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The Prefectures of Japan
The most populated cities in Japan

 
Itsukushima Torii (Japanese gate), Itsukushima island, Hiroshima
Itsukushima Torii the gate to the Shinto shrine on the island of Itsukushima (also known as Miyajima), the island is one of Hayashi Gahō's Three Views of Japan, Japan's three most celebrated scenic sights.
Image: Yukio22
 

___ Japan - 日本

Flag of Japan
Flag of Japan (hi-no-maru)
Location map of Japan. Where in the world is Japan?
Location map of Japan



Destination Japan, a country in eastern Asia that occupies a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean roughly parallel with the eastern coast of the Asia's mainland. Japan's main islands are (from north to south) Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. The country shares maritime borders with China, North Korea, South Korea, the Philippines, Russia and Taiwan.

The island nation covers an area of 377,915 km², scattered over 6000 islands, making it somewhat larger than Germany or slightly smaller than the US state of California.

Japan has a slowly shrinking population of 126.9 million inhabitants (in 2016). The national capital and largest city is Tokyo. Other major cities are Fukuoka, Fukushima, Kobe, Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo, Sendai, and Yokohama.
Official languages is Japanese.
 

Japan - Nihon Koku


Country Profile

Nippon/Nihon in Kanji script


Official Name:
Japan
Local Name: Nihon (Nippon)
Local Formal Name: Nihon Koku

ISO Country Code: jp

Actual Time: Sat-Oct-21  02:46
Local Time = UTC +9h

Country Calling Code: +81

Capital City: Tokyo

Other Cities: Chiba, Fukuoka, Hiroshima,
Kobe, Kyoto, Osaka, Sendai, Yokohama.
 
List of the most populated cities in Japan

List of the Prefectures of Japan


Government:
Type: Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government.
Constitution: 3 May 1947.
Independence: 660 BC (traditional founding by Emperor Jimmu, held as official dogma until 1945.)

Geography:
Location: Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan (East Sea), east of the Korean Peninsula.
Area: 377 864 sq. km. (145 902 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Rugged, mountainous islands.
Highest peak: Mount Fuji (富士山, Fuji-san)

Climate: Varies from subtropical to temperate.

People:
Nationality: Japanese.
Population: (2016) 126.9 million.
Ethnic groups: Japanese.
Religions: Shinto and Buddhist.
Language: Japanese (Nihongo)
Literacy: 99%.

Natural resources: Negligible mineral resources, fish.

Agriculture products: Rice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit, pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs, fish.

Industries: Among world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods.

Exports - commodities: motor vehicles 14.9%; iron and steel products 5.4%; semiconductors 5%; auto parts 4.8%; power generating machinery 3.5%; plastic materials 3.3% (2014 est.)

Exports - partners: USA 20.2%, China 17.5%, South Korea 7.1%, Hong Kong 5.6%, Thailand 4.5% (2015)

Imports - commodities: petroleum 16.1%; liquid natural gas 9.1%; clothing 3.8%; semiconductors 3.3%; coal 2.4%; audio and visual apparatus 1.4% (2014 est.)

Imports - partners: China 24.8%, USA 10.5%, Australia 5.4%, South Korea 4.1% (2015)

Currency: Yen (JPY)




Background:
While retaining its time-honored culture, Japan rapidly absorbed Western technology during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

After its devastating defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become the third most powerful economy in the world and a staunch ally of the US.

While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, actual power rests in networks of powerful politicians, bureaucrats, and business executives.
The economy experienced a major slowdown in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

Japan's National Diet Building, Tokyo 
Japan's National Diet Building in Nagatachō, Tokyo. The building is the meetingplace of both houses of the national parliament of Japan, the country's bicameral legislature.
Image: Wiiii

Political system
Japan is a constitutional monarchy but the power of the Emperor (Tennō) is very limited. According to the constitution of 1947, Japan is also a parliamentary democracy. Ceremonial head of state is the emperor, he appoints the Prime Minister, the head of government of Japan.
The legislature consists of a two-chamber parliament (National Diet), the Shugiin (the House of Representatives), is the lower house, re-elected every four years, and the Sangiin (the House of Councilors), the upper house of the National Diet, its members all serve six-year terms.


Official Sites of Japan

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

royal The Imperial Household Agency
Introduction to the official duties and various public activities of Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress, and other members of the Imperial Family.

Kantei of the Prime Minister
Official website of the Prime Minister of Japan and his Cabinet.

Japans National Diet
Japans National Diet is composed of two houses:
Shugiin
The House of Representatives. (English version of the Shugiin)
Sangiin
The House of Councillors.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations
Japan's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Japan
Embassy of Japan in the United States of America, Washington D.C.
Japan Embassies and Consulates Abroad
Websites of Japan Embassies and Consulates around the world.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates in Japan
Embassies, Consulates and International Organizations in Japan.
Visa for Japan
Information on visa requirements to enter Japan.


Statistics

Statistics Bureau & Statistics Center
Japan in figures.

Maps
Map of Japan
Political Map of Japan.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Japan
Searchable satellite view and map of Japan.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Tokyo
Searchable satellite view and map of Tokyo.

Searchable maps/satellite views of the cities of:
Fukuoka, Fukushima, Kobe, Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo, Sendai, Yokohama

profile Reference Map of Asia
Political Map of Asia.

News


Japan News

Asahi Shimbun
National Japanes Newspaper.
Japan Times
English-language daily newspaper, based in Minato, Tokyo.
Japan Today
A leading source of Japan News in English.
Kyodo News
National and international news.
Mainichi Daily News (English version)
National newspaper with Japanese and international news.
News on Japan
Summary of Japan related news from various sources.
Nikkei Shimbun
'Japan Economics Newspaper', the world's largest financial newspaper.
Nikkei also publishes the Nikkei Asian Review, an English-language business journal.
Sankei Shimbun
Daily Japanese newspaper. It also publishes Japan Forward, an English-language news and opinion website.
Yomiuri Shimbun
One of Japan's five National newspapers.
The Yomiuri Shimbun English edition (The Japan News).
 

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Arts & Culture


Japanese cuisines
There's more than just sushi.
Kjeld Duits
Dive deeper into Japan, weekly updated photo features on Japan and the Japanese, news, information, book & music reviews.
MeijiShowa
Vintage Images of Japan.
JapaneseStreets
Photos of Japanese Street Fashion, fashion trends of Japan's trendy youths.
Kyoko Date
Page about the first virtual cybergirl.
web culture Shift
Japan-based international online magazine features creative culture.
Tokyofaces
Japanese fashion, Style Icons and Tokyo street style.


__Museums
_Art Museums
National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto - MOMAK
The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto (MOMAK) was established in 1963 as The Annex Museum of The National Museum of Modern Art in Tokyo.

National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo
The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo (MOMAT) consists of the main building and the Crafts Gallery in Kitanomaru Park near the Imperial Palace, and the National Film Center in Kyobashi near Ginza.
Mori Art Museum - MAM
Contemporary art museum in Roppongi Hills, Tokyo.

_Other Museums
cultural reference Kyoto National Museum
The Kyoto National Museum was established as a National institution for the collection and preservation of cultural properties.
Minpaku
The National Museum of Ethnology - Information on people, societies and cultures throughout of the world.
Osaka Museum of Natural History
The museum shows more than 10.000 items of species including a variety of animals, plants, insects, it also maintains a flower, greenery and nature information center.
Tokyo National Museum
The museum collects, houses, and displays a comprehensive collection of art works and antiquities from Japan as well as from other Asian countries.

__Music
J-pop
Wikipedia entry about the phenomenon of Japanese pop music.
Billboard
Japanese Music: Top 100 Songs Charts.
Yellow Magic Orchestra (YMO or Human Audio Sponge)
Influential Japanese electronic music band.

__Otaku
Anime-Planet
All things anime, and manga.
HANAMARU CyberManga
The first Manga magazine in the world on the web.
Japanese in Anime & Manga
E-learning site that offers a fun way to learn a number of character/genre-based Japanese expressions that appear in anime and manga
Otakuworld
Anime and Manga.

Artificial Pets
Tamagotchi
Egg-shaped mini computer and one of the biggest toy fads of the 1990s.
AIBO
Beagle-like robotic pets designed and manufactured by Sony. The production of the AIBO is now discontinued, you can not buy any new ones.
Hello Kitty
Sanrio's most famous character.
Pokémon (Official Japanese website)
Short for Pocket Monsters, fictional creatures called "Pokémon", which humans, known as Pokémon Trainers, catch and train to battle each other for sport.


Sports

__Martial Arts
Judo (All Japan Judo Federation)
Martial art, the 'gentle way' was created in 1882, by Japanese educator and athlete Kanō Jigorō.
Jujutsu (Jiu Jitsu Global Federation)
Japanese martial art, using an attacker's energy against him.
Japan Karate Association
Budo culture.
Kendo
The Art of the Sword - Martial Art.


__Traditional Japan
Bijinga
The site referes to pictures of beautiful women in Japanese art - Bijinga.
Chado
The Way of Tea - The Urasenke Tradition of Tea.
Sado/Chado - Tea Ceremony
The ritualized preparation and serving of powdered green tea in the presence of guests.
GODS of Japan
Comrehensive A-to-Z Photo Dictionary of Japanese Buddhism (Buddhist & Shinto Deities)
Ikebana International
The Art of Flower Arrangement.
Japanese Buddhism
Page about Buddhism in Japan by japan-guide.com
Japanese garden database
Japanese gardens around the world.
Japanese Mythology
Japanese myths site by Shimane Prefecture.
Kabuki-za
Kabuki-za in Ginza district of Chūō, Tokyo, is the principal theater in Tokyo for the traditional kabuki drama form.
Kunijo Kabuki Ekotoba
An illustrated manuscript of Japanese classical play Kabuki.
Karyukai
Karyukai means "Flower and Willow World", a poetic term for the society of the Geisha. (comprehensive Wikipedia entry for Geisha)
Kimono
Kimono, meaning clothing in Japanese, a easy to read site about Japan's traditional high maintenance clothing.
Nihon Ki-in
Japan Go Association.
Ogasawara Sencha Service School
An Introduction to Tea Ceremony by Head Tea Master of Ogasawara Sencha Service School.
Samurai Sword
The Japanese sword (日本刀 nihontō), English Wikipedia article about the traditional Samurai swords and fittings.
Shirakawa-go Gassho-zukuri Village
The mountain village in Shirakawa-go, Gifu Pref. with traditional wooden houses is a world heritage site.
Shogi
Wikipedia article about Shogi, a Japanese board game comparable with chess.
Wajima-Nuri
History and Culture of Wajima-Nuri, the traditional Japanese lacquerware.
Zen - International Research Institute for Zen
Established to promote basic research on Zen Buddhism.
The Institute for Zen Studies
Founded in 1964 to promote research in Zen teachings, thoughts, and various cultural expressions. (in Japanese)
Traditional Crafts of Japan
From silk, the aristocratic fiber to paper and porcelain.
The Virtual Museum of Traditional Japanese Arts
A virtual museum by the Japanese the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
 
Shinto Temple Kimitsu
Jinno-ji Shinto Temple at City of Kimitsu
© kanko.chuo.chiba.jp



 

Business & Economy


Bank of Japan
Central Bank Japan. The Japanese central bank is a legal person and not a government agency or a private corporation.

Nikkei
Index of the Japanese stock market.

Japan Exchange Group (JPX)
Financial services corporation that operates the exchanges of Tokyo Stock Exchange and Osaka Securities Exchange.


Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (JCCI)
JCCI is a network of local economic organizations made up of the representatives of some 1.26 million member businesses nationwide.

Tokyo Chamber of Commerce and Industry (TCCI)
The TCCI is a economic organization, founded in 1878, the chamber represents the commercial and industrial interests of businesses of the 23-ward area of metropolitan Tokyo.

Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO)
JETRO is a Japanese government-related organization that promotes mutually beneficial trade and investment relations between Japan and other nations.


Top Japanese Brands

Automotive
Japan's automotive industry is one of the largest industries in the world. Japan was among the three countries with the highest production of cars since the 1960s, surpassing Germany. Japan was the pioneer in robotics manufacturing of cars starting in the late 1970s.

Daihatsu
Japanese automobile manufacturer of small cars, the company was founded in 1907. The company is now a subsidiary of Toyota.
Honda
Japanese multinational manufacturer of automobiles, aircrafts, and motorcycles, with its headquarters at Minato, Tokyo.
Isuzu
A Japanese manufacturing company for commercial vehicles and diesel engines, headquartered in Tokyo.
Kawasaki
Kawasaki Heavy Industries is outside Japan best known as a manufacturer of motorcycles.
Mazda
Japanese automobile manufacturer based in Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture.
Mitsubishi Motors
One of the three major heavy industrial manufacturers in Japan is also a manufacturer of cars, the company is based in Tokyo.
Nissan
Japanese multinational automaker headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama. By now, it is the world's largest manufacturer of electric vehicles.
Subaru
The automotive division of Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), it is the largest manufacturer of all-wheel drive passenger cars. Its headquarters are in Ebisu, Shibuya, Tokyo.
Suzuki
Japanese manufacturer of motorcycles, cars and outboard motors with its headquarters at Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture.
Toyota
Japanese multinational company and the world's largest automotive manufacturer, headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan. Lexus is the luxury vehicle division of Toyota.
Yamaha
Japanese multinational manufacturer of motorcycles, power sports equipment, musical instruments, and electronics.

Beauty & Fashion
Kanebo
Beauty and Health made in Japan.
Kansai Yamamoto
Japanese Contemporary fashion.
Kenzo
French luxury house founded in 1970 by Japanese designer Kenzo Takada.
Shiseido
The Japanese answer to CHANEL & Co.
Uniqlo
Japanese casual wear designer, manufacturer and retailer.

Mikimoto
Japanese luxury pearl company.

Beer
Kirin
Kirin Brewery Company, Ltd.
Sapporo
Japanese Beer.

Cameras
Canon
Fine cameras and copiers.
Konica Minolta
More fine cameras.
Nikon
... and more fine cameras.

Consumer Electronics
Bandai
Toys, from the Rhythm Ball (1950) to Sailor Moon (1993), Tamagotchi (1996) and more.
Nintendo
Formerly a Japanese card company, now a multinational manufacturer of video games and game consoles, headquartered in Kyoto.
Panasonic
Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka.
Pioneer
Japanese Hifi. Japanese multinational corporation with its headquarters in Bunkyō, Tokyo.
SEGA
Entertainment universe. Japanese multinational video game developer headquartered in Tokyo.
Sharp
Japanese multinational corporation, manufacturer of a wide range of electronic consumer and business products, they are headquartered in Sakai, Osaka Prefecture.
SONY
MULTI-media.


Dentsu
One of the largest advertising agencies in the world.


Heavy Industry
There are three major heavy industrial manufacturers in Japan.

Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries (IHI)
IHI Corporation produces ships, aircraft engines, turbochargers for automobiles, industrial machines, space products like sounding rockets and launch vehicles, energy systems (industrial power station boilers) and other facilities.

Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI)
Japanese multinational corporation is a major player in the area of shipbuilding, aerospace engineering, vehicle construction (railways, construction vehicles, motorcycles), building construction and civil engineering, as well as machine and power plant construction (robots, bag conveyor systems, and gas turbines).

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI)
Japanese multinational company with 300 subsidiaries, active mainly in the heavy industry, mechanical and automotive engineering, and in the aviation and electronics industry, headquartered in Tokyo.


Transportation

Aviation
All Nippon Airways
Largest Japanese airline. The Tokyo-based company is listed in the Nikkei 225, it is a member of the global airline alliance Star Alliance.
Japan Airlines
The second largest Japanese airline is based in Shinagawa, one of the 23 districts of the Japanese Prefecture of Tokyo. The flag carrier airline of Japan has its main hubs at Tokyo Haneda Airport and at Tokyo Narita Airport. JAL is a member of the aviation alliance oneworld.
Peach
First international low-cost carrier in Japan with its hub at Kansai International Airport, Izumisano, Osaka. The airline serves destinations within Japan, and offers flights to Hong Kong and Shanghai in China, Busan and Seoul in South Korea, Kaohsiung and Taipei in Taiwan, and Bangkok in Thailand.


Airports
Narita Airport
New Tokyo International Airport, Narita-shi, Chiba.
Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport)
The other one of the two primary airports that serve the Greater Tokyo Area, located in Ōta, Tokyo.
Kansai International Airport (Osaka)
Osaka's international airport is located about 50 km (by road) south of the city on an artificial island in Osaka Bay.
Central Japan International Airport (Nagoya)
Chubu Centrair International Airport is located on an artificial island in Ise Bay, 48 km (by road) south of Nagoya.

The location and information about other major Japanese airports you will find here: Fukuoka, Fukushima, Kobe, Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, Sapporo, Sendai, Yokohama.


Railroads
The Japanese National Railways was privatized in 1987, below listed are the seven legally independent successor companies:


Japanese Railways Companies Map
Image: Vladsinger

Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaidō)
One of the seven successors of the Japanese National Railways. JR Hokkaido operates its route network on Hokkaido, the second largest island of Japan, and the northernmost prefecture.

East Japan Railway Company (JR Higashi-Nihon)
One of the six major passenger railway companies in Japan. Its route network covers the northern half of Honshu.

West Japan Railway Company (JR Nishi-Nihon)
West Japan Railway Company operates its route network in western Honshu. It has its headquarters in Kita-ku, Osaka.

Central Japan Railway Company (JR Tōkai)
Railway operator and freight mover with a route network in the Chūbu region in the central area of Japan. Its headquarters are located in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture.

Nihon Kamotsu Tetsudō (JR Kamotsu)
Japan Freight Railway Company or JR Freight, operates rail freight transport nationwide. It has its headquarters in Shibuya, Tokyo.

Shikoku Railway Company (JR Shikoku)
JR Shikoku operates the former state route network on the island of Shikoku, the southern/westernmost and the smallest of the four main islands of Japan.

Kyushu Railway (JR Kyūshū)
JR Kyushu operates rail services on Kyushu island and the Beetle hydrofoil ferry service across the Tsushima Strait between Fukuoka and Busan, South Korea. Its headquarters are in Hakata-ku, Fukuoka.

Odakyu Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
Odakyu Electric Railway operates limited express luxury tourist services south-west of Tokyo, to mountain resorts and beaches.

 
Mount Fuji, Japan
Shinkansen in front of Mount Fuji
Matsushima islands in Matsushima Bay, Japan
Scene from Matsushima islands in Matsushima Bay in Japan. The group of islands in Miyagi Prefecture are one of the Three Views of Japan, Japan's three most celebrated scenic sights.
Image: scottagunn


Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Japan - Country Guides


Japan National Tourist Organization
Travel and tourism guide on Japan, the Japanese and much much more.

Good Day Hokkaido
Official guide to Japan's northernmost prefecture by Hokkaido Tourism Organization.

Travel to Tohoku
Explore the deep north of Japan. Official visitors guide by Tohoku Tourism Promotion Organization to Tōhoku, a region in the north of Honshu island known for its volcanoes, mountainous terrain and skiing.

Go Central Japan - Visit Chubu
Official visitors guide to Central Japan by the Central Japan Tourism Promotion Association; Chubu region is the central part of Honshu island.

Map of the Main Regions of JapanKansai Region
Official visitors guides to Kansai or Kinki region in the central south of Honshu, main cities are Kyoto, Nara, Kobe, and Osaka.

Visit Hiroshima
Official visitors guide to Hiroshima Prefecture in Chūgoku region of southern Honshu.

Kyushu Tourism Information
Kyushu is Japan's third largest island, main cities are Kagoshima, Oita, Nagasaki Miyazaki, Naha, and Kurume.

Tourism Shikoku
Official visitors guide to Shikoku one of the four main islands of Japan.

Okinawa
Official travel and tourism information about Okinawa, the southernmost prefecture of Japan in the East China Sea between Taiwan and Japan's main islands.


Web Japan
Japan related magazine, launched with the aim of helping people around the world get to know more about Japan and the Japanese.

The Japan Foundation
Organization for international cultural exchange in Japan.
japan-guide.com
200 pages with illustrated, general information on most aspects of modern and traditional Japan.
The Japan FAQ: Know Before You Go
(Or: what I wish i knew before....) The Complete Guide to Working, Visiting, and Living in Japan.

Ogasawara-Ryu
Tha Japanese art to convey consideration and sympathy for others through an esthetic sense of innate and dispassionate self-control.

Photo Guide Japan
A Guide to Photography in Japan.

 Trends in Japan
The latest domestic trends.


Official City Sites and City Guides

Tokio
Tokyo
Travelers guide to Tokyo by the Tokyo Convention & Visitors Bureau.
Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties
The Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties.
Tokyo Food Page
More than 800 Tokyo-area restaurants.
TokyoQ
Life in the metropolis.


Chiba
City of Chiba
Fukuoka
City of Fukuoka
Hiroshima
Hiroshima City
Kobe
City of Kobe
Kyoto
City of Kyoto
Osaka
City of Osaka
Sendai
City of Sendai
Yokohama
Yokohama City

 

Education & Research

Study in Japan
A comprehensive guide to study in Japan.

Universities
Chiba University
National University, established in 1949.
Chuo University
Founded as Igirisu Horitsu Gakko (The English Law School) in 1885.
Kyoto University
Founded 1897.
Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music
University of Tokyo
The former Tokyo Imperial University, first Japanese institution of higher learning, founded 1877.


Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Official website of the independent administrative institution of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA.)
The National Institute of Informatics
Computer Science and Information Engineering Research
National Science Museum
National Museum of Nature and Science,Tokyo.
 
  Japanese school kids
School-kids in Japan
© pref.oita.jp

Environment & Nature


Friends of the Earth Japan
Tokyo based environmental advocacy group.
Geological Survey of Japan
Official Japanese geoscientific information.
Global Environment Forum-Kansai
The forum is engaged in a variety of activities all concerning environmental issues.

Environmental Web Sites in Japan
List of Japanese environmental web sites.
 
 

History


Japan Guide - History
Most general facts of Japanese history.

National Museum of Japanese History
The museum's homepage.

National Archives of Japan
Japans official documents and records.

The Samurai Archives Japanese History Page
The page deals with the military aspects of Old Japan.
 
 

Sources and additional Information on Japan


Amnesty International: Japan

BBC News Country Profile: Japan

FAO: Japan

GlobalEDGE: Japan

The Heritage Foundation: Japan

Human Rights Watch: Japan

OEC: Japan

Reporters Without Borders: Japan

Wikipedia: Japan

The World Factbook -- Japan


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Other Countries in East Asia:
China (PRC) | Mongolia | North Korea | South Korea | Taiwan (ROC) | Vietnam
 
Major Cities in Eastern Asia:
Beijing, Busan, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Kobe, Kyoto, Kunming, Lhasa, Macao, Nagoya, Osaka, Pyongyang, Saigon, Seoul, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Taipei, Tianjin, Tokyo, Ulaanbaatar, Yokohama

 
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