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___ Hungary

This page is about many aspects of Hungary. Find comprehensive information about the country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to Hungarian newspapers and you will find extensive travel and tourism information.

Hungarian Parliament
The Parliament at Budapest
© Photo Archive HNTO
 

Republic of Hungary | Magyar Koztarsasag

Country Profile


Flag of Hungary
Flag of Hungary

Background:
Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II.
In 1956, a revolt and announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. In the more open GORBACHEV years, Hungary led the movement to dissolve the Warsaw Pact and steadily shifted toward multiparty democracy and a market-oriented economy.
Following the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Hungary developed close political and economic ties to Western Europe. It joined NATO in 1999 and is a frontrunner in a future expansion of the EU.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
 

Where in Europe is Hungary?

Official Name:
Magyar Koztarsasag
short form: Magyarország
int'l long form: Republic of Hungary
int'l short form: Hungary

ISO Country Code: hu

Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Actual Time: Tue-July-29  16:45
Local Time = UTC +1h (Summer: UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +36

Capital City: Budapest (est. pop. 2 million)

Other Cities:
Debrecen (220,000); Miskolc (208,000); Szeged (189,000); Pecs (183,000).

Government:
Type: Republic.
Constitution: August 20, 1949. Substantially rewritten in 1989, amended in 1990.

Geography:
Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania.
Area: 93,028 kmĀ² (35,918 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mostly flat, with low mountains in the north and northeast and north of Lake Balaton.

Climate: Temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers.

People:
Nationality: Hungarian(s).
Population: 9.9 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Magyar 92%, Romany 4% (est.), German 2%, Slovak 1%, others 1%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 68%, Calvinist 21%, Lutheran 4%, Jewish 1%, others, including Baptist Adventist, Pentecostal, Unitarian 3%.
Languages: Magyar 98%, other 2%.
Literacy: 99%.

Natural resources: Bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land.

Agriculture products: Wheat, corn, sunflower seed, potatoes, sugar beets; pigs, cattle, poultry, dairy products.

Industries: Mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles.

Currency: Forint (HUF)

Hungary in Figures
More Hungary statistical data.


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Hungary

Hungarian Parliament
Information System of the Hungarian National Assembly.

Miniszterelnöki Hivatal
Office of the Prime Minister.


Nemzeti Kulturális Örökség Minisztérium
Ministry of Culture and Education (in Hungarian)


Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary
MOFA Hungary with comprehensive information about the ministry and Hungary.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of Hungary in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Hungary's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
List of Hungarian Missions Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Hungary
List of Foreign Missions in Hungary.


Statistics
Központi Statisztikai Hivatal
Hungarian Central Statistics Office.
Hungary in Figures
Hungary key statistical data.

Maps
Map of Hungary
Political Map of Hungary.
Administrative Map of Hungary
Map showa the 19 Hungarian counties and their capitals.
Google Earth Google Earth Map of Hungary
Searchable map and satellite view of Hungary.
Google Earth Google Earth Map of Budapest
Searchable map and satellite view of Hungary's capital city Budapest.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

News

Budapest Sun
National and international news.
Budapest Week
Budapest Online magazine.
Magyar Távirati Iroda Rt.
Hungarian News Agency.
The Hungarian Quarterly
English-language journal.
 

 

Arts & Culture

cultural reference C3
Center For Culture & Communication.
Holocaust Museum Budapest
Hungarian Culture Homepage
Offers data from 2 500 cultural organisations.
Hungarian National Museum
Museum about history and the cultural heritage of the country.
Institute of Contemporary Art
Museum of Fine Arts Budapest
(in Hungarian)
National Szechenyi Library
The National Library.
Sziget Festival
Best of world music.
 

Hortobagy, Hungary
Sweep Well at Hortobagy © Photo Archive HNTO
 

Business & Economy


Magyar Nemzeti Bank
National Bank of Hungary

Budapest Stock Exchange

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Budapest


__Transportation

Airlines
Malev
The Hungarian Airlines.

Airport
Ferihegy International Airport
Budapest Airport.

Rail
MAV
The Hungarian Railways.
MAV railroad connection
 
 

Destination Hungary - Country Guides


Hungary
The National Tourist Office provides travel and tourism information.
Hungarian National Tourist Office New York
More travel and tourist information.

Hungary.hu
Comprehensive Hungary portal site with country information.

Hungarian Home Page
A guide to regions, cities and towns.

Regions
Györ-Moson-Sopron Region
Official website of the Gyor-Moson-Sopron County.

City Guide
Budapest
Web site of the Tourism Office of Budapest provides travel and tourism information the capital city.

Hotels
 NEW  Hotels in Hungary
Find a Hotel in Hungary.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education & Sience
Central European University
Social sciences and humanities
Semmelweis University of Medical Sciences
Official website with information about its faculties.
Technical University of Budapest
The official website of the university.

Science
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Hungarian science.
Konkoly Observatory
Want to know something about variable stars?
 
 

Environment

Greenfo.hu
Hungarian Environmental Portal, it serves also as a non-profit green news-agency.
Greenpeace Hungary
Hungarian section of Greenpeace.
InfoLink
The site provides information in Hungarian, German, Slovak and English on the state of the environment of the West and North Transdanubian regions.
Magyar Természetvédök Szövetsége
Friends of Earth Hungary (in Hungarian).
REFLEX (Györ)
Environmental Protection Society (in Hungarian).

 
 

History

Corvinus Library - Hungarian History
Comprehensive source of Hungary's History.
István Lázár: Hungary - A Brief History
Extensive disquisition on Hungary's history.
 
 

Search

HuDir
Hungarian web directory.


Newsgroup of Hungary
soc.culture.magyar


Additional Information on Hungary

REENIC: Hungary
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Hungary.
Background Notes: Hungary
Governments on the WWW: Hungary
Open Directory Project: Hungary
Wikipedia: Hungary
The World Factbook -- Hungary
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.