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Location map of Guinea. Where in Africa is Guinea?
Location map of Guinea
 
A virtual guide to Guinea, a country in the southwestern part of West Africa south of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali. It is also bordered by Côte d'Ivoire to the east and southeast, by Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south, and by the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Guinea is largely a humid tropical country with four main geographic regions: the Basse Coté, the coastal lowlands of Maritime Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, a highland region of Central-Guinea, the headwaters of the Niger, the Gambia River, and the Senegal River. To the northeast of the country is the dry Sahelian Haute-Guinea, and in the southeast the Guinée forestière (Forested Guinea) with its tropical rain forests.

With an area of 245,857 km² (94,926 sq mi), Guinea is about the size of the United Kingdom, or slightly smaller than the US state of Michigan.

The country has a population of 10.6 million (in 2015). Capital city is Conakry, Spoken languages are French (official), and eight national languages.


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Republic of Guinea | République de Guinee


Country Profile



Background:
Independent from France since 1958, Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Lansana CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls were marred by irregularities. History repeated itself in December 2008 when following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution as well as political and union activity. Guinea has maintained some semblance of internal stability despite spillover effects from conflict in Sierra Leone and Liberia. As those countries have rebuilt, however, Guinea's own vulnerability to political and economic crisis has increased. Declining economic conditions and popular dissatisfaction with corruption and bad governance prompted two massive strikes in 2006, and a third nationwide strike in early 2007.

Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country possesses over 30% of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second largest bauxite producer. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone

related countries: France

 


Official Name:
République de Guinee
local short form: Guinee
int'l long form: Republic of Guinea
int'l short form: Guinea
former: French Guinea

ISO Country Code: gn
Actual Time: Tue-May-30  03:29
Local Time = UTC +0h

Country Calling Code: +224

Capital City: Conakry (pop. 1.5 million).

Other Cities:
Guéckédou (pop. 350 000), Boké (pop. 300 000), Kindia (pop. 280 000), N'Zérékoré (pop. 300 000), Macenta (pop. 280 000), Mamou, Kankan (270 000), Labe (250 000).

Government:
Type: Military regime.
Independence: 2 October 1958. Anniversary of the Second Republic, 3 April 1984.

In December 2008 following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup to seiz power. He suspended the constitution as well as political and union activity.


Geography:
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone.
Area: 245,860 sq. km. (95,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Generally flat along the coast and mountainous in the interior. The country's four geographic regions include a narrow coastal belt; pastoral highlands (the source of West Africa's major rivers); the northern savanna; and the southeastern rain forest.

Climate: Tropical. Generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with a northeasterly Harmattan, a dry and dusty West African trade wind..

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guinean(s)
Population: 10.6 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Fulani 40.3%; Malinke 25.8%; Susu 11.0%; Kissi 6.5%; Kpelle 4.8%, other ethnic groups 11.6%.
Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, traditional beliefs 7%.
Languages: French (official); Eight national languages, Soussou (Susu, in coastal Guinea), Peulh (Fulani, in Northrn Guinea), Maninka (Upper Guinea), Kissi (Kissidougou Region), Toma and Guerze (Kpelle) in rain forest Guinea; plus various ethnic groups with their own language.
Literacy: 28% to 35%.

Natural resources:
Bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, water power, uranium, fisheries.

Agriculture products: Rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber.

Industries: Bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries.

Exports - commodities: bauxite, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products

Exports - partners:
India 22.5%, Spain 8.2%, Ireland 7.3%, Germany 6.2%, Belgium 5.5%, Ukraine 5.3%, France 4.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs

Imports - partners: China 20.4%, Netherlands 5.4%, India 4.4% (2015)

Currency: Guinea Franc (GNF)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Guinea


Gouvernement du Guinée
Government of Guinea (in French).

Assemblée Nationale de Guinée
The National Assembly is Guinea's legislative body. Until now this page is the closest to an official website of Guinea's parliament (in French).

Ministre des Affaires Etrangères et des Guinéens de l'Étranger
Facebook page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guinea.


Diplomatic Missions
Ambassade de la République de Guinée à Paris
Embassy of Guinea in Paris, France.

Embassy of the Republic of Guinea in Washington, D.C.
Official website of the embassy.
Address: 2112 Leroy Place, NW, Washington DC 20008
Telephone: (202) 986-4300

Embassy of the United States Conakry, Guinea
Site of the US Embassy in Conakry.


Maps

Map of Guinea
Political Map of Guinea.
Administrative Map of Guinea
Map showing the administrative divisions of Guinea.
Google Earth Google Earth Guinea
Searchable map and satellite view of Guinea.
Google Earth Google Earth Conakry
Searchable map and satellite view of Guinea's capital city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.




Nimba mountain range, the southern extent of the Guinean Highlands, a highland region that stretches from northern Guinea to northern Côte d'Ivoire. UNESCO declared Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve official website a World Heritage Site.
Image: John Etherton 

News

Guinea news in French
3P Plus
Magazine littéraire et culturel de Guinée.
GuineeConakry
Guinea news online.
Guinéenews
Dernières nouvelles de la Guinée.
L 'Observateur-Guinee
Daily news from Guinea.
Tamsirnews.com
And more Guinea news.

Guinea news in English
allAfrica.com: Guinea
Guinea Latest News.
 

Bookmark/share this page
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Arts & Culture

afromix.org: Guinea
Artists and Bands of Guinea.

afropop.org
Music in Guinea.
Mande master drummer Famoudou Konate
Malinke Rhythms and Songs.

Native indigenous peoples 
WebFuuta
Home of the Fuuta-Jaloo and Fuutanke of Guinea.
WebMande
Home of the Mande Nation (West Africa).
WebPulaaku
Home of the Fulbhe and Haal-Pular nation (West Africa).
 
 

Business & Economy


Office de Promotion des Investissements Privés (OPIP)
Information about investment in Guinea.

__Transportation

Airline
AirGuinee
Serves West African countries, Benin, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Kinshasa/Congo, Senegal and Sierra Leone.
 
 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Guinea - Country Guides


l'Office National du Tourisme de Guinée
A small tourism guide to Guinea by the Guinean Office of Tourism.

Guinea: The Switzerland of Africa is a Land of Contrasts
A journey from the Gulf of Guinea on Africa's Atlantic Coast to historic Mali Ville in the northern highlands.

Guinea's Forest Region - Living on the edge
UN article on the Forest Region of Southeast Guinea which has played host to waves of refugees and returning migrants from Sierra Leone, Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire.
 
 

Education

INHEA: Guinea Higher Education Profile
Profile of higher education practice in Guinea by International Network for Higher Education in Africa.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Direction Nationale de l'Environnement
Some information about Environnement and Biodiversity of Guinea (in French).
Guinea Current Large Marine Ecosystem Project
site about the project, an ecosystem-based effort to assist countries adjacent to the Guinea Current Ecosystem to achieve environmental and resource sustainability.

 
 

History

West Africa's Tangled War
A human catastrophe in Guinea, the refugee crisis in Guinea part of a complicated regional conflict (BBC News).
Guinee Histoire
Guinea's History by webGuinée (in French).
 
 

Search

webGuinée
Guinean Web Site with comprehensive Guinea information (French).


Additional Information on Guinea

Africa South of the Sahara: Guinea
BBC NEWS Country profile: Guinea
Ethnologue report for Guinea--Languages of Guinea

UPENN African Studies Center: Guinea
USAfrica Research Information Guinea
Wikipedia: Guinea
The World Factbook -- Guinea
 
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Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo
 
 
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