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___ Turkey

Destination Turkey, a transcontinental country located on the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia, with a small enclave in Thrace in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Turkish art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information might need to know about this country, e.g.: official web sites of Turkey, addresses of Turkish and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Turkey.

Hagia Sophia Istanbul
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
 

Republic of Turkey | Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

Country Profile


Flag of Turkey
Flag of Turkey

Background:
Turkey is often called "the cradle of civilization," as it has been home to a rich variety of tribes and nations of people since 6500 B.C.
The Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, replacing the dynastic and theocratic Ottoman system, with its Sultanate and Caliphate. The Republic is based on a secular democratic, pluralist and parilamentary system.
In 1945 Turkey joined the UN and became a member of NATO in 1952.
Turkey occupied the northern portion of Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island; relations between the two countries remain strained.
Periodic military offensives against Kurdish separatists have dislocated part of the population in southeast Turkey and have drawn international condemnation.
In recent years, Turkey has become a major tourist destination in Europe.



border countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Syria
 
where in the world is Turkey?

Official Name:
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
local short form: Türkiye
Int'l long form: Republic of Turkey
Int'l short form: Turkey


ISO Country Code: tr
Actual Time: Tue-Sept-30  12:47
Local Time = UTC+2h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +3)

Country Calling Code: +90

Capital City: Ankara (pop. 3.7 million)

Other Cities:
Istanbul (9.2 million), Izmir (3.2 million), Bursa (1.9 million), Adana (1.7 million)

Government:
Type: Republic
Independence: 29 October 1923
Constitution: 7 November 1982

Geography:
Location: southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia
Area: 783,562 km² (302,535 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Narrow coastal plain surrounds Anatolia, an inland plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward. Turkey includes one of the more earthquake-prone areas of the world.
Highest Mountain: Mount Ararat 5,137 metres (16,854 ft)

Climate: Moderate in coastal areas, harsher temperatures inland.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Turk(s). Adjective--Turkish
Population: 75 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Turkish, Kurdish, other
Religions: Muslim 98%, Christian, Bahai and Jewish
Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, and Arabic
Literacy: 82%.

Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, pulse, citrus; livestock.

Industries: Textiles, food processing, autos, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper.

Exports partners: Germany 15.8%, USA 8%, UK 7.8%, Italy 6.8%, France 6% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 13.6%, Italy 7.9%, Russia 7.8%, France 6%, UK 5%, USA 5%, Switzerland 4.3% (2003)

Currency: Turkish New Lira (TRY)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Turkey

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaskanligi
Office of the President (in Turkish).

Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (partly in English).

T.C. Disisleri Bakanligi
The Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides comprehensive information on Turkey and Turkish culture.

Diplomatic Missions
Mission of Turkey to the United Nations
Site of the Turkish Mission to the UN.
Embassy of the Republic of Turkey in the U.S.
Washington D.C
Türkische Botschaft Berlin
Embassy of Turkey in Germany.
List of Turkish Embassies in the World
Address List of Turkish Embassies Abroad.


 Government Bodies and Ministries of Republic of Turkey
List of links to Government Agencies and Ministries.

Maps
 Map of Turkey
Political map of Turkey.
Map of Turkey
Shaded relief map of Turkey.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Turkey
Searchable map and satellite view of Turkey.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Ankara
Searchable map and satellite view of Turkey's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Istanbul
Searchable map and satellite view of Turkey's largest city.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque
Satellite view with information about Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya) and
Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque), Istanbul.
Google Earth Google Earth Mount Ararat
Satellite view and information about Mount Ararat, highest mountain in Turkey.

profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

Turkey News

Anadolu Ajansi
The Turkish news agency
Cumhuriyet
Turkish Newspaper. (in Turkish)
Dünya Gazetesi
Turkish Newspaper (Turkish)
Hurriyet
Daily Newspaper (Turkish)
Milliyet
Daily Newspaper (Turkish)
Sabah
Daily Newspaper (Turkish)
Tercüman
Turkish News (Turkish)


Turkish Daily News online
Turkish daily news (in English)
turkishpress.com
US based web site featuring turkish daily news and information about Turkey.
Turkish Radio - Television Corporation - TRT
Provides national and international news in all major languages.

NTV Online
TV online (in Turkish)
Turkish Radios Online
A guide to Turkish Radios

Turkish Press
List of Turkish national and local news papers and news agencies.

 

 

Arts & Culture


The Topkapi Palace Museum
Home of almost all the Ottoman sultans.

Turkish Arts & Culture
Turkey's culture information by the Ministry of Culture.

Turkish Cuisine
Extensive information about Turkish Cuisine, includes food history, a food dictionary and recipes.

Turkish Cultural Foundation
Turkish Cultural Foundation promotes Turkish culture and heritage.

 

 

Business & Economy

Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi
Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.

Istanbul Stock Exchange
The official web site of the Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE)

IGEME - Export Promotion Center of Turkey
Aims to developing and promoting Turkish exports.

Turkish Standards Institution
Official website of the Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara.

About Turkey
This site is created for information about Turkey and about companies
that imports and/or exports goods, make booking and charters.

Foreign Economic Relations Board - DEIK
Site provides information about doing business in Turkey.

__ Transportation
Airlines
Turk Hava Yollari
Turkish Airlinesis the national airline of Turkey based in İstanbul.
Pegasus Airlines
The airline is based in Istanbul and operates holiday charter flights to Turkish resorts from around 100 destinations in 17 countries.
Sun Express
The airline is based in Antalya, it operates scheduled and charter flights to destinations in Europe.

Airports
Atatürk International Airport
(IATA: IST) The major international airport in Istanbul, located in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city,
The airport is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and the first president of the Republic of Turkey.
Esenboğa International Airport
(IATA: ESB)the airport in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey.
Antalya Airport
(IATA: AYT) Antalya, Turkey's primary holiday destination located on the Mediterranean coast.

Rail
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryollar - TCDD
Turkish State Railways.
 
 

Destination Turkey - Travel and Tour Guides

Go Turkey
Turkey's official Tourism Portal.

Turizm Bakanligi
Tourist and travel information by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

Turkey
Official Turkey guide for the Americas.



Turkey in Pictures
Images of Turkish regions, cities and landmarks.

City Guides
Ankara
Official website of the Turkish capital city.

Istanbul Convention & Visitors Bureau
A portal to the world's only city on two continents.
istanbul.com
The Official City Guide.

Hotels
 NEW  Hotels in Turkey
Find a Hotel in Turkey.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information




Education

Ankara Üniversitesi
The Ankara University, since 1927.
Istanbul Technical University
University since 1928.
Istanbul Üniversitesi
The Istanbul University.
Marmara Üniversitesi
The Marmara University.
Milli Kutuphane
The National Library, Ankara.
Turkish Academy of Science (TÜBA)
Founded in 1993.
Turkish Counsel of Higher Education
 
 

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Environment
Official website of the ministry.

NGOs
Turkish Foundation for Combating Erosion, for Reforestation, and the Protection of Natural Habitats
Official website of TEMA with information about the work and goals of the foundation.
Environment Foundation of Turkey
Official website of the foundation with information about the activities of EFT.
Turkish Marine Research Foundation
An institution for marine environment protection and preservation, conducts research on marine life and habitat.
Society for the Protection of Nature DHKD
Information about the Society (in Turkish)

National Parks
National Parks of Turkey
Wikipedia page with information about Turkish National Parks and preserved areas.
 
 

History

Kemal Ataturk
Kemal Atatürk
Private website about the life and work of the creator of modern Turkey.

Biography of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
by Turkish National Library.


Turkey History
History of Turks & Turkey
Various historical aspects of Turkey's past by Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

The Ottoman Empire
The history, military, culture and arts of the Ottoman Empire.

Turkish National Archives
(until now only in Turkish)

Türk Tarih Kurumu
The Turkish History Society.

History of Turkey
Wikipedia's History of Turkey.
 
 

Search

All about Turkey
A Turkish Directory.
list2000
Directory of Turkey related sites.
Turkey Central
Turkey's English-language travel, business, and cultural directory.


Additional Information on Turkey

BBC News Country Profile: Turkey
Governments on the WWW: Turkey
Human Rights Watch: Turkey
Open Directory Project: Turkey
U.S. Library of Congress Country Study - Turkey
Wikipedia: Turkey
The World Factbook -- Turkey
 
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Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.