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Destination Armenia, this page is about the landlocked country in southeastern Europe, in the Caucasus. Here you will find comprehensive information about Armenia in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Armenia and you will find travel and tourism information.

Lake Sevan, Armenia
Sevanavank (monastry), located on the northwestern shore of Lake Sevan.

Image: debs-eye
 

Republic of Armenia | Hayastan

Country Profile


Flag of Armenia
Flag of Armenia

Background:
Armenia, situated along the route of the Great Silk Road, is a landlocked country of rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, located in the southern Caucasus, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.
It is the smallest of the former Soviet republics, bounded by Georgia on the north, Azerbaijan on the east, Iran on the south, and Turkey on the west.

History
Armenia was a regional empire with a rich culture in the years leading up to the 1st Century CE, at one period controlling all the land between the Black and Caspian Seas.
In 301, Armenia was the first state to formally adopt Christianity as its official state religion, twelve years before Rome. It also changed between various dynasties. But after Parthian (Iranian), Roman, Arab, Mongol and Persian occupation, Armenia had been substantially weakened. In 1454, the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia divided Armenia among themselves. (Source: Wikipedia)

Tourist Destination Armenia
Numerous monuments and masterpieces of the Ancient era and Middle Ages can be found throughout the country. Tourism in Armenia is rooted in the country's historical landmarks and natural attractions such as the water resorts of Lake Sevan, the hot springs of Arzni and Jermuk, the forests of Dilijan, Aghveran, Tsaghkadzor, Bjurakan and Gugark, and the mountainous natural caves and cliffs of the Southeast region. The 5165 meter Mount Ararat, geographically located in Turkey, is a national symbol of Armenia and is visible from much of the Southwest region. (Source: MOFA Armenia)


border countries: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey
related countries: Russia
 
Where in the world is Armenia?
Official Name:
Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
short form: Hayastan
int'l long form: Republic of Armenia
int'l short form: Armenia

ISO Country Code: am

Time:
Local Time = UTC +4h
Actual Time: Fri-Sept-4  19:30
Daylight Saving Time (DST+5h) 28 March - 31 October

Country Calling Code: +374

Capital City: Yerevan (pop. 1.2 million)

Other Cities:
Gyumri (pop. 121 000), Vanadzor (pop. 74 000) and Abovian (pop. 54 000),
Echmiadzin (seat of the patriarchate of the Armenian Apostolic Church).

Government:
Type: Republic with a presidential governing system.
Head of state: President
Constitution: Approved in 1995 referendum. (Text of the Constitution in PDF format)
Independence: (from Turkey, the then declining Ottoman Empire) 1918; First Armenian Republic .
21 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union).


Geography:
Location: Asia, in the southern Caucasus.
Total area: 29,800 km² (11,490 square miles)
Terrain: Rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, one-third of the country is pastureland, forest and woodland cover 12 percent.

Climate: Continetal, with lower temperatures and more precipitation in higher elevations. In central plateau temperature varies widely with cold winters and hot summers.

People:
Nationality: Armenian(s).
Population: 3.3 million
Ethnic groups: Armenian 98%; Yezidi 1.2%; Russian, Greek, and other 0.8%.
Religion: Armenian Apostolic Church (more than 90% nominally affiliated).
Languages: Armenian (Hayeren) 96%, Russian, other.
Literacy: 99%.

Natural resources: Small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina.

Agriculture products: Fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock.

Industries: Diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy.

Currency: Dram (AMD)

(Source: Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and others.)

Armenia in Figures
Armenia key statistical data.
 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Armenia

Administration of the President of the Republic of Armenia
Official site of the President, head of state of Armenia.

Government of Republic of Armenia
Official Government website of the Republic of Armenia.

Parliament of Armenia
The Parliament of Armenia online.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official site of Armenia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, provides information on Armenia and its foreign relations.

Armenia Development Gateway (AmDG)
AmDG is Armenia's E-Government portal, promoting the use of the Internet and other information communications technologies to facilitate nation's access to development oriented knowledge and information/services.

Permanent Mission of the Rep. of ARMENIA to the UN: The Mission
The Armenian Mission to the United Nations official website provides statements and other information that is relevant to Armenia's work at the United Nations.
Embassy of the Republic of Armenia
Embassy of Armenia in the US.


Statistics
Armstat
National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia.


Armenia Maps
Map of Armenia
Political map of Armenia.
Google Earth Google Earth Armenia
Searchable map and satellite view of Armenia.
Google Earth Google Earth Yerevan
Searchable map and satellite view of Armenia's capital city.

profile Caucasus and Central Asia Map
Map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia. 

Armenian News

ARKA News Agency
ARKA News Agency provides financial, economic and political information.
Armenpress
Armenian News Agency.
AZG
News from AZG an Armenian daily.
 
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Arts & Culture

narek.com
Armenian books, music, videos and art
 
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Business & Economy

Central Bank of Armenia
Official website of the bank which is based in Yerevan.

Armenian Brands
Yerevan Brandy Company
A real Armenian brandy, founded in 1887, today with some support of Pernod Ricard.
 
 

Destination Armenia - Country Guides

Armenia Information
Armenia travel and tourism information by the Armenian Tourism Development Agency.
Travel to Armenia
Short overview of tourist attractions in Armenia by the Armenian US Embassy.
ArmeniaGuide.com
Tourguide to Armenia.
Armenian Tourist Attractions
A guide to Armenian Tourist Attractions by Cilicia, the largest Armenian Tourism and Travel web site.
armenians.com
Armenia: One Nation, One Struggle.
Ecotourism Armenia
Informational site about Ecotourism in Armenia.by the Armenian Ecotourism. Association.
TourArmenia
Comprehensive travel and tourism guide to and about Armenia.

Hotels
Hotels in Armenia
Find a Hotel in Armenia.
 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education

American University of Armenia
The American University of Armenia (AUA) offers Master's level graduate programs.

Yerevan State University (YSU)
Official site of the formerly State University of Armenia, the most important institution of higer education in Armenia.

National Academy of Sciences of Armenia
Official site of the academy which is part of the Academical Scientific Network of Armenia.
State-University
State-University  © Photo: Z. Khachikyan

Environment & Nature

Climate Change Information Center of Armenia
Information site on Climate Change and Environmental Projects of Armenia.
 
 

History

Armenia's History
Page about Armenia's rich history by the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
History of Armenia
Brief overview about the history of Armenia.
 
 

Issues Armenia

Nagorno Karabakh (Artsakh)
The autonomous region Nagorno-Karabakh, formally part of Azerbaijan, is predominantly Armenian populated and effectively under Armenian control. The local Armenian separatists declared independence from Azerbaijan on 10 December 1991 and established Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR). The NKR's sovereign status is not recognized by any country in the world. (Source: Wikipedia)

MFA of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic
The official site of the NKR Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
ArmeniaNow
With news related to Nagorno-Karabakh region and Armenia.

Spectrum
Center for Strategic Analysis with the main objectives of examination and analysis of the processes promoting the sustainable political and socioeconomic development of the Republic of Armenia and the region of the South Caucasus as a whole.

Oneworld Multimedia
Photojournalism from Armenia, Karabagh and the Caucasus; Onnik Krikorian, journalist and photographer from the UK, now living and working in the Republic of Armenia.
 
 

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Other countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia:
Azerbaijan | Georgia | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan
 
 
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