Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Home Earth Continents Europe Luxembourg

___ Luxembourg

Clerve valley near Alscheid
Clerve valley near Alscheid, Luxembourg. Image: Webwalker
Flag of Luxembourg
Flag of Luxembourg
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe. The country shares international borders with Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Luxembourg's geography offers two principal regions: the Oesling, a part of the Ardennes massif, a hilly region with large deciduous forests in the north, and the Gutland ("good country"), the relatively urbanized region in the south.

Luxembourg is a Constitutional Monarchy, a Parliamentary Democracy and a prominent financial center. The country is a member of the Benelux Economic Union and was one of the founding members of the European Union.

With an area of 2586 km² (999 sqm), Luxembourg is more than 10 times smaller than neighboring Belgium, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Rhode Island.

The Grand Duchy has a population of 530.000 inhabitants (in 2015), capital and largest city is Luxembourg-City (Lëtzebuerg), with about 100.000 citizens. Spoken language is Luxembourgish, administrative languages are French, German, and Luxembourgish.

Where in Europe is Luxembourg?

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg | Grand-Duché de Luxembourg

Country Profile

Official Name:
Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
short form: Luxembourg, Luxemburg, Lëtzebuerg
int'l long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
int'l short form:

ISO Country Code: LU, LUX, .lu

Local Time = UTC +1h (summer +2)
Actual Time: Sun-Dec-11  05:12

Country Calling Code: +352

Capital City: Luxembourg City (pop. 76,600)

Other Cities: Esch-sur-Alzette (pop. 28,200), Differdange (pop. 19,000), Dudelange (pop. 17,800)

Constitutional monarchy.
Independence: 1839.
Constitution: 1868.

Location: Western Europe; landlocked.
Area: 2,586 sq. km. (999 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Continuation of slightly mountainous Belgian Ardennes in the north, in the south the hilly extension of French Lorraine plateau.

Climate: Continental, mild summers and moderate snowfall in winter.

Nationality: Noun -- Luxembourger(s). Adjective -- Luxembourgian.
Population: 530,000 (2015)
Ethnic groups: Celtic base with French and German blend; large communities of ethnic Portuguese, Italians, French, Belgians, and Germans.
Religion: 87% Roman Catholic, 13% Protestants, Jews, and Muslims.
Languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German (Official); English is widely spoken.
Literacy: 100%.

Natural resources: Iron ore, (no longer exploited), timber.

Agriculture products: Dairy, wine,potatoes, wheat, fruits, forestry, animal feed crops.

Industries: Banking and financial services, steel, chemicals.

Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass.

Exports partners: Germany 22.6%, France 15.9%, Belgium 15.8%, Italy 7.3%, Switzerland 4.5% (2013)

Imports - commodities: commercial aircraft, minerals, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs, luxury consumer goods.

Imports partners: Belgium 31.5%, Germany 24.3%, France 10.9%, USA 8.3%, China 6.4%, Netherlands 4.6% (2013)

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Luxembourg

Gouvernement du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
The Luxembourg Government

Conseil d'Etat
The Luxembourg State Council.

Chambre des Députés
The chamber of deputies (in French)

Ministère des Affaires étrangères et de l'Immigration
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Diplomatic Missions of Luxembourg Abroad
Address list of Luxembourg's Diplomatic Missions abroad and
Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited to Luxembourg.

Luxembourg statec
Central Service for Statistics and Economic Studies.


Map of Luxembourg
Political Map of Luxembourg.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Luxembourg
Searchable map and satellite view of Luxembourg.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Luxembourg City
Luxembourg of Luxembourg's capital city.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.



Daily news (in French)

Luxemburger Magazin (in German)
Luxembourg news (in German)
Zeitung vum Lëtzebuerger Vollek
More Luxembourg news (in German)

Weekly (in French and German)

Radio and Television Luxembourg.

Popmusic station.
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Archives Nationales (AN)
The National Archives.
Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg
The National Library (French)

Centre national de la littérature CNL
Luxembourg's national center for literatur.

Federation of museums of the city of Luxembourg (in French).

Casino Luxembourg
Forum for Contemporary Art.
Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean
Museum of Modern Art (French)

Musée National d'Histoire et d'Art
National Museum of History and Art.
Musée national d'histoire naturelle
National Museum of Natural History.

Grand Théâtre de la Ville de Luxembourg
Luxembourg's Grand Theater.

Orchestre Philharmonique du Luxembourg
Official website of the Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra.
Festival d'Echternach
Festival for classical music.
Event calender for Luxembourg (in French)
Xmas Luxembourg
Xmas in Luxembourg © Luxembourg Tourist Office - London

Business & Economy

Luxembourg's high-income economy has a solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. The industrial sector, initially dominated by steel, has become increasingly diversified to include chemicals, machinery and equipment, rubber, automotive components, and other products. The financial sector, which accounts for about 36% of GDP, is the leading sector in the country's economy.

Banque centrale du Luxembourg (BCL)
The Central Bank of Luxembourg.
Banque Générale Luxembourg
One of the largest banks in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Bourse de Luxembourg
Luxembourg Stock Exchange.

Chambre de Commerce du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Luxembourg Chamber of Commerce.

Luxembourg's national carrier.

Luxembourg-Findel International is Luxembourg's only international airport.

The National Railway Company.

Destination Luxembourg - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Luxembourg: the Capital City and European Capital of Culture 2007, Ardennes, Mullerthal, the little Switzerland, Moselle and Red rocks
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, tours and much more.

National Tourist Office
The official guide to Luxembourg.
Event calender for Luxembourg (in French)
Luxembourg Tourist Office London
Information on Luxembourg.
Visit Luxembourg
Luxembourg National Tourist Office in the United States.

The Luxembourg Ardennes
Information about the Luxembourg Ardennes region.
Tourism information for the Mullerthal region.
Entente Touristique de la Moselle
Tourism office for the Moselle region.
Entente Touristique du Sud
Tourism office for the southern region (in French).

Official city website of Luxembourg City (in French).
Luxembourg 2007
Luxembourg and Greater Region are European Capital of Culture in 2007.
Luxembourg City Tourist Office
Information for Luxembourg City tourists.

Ville d'Esch-sur-Alzette
Official website of the village Esch-sur-Alzette (in French).

Hotels in Luxembourg
Find a Hotel in Luxembourg.
Hotels and Restaurants in Luxembourg.


Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Centre Universitaire de Luxembourg
University of Luxembourg (French)
Sacred Heart University Luxembourg
RESTENA (Réseau Téléinformatique de l'Education Nationale et de la Recherche)
The National Network for Education and Research.

Environment & Nature

Portail de l'Environnement du Grand-duché de Luxembourg
Government portal for the Environment (in French).

Fondation Hëllef fir d'Natur
Foundation Help for Nature (in German and French).
Mouvement Ecologique
Organisation for environmental protection (in German).
Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois SNL
The Luxembourg Naturalist Society.

Natural Park of the Upper Sure
Official website of the nature park (in German).

The Luxembourg Ardennes
Region of the Luxembourgish Ardennes.


The Battle of the Bulge Museum.
Histoire, monarchie et symboles nationaux
Luxembourg's history, monarchy and national symbols (in French).
Luxembourg Sovereigns since 963

 Support UNICEF
Other Countries in Western Europe
Austria | Belgium | France | Germany | Liechtenstein | Monaco | Netherlands | Switzerland