the chief of state and head of government is the president. The post of the prime minister was abolished in 2013 under the revised constitution. Democratic governance deteriorated in recent years. Beside widespread violations of human rights,the independence of the judiciary and the existence of independent media, is threatened by the ruling government.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of ZimbabweZimbabwe Government
The Zimbabwe Government online.
Parliament of Zimbabwe
Official website of the Parliament in Harare.
Zimbabwe Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official website of the ministry.
Zimbabwe - Permanent Mission to the United Nations
Site of Zimbabwe's representation to the UN.
The Embassy of Zimbabwe in the US
Embassy of Zimbabwe Canada
Zimbabwe National Statistics (ZIMSTAT)
Zimbabwe Department of Meteorological Services
Map of Zimbabwe
Political Map of Zimbabwe.
Google Earth Zimbabwe
Searchable map and satellite view of Zimbabwe.
Google Earth Harare
Searchable map and satellite view of Zimbabwe's capital city.
Google Earth Victoria Falls
Satellite view of Victoria Falls.
Political Map of Africa
All 54 countries of Africa on one map.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
News/NewspapersZimbabwe has draconian media laws require journalists to be accredited by a state-appointed commission. Police regularly arrest and deport foreign journalists for working in the country without clearance. (Source: BBC)
Current news from Zimbabwe.
Government controlled press (Bulawayo).
The Daily News
Daily independent newspaper, with the largest circulation.
Weekly independent press.
Government controlled press.
The Zimbabwe Standard Online, independent press.
Online Edition of the Zimbabwe Newspaper, independent.
The Zimbabwe Mirror
Government influenced national news.
The Zimbabwe Situation
News and links relating to the crisis in Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwean internet news website, updated constantly throughout the day.
UK based Zimbabwe related news site.
International News Sources
Allafrica.com - Zimbabwe
With news from Zimbabwe.
Mail & Guardian
Leading newspaper from South Africa, covers all Africa with current information.
SW Radio Africa
The Independent Voice of Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation
Zimbabwe TV, Radio, and News.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
HIFA, Harare International Festival of the Arts
Annual international arts festival in five main disciplines: music, theatre, fine arts, dance and spoken word.
National Museums and Monuments Of Zimbabwe
Online guide to National Museums and Monuments Of Zimbabwe.
A resource of Zimbabwean music & culture.
The Mbira Page
Mbira, Marimba and Chimurenga styles of music from the indigenous cultures of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe Music Guide
A guide to Chimurenga, Jit, and Sungura styles from Zimbabwe.
Amnesty International Zimbabwe
Amnesty Int'l page with information about Human rights issues in Zimbabwe.
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC)
Zimbabwe's newest and strongest opposition political party with its leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
Business & Economy
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
Central bank of Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
Zimbabwe's Stock Exchange
Zimbabwe trade information portal.
The former Air Rhodesia. Air Zimbabwe is the country's largest passenger carrier.
Image: Harvey Barrison
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Zimbabwe - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Zimbabwe: Bulawayo and the Bulawayo Railway Museum, Bumbusi National Monument, Chimanimani District (mountainous area), Danangombe (Dhlo-Dhlo) archaeological site, Harare, Eastern Highlands, Hwange National Park, Ruins of Khami, Lake Kariba (the world's largest man-made lake), Masvingo Province (Great Zimbabwe ruins), Matobo National Park, Nyanga National Park, Victoria Falls, Victoria Falls National Park, Victoria Falls Bridge.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, safaris, hiking, climbing, tours and much more.
Guide by Zimbabwe Tourism Authority (ZTA)
Jenman Zimbabwe Safaris
My Destination Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe Travel Guide.
Nyati Travel & Tours
Harare based tour operator.
A private, Pan-African and United Methodist-Related institution close to Mutare.
University of Zimbabwe
Harare, the nation's largest university, founded in 1955.
Environment & Nature
Environment - current issues:
Deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution.
Poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution.
The black rhinoceros herd, once the largest concentration of the species in the world, has been significantly reduced by poaching.
Wildlife & Environment Zimbabwe
Private Voluntary Organisation for the conservation and protection of Zimbabwe’s environment.
Zambezi River Authority (of Zambia and Zimbabwe)
The function of the authority is to manage and develop the water resources of the common Zambezi River and the Kariba Dam Complex.
The Zambezi Society aims to save Zambezi Basin Ecosystems and Wildernesses
Condensed to a page of bullet points by AfricaNet
Zimbabwe's history: Key dates
Brief overview of Zimbabwe's post-colonial history by BBC News.
History of Zimbabwe
Wikipedia entry about Zimbabwe's history.
Traditional Shona music
Some information on the Shona People by the University of Iowa
Traditional States of Zimbabwe
The Changamire Empire and other Shona states, the Ndebele ("Matabele") Kingdom.
Open Directory Project: Zimbabwe
Sources and additional Information about Zimbabwe
Africa South of Sahara: Zimbabwe
African Studies Zimbabwe
BBC Country Profile: Zimbabwe
The Heritage Foundation: Zimbabwe
Human Rights Watch: Zimbabwe
The World Factbook -- Zimbabwe
Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Burundi | Comoros | Djibouti | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Kenya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mauritius | Mozambique
Réunion | Rwanda | Seychelles | Somalia | Tanzania | Uganda | Zambia
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