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___ Estonia

Destination Estonia, a virtual guide to Estonia, a Baltic country on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, which is part of the Baltic Sea. The Eastern European country is borded by Latvia and Russia, and shares a maritime border with Finland. The former Soviet republic became independent in 1991. With an area of 45,227 km2 it is slightly larger than Denmark or slightly smaller than the U.S. states of New Hampshire and Vermont combined.
Estonia has a population of 1.35 million people, spoken languages are Estonian (official), Russian and some Swedish and Finish.

Read on to get an overview of Estonia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.


 
Tallinn, Estonia
Tallinn - Estonia's Capital City © galerii.ee
 

Republic of Estonia | Eesti Vabariik

Country Profile



Flag of Estonia
Flag of Estonia

Background:
Eastern Europe country bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.
As a result of centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, the idea of an independent Estonian state had already been raised in the late 19th century and came true in 1918 when Estonia attained independence from the Russian Empire. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940, it regained its freedom in 1991, with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. Since April 2004 Estonia is a member of NATO and member of the European Union since May 2004.


border countries: Latvia, Russia

related countries: Finland, Lithuania, Sweden
 

where in the Europe is Estonia

Official Name:
Eesti Vabariik
short form: Eesti
int'l long form: Republic of Estonia
int'l short form: Estonia
former: Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic.

ISO Country Code: ee

Time Zone: Eastern European Time (EET)
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Thu-Sept-18  02:36
DST from March - October (UTC+3)

Country Calling Code: +372

Capital City: Tallinn (pop. 398 500)

Other Cities:
Tartu (101 190); Narva (67 752); Kohtla-Jarve (46 765); Parnu (44 781); Viljandi (20 509)

Government:
Type: Parliamentary Democracy.
Constitution: On 28 June 1992 Estonians ratified a constitution based on the 1938 model, offering legal continuity to the Republic of Estonia prior to Soviet occupation.

Geography:
Location: Eastern Europe, bordering Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia.
Area: 45,227 kmĀ² (17,462 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Estonia is a green land, forests cover around half of the country. Flat, average elevation 50m. Steep limestone banks and 1 521 islands mark the coastline.
Land use: 9.5% arable land, 47,4% forest and woodland, 22% swamps and bogs, 21.5% other. Coastal waters are somewhat polluted.

Climate: Temperate, with four seasons of near-equal length.

People:
Nationality: Estonian(s).
Population: 1.31 million (2012)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 16 461 (year)
Ethnic groups: Estonians 65%, Russians 28%, Ukrainians 2.5%, Belarusians 1.4%, Finns 0.9%, other 2.2%.
Religions: Lutheran, the Estonian Apostolic Orthodox, subordinated to Constantinople, the Estonian Orthodox, subordinated to the Moscow Patriarchate, Baptist.
Languages: Estonian (eesti keel), Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish.
Literacy: 99%.

Natural resources: Oil shale, phosphorite, limestone, blue clay.

Agriculture products: Potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish.

Industries: Engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications.

Currency: Euro


Estonia in Figures
Key statistical data of Estonia.

 


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Estonia

Eesti Vabariigi Presidendi Kantselei
The Precidency of Estonia, Arnold Rüütel's Office.

Riigikogu
The Parliament of Estonia.

Estonia.eu
The official gateway to Estonia.

Estonian State Web Center
Information on the Estonian State.

Esti Välisministeerium
Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of Estonia
The Estonian Embassy in London.
Estonia's Representations around the world
Address List of Estonia's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Foreign Representations accredited to Estonia
Address List of Foreign Missions accredited to Estonia.


Statistics
Statistikaamet
Statistical Office of Estonia.

Estonia in Figures
Key statistical data of Estonia.

Estonia Maps
Map of Estonia
Political Map of Estonia.
Google Earth Google Earth Estonia
Searchable map and satellite view of Estonia.
Google Earth Google Earth Tallinn
Searchable map and satellite view of Tallinn.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

News

BNS News

Eesti Ekspress
Estonian News (in Estonian).
Eesti Päevaleht
Baltic and Estonian News (in Estonian).
SL Öhtuleht
Baltic and Estonian News (in Estonian).

M-Kiosk
Estonian Newspapers and Magazines.

News agency
Baltic News Service (BNS)
The Baltic News Service, covering Baltic and Estonian news. (for subscribers only)

TV/Radio
Eesti Televisioon
ERR News - Estonian Public Broadcasting News in English
 

 

Arts & Culture

culture.ee
A guide to Estonian cultural events.
Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum
The Estonian Literary Museum, the central archive of Estonian literature and folklore.
Eesti Rahva Muuseum
The Estonian National Museum - Estonian heritage and culture, founded in 1909.
kunstikeskus.ee
Estonian contemporary visual arts portal (partly in English).
 

 

Business & Economy

Eesti Pank - Bank of Estonia
The Central Bank of the Republic of Estonia.
Baltic Stock Exchanges
Common index and blue chip list of the exchanges of Tallinn (Estonia), Riga (Latvia), and Lithuania.
HEX Tallinn
The Tallinn Stock Exchange.


Invest in Estonia
Estonian Investment Agency's website created for foreign investors looking for investment opportunities in Estonia.
Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry was re-established in 1989, today it is the largest business representation organization in the country.

__Transportation
Airlines
Estonian Air
The Estonian national airline, with destinations in north- and central Europe and west Russia.

Airport
Tallinna Lennujaam
Estonia's principal airport with flight schedules, arrival & departure information and other travel services (in Estonian).
 
 

Destination Estonia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Estonia: Baltic Sea, Hiiumaa, Kihnu, Tallinn, Narva, Tartu, Saaremaa, Setomaa, Lahemaa National Park, Lake Peipsi.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, cruising, tours and much more.

visitestonia.com
The official tourism homepage of the Estonian Tourist Board.
Estonian Ecotourism Association
Introduction to nature and cultural tours.
Eestimaa Turismiinfo
A guide to Estonia by the Estonian Rural Tourism Association.
Eesti Panoraamgalerii
Estonia image gallery (in Estonian).

Hiiumaa
An island in the Baltic Sea.
Kihnu
Estonia's folk island.
Lahemaa National Park
Forests, beaches, marshes and moorland and a rich archaeological history.
Lake Peipsi
Europe's fifth largest stretch of fresh water.
Saaremaa island
The island of Saaremaa is the second largest in the Baltic Sea.
Setomaa
The historical and ethnical province of the Seto people in Estonia.

 Web encyclopaedia Estonica
Offers a compact and systematic overview of Estonian society, culture, history, nature, education, science, state administration and economy.

City Guides
Tallinn
The city of Tallinn, capital of Estonia.
Narva
The city of Narva at the border to Russia..
Tartu
The university city of Tartu.
Pärnu
The "Summer Capital of Estonia".
Viljandi
The Hanseatic town of Viljandi.

Hotels
Hotels in Estonia
Find a Hotel in Estonia.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Education

Eesti Humanitaarinstituut
The Estonian Institute of Humanities, an independent university established in 1988.
Eesti Instituut
The Estonian Institute provides information material on Estonia, its culture and traditions.
Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu
The National Library of Estonia - The custodian of Estonias national memory and heritage.
Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia
Estonian Academy of Sciences, develop and represent Estonian science.
Estonian Academy of Arts
The former Tallinn Applied Art School, founded in 1914.
Tallinna Tehnikaülikool
The Tallinn Technical University, founded in 1918 as an Estonian technical institution.
Tartu Ülikool
The University of Tartu, largest and oldest university in Estonia, established in 1632.
Tiigri Hype
An Estonian national program to increase Estonian school education quality utilizing modern information and communication technology.
 
Tartu, Estonia
University of Tartu © visitestonia.com
 

Environment

Estonian Fund for Nature (ELF)
ELF is non-governmental and independent nature protection organization, established in 1991.
Estonian Green Movement-FoE
One of the first environmental NGOs in Estonia.

 
 



History

Estonia History
From middle age to Estonias independence in 1991.
Estonian History
Comprehensive information on Estonia's History by the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
History of Estonia
Wikipedia articles about the country's history.

 
 

Search


Estonia-Wide Web
Catalogue and search index.

Open Directory Project: Estonia


REENIC: Estonia
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Estonia.

Additional Information on Estonia

BBC News Country Profile: Estonia

Wikipadia: Estonia

The World Factbook -- Estonia
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.