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A virtual guide to Romania. Get an overview of Romania's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this Eastern European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Romania, addresses of Romanian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more.

Bucharest Parliament at night.
Photo by Victor Petcu



Country Profile

Flag of Romania
Flag of Romania

Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a communist "peoples republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king.
The decades-long rule of President Nicolae CEAUSESCU became increasingly draconian through the 1980s. He was overthrown and executed in late 1989.
Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power.
Much economic restructuring remains to be carried out before Romania can achieve its hope of joining the EU.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
where in Europe is Romania?

Official Name: Romania

ISO Country Code: ro

Local Time = UTC +2h (Summer +3h)
Actual Time: Tue-Mar-3  01:08

Country Calling Code: +40

Capital City: Bucuresti (Bucharest; pop. 2 million)

Other Cities: Iasi (350 000), Constanta (344 000), Timisoara (327 000), Cluj-Napoca (334 000), Galati (331 000), Brasov (316 000)

Type: Republic.
Constitution: 8 December 1991, amended by referendum October 2003.

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine.
Area: 238,391 kmĀ² (92,043 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Consists mainly of rolling, fertile plains; hilly in the eastern regions of the middle Danube basin; and major mountain ranges running north and west in the center of the country, which collectively are known as the Carpathians.

Climate: Temperate-continental, four seasons, cold winters with frequent snow; sunny summers.

Nationality: Romanian(s).
Population: 19 million (2011 census)
Ethnic groups: Romanians 88.6%; Hungarians (including Szecklers) 6.5%; Roma (Gypsies) 3.2%; other ethnic groups -1.4%.
Religions: Eastern Orthodox - 86.7%; Protestant - 5.2%; Roman-Catholic - 4.7%; Romanian Greek-Catholic - 0.9%, Evangelical - 0.1%; Unitarian - 0.3%; other religions - 0.4%.
Languages: Romanian (official), Minority languages: Hungarian, German, Chinese.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep.

Industries: Textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining.

Exports partners:
Germany 18.9%, Italy 12.3%, France 7.1%, Turkey 5.5%, Hungary 5.5% (2012)

Imports partners:
Germany 17.5%, Italy 11%, Hungary 9.1%, France 5.7%, Russia 4.4%, Poland 4.3%, Austria 4.2%, Kazakhstan 4.1% (2012)

Currency: Leu (RON)

Source: Presidency of Romania and others.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Romania

Presedintia României
The Romanian Presidency.

Guvernul României
The Government of Romania.

The Romanian Senate.

Ministerul Afacerilor Externe (MAE)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Romanian Mission to United Nations
Permanent Mission of Romania to the UN - New York.
Embassy of Romania
Washington, D.C.
Romanian Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Romanian Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Romania
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Romania.

C.N. Institutul National de Meteorologie Hidrologie si Gospodarire a Apelor (INMH)
National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology.


Map of Romania
Political Map of Romania.

Google Earth Google Earth Romania
Searchable map and satellite view of Romania.
Google Earth Google Earth Bucharest
Searchable map and satellite view of Romania's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Constanta
Searchable map and satellite view of Constanta.

Map of Central and Eastern Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.



Press Agencies
Romanian Press Agency.

Online Newspapers
National News (Romanian).
Evenimentul Zilei
Romanian News (Romanian).
Romanian daily (Romanian).
Romania Libera
Romanian newspaper (in Romanian).
Ziarul de Iasi
National news (Romanian).
National and international news (Romanian).

Jurnalul National
Daily with an English Version.
Nine o'Clock
Daily English language newspaper.

Bucharest Business Week
Business, Finance and National News (in Romanian).
Business weekly.

Televiziunea Româna - TVR
Romania 1 and TVR 2, state-owned (in Romanian).

Radio Romania
State-owned radio station, operates national and regional networks.
Radio Romania International
Part of Radio Romania.


Arts & Culture

The National Museum of Art of Romania
National Museum of Art in Bucharest.

Romanian Cultural Resources
Culture in Romania - Romanian Cultural Resources.

Romanian English Dictionary
Online Dictionary Romanian to English and vice versa.


Business & Economy

National Bank of Romania
The Central Bank of Romania.

Bucharest Stock Exchange
BSE's official website.

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania and Bucharest
Official website of the chamber.

Trade Point Bucuresti
Trade Point Bucharest

Blue Air
Romanian low-cost airline.
TAROM is the flag carrier airline of Romania.

Aeroportul International Henri Coanda
Bucharest Henri Coanda International Airport, busiest airport in Romania.

Caile Ferate Romane - CFR
Romanian State Railway.

Destination Romania - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Romania: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

The Romanian Tourism Promotion Office.
Country information.

Romanian Travel Guide
Welcome to Romania.

Bucuresti (Bucharest)
The Municipality of Bucharest.

Hotels in Romania
Find a Hotel in Romania.
  Bucharest Hotels
Information about Romania hotels on special rates.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi
Iasi, founded in 1860.
Ion Mincu - Institute of Architecture - IMUAU
University of Architecture and Urbanism, Bucharest.
University of Bacau
University of Bucharest
Universitatea de Nord
A multidisciplinary institution, Baia Mare.
University of the West
Timisoara, founded in 1962.

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Environment and Waters Management
Official website of the ministry (in Romanian).
National Institute of Research and Development for Earth Physics
NIEP provides earthquake information for current and past earthquakes, hazards and preparedness information, and education resources for teachers and students.
Garda Nationala de Mediu
National institute for environment protection (in Romanian).

Terra Mileniul III
NGO for the protection of the environment (in Romanian).


History of Romanians
History of Romania and the Romanians, by Ion Calafeteanu.

The Romanian History Index (WWW Virtual Library )
Internet resources on the History of Romania


Index of Romanian sites (in Romanian).

Additional Information about Romania

BBC News Country Profile: Romania
REENIC: Romania
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Romania
Background Notes: Romania
Governments on the WWW: Romania
Open Directory Project: Romania
Wikipedia: Romania
The World Factbook -- Romania
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Other Countries of Eastern Europe:
Belarus | Bulgaria | Czech Republic | Hungary | Moldova
Poland | Russian Federation | Ukraine

Other countries in the Balkan region:
Albania | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Greece | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Turkey

Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.