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Get an overview of Luxembourg's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this little European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Luxembourg, addresses of Luxembourg`s and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more.

Xmas Luxembourg
Xmas in Luxembourg © Luxembourg Tourist Office - London
 

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Country Profile


Flag of Luxembourg
Flag of Luxembourg

Background:
Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


border countries: Belgium, France, Germany

related countries: Netherlands
 
Where in Europe is Luxembourg

Official Name:
Grand Duche de Luxembourg
short form: Luxembourg, Luxemburg, Lëtzebuerg
int'l long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
int'l short form:

ISO Country Code: lu

Time:
Local Time = UTC +1h (summer +2)
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-21  04:08

Country Calling Code: +352

Capital City: Luxembourg City (pop. 76,600)

Other Cities: Esch-sur-Alzette (pop. 28,200), Differdange (pop. 19,000), Dudelange (pop. 17,800)

Government:
Constitutional monarchy.
Independence: 1839.
Constitution: 1868.

Geography:
Location: Western Europe; landlocked.
Area: 2,586 sq. km. (999 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Continuation of slightly mountainous Belgian Ardennes in the north, in the south the hilly extension of French Lorraine plateau.

Climate: Continental, mild summers and moderate snowfall in winter.

People:
Nationality: Noun -- Luxembourger(s). Adjective -- Luxembourgian.
Population: 512,000 (2010)
Ethnic groups: Celtic base with French and German blend; large communities of ethnic Portuguese, Italians, French, Belgians, and Germans.
Religion: 87% Roman Catholic, 13% Protestants, Jews, and Muslims.
Languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German (Official); English is widely spoken.
Literacy: 100%.

Natural resources: Iron ore, (no longer exploited), timber.

Agriculture products: Dairy, wine,potatoes, wheat, fruits, forestry, animal feed crops.

Industries: Banking and financial services, steel, chemicals.

Exports partners: Germany 21%, France 16.3%, Belgium 9.2%, UK 8.3%, Italy 7.5%, Spain 6.6%, Netherlands 4.3% (2005)

Imports partners: Belgium 28.2%, Germany 21.8%, China 12.8%, France 9.6%, Netherlands 5.1% (2005)

Currency: Euro (EUR)
 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Luxembourg

Gouvernement du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
The Luxembourg Government

Conseil d'Etat
The Luxembourg State Council.

Chambre des Députés
The chamber of deputies (in French)


Ministère des Affaires étrangères et de l'Immigration
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Diplomatic Missions of Luxembourg Abroad
Address list of Luxembourg's Diplomatic Missions abroad and
Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited to Luxembourg.


Statistics
Luxembourg statec
Central Service for Statistics and Economic Studies.

Maps

Map of Luxembourg
Shaded Relief Map of Luxembourg.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Luxembourg
Searchable map and satellite view of Luxembourg.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Luxembourg City
Luxembourg of Luxembourg's capital city.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

 

News

Tageblatt
Daily news (in French)

Télécran
Luxemburger Magazin (in German)
wort.lu
Luxembourg news (in German)
Zeitung vum Lëtzebuerger Vollek
More Luxembourg news (in German)

Voxx
Weekly (in French and German)

TV/Radio
RTL
Radio and Television Luxembourg.

Eldoradio
Popmusic station.
 

 

Arts & Culture

Archives Nationales (AN)
The National Archives.
Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg
The National Library (French)

Centre national de la littérature CNL
Luxembourg's national center for literatur.

Arts
Statermuséeën
Federation of museums of the city of Luxembourg (in French).

Casino Luxembourg
Forum for Contemporary Art.
Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean
Museum of Modern Art (French)

Musée National d'Histoire et d'Art
National Museum of History and Art.
Musée national d'histoire naturelle
National Museum of Natural History.

Theater
Grand Théâtre de la Ville de Luxembourg
Luxembourg's Grand Theater.

Music
Orchestre Philharmonique du Luxembourg
Official website of the Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra.
Festival d'Echternach
Festival for classical music.

Agenda.lu
Event calender for Luxembourg (in French)
 

 

Business & Economy

Banque centrale du Luxembourg (BCL)
The Central Bank of Luxembourg.
Banque Générale Luxembourg
One of the largest banks in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Bourse de Luxembourg
Luxembourg Stock Exchange.

Chambre de Commerce du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Luxembourg Chamber of Commerce.

Transportation
Airlines
Luxair
Luxembourg's national carrier.

Airport
lux-Airport
Luxembourg-Findel International is Luxembourg's only international airport.

Rail
CFL
The National Railway Company.
 
 

Destination Luxembourg - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Luxembourg: the Capital City and European Capital of Culture 2007, Ardennes, Mullerthal, the little Switzerland, Moselle and Red rocks
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, tours and much more.

National Tourist Office
The official guide to Luxembourg.

Agendalux.lu
Event calender for Luxembourg (in French)
Luxembourg Tourist Office London
Information on Luxembourg.
Visit Luxembourg
Luxembourg National Tourist Office in the United States.


The Luxembourg Ardennes
Information about the Luxembourg Ardennes region.
Mullerthal
Tourism information for the Mullerthal region.
Entente Touristique de la Moselle
Tourism office for the Moselle region.
Entente Touristique du Sud
Tourism office for the southern region (in French).

Cities
Luxembourg
Official city website of Luxembourg City (in French).
Luxembourg 2007
Luxembourg and Greater Region are European Capital of Culture in 2007.
Luxembourg City Tourist Office
Information for Luxembourg City tourists.

Ville d'Esch-sur-Alzette
Official website of the village Esch-sur-Alzette (in French).


Hotels
Hotels in Luxembourg
Find a Hotel in Luxembourg.
 
Hotels.lu
Hotels and Restaurants in Luxembourg.


 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education

Centre Universitaire de Luxembourg
University of Luxembourg (French)
Sacred Heart University Luxembourg
RESTENA (Réseau Téléinformatique de l'Education Nationale et de la Recherche)
The National Network for Education and Research.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Governmental
Portail de l'Environnement du Grand-duché de Luxembourg
Government portal for the Environment (in French).

NGOs
Fondation Hëllef fir d'Natur
Foundation Help for Nature (in German and French).
Mouvement Ecologique
Organisation for environmental protection (in German).
Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois SNL
The Luxembourg Naturalist Society.

Nature
Natural Park of the Upper Sure
Official website of the nature park (in German).

The Luxembourg Ardennes
Region of the Luxembourgish Ardennes.
 
 

History

AMBA
The Battle of the Bulge Museum.
Histoire, monarchie et symboles nationaux
Luxembourg's history, monarchy and national symbols (in French).
Luxembourg Sovereigns since 963
 

Search

LuXPoint
Internet Portal for Luxembourg
LuxWeb
The Internet Directory for Luxembourg

Additional Information about Luxembourg

BBC News Country Profile: Luxembourg
Open Directory Project: Luxembourg
Wikipedia: Luxembourg
The World Factbook -- Luxembourg  
 
 

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.