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Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south.
Flag of Luxembourg
Luxembourg's geography offers two principal regions: the Oesling, a part of the Ardennes massif, a hilly region with large deciduous forests in the north, and the Gutland ("good country"), the relatively urbanized region in the south.
Luxembourg is a Constitutional Monarchy, a Parliamentary Democracy and a prominent financial center. The country is a member of the Benelux Economic Union and was one of the founding members of the European Union.
With an area of 2586 km² (999 sqm), Luxembourg is more than 10 times smaller than neighboring Belgium, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
The Grand Duchy has a population of 530.000 inhabitants (in 2015), capital and largest city is Luxembourg-City (Lëtzebuerg), with about 100.000 citizens. Spoken language is Luxembourgish, administrative languages are French, German, and Luxembourgish.
Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.
Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
short form: Luxembourg, Luxemburg, Lëtzebuerg
int'l long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
int'l short form:
ISO Country Code: LU, LUX, .lu
Local Time = UTC +1h (summer +2)
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-17 18:14
Country Calling Code: +352
Capital City: Luxembourg City (pop. 100,000)
Other Cities: Esch-sur-Alzette (pop. 28,200), Differdange (pop. 19,000), Dudelange (pop. 17,800)
Location: Western Europe; landlocked.
Area: 2,586 sq. km. (999 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Continuation of slightly mountainous Belgian Ardennes in the north, in the south the hilly extension of French Lorraine plateau.
Climate: Continental, mild summers and moderate snowfall in winter.
Nationality: Noun -- Luxembourger(s). Adjective -- Luxembourgian.
Population: 563,000 (2014)
Ethnic groups: Celtic base with French and German blend; large communities of ethnic Portuguese, Italians, French, Belgians, and Germans.
Religion: 87% Roman Catholic, 13% Protestants, Jews, and Muslims.
Languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German (Official); English is widely spoken.
Natural resources: Iron ore, (no longer exploited), timber.
Agriculture products: Dairy, wine,potatoes, wheat, fruits, forestry, animal feed crops.
Industries: Banking and financial services, steel, chemicals.
Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass
Exports - partners: Germany 22.1%, Belgium 16.7%, France 16.6%, UK 4.7%, Italy 4.6%, Netherlands 4% (2015)
Imports - commodities: commercial aircraft, minerals, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs, luxury consumer goods
Imports - partners: Belgium 27.6%, Germany 22.9%, China 11.7%, France 9.5%, USA 8.4%, Netherlands 4.2%, Mexico 4.1% (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of LuxembourgThe Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy, with hereditary succession in the Nassau family. The Grand Duke is the head of state, he is inviolable.
Luxembourg's government is regulated in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy. The Prime Minister is the head of government, he is appointed by the Grand Duke.
All official proceedings and business in Luxembourg take place in French.
The official portal of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Gouvernement du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
The Luxembourg Government
The Luxembourg State Council (in French)
Chambre des Députés
The chamber of deputies (in French)
Ministère des Affaires étrangères et de l'Immigration
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Diplomatic Missions of Luxembourg Abroad
Address list of Luxembourg's Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited to Luxembourg
Central Service for Statistics and Economic Studies.
French language newspaper.
Daily newspaper in Luxembourg (in French and German)
Daily news (in German)
Leben in Luxemburg. Luxemburger Magazin (in German)
Luxembourg news (in German)
Zeitung vum Lëtzebuerger Vollek
Critical Luxembourg news (in German)
Weekly (in French and German)
Radio and Television Luxembourg (in Luxembourgish).
Popmusic station (in Luxembourgish).
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Arts & Culture
Archives Nationales (AN)
The National Archives.
Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg
The National Library (French)
Centre national de la littérature CNL
Luxembourg's national center for literatur.
Formerly known as Statermuséeën, a federation of museums of the city of Luxembourg (in French).
Forum for Contemporary Art.
Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean
Museum of Modern Art (French)
Musée Dräi Eechelen
Luxembourg's history in the museum in the reconstructed 18th-century Fort Thüngen.
Musée National d'Histoire et d'Art
National Museum of History and Art.
Musée national d'histoire naturelle
National Museum of Natural History.
Grand Théâtre de la Ville de Luxembourg
Luxembourg's Grand Theater.
Orchestre Philharmonique du Luxembourg
Official website of the Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra.
Festival for classical music.
© Luxembourg Tourist Office - London
Business & EconomyLuxembourg's high-income economy has a solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. The industrial sector, initially dominated by steel, has become increasingly diversified to include chemicals, machinery and equipment, rubber, automotive components, and other products. The financial sector, which accounts for about 36% of GDP, is the leading sector in the country's economy.
Banque centrale du Luxembourg (BCL)
The Central Bank of Luxembourg.
BGL BNP Paribas
Formerly Banque Générale Luxembourg. One of the largest banks in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Bourse de Luxembourg
Luxembourg Stock Exchange.
Chambre de Commerce du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Luxembourg Chamber of Commerce.
Luxembourg's national carrier.
Luxembourg-Findel International is Luxembourg's only international airport.
Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois (CFL)
Luxembourg's National Railway Company.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Luxembourg - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Luxembourg: the Capital City and European Capital of Culture 2007, Ardennes, Mullerthal, the little Switzerland, Moselle and Red rocks
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, tours and much more.
National Tourist Office
The official guide to Luxembourg.
Tourism information for the Mullerthal region.
Entente Touristique de la Moselle
Tourism office for the Moselle region.
Entente Touristique du Sud
Tourism office for the southern region (in French).
Ville de Luxembourg
Official city website of Luxembourg City (in French).
Luxembourg City Tourist Office
Information for Luxembourg City tourists.
Official website of the village Esch-sur-Alzette (in French).
Natural Park of the Upper Sure
Official website of the nature park (in German).
The Luxembourg Ardennes
Region of the Luxembourgish Ardennes.
Hotels and Restaurants in Luxembourg.
Centre Universitaire de Luxembourg
The University of Luxembourg is the only public university of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Sacred Heart University Luxembourg
European branch of the Jack Welch College of Business.
Environment & Nature
Portail de l'Environnement du Grand-duché de Luxembourg
Government portal for the Environment (in French).
Organisation for environmental protection (in German).
Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois SNL
The Luxembourg Naturalist Society.
Nature and environment magazine (in German and French).
History and symbols - Luxembourg
Timeline of Luxembourg's history.
Luxembourg Sovereigns since 963
List of regents of Luxembourg.
Additional Information about Luxembourg
BBC Country Profile: Luxembourg
Open Directory Project: Luxembourg
The World Factbook -- Luxembourg
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