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Northern lights (Aurora Borealis) in Greenland
Northern lights in Greenland. Northern lights or Aurora Borealis, a phenomen that appeares around the Earth's magnetic pole. Auroras are produced when the solar wind hits the magnetosphere, the resulting ionization emits light of varying color and complexity. - Image: Mads Pihl
Flag of Greenland
Flag of Greenland
Location map of Greenland. Where in the world is Greenland?
Location map of Greenland

A virtual guide to Greenland. Greenland is not a continent but the world's largest island. Its surface is about 80% ice-capped. Kalaallit Nunaat, the Inuit name for the island, is not an independent state but a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979. Greenland shares maritime borders with Canada, Iceland, and Norway.

Just about 56,100 (in 2016) people live on an area of 2,166,086 km², this makes Greenland the least populated place on Earth. The 12th largest country in the world is almost four times the size of France, or slightly more than three times the size of the U.S. state of Texas.


Greenland - Kalaallit Nunaat

Country Profile

In the 18th century Danes began to colonize the island and in 1953 Greenland was made an integral part of Denmark.

In 1978 the Danish parliament granted Greenland self-government and in the following year the law went into effect.

Denmark continues to exercise control of Greenland's foreign affairs, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland.

In 1973 Greenland joined the European Union with Denmark but withdrew in 1985 over a dispute over stringent fishing quotas.


Official Name:
Kalaallit Nunaat
danish: Grønland

ISO Country Code: gl

Time Zone:
Local Time = UTC 0 to -4h
Nuuk Actual Time: Mon-Jan-16  23:48

Country Calling Code: +299

Capital City: Nuuk (Godthab, Godthåb)

Other Cities: Sisimiut (Holsteinsborg), Ilulissat (Jakobshavn), Qaqortoq (Julianehåb), Aasiaat (Egedesminde), Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen).

Type: Parliamentary Democracy within a constitutional monarchy.
Dependency status: Part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979.

Location: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada.
Area: 2,166,086 km² (836,297 sq. mi.)
Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast.
Highest point: Gunnbjorn 3 700 m

Climate: Arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters.

Nationality: noun: Greenlander(s)
adjective: Greenlandic
Population: 56,100 (2016)
Ethnic Groups: Greenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (2000)
Religions: Christianity
Languages: Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English
Literacy: 100%

Natural resources: Fish, seals, whales, gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron, diamonds, ice, water, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Forage crops, garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep, reindeer; fish

Industries: Fish processing (mainly prawns and Greenland halibut), handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards, mining

Exports - commodities: fish and fish products 91% (2015 est.)

Exports - partners: Denmark 51.6%, China 11.1%, Japan 9.1%, Russia 7.2% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, petroleum products

Imports - partners: Denmark 67.1%, Sweden 14.1%, Iceland 5.1% (2015)

Currency: Danish Krone (DKK)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Greenland

Greenland is a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark with a multi-party system. Head of state is the monarch of Denmark, represented by a High Commissioner. Head of government is the Prime Minister (Premier), elected by Parliament. The Parliament of Greenland is the country's legislative branch.

Greenland Home Rule Government - Naalakkersuisut
Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark, governed by the Home Rule administration.

Diplomatic Missions:
High Commissioner of Greenland
The High Commissioner is the chief representative of the Danish Government in Greenland.

Grønlands Statistiks
Statistics Greenland Information Service.


Map of Greenland
A map of Greenland.
Map of North America
Reference Map of North America.
Map of Europe
Political map of States of the European Union, EFTA, with cities and capitals.

Google Earth Google Earth Greenland
Searchable map and satellite view of Greenland.
Google Earth Google Earth Nuuk
Searchable map and satellite view of Greenland's capital.

Tasiilaq, Greenland
Tasiilaq is the largest of the few communities on the sparsely populated eastern coast of Greenland.
Image: Filip Gielda


The Arctic Journal
Regional news.

Kamikposten - Nyheder
Greenland news (in Dansk).

One of two national newspapers in Greenland (in Dansk).

Kalaallit Nunaata Radio
Radio Greenland.

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Arts & Culture

Painting by Gitz-Johansen
The Danish artist (1897-1977) is best known for his paintings of the people and nature of Greenland. Named "Qaalipaarsorsuaq" ("The Great Painter") by the people.

Julemandens hjemmeside
The Santa Claus of Greenland.

 Culture & Spirit
Culture Greenland, a portal to Greenland's culture.
Culturel Center of Greenland.
Museums in Greenland
A guide to Greenland's museums.
National Library of Greenland

Greenland National Museum & Archives
Preserves the Greenland cultural heritage.
Greenland's Theatre.
Ultima Thule
Inuit crafts - tupilaqs for sale.

Greenland Kayak Association
Information on the Greenland Kayak Association and the Greenland Kayaking Championships.
Kayak hunting
Kayak hunting
© Lars Reimers -

Greenland Kids
Greenland Kids
© Steen Karup - 

Business & Economy

air greenland
The national airline of Greenland, changed its name from "Grønlandsfly" to air greenland.

__Maritime Shipping
Arctic Umiaq Line A/S
Royal Arctic Line
Greenland's national shipping line.

Products of Greenland
Royal Greenland
The world's largest producer of cold water prawns also specialized in fishing and processing quality seafood.
Greenland's Icecap
Greenland's Icecap
© Photo: Karsten Bidstrup -
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Greenland - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Greenland: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, skiing, hiking, climbing, kayaking, cruising, tours and much more.
Country and travel guide by Greenland Tourism, the national tourist board.
Greenland basic facts
Geography, geology, language, history etc.

 Greenland Guide
Welcome to the last white spot on Earth, the official guide to Greenland. The travel information is provided by the national tourist board.

Nuuk (Godthab, Godthåb)
The municipality of Nuuk, capital of Greenland.
Nuuk Tourism
The tourist office in Nuuk.

Qaanaaq - Thule
The Turistkontor Qaanaaq, the most northern touristoffice in the world.

Hotels in Greenland
Find a Hotel in Greenland.

Greenland Glacier Greenland Glacier
© Photo: Karsten Bidstrup -

Greenland - Ice, rocks, water 
Ice, rocks, water
© Photo: Karsten Bidstrup -


The University of Greenland.

Grønlands Naturinstitute
Displays the work of the institute. (in Dansk and Greenlandic)

Environment & Nature

Arktisk Station
An Arctic Research Institution in Greenland.

Cambridge Greenland Glaciology Expedition 2002
A geology and glaciology expedition to Louise Boyds Land in North East Greenland.

Danish Polar Center
The Danish Polar Center is a knowledge and service center for scientists and institutions that deal with polar research and arctic matters.

Greenland Environmental Observatory
GEOSummit is a year-round Arctic sampling station funded by the National Science Foundation.

Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2
3053.44 meters of ice drilling.

The Peregrine Fund - Greenland--Conservation Projects
Conserve and understand Gyrfalcon and Peregrine Falcon populations and their environments in Greenland and other arctic areas.
northern light
Northern Lights
© Photo: Filippo Barbanera -

Musk Oxen
Musk Oxen, don't get too close!


Culture and History in Greenland
from the Greenland Guide.
The Fate of Greenland's Vikings
Article on permafrost archaeology by Dale Mackenzie Brown.
The norse settlers in Greenland - A short history
The Norse History of Greenland 982-1500.


Greenland Homerule Links
Greenland related links.

Additional Information on Greenland

BBC News Country Profile: Greenland
Ethnologue report for Greenland
Languages of Greenland.
Open Directory Project: Greenland
Wikipedia: Greenland
The World Factbook -- Greenland
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