Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Turkey flag detail
Home Earth Continents Asia Europe Turkey

___ Turkey

Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque) and Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya) in Istanbul
Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque) and Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya) in Istanbul seen from the Bosporus.

Flag of Turkey
Flag of Turkey
Location map of Turkey. Where in the world is Turkey?
Location map of Turkey
Destination Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, a country between Europe and Asia located on the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia, with a small enclave in Thrace in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
Turkey is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in south and east and by the Black Sea in north, by Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan (exclave of Nakhchivan) in east, by Georgia in north east, by Bulgaria and Greece in north west, and by Iraq, and Syria in south east.
Turkey covers an area of 783,562 km², the country is more than twice the size of Germany or slightly smaller than the U.S. states of Texas and Louisiana combined.
Turkey has a population of 78,7 million people (in 2015), largest city is Istanbul, the national capital is Ankara, spoken languages are Turkish (official), Kurdish, and Arabic.


Republic of Turkey | Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

Country Profile

Turkey is often called "the cradle of civilization," as it has been home to a rich variety of tribes and nations of people since at least 10,000 B.C.

The Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, replacing the dynastic and theocratic Ottoman system, with its Sultanate and Caliphate. The Republic was based on a secular democratic, pluralist and parilamentary system.

In 1945 Turkey joined the UN and became a member of NATO in 1952.
Turkey occupied the northern portion of Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island; relations between the two countries remain strained.

Periodic military offensives against Kurdish separatists have dislocated part of the population in southeast Turkey and have drawn international condemnation.
In recent years, Turkey has become a major tourist destination in Europe.

Official Name:
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
local short form: Türkiye
Int'l long form: Republic of Turkey
Int'l short form: Turkey

ISO Country Code: tr
Actual Time: Tue-Mar-28  05:28
Local Time = UTC+2h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +3)

Country Calling Code: +90

Capital City: Ankara (pop. 3.7 million)

Other Cities:
Istanbul (9.2 million), Izmir (3.2 million), Bursa (1.9 million), Adana (1.7 million)

Type: Republic
Independence: 29 October 1923
Constitution: 7 November 1982

Location: southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia
Area: 783,562 km² (302,535 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Narrow coastal plain surrounds Anatolia, an inland plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward. Turkey includes one of the more earthquake-prone areas of the world.
Highest Mountain: Mount Ararat 5,137 metres (16,854 ft)

Climate: Moderate in coastal areas, harsher temperatures inland.

Nationality: Noun--Turk(s). Adjective--Turkish
Population: 78.7 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Turkish, Kurdish, other
Religions: Muslim 98%, Christian, Bahai and Jewish
Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, and Arabic
Literacy: 82%.

Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, pulse, citrus; livestock.

Industries: Textiles, food processing, autos, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper.

Exports - commodities: apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment

Exports partners: Germany 9.3%, UK 7.3%, Iraq 5.9%, Italy 4.8%, US 4.5%, France 4.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment

Imports partners: China 12%, Germany 10.3%, Russia 9.9%, US 5.4%, Italy 5.1% (2015)

Currency: Turkish New Lira (TRY)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Turkey

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaskanligi
Presidency of the Republic Of Turkey.

Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi
Site of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı
The Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides comprehensive information on Turkey and Turkish culture.

Diplomatic Missions
Mission of Turkey to the United Nations
Site of the Turkish Mission to the UN.
Embassy of the Republic of Turkey in the U.S.
Washington D.C
Türkische Botschaft Berlin
Embassy of Turkey in Germany.
List of Turkish Diplomatic Missions in the World
Addresses of Turkish Missions Abroad.
Diplomatic Missions in Turkey
Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited in Turkey.

 Government Bodies and Ministries of Republic of Turkey
List of links to Government Agencies and Ministries.


 Map of Turkey
Political map of Turkey.
Map of Turkey
Shaded relief map of Turkey.

Google Earth Google Earth Map Turkey
Searchable map and satellite view of Turkey.

Google Earth Ankara, Istanbul

Google Earth Google Earth Map Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque
Satellite view with information about Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya) and
Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque), Istanbul.
Google Earth Google Earth Mount Ararat
Satellite view and information about Mount Ararat, highest mountain in Turkey.

Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Uchisar is situated at the highest point in Cappadocia, a historical region in Central Anatolia, known for its distinctive “fairy chimneys,” tall, cone-shaped rock formations clustered in Monks Valley, Göreme and surrounding areas. Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia official website are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Bernard Gagnon

Turkey News

Anadolu Ajansi
The Turkish news agency
Turkish Newspaper. (in Turkish)
Dünya Gazetesi
Turkish Newspaper (Turkish)
Daily Newspaper (Turkish)
Daily Newspaper (Turkish)
Daily Newspaper (Turkish)
Turkish News (Turkish)

Turkish Daily News online
Turkish daily news (in English)
US based web site featuring turkish daily news and information about Turkey.
Turkish Radio - Television Corporation - TRT
Provides national and international news in all major languages.

NTV Online
TV online (in Turkish)
Turkish Radios Online
A guide to Turkish Radios

Turkish Press
List of Turkish national and local news papers and news agencies.


Bookmark/share this page


Arts & Culture

The Topkapi Palace Museum
Home of almost all the Ottoman sultans.

Turkish Arts & Culture
Turkey's culture information by the Ministry of Culture.

Turkish Cuisine
Extensive information about Turkish Cuisine, includes food history, a food dictionary and recipes.

Turkish Cultural Foundation
Turkish Cultural Foundation promotes Turkish culture and heritage.


Bookmark/share this page


Business & Economy

Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi
Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.

Istanbul Stock Exchange
The official web site of the Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE)

IGEME - Export Promotion Center of Turkey
Aims to developing and promoting Turkish exports.

Turkish Standards Institution
Official website of the Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara.

About Turkey
This site is created for information about Turkey and about companies
that imports and/or exports goods, make booking and charters.

Foreign Economic Relations Board - DEIK
Site provides information about doing business in Turkey.

__ Transportation
Turk Hava Yollari
Turkish Airlinesis the national airline of Turkey based in İstanbul.
Pegasus Airlines
The airline is based in Istanbul and operates holiday charter flights to Turkish resorts from around 100 destinations in 17 countries.
Sun Express
The airline is based in Antalya, it operates scheduled and charter flights to destinations in Europe.

Atatürk International Airport
(IATA: IST) The major international airport in Istanbul, located in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city,
The airport is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and the first president of the Republic of Turkey.
Esenboğa International Airport
(IATA: ESB)the airport in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey.
Antalya Airport
(IATA: AYT) Antalya, Turkey's primary holiday destination located on the Mediterranean coast.

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryollar - TCDD
Turkish State Railways.
Hagia Sophia Istanbul
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Turkey - Travel and Tour Guides

Go Turkey
Turkey's official Tourism Portal.

Turizm Bakanligi
Tourist and travel information by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

Official Turkey guide for the Americas.

Turkey in Pictures
Images of Turkish regions, cities and landmarks.

City Guides
Official website of the Turkish capital city.

Istanbul Convention & Visitors Bureau
A portal to the world's only city on two continents.
The Official City Guide.

Hotels in Turkey
Find a Hotel in Turkey.



Ankara Üniversitesi
The Ankara University, since 1927.
Istanbul Technical University
University since 1928.
Istanbul Üniversitesi
The Istanbul University.
Marmara Üniversitesi
The Marmara University.
Milli Kutuphane
The National Library, Ankara.
Turkish Academy of Science (TÜBA)
Founded in 1993.
Turkish Counsel of Higher Education

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Environment
Official website of the ministry.

Turkish Foundation for Combating Erosion, for Reforestation, and the Protection of Natural Habitats
Official website of TEMA with information about the work and goals of the foundation.
Environment Foundation of Turkey
Official website of the foundation with information about the activities of EFT.
Turkish Marine Research Foundation
An institution for marine environment protection and preservation, conducts research on marine life and habitat.
Society for the Protection of Nature DHKD
Information about the Society (in Turkish)

National Parks
National Parks of Turkey
Wikipedia page with information about Turkish National Parks and preserved areas.


Kemal Ataturk
Kemal Atatürk
Private website about the life and work of the creator of modern Turkey.

Biography of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
by Turkish National Library.

Turkey History
History of Turks & Turkey
Various historical aspects of Turkey's past by Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

The Ottoman Empire
The history, military, culture and arts of the Ottoman Empire.

Turkish National Archives
(until now only in Turkish)

Türk Tarih Kurumu
The Turkish History Society.

History of Turkey
Wikipedia's History of Turkey.


All about Turkey
A Turkish Directory.
Directory of Turkey related sites.
Turkey Central
Turkey's English-language travel, business, and cultural directory.

Additional Information on Turkey

BBC News Country Profile: Turkey

Human Rights Watch: Turkey
Open Directory Project: Turkey
U.S. Library of Congress Country Study - Turkey
Wikipedia: Turkey
The World Factbook -- Turkey
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Greece | Israel
Italy | Lebanon | Libya | Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia

Other countries in the Balkan region:
Bulgaria | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Serbia