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River # 2 village beach, Sierra Leone
River Number Two village beach, located in the Penninsula region of Western Sierra Leone, about 1h drive south of Freetown.
Image: Annabel Symington

___ Sierra Leone

Flag of Sierra Leone
Flag of Sierra Leone
Location map of Sierra Leone. Where in Africa is Sierra Leone?
Location map of Sierra Leone

A virtual guide to Sierra Leone, a country on the coast of West Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in south west, by Liberia in south east and it is half surrounded by Guinea in north and north east.

With an area of 71,740 km² the country is just slightly larger than Ireland or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of South Carolina.

Sierra Leone has a population of 6.2 million people (est. 2014), its largest city, chief port and capital is Freetown, the city is situated in north west of the country at the coast of the North Atlantic Ocean.

Spoken languages are English (official), English Creole, Temne, Mende and other West African languages.

Sierra Leone lies within Africa's tropical zone, with a climate that offers two seasons, the rainy season from May to December, and a dry season from December to May.

Republic of Sierra Leone

Country Profile

The 1991 to 2002 civil war between the government and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (about one-third of the population), many of whom are now refugees in neighboring countries.

With the support of the UN peacekeeping force and contributions from the World Bank and international community, demobilization and disarmament of the RUF and Civil Defense Forces (CDF) combatants has been completed.

National elections were held in May 2002 and the government continues to slowly reestablish its authority. However, the gradual withdrawal of most UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) peacekeepers in 2004 and early 2005, deteriorating political and economic conditions in Guinea, and the tenuous security situation in neighboring Liberia challenged the continuation of Sierra Leone's stability.

In March 2014, the closure of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Leone marked the end of more than 15 years of peacekeeping in the country.

related countries: UK


Official Name:
Republic of Sierra Leone
short form: Sierra Leone

ISO Country Code: sl

Local Time = UTC
Actual Time: Mon-Aug-21  13:50

Capital City: Freetown (1 million)

Country Calling Code: +232

Other Cities: Bo, Kenema, Lungi, Makeni, Yengema

Type: Republic with a democratically elected President and Parliament.
Independence: 27 April 1961 (from Britain).
Constitution: 1 October 1991.

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia.
Area: 71,740 km² (27,698 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Three areas are coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hills along the immediate interior, and a mountainous plateau in the interior.
Highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1 948 m

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December)

Nationality: Sierra Leonean(s).
Population: 6.2 million (2014 est.)
Ethnic groups: Temne 30%, Mende 30%, Krio 1%, small Lebanese community.
Religions: Muslim 60%, Christian 30%, animist 10%.
Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Krio, Temne, Mende, and 15 other indigenous languages.
Literacy: 15-30%.

Natural resources: Diamonds, gold, titanium, bauxite, iron ore, chromite.

Agriculture products: Rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish.

Industries: Diamonds mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining.

Exports - commodities: Iron ore, diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish.

Exports partners: China 31.3%, Belgium 27.8%, Romania 11.3%, US 7.3%, India 4% (2015)

Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals.

Imports - partners: China 23%, India 7.9%, US 6.4%, Netherlands 5.1% (2015)

Currency: New Leone (SLL)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Sierra Leone

The Republic of Sierra Leone State House
The Government of Sierra Leone online, the site provides also related news.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sierra Leone
Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MFAIC) of the Republic of Sierra Leone.

Diplomatic Missions:
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Sierra Leone to the UN
Official website of the Mission of Sierra Leone to the United Nations in New York (under construction).
Sierra Leone High Commission
London, UK

Embassy of Sierra Leone in the US
Washington D.C.
Sierra Leone Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Sierra Leone missions.
Diplomatic Missions in Sierra Leone
Address list of foreign Diplomatic Missions.


Map of Sierra Leone
Political map of Sierra Leone.
Administrative Map of Sierra Leone
Map showing Sierra Leone's administrative regions.

Google Earth Google Earth Sierra Leone
Searchable map/satellite view of Sierra Leone.
Google Earth Google Earth Freetown
Searchable map/satellite view of Sierra Leone' capital city.

Political Map of Africa
All 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.

NHS doctors and nurses practise their medical skills at the Army's Ebola training facility. Sierra Leone and neighboring countries were hit by an Ebola outbreak in 2014 that eventually outpaced all others.
Image: DFID

Peace Process

The Special Court for Sierra Leone
Set up jointly by the Government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations. It is mandated to try those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996.

Conflicts in Africa: Sierra Leone
More information about a decade of armed conflict and grotesque human rights violations in Sierra Leone.

The Heart of the Matter: Sierra Leone, Diamonds and Human Security
Diamonds were central to the conflict in Sierra Leone, and that a highly criminalized war economy had developed a momentum of its own.

Paying the price: the Sierra Leone peace process
The Lome Peace Agreement of July 1999 sought to bring an end to one of the most brutal civil wars of recent times.

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Awareness Times
Recent news.
Sierra Leone news.

International News Sources
allAfrica Sierra Leone
Recent news from Sierra Leone.
UN press agency with the latest news from Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone Radio
'community based' internet radio station.
Talking Drum Studios
Talking Drum Studios (TDS), multi-media studios with multi-ethnic teams of journalists and producers, to stimulate national dialogue around critical issues.

Arts & Culture

Sierra Leone Literature
Sierra Leone writers.
Sierra Leone Music Television
Created to showcase Sierra Leone artists by the worldwide web.

Business & Economy

Bank of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone's Central Bank.

First Line Air
FLA is a Sierra Leone carrier with direct flights between Freetown and London Gatwick.

Lungi International Airport (FNA)
Sierra Leone's int'l airport.
welcome to Sierra Leone
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Sierra Leone - Travel and Tour Guides

National Tourist Board of Sierra Leone
Provides visitors information and Sierra Leone tourism industry facts and addresses.

Sierra Leone Web
SL portal, a very comprehensive website with a lot of information on Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone Connection
US based Sierra Leone community website.

Visit Sierra Leone
Travel and tourism information as well as news from Sierra Leone.

Salone Scrapbook
Pre-war images of Sierra Leone taken between 1987 and 1990 by Glenn Elert.



Njala University College
The public institution operates on two campuses, in Bo and Njala.

Sierra Leone Education
Data and information about Sierra Leone's educational system.

Environment & Nature

Environmental Rescue Movement
ERM was initiated in January 2004, with a purpose of contributing meaningfully to the restructuring and rebuilding of cities in Sierra Leone.


Sierra Leone History
From Sierra Leone's early history until modern and post-modern history.
Sierra Leonean Heroes
Online history book of "Fifty Great Men and Women Who Helped to Build Our Nation".

Cry Freetown
Website about Sorious Samura's film "Cry Freetown", a brutal portrayal of what happened in Freetown, capital of Sierra Leone in January 1999.
Priscilla's Homecoming
An African American woman from Charleston, South Carolina, will make an historic homecoming visit to the West African nation of Sierra Leone.

Additional Information on Sierra Leone

Africa South of the Sahara: Sierra Leone - Stanford University

BBC Country Profile: Sierra Leone

Open Directory Project: Sierra Leone

Wikipedia: Sierra Leone

The World Factbook -- Sierra Leone
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of Western Africa
Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau
Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Togo