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___ Mexico

A virtual travel guide to Mexico, this page is about many aspects of the land of the Aztecs and the Mayas. Search and locate official web sites from the country, and find comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: the Mexican culture, history and geography. Get key information on Mexico's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Mexico and you may visit Mexican cities. Find maps and other tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Mexico.

Pueblo Cholula and Popocatepetl, Mexico
Cholula with Popocatepetl ©

United Mexican States | Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Country Profile

Flag of Mexico
Flag of Mexico

Mexico belongs geographically to North-America, ethnological it belongs to Latin America. Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. About 70% of the people live in urban areas. According to some estimates, the population of the area around Mexico City is about 18 million, which would make it the largest concentration of population in the Western Hemisphere.
Highly developed cultures, including those of the Olmecs, Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs existed in this aerea long before the Spanish conquest.
The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century.
A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century. The nation continues to make an impressive recovery. Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states.
(Source: various sources)

border countries: Belize, Guatemala, USA
related countries: Spain
where in the world is Mexico

Official Name:
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
short form: México
int'l long form: United Mexican States
int'l short form: Mexico

ISO Country Code: mx

Time Zone: Central Daylight Time (CDT)
Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time México: Wed-Jan-18  18:12
Daylight saving time (DST): 3 April - 30. Oktober (UTC -6)

Country Calling Code: +52

Capital City: México (Distrito Federal; pop. 13 million, 2000 census metro area)

Other Cities:
Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, Acapulco, Merida, Leon, Veracruz.

Type: Federal Republic. Independence: First proclaimed 16 September 1810; republic established 1824.
Constitution: 5 February 1917.

Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the USA and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the USA.
Area: 1,964,000 km² (761 600 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal lowlands, central high plateaus, and mountains up to 5 400 m. (18 000 ft.).

Climate: Tropical to desert.

Nationality: Mexican(s).
Population: (2010 census) 112 million.
Ethnic groups: Indian-Spanish (mestizo) 60%, Amerindian 30%, European 9%, other 1%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Protestant 5%, other 5%.
Language: Spanish (official); 66 regional indigenous languages.
Literacy: 90%

Natural resources: Petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber.

Agriculture products: Corn, beans, oilseeds, feed grains, fruit, cotton, coffee, sugarcane, winter vegetables.

Industries: Food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism.

Currency: Mexican Peso (M$) (MXN)

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Mexico and others)

Mexico in Figures
Mexico key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Mexico

Presidencia de la República
Constitutional President of the United Mexican States, Vicente Fox's office.

Senado de la República
The Senate of the Republic of Mexico (in Spanish)
The Mexican government in the internet (in Spanish)

Stockholm Challenge Award Citizen Portal of Mexico
Government-wide portal that organizes information and services around citizen needs. (in Spanish)

Stockholm Challenge Award Portal e-México
Mexican government site aims to approach its population to the information society in four basic categories: education, health, economy and government. (in Spanish)

Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores - México
Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de México ante la ONU
Permanent Mission of México to the UN.
Consulate General of Mexico
New York
Embassy of Mexico
Washington D.C.
Diplomatic Missions of Mexico
Diplomatic Missions of Mexico Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Mexico
Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited in Mexico.

 National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics
Geographic, demographic and economic information of Mexico.
Consejo Nacional de Población (CONAPO)
The National Council of Population (in Spanish)

Mexico in Figures
Mexico key statistical data.

Centro Nacional de Metrología (CENAM)
The National Centre of Metrology.
Servicio Meteorológico Nacional


Map of Mexico
Political map of Mexico.
Administrative Map of Mexico
Map showing Mexico and the surrounding countries with international borders, the Mexican states, the national capital Mexico (Ciudad de México), state capitals, major cities, main roads, and major airports.

Google Earth Google Earth Mexico
Searchable map and satellite view of Mexico.
Google Earth Google Earth Mexico City
Searchable map and satellite view of Mexico's capital city.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 
Map of North America
Reference Map of North America. 

Map of Middle America
Political map of Middle America.

Mexican News

Mexican news (in Spanish)
El Asesor
National and international news as well as news from Mexico City and Monterrey.
El Heraldo de Mexico
Mexican newspaper.
El Universal
Important Mexican newspaper.
El Sur
Weekly newspaper with presence in the South of Jalisco.
La Crónica de Hoy
National and international news.
La Jornada
Mexican newspaper.
National and international news.
Mexican Daily.
Tiempos del Mundo
Mexican news.

Mexican news (in English)
CNN en Español
Spanish CNN
Política y cultura en línea (in Spanish).
Against censorship in the Mexican medias.
Mexico Daily
Mexican news by world
The News
News from Mexico.

CNI en Linea
With national and international news (in Spanish)
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Artes e Historia México
Arts and History, a virtual forum and guide to Mexican arts and culture.
arte y media
Gallery of contemporary Mexican art.
Carlos Fuentes
The work of Carlos Fuentes (in Spanish).
Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes
National Council for Culture and the Arts (in Spanish).
Diego Rivera Web Museum
Virtual museum for the famous Mexican painter.
Escuela Nacional de Artes Plasticas
National school for visual arts.
Museo de la Ciudad de México
Mexico City museum.
Museo de las Culturas Prehispánicas
Museum for Prehispanic Cultures (in Spanish).
Museo Nacional de Antropología
National Museum of Anthropology.
Museo Nacional de la Revolución Mexicana
National Museum of the Mexican Revolution.

Mexican Museums
List of Mexican Museums online.

Business & Economy

Banco de México
Bolsa Mexicana de Valores
Mexican Stock Exchange.

Cámara Nacional de Comercio de la Ciudad de México
The National Chamber of Commerce.

__Business News
El Economista
Business & Finance (in Spanish)
El Financiero
Business & Finance (in Spanish)
Business in Mexico
Article about "Being familiar with some of the basic rules of communication and negotiation".

Mexicana Airlines

Destination Mexico :: Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Mexico: Acapulco, Cancún, Gudalajara, Guanajuato, Mexicali, Nogales, Oaxaca, Tijuana, Yucatán, and more.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
The official Mexican Tourism Board site offers country information on various travel destinations.

Culture and Society of México
Frequently Asked Questions about Mexico.
Inside Mexico
Articles and News about Mexico.
 Mexico Connect
Comprehensive travel information about Mexico.
Mexico Online
An online travel and tourism guide to Mexico.
 The Mexican Travel Guide
Comprehensive travel information for Mexico.
Mexico Travel Information
Information on Mexico's tourist atractions.
Web de Mexico
Online guide to Mexico by Universidad de Guadalajara (in Spanish).

Mexico Tourism by States
Website about Guanajuato state and its cities (Leon, San Miguel Allende, Dolores, etc) with travel guide, commercial directory and cultural information.
The website that is dedicated to tourism promotion of the largest state of Mexico, Chihuahua. 
Oaxaca Tourism
Official travel and tourism site of Oaxaca by Tourism Development Secretariat (in Spanish)
Maya Yucatán
Official visitors guide of Yucatán.

Mexico City Guide
Information and tips to enjoy Mexico City: sightseeing, services, events, culture, history, shows - for pleasure travel and business travel.

Imagenes Aereas de México
Must see Aerial Photographs of Mexico City.

Official tourism site of the port city of Acapulco.
Official visitors guide to the colonial Spanish city of Campeche.
Travel and Tour Guide to the Mexican Caribbean tourist resort Cancun.
Official guide to the second most populous city in Mexico.
Official site of the city of Mazatlán, the popular tourist destination.
Official Website of the city of Monterrey in the Extremadura Valley.
Tijuana Online
Official City of Tijuana tourism, hotels and vacations guide.

Mexico for Kids
Mexico's official site for Kids with information on the country, history, myths and traditions.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Stonework at Kohunlich - Campeche
Stonework at Kohunlich - Campeche

mexican desert
Somewhere on the Journey to Ixtlan


National Autonomous University of Mexico
The Mexican National University, founded in 1910.
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
Universidad de las Américas
Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara
Universidad de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, founded 1792.

Environment - Environmental organizations Mexico

Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales (CONANP)
Official website of the National Commission of Protected Nature Areas in Mexico. Includes information about the Commission, lists of the protected nature areas in the country. (in Spanish)
Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales
Official site of the Secretariat of Environment and Nature Resources with extensive information on nature resources and environmental issues in Mexico. (in Spanish)

Centro Ecólogico Akumal
CEA's monitors the impact of development on the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef ecosystems.
Greenpeace Mexico
The Mexican section of Greenpeace.
Institute of Ecology Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Research on Evolutionary Ecology, Functional Ecology, and Applied Ecology.
Michoacan Reforestation Fund (MRF)
Supports forest ecosystem and habitat restoration programs in and around central Mexico.


History of Mexico
Outline of Mexico's History and links to additional information on the history of Mexico.

Indigenous Peoples

Abya Yala Net
Information on Indigenous peoples in Mexico, Central, and South America.
Aztec History Mexico
The Aztecs of Mexico and their history.
The Azteca Web Page
Information on and for Mexicans, Chicanos, and Mexican-Americans.
Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional
Zapatista National Liberation Front.
Instituto Nacional Indigenista
Federal government institution with information about Mexican tribes (in Spanish).
Mexico Solidarity Network
Coalition of over 80 organizations struggling for human rights, economic justice and democracy in the United States and Mexico.
Servicio Internacional para la Paz - SIPAZ
Coalition of organizations to support the peace process in Chiapas.
A guide to people and lands of Chiapas Mexico.
 Zapatistas in Cyberspace
The international circulation through the Net of the struggles of the Zapatistas in Chiapas.
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Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Nicaragua | Panama

Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela