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___ Croatia

A virtual travel to Croatia. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Croatia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile the page contains links to sources which provide you with information you want to know about this European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Croatia, addresses of Croatian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Croatia.

Velebit Mountain
Velebit Mountain - a symbol for Croatia's national identity © CNTB
 

Republic of Croatia | Republika Hrvatska

Country Profile



Flag of Croatia
Flag of Croatia

Background:
The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO.
Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands.
Under UN supervision the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia; Croatia shares a sea border with Italy in the Adriatic Sea.
 
where in Europe is Croatia

Official Name:
Republika Hrvatska
short form: Hrvatska
int'l long form: Croatia
int'l short form: Republic of Croatia
former: People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia.

ISO Country Code: hr

Time:
Time Zone:
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Wed-July-29  23:59

Country Calling Code: +385

Capital City: Zagreb (pop. 780 000)

Other Cities: Split (189 000), Rijeka (144 000), Osijek (115 000), Zadar (72 000), Dubrovnik (44 000).

Government:
Parliamentary Democracy.
Constitution: Adopted 12 December 1990.
Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia).

Geography:
Location: Croatia is situated between central and eastern Europe bordering the Adriatic Sea between Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Area: 56,594 kmĀ² (21,851 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Rocky coastlines, flat plains along Hungarian border, densely wooded mountains, lakes, and rolling hills.

Climate: In the north it is continental, Mediterranean along the coast, and a semi-highland and highland climate in the central region.

People:
Nationality: Noun: Croats, adjective--Croatian
Population: 4.3 million (2011 census)
Ethnic groups: Croat 90%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma)
Religions: Catholic 88%, Orthodox 4.5%, Slavic Muslim 1.3%, others 6.5%.
Languages: Croatian (South Slavic language, using the Roman script).
Literacy: 98%

Natural resources: Oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products.

Industries: Chemicals, machine tools, fabricated metal, steel products, aluminum, electronics, paper, wood products, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism.

Currency: Kuna (HRK)

Croatia in Figures
Key statistical data of Croatia.
 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Croatia

President of the Republic of Croatia
Official website of the President's office.

Croatian Parliament

Government of the Republic of Croatia
Official Site of Croatia's government.


Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Croatia.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Croatia to the UN
- New York
Embassy of the Republic of Croatia
Washington D.C.


HIDRA
Croatian Information and Documentation Referral Agency, the official information portal.


Statistics
Hrvatski zavod za statistiku
Croatian Bureau of Statistics.

Croatia in Figures
Key statistical data of Croatia.


Weather
Drzavni hidrometeoroloski zavod
Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia.


Maps

profile Map of Croatia
Political Map of Croatia.
Google Earth Google Earth Croatia
Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia.
Google Earth Google Earth Zagreb
Searchable map and satellite view of Croatia's capital.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


Zagreb
Zagreb © CNTB Photo: Milan Babic
 

Croatia News

HINA
Croatian News Agency covers Croatia related news also in English.

Feral
Weekly (in Croatian)
Glas Istre
Daily news coverage (in Croatian)
Globus Online
Weekly (in Croatian)
Jutarnji
Croatian news - daily (in Croatian)
Nacional
Weekly national and international news.
Novi List
Croatian daily (in Croatian)
Vecernji list
Daily news (in Croatian)
 
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Arts & Culture

Culturenet.hr
A virtual portal to Croatian Culture with information on Croatian culture institutions festivals and cultural events.

Dubrovnik Summer Festival
Annual cultural festival presents Philharmonic Orchestras, National Folk Dance and Song, Jazz, and Ballet.

Museum of Arts & Crafts
The museums official website (in Croatian).

Museum Documentation Center
Serves as the documentation, information and communication node of the Croatian museum network, provides a list of museums in Croatia.
 
 

Business & Economy

Hrvatska Narodna Banka
Central Bank Croatia (in Croatian)

Zagreb Stock Exchange

Hrvatska gospodarska komora
Croatian Chamber of Economy.


__ Transportation

Airlines
Croatia Airlines
The national airline and flag carrier of Croatia, with its hub in Zagreb.

Airport
Zagreb Airport
Craoatia's principal airport provides traveller information, history, maps, distance chart, facilities, and timetable.


Rail
Hrvatske eljeznice
Croatian Railways.

 
 

Destination Croatia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Croatia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Croatian National Tourist Board
The central tourism portal with general information about traveling Croatia.

Tourist Association of Lika-Senj County
Travel information for the regions of Lika, Podgorje, Gacka, and the island of Pag.
Tourist Association of Grada Senja
Tourism information for the region around Senj.
Tourist Board Karlobag
Information on tourism, accommodation and cultural heritage of Karlobag region.
Tourist Association Starigrad - Paklenica
Tourism information for Paklenica riviera.

Cities
Zagreb
Capital and largest city in the Republic of Croatia.
Zagreb Tourist Board
Official website of the board with tourism information for Zagreb.
Dubrovnik
City of Dubrovnik (in Croatian)
Dubrovnik Tourist Board
Tourism information about one of the most prominent Croatian tourist resorts.
Otocac
Tourist Association of the Town of Otocac.

Hotels
Hotels in Croatia
Find Hotels in Croatia.


Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Trakoscan Castle
Trakoscan Castle © CNTB Photo: Milan Babic

Education

Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

University of Zagreb
The University of Zagreb (1669) is the oldest and biggest university in South-Eastern Europe.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Kornati Islands
The largest archipelago in the Adriatic Sea; consists of 147 islands, islets and reefs.

Velebit Mountain National Park
Velebit is the holy mountain of the Croats.

Krka National Park
The park in the territory of Sibnik-Knin County includes one or more preserved or insignificantly altered ecosystems.

National Park Mljet
A national park on the small Adriatic island of Mljet.
 
Kornati
Kornati Islands  © CNTB - Photo: Ivo Pervan

History

Historical Cultural overview
Croatia's history.
Croatia - an Overview of its History, Culture and Science
Comprehensive information about Croatia's history.
 
 

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Lebanon | Libya | Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey

Other countries in the Balkan region:
Bulgaria | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Serbia
 
 
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