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___ Republic of Djibouti

A virtual travel guide to Djibouti. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Djibouti's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this East African nation, e.g.: official web sites of Djibouti, addresses of Djibouti and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information on tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Djibouti.


Republic of Djibouti | République de Djibouti

Country Profile

Flag of Djibouti
Flag of Djibouti

The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. Djibouti's first multi-party presidential elections in 1999 resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH. Djibouti occupies a very strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, but has also developed increasingly stronger ties with the United States in recent years. Djibouti currently hosts the only United States military base in sub-Saharan Africa and is a front-line state in the global war on terrorism.

border countries: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
related countries: France, Yemen
where in Africa is Djibouti?

Official Name:
République de Djibouti
Arabic: Jumhuriyah Jibuti
short form: Djibouti
int'l long form: Republic of Djibouti
former: Territoire Français des Afars et des Issas (French Territory of the Afars and Issas), French Somaliland.

ISO Country Code: dj

Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Thu-Oct-27  02:06

Country Calling Code: +253

Capital City: Djibouti (City)

Other Cities: Dikhil, Arta, Ali-Sabieh, Obock, Tadjoura.

Type: Republic.
Constitution: Ratified September 1992 by referendum.
Independence: 27 June 1977 (from France).

Location: Northeast coast of the Horn of Africa on the Strait of Mandeb, which separates the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.
Area: 23,200 km² (8,880 sq mi)
Terrain: Coastal desert and plateau separated by central mountains.

Climate: Torrid and semi-arid, fresh season, from October to April (average 25°).

Nationality: Djiboutian(s).
Population: 818,000 (2009 census)
Ethnic groups: Somalis (Issaks, Issas, and Gadaboursis) 60%, Afars 35%, Ethiopians,Arab, French, and Italian.
Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%.
Languages: French and Arabic (official); Somali and Afar widely used.
Literacy: 65%.

Natural resources: Gold, clay, granite, marble, minerals (salt, perlite, gypsum, limestone), petroleum, geothermal areas.

Agriculture products: livestock, fishing, fruits, vegetables.

Industries: Banking and insurance (12.5% of GDP), transportation (Djibouti harbour), tourism, construction, agricultural processing, salt.

Exports partners: Somalia 63.8%, Yemen 22.6%, Ethiopia 5% (2004)

Imports partners: Saudi Arabia 19.7%, India 12.4%, Ethiopia 11.8%, China 8.1%, France 5.6%, USA 4.8% (2004)

Currency: Djiboutian Franc (DJF)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Djibouti

Republique Djibouti
Official website of the Republic of Djibouti.

Primature de la Republique de Djibouti
Prime Minister's Office.

Assemblée Nationale
Official website of Djibouti national assembly.

Ministère des Affaires Etrangères
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Djibouti.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Djibouti to the United Nations
UN site with some information about Djibouti.
US Embassy in Djibouti
Official website of the US embassy.
Ambassade de France en République de Djibouti
French Embassy Djibouti (in French).

Map of Djibouti
Political and administrative map of Djibouti.

Google Earth Google Earth Djibouti
Searchable map and satellite view of Djibouti.
Google Earth Google Earth Djibouti City
Searchable map and satellite view of Djibouti's capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa



Agence Djiboutienne d'Information
State news agency with Djibouti national and regional news (in French)

La Nation
A government-owned daily (in French)

Provides news from Djibouti, Somalia and Ethiopia (in English and French)

Radiodiffusion Télévision de Djibouti
Djibouti Television - RTD the state-run TV and Radio station (in French).
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Arts & Culture

Centre Culturel Français Arthur Rimbaud
CCFAR is a center of art and culture an institution of the French embassy.
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Business & Economy

Banque Centrale de Djibouti
Official website of Djibouti's Central Bank.

Adjib - Djibouti Telecom

Djibouti Air
Djibouti Air is the national carrier, based in Djibouti.

Djibouti Airlines
was a privately owned Djiboutian airline, the company ceased operations in 2009.

Djibouti Ports & Free Zones Authority (DPFZA)
Official website of the port authority.

Destination Djibouti - Travel and Tour Guides

Office National du Tourisme
Precious little information about Djibouti travel and tourism (in French).

Afrique Djibouti
Djibouti portal with inormation on the country, travel, climate and more.
Whale Sharks of Djibouti 
Djibouti underwater photographs by Nick Blake.
Djibouti d'hier à aujourd'hui
A guide to Djibouti yesterday and today.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information
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Ministère de l'Education Nationale
Official website of the Ministry of Education (in French).

Centre d'Études et de Recherches Scientifiques de Djibouti
CERD Scientific Research Center of Djibouti in the fields of Languages, Geoscience and New Technologies.

Université de Djibouti
Djibouti University is the oldest University in Djibouti (in French).

Environment & Nature

Centre d'échange de la biodiveristé de Djibouti
Convention on Biological Diversity, a Belgium based site with information on biodiverstity of Djibouti (in French).
Geologie Djibouti
Website about the continental rift of the Asal - Ghoubbet region where the Arabic Plate tends to separate from the African Plate (in French).
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development, a regional grouping of seven Eastern African countries created in 1986 to fight the recurrent and severe droughts and other natural disasters that caused widespread famine, ecological degradation and economic hardship in the Eastern Africa region between 1974 and 1984.


History of Djibouti
Wikipedia entry about the history of Djibouti.

L'histoire de Djibouti
Brief history of Djibouti (in French)

Some documents related to Djibouti's history.

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