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___ KazakhstanA virtual guide to Kazakhstan. Get an overview of Kazakhstan's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this Central Asian nation, e.g.: official web sites of Kazakhstan, addresses of Kazakhstan`s and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more.
Republic of Kazakhstan | Qazaqstan Respublikasy
Flag of Kazakhstan
Native Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation.
The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936.
During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence has caused many of these newcomers to emigrate.
Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; and continuing to strengthen relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
border countries: China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
related countries: Mongolia, Turkey
short form: Qazaqstan
int'l long form: Republic of Kazakhstan
int'l short form: Kazakhstan
ISO Country Code: kz
Local Time = UTC +5h +6h
Actual Time: Thu-Apr-24 15:08 (Astana)
Country Calling Code: +7
Capital City: Astana (capital, since 1998, pop. 530 000)
Other Cities: Almaty (former capital) 1.2 million, Karaganda 440 000, Shymkent 370 000, Taraz 340 000, Ust-Kamenogorsk 310 000, Pavlodar 300 000.
Type: Republic; Kazakhstan has a hybrid system of Government that combines aspects of both parliamentary and presidential systems.
Independence: 16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union).
Declaration of sovereignty: 25 October 1990.
Location: Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea in west.
Area: 2.7 million km² (1.05 million sq. mi.); ninth-largest nation in the world; the size of Western Europe.
Terrain: Extends east to west from the Caspian Sea to the Altay Mountains and north to south from the plains of Western Siberia to the oasis and desert of Central Asia.
Highest peak: Kan Tengri 6995 m
Climate: Continental, cold winters and hot summers; arid and semi-arid.
Population: 16.7 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Kazakh 51.8%, Russian 31.4%, Ukrainian 4.4%, Tatar 1.7%, German 1.6%. There are over 100 other nationalities.
Religion: Sunni Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%.
Languages: Kazakhstan is a bilingual country. Kazakh language has the status of the "state" language, while Russian is declared the "official" language. Russian is used routinely in business; 52% of population speaks Kazakh language.
Natural resources: Major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium.
Agriculture products: Grain (mostly spring wheat), cotton; livestock.
Industries: Oil, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials.
Exports partners: Bermuda 12.5%, Russia 11.1%, Germany 10.7%, China 10%, Italy 7.9%, France 7.7%, Romania 4.5%, USA 4% (2005)
Imports partners: Russia 35.9%, China 21.4%, Germany 7.1% (2005)
Currency: Tenge (KZT)
Source: Embassy of Kazakhstan in the USA and Canada and other.
Kazakhstan in Figures
Kazakhstan key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Official site, provides until now less information in English.
The President of Kazakhstan.
The Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Official website of the parliament (partly in English).
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Permanent Mission of Kazakhstan to the UN
Site of the Permanent Mission to the United Nations.
Kazakh Embassy in the UK
The embassy in London provides comprehensive information about Kazakhstan.
Embassy of Kazakhstan in the USA and Canada
Diplomatic missions abroad
Address list of Kazakh missions abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions
List of foreign diplomatic missions accredited in Kazakhstan.
Agency of Statistics
Kazakhstan in figures.
Map of Kazakhstan
Political Map of Kazakhstan.
Administrative Map of Kazakhstan
Map showing the Administrativedivisions (provinces, oblast) of Kazakhstan.
Google Earth Kazakhstan
Searchable map and satellite view of Kazakhstan.
Google Earth Astana
Searchable map and satellite view of Kazakhstan's capital city.
Google Earth Almaty
Searchable map and satellite view of Kazakhstan's largest city.
Google Earth Baikonur Cosmodrome
Satellite view of Baikonur Cosmodrome space launch facility.
Caucasus and Central Asia Map
Map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
Kazakhstans Business news (in Kazakh)
Private newspaper in Russian-language.
National daily newspaper online.
Kazakhstan weekly news (Russian)
Information Center Kazakhstan (in Russian).
Online news with English-language pages.
Service of Russian news agency Interfax.
Provides also news in Kazakh, Russian and English.
Broadcasting Company and News Agency of Kazakhstan.
National Library of the Republic
One of the largest libraries in the world. Today it is the acknowledged leader in Kazakhstani librarian science.
National Bank of Kazakhstan
Central Bank of Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan Stock Exchange
Official website of KASE.
Official website of Kazakhstan's investment promotion agency.
Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Astana
ICC is a public association, representing the interests of regional business.
Yellow Pages of Kazakhstan
Business directory of Kazakhstan.
Products of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan Copper Corporation
The National Oil Company.
Official website with information about the airline's flight schedules, routes, timetable, online booking, services and contacts.
KazAir West Aviation Company
Fixed and rotary wing corporate and private charters.
Almaty International Airport
News and information for passengers and businesses includes online flight information, map and airport details.
Starting point for visiting Kazakhstan's natural treasures.
Site provides genaral touristic information about Kazakhstan.
Tourism in Kazakhstan
The site offers all about tourism in Kazakhstan. Maps, hotels, agencies, articles, photos, tours (until 2003).
Wild Natures - Holidays in Kazakhstan
Site provides touristic opportunities in the region of the Aksu-Djabagly nature reserve in Southern Kazakhstan.
Hotels in Kazakhstan
Find a Hotel in Kazakhstan.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Al-Farabi Kazakh State
Homepage of the University (Russian)
Founded in 1991 (in Russian).
First independent University in the Republic (Russian)
The Kazakh National Agrarian University
Established in April 1996.
Environment & NatureMinistry of the Environment Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Most of the information in Kazakh and Russian.
Kazakhstan - Environment Issues and Policy
Information about Kazakhstan's environmental issues by the Kazakh Embassy in the UK.
Web site of the Ecological Society Green Salvation, Almaty.
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Kazakhstan
About the work of UNDP, includes information on UNDP Kazakhstan's activity in the area of Environment and Sustainable Development.
Nature reserves of Kazakhstan
Information about the various nature reserves of Kazakhstan.
An ancient land
of the Kazakhs
About the origin of Kazakhstan's native people.
History of Kazakhstan
Wikipedia entry about Kazakhstan's history.
Provides an index of Kazakhstan related sites.
Kazakhstan search engine (in Russian).
BBC News Country Profile: Kazakhstan
Governments on the WWW: Kazakhstan
Open Directory Project: Kazakhstan
Washington Post: Kazakhstan
The World Factbook -- Kazakhstan
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