Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Home Earth Continents Africa Burkina Faso

___ Burkina Faso

A virtual guide to Burkina Faso, the land of the upright/honest people. Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta; French: Haute Volta) is a landlocked country located in the middle of West Africa's "hump." It is geographically in the Sahel zone, the transition zone between the Sahara Desert in north and the tropical savanna in south. The country is bordered by Mali in north and north west, by Niger in east, by Benin in south east and by Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo in south. With an area of km² of 274,222 sq km Burkina is about three times the size of Austria, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Colorado.
Burkina Faso has a population of of 17.4 million people (est. 2013).

Spoken languages are French (official), and native languages of the Sudanic family, spoken by about 90% of the Burkinabe population.

Burkina Faso, Mosquee Teoule
Mosque of Téoule ©

Burkina Faso

Country Profile

Flag of Burkina Faso
Flag of Burkina Faso


Burkina Faso achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens. Recent unrest in Cote d'Ivoire and northern Ghana has hindered the ability of several hundred thousand seasonal Burkinabe farm workers to find employment in neighboring countries. In 2014 protests and mass uprising in Burkina led to the overthrow of long-serving ruler Blaise Compaore. Blaise Compaore has managed to run down one of the poorest countries on the planet for 27 years.

border countries: Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Togo
related countries: France
where in Africa is Burkina Faso?

Official Name:
Burkina Faso
short form: Burkina
formerly Upper Volta

ISO Country Code: bf

Local Time = UTC (+-0; no UTC/GMT offset)
Actual Time: Thu-May-26  20:22

Country Calling Code: +226

Capital City: Ouagadougou (pop.1 million)

Other Cities: Bobo-Dioulasso (450,000), Koudougou (90,000), Banfora, Dori, Fada N'Gourma, Ouahigouy.

Type: Parliamentary Republic
Independence: 5 August 1960 (from France).
Constitution: 11 June 1991 formally adopted; amended April 2000.

Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana.
Area: 274,200 km² (106,000 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Savanna; brushy plains and scattered hills.

Climate: Sahelian; pronounced wet and dry seasons.

Nationality: Burkinabe (accent on last e).
Population: 17.4 million (2013)
Ethnic groups: 63 ethnic groups among which are Mossi (almost half of the total population), Bobo, Mande, Lobi, Fulani, Gourounsi, and Sénoufo.
Religions: Muslim 55%, Christian 25%, Traditional beliefs 20%.
Languages: French, Mooré, Dioula, Fulfuldé, others.
Literacy: 30%

Natural resources: Manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt.

Agriculture products: Cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock

Industries: Cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold.

Exports partners: China 25.9%, Turkey 24.8%, Belgium 5.2% (2012)

Imports partners: Cote dIvoire 17.6%, France 15.2%, Ghana 4.8%, Togo 4.4% (2012)

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
!!! Due to a variety of reasons some Burkina server are not responding.

Official Sites of Burkina Faso

Premier Ministère du Burkina Faso
Official website of the Prime Ministry (in French)

Présidence du Burkina Faso
The Burkina Faso Presidency (is coming soon).

Délégation générale à l'informatique.

Ministère des Affaires Etrangères
Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in French)

Diplomatic Missions:
Embassy of Burkina Faso to the US
Official website of the embassy, located at Washington D. C.
Ambassade du Burkina Faso en Belgique
Burkina's embassy at Belgium, provides country and travel information.
Diplomatic Missions of Burkina Faso
Address list of embassies and consulates abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions to Burkina Faso
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions to Burkina.

Institut National de la Statistique et de la Demographie (INSD)
Statistical and other information by National Institute of Statistic and Demographics.


profile Map of Burkina Faso
Political map of Burkina Faso showing Burkina's provinces, cities and towns.
profile Administrative Map of Burkina Faso
Map of the 45 administrative provinces of Burkina Faso.

Google Earth Google Earth Burkina Faso
Searchable map/satellite view of Burkina Faso.
Google Earth Google Earth Ouagadougou
Searchable map/satellite view of Burkina Faso's capital city.

African Continent:
Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa
Map of West Africa
Political Map of West Africa.


Agence d'Information du Burkina
Burkina press agency (in French)

Burkina news (in French)
Press review (in French).
L'Observateur Paalga
Burkina daily (in French)
Le Pays
Burkina Faso daily news (in French).
Sidwaya Quotidien
Daily news from Burkina Faso (in French).

RTB :: Radiodiffusion Télévision du Burkina
National TV station (in French)

Signal from the 'land of upright people'
An article by Claus Stäcker: head of DW's Africa department.
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Ministère des Arts et et de la Culture
Ministry of Art and Culture of Burkina Faso.

Festival Panafricain du Cinéma et de la Télévision de Ouagadougou
Next Panafrican Film and Television Festival (FESPACO) will be held 2007.

Museum of Manéga
Manega Bendrologie Museum - mystics and cultures of Sahelian nations.

Musée des civilisations du sud-ouest
Museum devoted to the history, arts and the traditions of the people of south-west: Gan and Lobi.

Ethnic groups:
Mossi (48%, the people in central Burkina Faso, largest ethnic group)
Fulani (10%, Fula people or Wolof, also Pël, are one of the largest ethnolinguistic groups in Africa)
Lobi (7%), the Lobi people originated from what is today Ghana, they migrated into southern Burkina Faso and later into Côte d'Ivoire.
Bobo (7%), Bobo people, an ethnic group living in the area of Bobo-Dioulasso in central west Burkina.
Mandé (7%), Mandé people. Kassena, an ethnic group inhabiting the Kingdom of Dagbon in northern Ghana, and southern Burkina Faso, they are part of the Gurunsi people.
Bookmark/share this page

Business & Economy

Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Central Bank of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. These countries comprise the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA).

Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA)
West African Economic and Monetary Union (in French), le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)

Chambre de Commerce, d'Industrie du Burkina Faso
The Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Handicrafts From Burkina Faso
Site provides comprehensive information on arts and crafts of Burkina.
Salon International de l'Artisanat de Ouagadougou (SIAO)
Annual International Arts and crafts fair in Ouagadougou.

___ Transportation
Air Burkina
The national airline based in Ouagadougou operating scheduled services to one domestic destination, Bobo-Dioulasso, and regional destinations in, Benin (Cotonou), Côte d'Ivoire (Abidjan; Ivory Coast), Ghana (Accra), Mali (Bamako), Niger (Niamey), Senegal (Dakar) and Togo (Lomé) .

Destination Burkina Faso - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Burkina Faso: attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and more.

Discover Burkina Faso
Official travel and tourism information on Burkina Faso.
Tourism, Travel, & Information Guide to Burkina Faso.

Le Pays Lobi
Geography, history, and society of the Lobi (in French).
Le Pays Kassena
Geography, history, and society of the Kassena people (in French).
Le Pays Sénoufo
Geography, history, and society of the Sénoufo nation (in French).

Commune de Ouagadougou
Official website of the capital city.

ABC Burkina
Discover the rural world of Burkina Faso.
Photogallery of the Dogon people.
A community portal site for and about Burkina Faso.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Turka Habitat
Turka Habitat ©


Institute de recherche pour le développement Burkina Faso
French science and technology research institute for research, consultancy and training.
Université de Ouagadougou
Official website of Ouagadougou University (in French)

Environment & Nature

Clearing-House Mechanism of Burkina Faso
Biodiversity conservation related information from Burkina Faso.
Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement au Burkina Faso
United Nations Development Program for Burkina Faso.


L'Histoire du Burkina Faso avant l’indépendance
L'Histoire du Burkina Faso après l’indépendance
History of Burkina Faso before and after independence (in French)

Histoire du Burkina
Burkina's history and time line (in French)

 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of Western Africa
Benin | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia
Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo