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Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by four of the six former Yugoslavian socialist republics, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro. It shares also borders with Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.
State flag of Serbia
The country covers an area of 77,474 km² (excluding Kosovo), this is about the size of the Czech Republic, or slightly smaller than US state of South Carolina.
Serbia has a population of 7.2 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Belgrade (pop. 1.6 million), official language is Serbian written in Cyrillic.
Republic of Serbia | Srbija
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Serbia was formerly the political and cultural center of Yugoslavia, today it is the northern remain of the former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
In 2006 Montenegro voted, after a referendum in favor of independence, to leave the State Union. So Serbia has been obliged to officially proclaim its independence on 5 June 2006, as the successor state to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
In February 2008, after nearly two years of inconclusive negotiations, Kosovo, Serbia's southern province and a disputed territory, declared itself independent of Serbia - but Serbia refuses to recognize it.
In April 2013 Serbia and Kosovo signed the first agreement of principles governing the normalization of relations between the two countries.
Serbia has an ambitious goal of joining the EU by 2020. In January 2014 Serbia opened formal negotiations with the EU for accession.
related countries: Germany, Russia, Slovenia
short form: Srbija
int'l long form: Republic of Serbia
int'l short form: Serbia
former: People's Republic of Serbia, Socialist Republic of Serbia, part of: State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (until 2006)
ISO Country Code:
changed from yu to rs
Actual Time: Thu-June-29 14:19
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +381
Capital Cities: Belgrade (Beograd)
Other Cities: Pancevo, Novi Pazar, Uzice, Novi Sad, Subotica, Bor, Nis.
Constitution: Adopted 27 April 1992.
Independence: 5 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro)
Montenegro's declaration of independence on 3 June 2006, the parliament of Serbia declared that it was the successor state to the union of Serbia and Montenegro, rendering the two republics independent and sovereign countries.
11 April 1992 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (F.R.Y.)
4 February 2003, the F.R.Y. parliament adopted a new Constitutional Charter establishing the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.
Location: Landlocked country in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula between Macedonia and Hungary in Southeastern Europe.
Area: 77,474 km² (29,912 sq. mi.); figures does not include Kosovo.
Terrain: Varied; rich fertile plains in the north; limestone ranges and basins in the east; mountains and hills in the southeast.
Climate: Continental, with a gradual transition between the four seasons (worm summers, with temperatures up to 30°C and cool, snowy winters, with temperatures from - 5°C to 10°C).
Nationality: : Noun--Serb(s); adjective--Serbian.
Population: 7.2 million (2016)
Ethnic Groups: Serbs (66%), 37 other nationalities: (Albanians 17%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarians 3,5 %, followed by Romanians, Croats, Bulgarians and others)
Religions: Main religion is Christian Ortodox 65%, Muslim 19%, Roman Catholic 4%, Protestant 1%, other.
Languages: Serbian (official, official alphabet is Cyrillic as well as Latin); Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, and Croatian (all official in Vojvodina province); Albanian (Shqip, official in Kosovo)
Natural resources: Oil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land.
Agriculture products: Wheat, maize, sugar beets, sunflower, beef, pork, milk.
Industries: Sugar, agricultural machinery, electrical and communication equipment, paper and pulp, lead, transportation equipment.
Exports - commodities: iron and steel, rubber, clothes, wheat, fruit and vegetables, nonferrous metals, electric appliances, metal products, weapons and ammunition, automobiles.
Exports partners: Italy 16.2%, Germany 12.6%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.7%, Romania 5.6%, Russia 5.4% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, fuels and lubricants, manufactured goods, chemicals, food and live animals, raw materials.
Imports - partners: Germany 12.4%, Italy 10.6%, Russia 9.6%, China 8.5%, Hungary 4.8%, Poland 4.2% (2015)
Currency: Serbian dinar (RSD);
note - in Kosovo both the Euro and the Serbian dinar are legal.
Source: www.serbia-tourism.org and The World Factbook.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of SerbiaSerbia is a parliamentary republic with a unicameral parliament, the Narodna Skupština (general assembly). The government is divided into the usual three branches, a legislative (the parliament), an executive (government) and the judiciary. Head of state is the president. The president is elected by popular vote every five years. Head of the government is the prime minister. He is appointed by the president.
Vlada Republike Srbije - Zvanicna prezentacija
Government of the Republic of Serbia. (English Verion)
Presidency of Serbia
Official website of Serbia's president.
National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia
Official website of Serbia's National Assembly.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia
Website of the ministry with information about Serbia and Serbian international relations.
Embassy of the Republic of Serbia to the US
Embassy of Serbia in the USA.
Diplomatic & Consular Missions of the Republic of Serbia
Address list of Serbia's Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Missions to Serbia
Address list of Foreign Missions accredited in Serbia (pdf).
Royal House of Serbia and Yugoslavia
HRH Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, official site of the Karadjordjevic (Karageorgevitch) dynasty.
Political Map of Serbia.
Google Earth Serbia
Searchable map/satellite view of Serbia.
Google Earth Belgrade
Searchable map/satellite view of Serbia's capital city.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
News from Serbia
Weekly news magazine based in Belgrade.
Major daily newspapers and magazines in Serbia:
National and international news in Serbian (tabloid).
Major Serbian newspaper.
National and international news in Serbian (tabloid).
Major Serbian newspaper (in Serbian).
Radio Televizija Srbije
Radio and Television, the public broadcaster in Serbia.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureLinks to Cultural Institutions.
Ministry of Culture
The official website of the ministry where you can find information about Serbia's culture.
Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra
Official website of Belgrade Phillharmonic Orchestra with information about the Concert Season.
Narodna Biblioteka Srbije
The National Library of Serbia.
Matica Srpska Library
Oldest cultural-scientific institution of Serbia, the library offers the greatest collection of Serbian books from the 15th to the 19th century and the richest collection of Serbian periodicals from the 18th and the first half of the 19th century.
The National Museum
The oldest Serbian museum in Belgrade, with collections of cultural heritage of Serbia, central Balkans and Europe.
Museum of Applied Art
Situated in Belgrade, in the building of Celebonovic Palace, founded in 1950.
Museum of Contemporary Art
Collection of works of art created in Yugoslavia since 1900 to the present.
The Nikola Tesla Museum
The Museum in Belgrade is dedicated to the life and creative work of Nikola Tesla.
Business & Economy
Narodna banka Srbije
Serbia's Central Bank.
Belgrade Stock Exchange
Official website of the Belgrade stock market.
Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Serbia
Official website of the chamber.
Serbia's flag carrier and largest airline with its hub at Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport.
JAT was the national flag carrier and largest airline of Serbia, and formerly Yugoslavia, it was among Europe's 16 oldest serving airliners.
Kosova's main and central airport.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Serbia - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Serbia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.
National Tourism Organisation of Serbia
Tourist information for Serbia.
Ministry of Trade, Tourism and Services
The official website of the ministry provides related information about Serbia.
Beograd - The official Web site of Serbia's Capital.
Tourist Organization of Belgrade
Belgrade's official tourism website.
Official website of the city of Kragujevac in the district of Sumadija (in Serbian).
Nis is the second biggest city in Serbia.
Capital of the autonomous Province of Vojvodina.
EducationLinks to Institutions of higher education in Serbia.
University of Belgrade
The University of Belgrade was founded in 1838.
University Of Arts
University of applied arts and fine arts, drama and music in Belgrade.
University of Nis
Nis university with a wide range of faculties.
University of Novi Sad
The university of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, founded in 1960.
University of Kragujevac
Serbia's modern educational and research center located in the City of Kragujevac.
Environment & NatureLinks to Serbian governmental organizations and NGO's with activities in key issues in environmental politics like Climate Protection, Energy Politics, Globalization, Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development.
Institute for Protection of Nature of Serbia
Governmental institution for nature conservation, sustainable development and biodiversity protection (in Serbian).
The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC)
International organisation with the mission to assist the Serbian Government in solving environmental problems in the Republic of Serbia.
United Nations Development Programme - Serbia
Beside other tasks UNDP will continue to provide assistance to Serbia to help ensuring environmental protection and sustainability.
Archives of Serbia
The national archive of Serbia is located in Belgrade. It houses and protects documents and other archival materials produced by state organizations.
The Archives of Yugoslavia
Archived material since the creation of Yugoslavia in 1918.
Economic Transitions In The Yugoslav Successor States
About the Economic Transitions of former Yugoslav countries.
History of Serbia
Wikipedia entry of Sebia's history.
Serbian web portal.
Additional Information on SerbiaFrom Serbia:
Forum NVO Kraljevo
Association of three non-government organizations, intended for promotion of human rights, democratization of the system, health promotion, and other humanitarian activities.
BBC News Country Profile: Serbia
Open Directory Project: Serbia
The World Factbook -- Serbia
Other countries in the Balkan region:
Albania | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Greece | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Slovenia
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