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___ Croatia


Flag of Croatia
Flag of Croatia

Location map of Croatia. Where in Europe is Croatia
Location map of Croatia

 
A virtual guide to Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, a country on the north western edge of the Balkan Peninsula in southern Europe, formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. Five countries border Croatia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia, and it shares a sea border with Italy.

Croatia covers an area of 56,594 km², compared Croatia is slightly larger than bordering Bosnia and Herzegovina, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia.

The country offers a long coastline with over a thousand islands along its coast at the Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea), a variety of medieval towns and villages, and a pleasant Mediterranean climate, such features made it a popular holiday destination within Europe.

Croatia has a population of 4,2 million people (in 2015). Capital and largest city is Zagreb. Spoken language is Croatian.



Republic of Croatia | Republika Hrvatska


Country Profile




Background:
The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO.

Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands.
Under UN supervision the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.

In 2013 Croatia joined the European Union as its 28th member state.
 

 


Official Name:
Republika Hrvatska
short form: Hrvatska
int'l long form: Croatia
int'l short form: Republic of Croatia
former: People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia.

ISO Country Code: hr

Time:
Time Zone:
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Mon-Dec-5  21:33

Country Calling Code: +385

Capital City: Zagreb (pop. 780 000)

Other Cities: Split (189 000), Rijeka (144 000), Osijek (115 000), Zadar (72 000), Dubrovnik (44 000).

Government:
Parliamentary Democracy.
Constitution: Adopted 12 December 1990.
Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia).

Geography:
Location: Croatia is situated between central and eastern Europe bordering the Adriatic Sea between Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Area: 56,594 km² (21,851 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Rocky coastlines, flat plains along Hungarian border, densely wooded mountains, lakes, and rolling hills.

Climate: In the north it is continental, Mediterranean along the coast, and a semi-highland and highland climate in the central region.

People:
Nationality: Noun: Croats, adjective--Croatian
Population: 4.2 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Croat 90%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma)
Religions: Catholic 88%, Orthodox 4.5%, Slavic Muslim 1.3%, others 6.5%.
Languages: Croatian (South Slavic language, using the Roman script).
Literacy: 98%

Natural resources: Oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products.

Industries: Chemicals, machine tools, fabricated metal, steel products, aluminum, electronics, paper, wood products, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism.

Exports - commodities: transport equipment, machinery, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels.

Exports partners: Italy 13.4%, Slovenia 12.5%, Germany 11.4%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.9%, Austria 6.6%, Serbia 4.9% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants; foodstuffs.

Imports partners: Germany 15.5%, Italy 13.1%, Slovenia 10.7%, Austria 9.2%, Hungary 7.8% (2015)

Currency: Kuna (HRK)

Croatia in Figures
Key statistical data of Croatia.
 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Croatia

President of the Republic of Croatia
Official website of the President's office.

Croatian Parliament

Government of the Republic of Croatia
Official Site of Croatia's government.


Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Croatia.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Croatia to the UN
- New York
Embassy of the Republic of Croatia
Washington D.C.


HIDRA
Croatian Information and Documentation Referral Agency, the official information portal.


Statistics
Hrvatski zavod za statistiku
Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

Croatia in Figures
Key statistical data of Croatia.


Weather
Drzavni hidrometeoroloski zavod
Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia.


Maps

profile Map of Croatia
Political Map of Croatia.
Google Earth Google Earth Croatia
Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia.
Google Earth Google Earth Zagreb
Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia's capital.

Continent:
Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


 

Croatia News

HINA
Croatian News Agency covers Croatia related news also in English.

Feral
Weekly (in Croatian)
Glas Istre
Daily news coverage (in Croatian)
Globus Online
Weekly (in Croatian)
Jutarnji
Croatian news - daily (in Croatian)
Nacional
Weekly national and international news.
Novi List
Croatian daily (in Croatian)
Vecernji list
Daily news (in Croatian)
 

Bookmark/share this page
Instagram

Arts & Culture

Culturenet.hr
A virtual portal to Croatian Culture with information on Croatian culture institutions festivals and cultural events.

Dubrovnik Summer Festival
Annual cultural festival presents Philharmonic Orchestras, National Folk Dance and Song, Jazz, and Ballet.

Museum of Arts & Crafts
The museums official website (in Croatian).

Museum Documentation Center
Serves as the documentation, information and communication node of the Croatian museum network, provides a list of museums in Croatia.
 
Velebit Mountain
Velebit Mountain - a symbol for Croatia's national identity © CNTB

Business & Economy

Hrvatska Narodna Banka
Central Bank Croatia (in Croatian)

Zagreb Stock Exchange

Hrvatska gospodarska komora
Croatian Chamber of Economy.


__ Transportation

Airlines
Croatia Airlines
The national airline and flag carrier of Croatia, with its hub in Zagreb.

Airport
Zagreb Airport
Craoatia's principal airport provides traveller information, history, maps, distance chart, facilities, and timetable.


Rail
Hrvatske eljeznice
Croatian Railways.

 
 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Croatia - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Croatia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Croatian National Tourist Board
The central tourism portal with general information about traveling Croatia.

Tourist Association of Lika-Senj County
Travel information for the regions of Lika, Podgorje, Gacka, and the island of Pag.
Tourist Association of Grada Senja
Tourism information for the region around Senj.
Tourist Board Karlobag
Information on tourism, accommodation and cultural heritage of Karlobag region.
Tourist Association Starigrad - Paklenica
Tourism information for Paklenica riviera.

Cities
Zagreb
Capital and largest city in the Republic of Croatia.
Zagreb Tourist Board
Official website of the board with tourism information for Zagreb.
Dubrovnik
City of Dubrovnik (in Croatian)
Dubrovnik Tourist Board
Tourism information about one of the most prominent Croatian tourist resorts.
Otocac
Tourist Association of the Town of Otocac.

Hotels
Hotels in Croatia
Find Hotels in Croatia.


Trakoscan Castle
Trakoscan Castle
© CNTB Photo: Milan Babic



Zagreb
Zagreb
© CNTB Photo: Milan Babic

Education

Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

University of Zagreb
The University of Zagreb (1669) is the oldest and biggest university in South-Eastern Europe.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Kornati Islands
The largest archipelago in the Adriatic Sea; consists of 147 islands, islets and reefs.

Velebit Mountain National Park
Velebit is the holy mountain of the Croats.

Krka National Park
The park in the territory of Sibnik-Knin County includes one or more preserved or insignificantly altered ecosystems.

National Park Mljet
A national park on the small Adriatic island of Mljet.
 
Kornati
Kornati Islands
© CNTB - Photo: Ivo Pervan

History

Historical Cultural overview
Croatia's history.
Croatia - an Overview of its History, Culture and Science
Comprehensive information about Croatia's history.
 
 

Search

CroLinks
List of Croatian links on the Net
WWW.HR
The Directory of Croatian WWW Servers.


Additional Information on Croatia

BBC News Country Profile: Croatia
Background Notes: Croatia
Open Directory Project: Croatia
REENIC: Croatia
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Croatia.
Wikipedia: Croatia
The World Factbook -- Croatia
 
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Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Greece | Israel | Italy
Lebanon | Libya | Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey

Other countries in the Balkan region:
Bulgaria | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Serbia
 
 
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