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Balkan Peninsula in southern Europe, formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. Five countries border Croatia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia, and it shares a sea border with Italy.
Flag of Croatia
The country occupies an area of 56,594 km², compared Croatia is slightly larger than bordering Bosnia and Herzegovina, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia.
The country offers a long coastline with over a thousand islands along its coast at the Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea), a variety of medieval towns and villages, and a pleasant Mediterranean climate, such features made it a popular holiday destination within Europe.
Croatia has a population of 4,2 million people (in 2015). Capital and largest city is Zagreb. Spoken language is Croatian.
Republic of Croatia | Republika Hrvatska
The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO.
Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands.
Under UN supervision the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.
In 2013 Croatia joined the European Union as its 28th member state.
short form: Hrvatska
int'l long form: Croatia
int'l short form: Republic of Croatia
former: People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia.
ISO Country Code: hr
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-25 13:59
Country Calling Code: +385
Capital City: Zagreb (pop. 780 000)
Other Cities: Split (189 000), Rijeka (144 000), Osijek (115 000), Zadar (72 000), Dubrovnik (44 000).
Constitution: Adopted 12 December 1990.
Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia).
Location: Croatia is situated between central and eastern Europe bordering the Adriatic Sea between Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Area: 56,594 km² (21,851 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Rocky coastlines, flat plains along Hungarian border, densely wooded mountains, lakes, and rolling hills.
Climate: In the north it is continental, Mediterranean along the coast, and a semi-highland and highland climate in the central region.
Nationality: Noun: Croats, adjective--Croatian
Population: 4.2 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Croat 90%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma)
Religions: Catholic 88%, Orthodox 4.5%, Slavic Muslim 1.3%, others 6.5%.
Languages: Croatian (South Slavic language, using the Roman script).
Natural resources: Oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products.
Industries: Chemicals, machine tools, fabricated metal, steel products, aluminum, electronics, paper, wood products, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism.
Exports partners: Italy 13.4%, Slovenia 12.5%, Germany 11.4%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.9%, Austria 6.6%, Serbia 4.9% (2015)
Imports partners: Germany 15.5%, Italy 13.1%, Slovenia 10.7%, Austria 9.2%, Hungary 7.8% (2015)
Currency: Kuna (HRK)
Croatia in Figures
Key statistical data of Croatia.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of CroatiaPresident of the Republic of Croatia
Official website of the President's office.
Government of the Republic of Croatia
Official Site of Croatia's government.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Croatia to the UN
- New York
Embassy of the Republic of Croatia
Croatian Information and Documentation Referral Agency, the official information portal.
Hrvatski zavod za statistiku
Croatian Bureau of Statistics.
Croatia in Figures
Key statistical data of Croatia.
Drzavni hidrometeoroloski zavod
Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia.
Map of Croatia
Political Map of Croatia.
Google Earth Croatia
Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia.
Google Earth Zagreb
Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia's capital.
Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Zagreb © CNTB Photo: Milan Babic
Croatian News Agency covers Croatia related news also in English.
Weekly (in Croatian)
Daily news coverage (in Croatian)
Weekly (in Croatian)
Croatian news - daily (in Croatian)
Weekly national and international news.
Croatian daily (in Croatian)
Daily news (in Croatian)
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Arts & CultureCulturenet.hr
A virtual portal to Croatian Culture with information on Croatian culture institutions festivals and cultural events.
Dubrovnik Summer Festival
Annual cultural festival presents Philharmonic Orchestras, National Folk Dance and Song, Jazz, and Ballet.
Museum of Arts & Crafts
The museums official website (in Croatian).
Museum Documentation Center
Serves as the documentation, information and communication node of the Croatian museum network, provides a list of museums in Croatia.
Business & EconomyHrvatska Narodna Banka
Central Bank Croatia (in Croatian)
Zagreb Stock Exchange
Hrvatska gospodarska komora
Croatian Chamber of Economy.
The national airline and flag carrier of Croatia, with its hub in Zagreb.
Craoatia's principal airport provides traveller information, history, maps, distance chart, facilities, and timetable.
Destination Croatia - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Croatia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
Croatian National Tourist Board
The central tourism portal with general information about traveling Croatia.
Tourist Association of Lika-Senj County
Travel information for the regions of Lika, Podgorje, Gacka, and the island of Pag.
Tourist Association of Grada Senja
Tourism information for the region around Senj.
Tourist Board Karlobag
Information on tourism, accommodation and cultural heritage of Karlobag region.
Tourist Association Starigrad - Paklenica
Tourism information for Paklenica riviera.
Capital and largest city in the Republic of Croatia.
Zagreb Tourist Board
Official website of the board with tourism information for Zagreb.
City of Dubrovnik (in Croatian)
Dubrovnik Tourist Board
Tourism information about one of the most prominent Croatian tourist resorts.
Tourist Association of the Town of Otocac.
Hotels in Croatia
Find Hotels in Croatia.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
© CNTB Photo: Milan Babic
EducationHrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
University of Zagreb
The University of Zagreb (1669) is the oldest and biggest university in South-Eastern Europe.
Environment & NatureKornati Islands
The largest archipelago in the Adriatic Sea; consists of 147 islands, islets and reefs.
Velebit Mountain National Park
Velebit is the holy mountain of the Croats.
Krka National Park
The park in the territory of Sibnik-Knin County includes one or more preserved or insignificantly altered ecosystems.
National Park Mljet
A national park on the small Adriatic island of Mljet.
© CNTB - Photo: Ivo Pervan
HistoryHistorical Cultural overview
Croatia - an Overview of its History, Culture and Science
Comprehensive information about Croatia's history.
List of Croatian links on the Net
The Directory of Croatian WWW Servers.
Additional Information on CroatiaBBC News Country Profile: Croatia
Background Notes: Croatia
Open Directory Project: Croatia
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Croatia.
The World Factbook -- Croatia
Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Greece | Israel | Italy
Lebanon | Libya | Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey
Other countries in the Balkan region:
Bulgaria | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Serbia
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