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___ Serbia

A virtual guide to Serbia. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Serbia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this (Continent) nation, e.g.: official web sites of Serbia, addresses of Serbia and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Serbia.


Republic of Serbia | Srbija

Country Profile

Flag of Serbia
State flag of Serbia

Serbia, formerly the political and cultural center of Yugoslavia, is today a landlocked country in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula in Central Southeastern Europe. The country is the northern remain of the former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
In 2006 Montenegro voted, after a referendum in favor of independence, to leave the State Union. So Serbia has been obliged to officially proclaim its independence on 5 June 2006, as the successor state to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

border countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Macedonia, Rep. of, Montenegro, Romania

related countries: Germany, Russia, Slovenia
where in Europe is Serbia

Official Name:
Republika Srbija
short form: Srbija
int'l long form: Republic of Serbia
int'l short form: Serbia
former: People's Republic of Serbia, Socialist Republic of Serbia, part of: State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (until 2006)

ISO Country Code: rs

Actual Time: Sun-Oct-23  13:57
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +381

Capital Cities: Belgrade (Beograd)

Other Cities: Pancevo, Novi Pazar, Uzice, Novi Sad, Subotica, Bor, Nis.

Type: Republic.
Constitution: Adopted 27 April 1992.
Independence: 5 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro)
Montenegro's declaration of independence on 3 June 2006, the parliament of Serbia declared that it was the successor state to the union of Serbia and Montenegro, rendering the two republics independent and sovereign countries.
11 April 1992 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (F.R.Y.)
4 February 2003, the F.R.Y. parliament adopted a new Constitutional Charter establishing the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.

Location: Landlocked country in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula between Macedonia and Hungary in Southeastern Europe.
Area: 77,474 km┬▓ (29,912 sq. mi.); figures does not include Kosovo.
Terrain: Varied; rich fertile plains in the north; limestone ranges and basins in the east; mountains and hills in the southeast.

Climate: Continental, with a gradual transition between the four seasons (worm summers, with temperatures up to 30°C and cool, snowy winters, with temperatures from - 5°C to 10°C).

Nationality: : Noun--Serb(s); adjective--Serbian.
Population: 7.1 million (2011)
Ethnic Groups: Serbs (66%), 37 other nationalities: (Albanians 17%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarians 3,5 %, followed by Romanians, Croats, Bulgarians and others)
Religions: Main religion is Christian Ortodox 65%, Muslim 19%, Roman Catholic 4%, Protestant 1%, other.
Languages: Serbian (official, official alphabet is Cyrillic as well as Latin); Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, and Croatian (all official in Vojvodina province); Albanian (Shqip, official in Kosovo)
Literacy: 96%

Natural resources: Oil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land.

Agriculture products: Wheat, maize, sugar beets, sunflower, beef, pork, milk.

Industries: Sugar, agricultural machinery, electrical and communication equipment, paper and pulp, lead, transportation equipment.

Exports partners: Italy 28.9%, Germany 16.6%, Greece 7.1%, Austria 7%, France 4.9%, Slovenia 4.1% (2004)

Imports partners: Germany 18.5%, Italy 16.4%, Austria 8.3%, Slovenia 6.7%, Bulgaria 4.7%, France 4.5%, Netherlands 4.1% (2004)

Currency: New Yugoslav Dinar (YUM);
note - in Kosovo both the Euro and the Yugoslav dinar are legal.

Source: and other.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Serbia

Vlada Republike Srbije - Zvanicna prezentacija
Government of the Republic of Serbia. (English Verion)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia
Official website of the ministry with information about Serbia and Serbian international relations.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of Serbia
Embassy of Serbia in the USA.
Diplomatic & Consular Missions of the Republic of Serbia
Address list of Serbia's Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Missions to Serbia
Address list of Foreign Missions accredited in Serbia.

royal Royal House of Serbia and Yugoslavia
HRH Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, official site of the Karadjordjevic (Karageorgevitch) dynasty.


 Map Serbia
Political Map of Serbia.
Google Earth Google Earth Serbia
Searchable map/satellite view of Serbia.
Google Earth Google Earth Belgrade
Searchable map/satellite view of Serbia's capital city.

Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
...more maps


News from Serbia

News Agencies:

Business Journals:

Internet News:
News from the Balkan and the Republic of Serbia. (in Serbo-Croatian)
Free Serbia
Still online with news, articles, editorial and documents related to politics and human rights.

Major daily newspapers and magazines in Serbia:
National and international news in Serbian and partly in English.
Serbian news.
Glas Javnosti
National and international news in Serbian.
NIN a political weekly magazine online (in Serbian).
Serbian newspaper. (in Serbian)

Radio Televizija Srbije
Radio and Television of Serbia .
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Arts & Culture

Links to Cultural Institutions.

Ministry of Culture
The official website of the ministry where you can find information about Serbia's culture.

Directory of Cultural Institutions
List of cultural institutions of Serbia (in Serbian)

Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra
Official website of Belgrade Phillharmonic Orchestra with information about the Concert Season 2006/2007.

Narodna Biblioteka Srbije
The National Library of Serbia.

Matica Srpska Library
The Library offers the greatest collection of Serbian books from the 15th to the 19th century and the richest collection of Serbian periodicals from the 18th and the first half of the 19th century.

The National Museum
The oldest Serbian museum in Belgrade, with collections of cultural heritage of Serbia, central Balkans and Europe.
Museum of Applied Art
Situated in Belgrade, in the building of Celebonovic Palace, founded in 1950.
Museum of Contemporary Art
Collection of works of art created in Yugoslavia since 1900 to the present.

The Nikola Tesla Museum
The Museum in Belgrade is dedicated to the life and creative work of Nikola Tesla.
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Business & Economy

Ministry of International Economic Relations
The Ministry is responsible for financial and economic relations between the Serbian economy and foreign partners.

Narodna banka Srbije
Serbia's Central Bank.
Belgrade Stock Exchange
Official website of the Belgrade stock market.

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Serbia
Official website of the chamber.

The national airline of Serbia, JAT is among Europe's 16 oldest serving airliners.

Prishtina Airport
Kosova's main and central airport.

┼Żeleznice Srbije
Serbian Railways

Destination Serbia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Serbia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.

National Tourism Organisation of Serbia
Tourist information for Serbia.

Ministry of Trade, Tourism and Services
The official website of the ministry provides related information about Serbia.

Beograd - The official Web site of Serbia's Capital.
Tourist Organization of Belgrade
Belgrade's official tourism website.
Official website of the city of Kragujevac in the district of Sumadija (in Serbian).
Nis is the second biggest city in Serbia.
Novi Sad
Capital of the autonomous Province of Vojvodina.

Hotels in Serbia
Find a Hotel in Serbia.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Links to Institutions of higher education in Serbia.

University of Belgrade
The University of Belgrade was founded in 1838.

University Of Arts
University of applied arts and fine arts, drama and music in Belgrade.
University of Nis
Nis university with a wide range of faculties.
University of Novi Sad
The university of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, founded in 1960.
University of Kragujevac
Serbia's modern educational and research center located in the City of Kragujevac.

Environment & Nature

Links to Serbian governmental organizations and NGO's with activities in key issues in environmental politics like Climate Protection, Energy Politics, Globalization, Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development.

Serbian Organizations:
Ecological research society "Mladen Karaman"
Kragujevac University Society with mission to improve and prepare young people for ecological awareness and research (in Serbian).
Institute for Protection of Nature of Serbia
Governmental institution for nature conservation, sustainable development and biodiversity protection (in Serbian).

International Organizations:
The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC)
International organisation with the mission to assist the Serbian Government in solving environmental problems in the Republic of Serbia.
United Nations Development Programme - Serbia
Beside other tasks UNDP will continue to provide assistance to Serbia to help ensuring environmental protection and sustainability.



Archives of Serbia
The Archives of Serbia and Montenegro
Archived material since the creation of Yugoslavia in 1918.
Yugoslavia in Transition
Recent history and development in Serbia (Yugoslavia) 2000/2001.

History of Serbia
Wikipedia entry of Sebia's history.

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Other countries in the Balkan region:
Albania | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Greece | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Slovenia