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___ Official and Spoken Languages of European Countries.
List of official, national and spoken Languages of Europe.Europe is a continent with many countries (about 50) and almost each country has its own language, known as the national language. Some countries have even more than one national language. At the fringes of the countries languages may overlap and used interchangeable, this means, people in the border regions of countries might understand and speak the language of the neighboring country.
Is there a common language in Europe so that all Europeans can talk to each other? Eh, no, not really. There are Europeans who have learned Spanish, French, German, English, or even Latin as a second language, so they might be able to use it in the country where those languages are spoken.
On the other hand, English is on the rise used not only in Europe as a lingua franca, escpecially by the younger generation of Europeans, even so France tried hard to protect its citizens from the unwanted influence of English on French (language) culture.
However, the EU, the European union of 28 member states has 24 official languages, but in practice only two are used most often: English and French.
Official and national Languages
Other spoken Languages
|Albania||Albanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect)||Shqip-Gheg dialect (Gegë), Greek, Italian|
|Andorra||Catalan||French, Castilian, Portuguese|
|Austria||German, Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian and Hungarian (official in Burgenland)|
|Belgium||Dutch 60%, French 40%, German less than 1%|
|Bosnia & Herzegovina||Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian|
|Cyprus||Greek, Turkish, English|
|Czech Republic||Czech (cestina)|
|Denmark||Danish (dansk)||Standard German|
|Estonia||Estonian (eesti keel)||Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish|
|Faroe Islands||Faroese, Danish|
|Finland||Finnish (suomi) 93.4%, Swedish 5.9%||small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities|
|Gibraltar||English||Llanito (a mixture of Spanish and English), Spanish|
|Greece||Greek (elliniká, the Koine-Demotic version)||Turkish (Northern Greece)|
|Greenland||Greenlandic Inuktitut (Kalaallisut), Danish|
|Hungary||Hungarian (magyar)||German, Romanian|
|Iceland||Icelandic||English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken.|
|Ireland||Irish (Gaeilge), English (generally used),|
|Latvia||Latvian (latviesu valoda)||Lithuanian, Russian|
|Lithuania||Lithuanian (lietuviu kalba)||Polish, Russian|
|Luxembourg||Luxembourgish (LÎtzebuergesch, the everyday spoken language), French (administrative language), German (administrative language)|
|Macedonia, Rep. of||Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25%|
|Moldova||Moldovan (virtually the same as the Romanian language),||Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)|
|Monaco||French||Monegasque, English, Italian,|
|Montenegro||Serbo-Croatian (Ijekavian dialect - official)|
|Netherlands||Dutch (Nederlands, official language), Frisian (official language)|
|Norway||Norwegian (nynorsk and bokmal)||small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities|
|Romania||Romanian (romana)||Hungarian, German|
|Serbia||Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%|
|Slovakia||Slovak (slovensky jazyk)||Hungarian|
|Slovenia||Slovenian (slovenski jezik)|
|Spain||Spanish (español - the Castilian version) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%||note: Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally.|
|Sweden||Swedish (svenska)||small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.|
|Switzerland||German 63.7%, French 19.2%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%|
|Turkey||Turkish (türkçe)||Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek|
|United Kingdom||English||Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)|
|Vatican City State||Latin, Italian||French and various other languages.|
Sources: Ethnologue, ISO Country Names (ISO 3166-1), ISO Languages Names (ISO 639-1), and others.
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