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Republic of Guinea | République de Guinee

Country Profile


Guinea Flag
Flag of Guinea

Background:
Independent from France since 1958, Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. Lansana CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls were marred by irregularities. History repeated itself in December 2008 when following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution as well as political and union activity. Guinea has maintained some semblance of internal stability despite spillover effects from conflict in Sierra Leone and Liberia. As those countries have rebuilt, however, Guinea's own vulnerability to political and economic crisis has increased. Declining economic conditions and popular dissatisfaction with corruption and bad governance prompted two massive strikes in 2006, and a third nationwide strike in early 2007.

Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country possesses over 30% of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second largest bauxite producer. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone

related countries: France
 
Where in Africa is Guinea?

Official Name:
République de Guinee
local short form: Guinee
int'l long form: Republic of Guinea
int'l short form: Guinea
former: French Guinea

ISO Country Code: gn
Actual Time: Wed-July-29  13:26
Local Time = UTC +0h

Country Calling Code: +224

Capital City: Conakry (pop. 1.5 million).

Other Cities:
Guéckédou (pop. 350 000), Boké (pop. 300 000), Kindia (pop. 280 000), N'Zérékoré (pop. 300 000), Macenta (pop. 280 000), Mamou, Kankan (270 000), Labe (250 000).

Government:
Type: Military regime.
Independence: 2 October 1958. Anniversary of the Second Republic, 3 April 1984.

In December 2008 following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup to seiz power. He suspended the constitution as well as political and union activity.


Geography:
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone.
Area: 245,860 sq. km. (95,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Generally flat along the coast and mountainous in the interior. The country's four geographic regions include a narrow coastal belt; pastoral highlands (the source of West Africa's major rivers); the northern savanna; and the southeastern rain forest.

Climate: Tropical. Generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with a northeasterly Harmattan, a dry and dusty West African trade wind..

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guinean(s)
Population: 1.5 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Fulani 40.3%; Malinke 25.8%; Susu 11.0%; Kissi 6.5%; Kpelle 4.8%, other ethnic groups 11.6%.
Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, traditional beliefs 7%.
Languages: French (official); Eight national languages, Soussou (Susu, in coastal Guinea), Peulh (Fulani, in Northrn Guinea), Maninka (Upper Guinea), Kissi (Kissidougou Region), Toma and Guerze (Kpelle) in rain forest Guinea; plus various ethnic groups with their own language.
Literacy: 28% to 35%.

Natural resources:
Bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, water power, uranium, fisheries.

Agriculture products: Rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber.

Industries: Bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries.

Exports partners: South Korea 14.8%, Spain 10.7%, USA 10.1%, France 9.2%, Russia 9%, Ireland 7.9%, Belgium 6.4%, Germany 5.6%, Ukraine 5.3% (2003)

Imports partners: France 16.8%, China 9.3%, Belgium 7.1%, Italy 6.6%, Netherlands 5.4%, UK 5.4%, Cote d'Ivoire 4.8%, USA 4.5% (2003)

Currency: Guinea Franc (GNF)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Guinea

Gouvernement du Guinée
Government of Guinea (in French).

Assemblée Nationale de Guinée
The National Assembly isf Guinea's legislative body.
The military coup in December 2008 resulted in the dissolution of the National Assembly, and it is unclear when the next election will be held.

Ministère des Affaires Etrangères Guinée
Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (Site is down, possibly due to the political situation in Guinea)


Diplomatic Missions
Ambassade de la République de Guinée à Paris
Embassy of Guinea in Paris, France.

Embassy of the Republic of Guinea in Washington, D.C.
Official website of the embassy is closed.
Address: 2112 Leroy Place, NW, Washington DC 20008
Telephone: (202) 986-4300

Embassy of the United States Conakry, Guinea
Site of the US Embassy in Conakry.


Maps

Map of Guinea
Political Map of Guinea.
Administrative Map of Guinea
Map showing the administrative divisions of Guinea.
Google Earth Google Earth Guinea
Searchable map and satellite view of Guinea.
Google Earth Google Earth Conakry
Searchable map and satellite view of Guinea's capital city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
 

News

Guinea news in French
3P Plus
Magazine littéraire et culturel de Guinée.
GuineeConakry
Guinea news online.
Guinéenews
Dernières nouvelles de la Guinée.
L 'Observateur-Guinee
Daily news from Guinea.
Tamsirnews.com
And more Guinea news.

Guinea news in English
allAfrica.com: Guinea
Guinea Latest News.
 
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Arts & Culture

afromix.org: Guinea
Artists and Bands of Guinea.

afropop.org
Music in Guinea.
Mande master drummer Famoudou Konate
Malinke Rhythms and Songs.

Native indigenous peoples 
WebFuuta
Home of the Fuuta-Jaloo and Fuutanke of Guinea.
WebMande
Home of the Mande Nation (West Africa).
WebPulaaku
Home of the Fulbhe and Haal-Pular nation (West Africa).
 
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Business & Economy


Office de Promotion des Investissements Privés (OPIP)
Information about investment in Guinea.

__Transportation

Airline
AirGuinee
Serves West African countries, Benin, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Kinshasa/Congo, Senegal and Sierra Leone.
 
 

Destination Guinea - Country Guides


l'Office National du Tourisme de Guinée
A small tourism guide to Guinea by the Guinean Office of Tourism.

Guinea: The Switzerland of Africa is a Land of Contrasts
A journey from the Gulf of Guinea on Africa's Atlantic Coast to historic Mali Ville in the northern highlands.

Guinea's Forest Region - Living on the edge
UN article on the Forest Region of Southeast Guinea which has played host to waves of refugees and returning migrants from Sierra Leone, Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information
 

Education

INHEA: Guinea Higher Education Profile
Profile of higher education practice in Guinea by International Network for Higher Education in Africa.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Direction Nationale de l'Environnement
Some information about Environnement and Biodiversity of Guinea (in French).
Guinea Current Large Marine Ecosystem Project
site about the project, an ecosystem-based effort to assist countries adjacent to the Guinea Current Ecosystem to achieve environmental and resource sustainability.

 
 

History

West Africa's Tangled War
A human catastrophe in Guinea, the refugee crisis in Guinea part of a complicated regional conflict (BBC News).
Guinee Histoire
Guinea's History by webGuinée (in French).
 
 

 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of Western Africa
Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo
 
 
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