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Istana Negara, the National Palace in Kuala Lumpur
Istana Negara, the National Palace in Kuala Lumpur is the official residence of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the monarch of Malaysia.
Image: nationsonline.org
 

___ Malaysia

Malaysia Flag
Flag of Malaysia
Location map of Malaysia. Where in the world is Malaysia?
Location map of Malaysia
Destination Malaysia, a virtual guide to the country in Southeast Asia that was formerly known as "Malaya".


Malaysia consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: the peninsular Malaysia (or West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula bordered by Thailand on the north and Singapore in south, and Malaysian Borneo (or East Malaysia) located on the northern part of the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, bordering Indonesia and surrounding the Sultanate of Brunei. The country shares also maritime borders with the Philippines and Vietnam.

Malaysia covers a total area of 329,847 kmĀ², making it slightly larger than Norway, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of New Mexico. Highest mountain is Mount Kinabalu with 4,095 m on the island of Borneo. Mt. Kinabalu and the surrounding Kinabalu Park official website are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Malaysia has a population of 31.6 million people (in 2016). Largest city and the national capital is Kuala Lumpur. Spoken languages are Malay (official), English, Tamil, and Chinese (Cantonese).


Federation of Malaysia | Persekutuan Malaysia


Country Profile

Coat of arms of Malaysia
Coat of arms of Malaysia


Official Name:
Persekutuan Malaysia
short form: Malaysia
int'l long form: Federation of Malaysia

ISO Country Code: my

Local Time = UTC +8h: Wed-Aug-23  12:11

Country Calling Code: +60

Capital City: Kuala Lumpur (pop. 6.9 million in metropolitan area)
Seat of Government: Putrajaya

Other Cities:
Penang, Ipoh, Malacca, Johor Baru, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu, Alor Setar, Shah Alam.

Government:
Type: Federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch.
Independence: 31. August 1957. (Malaya, which is now peninsular Malaysia, became independent in 1957. In 1963 Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore formed Malaysia. Singapore became an independent country in 1965.). Constitution: 31 August 1957, amended 16 September 1963.

Geography:
Location: Southeastern Asia, partly on Malay Peninsula south of Thailand and on the northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam.
Area: 330,000 km² (127,316 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Coastal plains and interior, jungle-covered mountains. The South China Sea separates peninsular Malaysia from East Malaysia on Borneo.

Climate: Tropical, annual southwest (Apr to Oct) and northeast (Oct to Feb) monsoons.

People:
Nationality: Malaysian(s).
Population: 31.6 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: Malay 50%, Chinese 24%, Indigenous 11.0%, Indian 7%, non-Malaysian citizens 7 %.
Religions: Islam (60%), Buddhism (20%), Christianity (10%), Hinduism (6%),Confucianism (2.6%), Animism (1%), others (including Taoism, Sikhism, Baha'i faith).
Languages: Malay, Cantonese, Hokkien, Mandarin Chinese, English, Tamil, indigenous.
Literacy: 94%.

Natural resources: Tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite.

Agriculture products: Peninsular Malaysia - rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah - subsistence crops, rubber, timber, coconuts, rice; Sarawak - rubber, pepper; timber.

Industries:
Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing industry, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging and processing timber.
Sabah - logging, petroleum production.
Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging.

Exports - commodities: semiconductors and electronic equipment, palm oil, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals, solar panels

Exports - partners: Singapore 13.9%, China 13%, Japan 9.5%, US 9.4%, Thailand 5.7%, Hong Kong 4.7%, India 4.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals

Imports - partners: China 18.8%, Singapore 12%, US 8.1%, Japan 7.8%, Thailand 6.1%, South Korea 4.5%, Indonesia 4.5% (2015)

Currency: Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)

Malaysia in numbers
Malaysia Key Statistical Data.


Background:
Malaysia is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country in Southeast Asia and one of the wealthiest and most developed countries, outranked in GNP only by Singapore and oil-rich Brunei. The Federation of Malaya became an independent country on 31 August 1957.
On 16 September 1963 the federation was enlarged by the accession of the states of Singapore, Sabah (formerly British North Borneo) and Sarawak. The name "Malaysia" was adopted from that date. Singapore left the federation on 9 August 1965.

border countries: Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand

related countries: United Kingdom


 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Malaysia

Malaysia is a federation of 13 states, the country's political system is a constitutional monarchy based on the British Westminster parliamentary system. The nine Malay States (Sultanates) are constitutionally headed by a traditional ruler of royal descent. The representative head of state is the king, who is chosen every five years from the ranks of the rulers of the nine Sultanates according to the principle of rotation. Executive power is vested in the cabinet led by the prime minister, who is the head of government.

royal National Palace Malaysia
Official website of the ruler of Malaysia (Yang di-Pertuan Agong).

Conference of Rulers (Majlis Raja-Raja)
Official website of the Council of Rulers of Malaysia, the council consists of the nine rulers of the Malay states, and the governors or Yang di-Pertua Negeri, the other four states. The council's responsibility is the election of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) and his deputy, every five years.

Federal Government of Malaysia (Kerajaan Persekutuan Malaysia)
Malaysia's government official website.

Prime Minister's Office
Official website of the Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Parlimen Malaysia
Official Website of the national assembly of Malaysia. The bicameral parliament consists of the lower house, the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) and the upper house, the Senate (Dewan Negara).


Kementerian Luar Negeri
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Malaysia to the United Nations
Malaysia's Permanent Mission to the UN.
High Commission of Malaysia
Official Website of High Commission of Malaysia, London
Malaysia's Missions Worldwide
List of addresses of Malaysia's Missions Worldwide.
Foreign Missions in Malaysia
List of addresses of Foreign Missions in Malaysia.

Visa Information
Visa Malaysia
Visa Requirement for Foreigners.

Malaysian States
Johor
The State of Johor (Johore).
Kedah State Government
The State of Kedah.
Kelantan
The State of Kelantan.
Melaka
The Historic City State of Malaysia.
Negeri Sembilan
The State of Negeri Sembilan.
Pahang
The State of Pahang.
Penang
Penag Government site (in Bahasa Melayu).
Perak
The State of Perak.
Perlis
Kerajaan Negeri Perlis, the State of Perlis.
Sabah
The State of Sabah.
Sarawak
The State of Sarawak.
Selangor
The State of Selangor.
Terengganu
The State of Terengganu (Trengganu).


Maps


profile Map of Peninsular Malaysia
Map of West Malaysia showing the search area where Malaysian Airlines flight MH 370 is supposed to be found.
profile Political Map of Malaysia
Map of Malaysia showing Malaysia's 13 states (negeri).
Google Earth Google Map Malaysia
Searchable map and satellite view of Malaysia.
Google Earth Google Map Kuala Lumpur
Searchable map and satellite view of Malaysia's capital city.
Google Earth Google Map Johor Bahru
Searchable map and satellite view of Johor Bahru (JB), Malaysia's second largest city.

Map of the South China Sea
Map of the South China Sea region.
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
 
 

News


Daily Express
Independent National Newspaper of East Malaysia.
Free Malaysia Today (FMT)
Malaysia related news.
New Straits Times
Tabloid style online news.
The Star
Malaysian News for the world.

Aliran online
Monthly magazin; Malaysia's first multi-ethnic reform movement dedicated to justice, freedom and solidarity.
Malaysia Today
Malaysia magazine by Raja Petra Kamaruddin providing news and commentary critical of the administration.

Malay language newspaper
Berita Harian
Malay News.
Harian Metro
Most circulated Malay language newspaper.
Utusan Malaysia
Malay language newspaper.



Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur
Image: © nationsonline.org

 

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Arts & Culture


Dr. Mahadare
MahaDARE the Cartoon, Satire on Asian Politics & Social Issues.

Malay Films (filemelayu.cjb.net)
Films from Malaysia.


 
Dayak Dancer
Dayak cultural dancers with Mount Santubong in the background. © MTPB

 
 

Business & Economy

Malaysia, a middle-income country, it has transformed itself since the 1970s from a mainly agricultural producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Malaysia is attempting to achieve high-income status by 2020 and to move farther up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in Islamic finance, high technology industries, biotechnology, and services. Exports - particularly of electronics, oil and gas, palm oil and rubber - remain a significant driver of the economy.

Central Bank of Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange

Malaysian International Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Malaysian business information.

Malaysian Products
Proton
Malaysia's first car manufacturer.
Perodua
Malaysia's second automobile manufacturer.


Transportation

__Airlines

AirAsia
Malaysian low cost airline.
Malaysia Airlines
Serves over 100 destinations in Asia, Australia, USA and Europe.


Malaysia's International Airports with their IATA airport codes:

KLIA
Kuala Lumpur International Airport
IATA code: KUL

Kota Kinabalu International Airport
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, second busiest airport in Malaysia after Kuala Lumpur International Airport; IATA code: BKI

Kuching International Airport
Sarawak's main airport; IATA code: KCH

Langkawi International Airport
On the island of Langkawi; IATA code: LGK

Penang International Airport
On the island of Penang; IATA code: PEN

Senai International Airport
Sultan Ismail International Airport near Johor Bahru
IATA code: JHB.

Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
Malaysian airport company who manages most of the airports in Malaysia.


__Railroad
KTMB - Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad
Malaysia railway network system.
 

 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Malaysia - Country Guides


Tourism Malaysia
Official Website of Tourism Malaysia.

Tourism Malaysia II
Official site of The Malaysian Tourism Promotion Board (MTPB).

Malaysia Guide
by the Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board New York.


Tourism Negeri Sembilan
Travel and tourism guide to Negeri Sembilan state.
Sabah Tourism Board
Travel and tourism guide to Sabah state.
Sarawak Tourism Board
Travel and tourism guide to Sarawak state.
Tourism Terengganu
A travel and tourism guide to the Malaysian state on the east coast of peninsular Malaysia.


City Guides
Kuala Lumpur
Government of the City of Kuala Lumpur.
Vision KL
Kuala Lumpur City Magazine.

 
Petronas Towers at night
Petronas Towers at night.
Image: nationsonline.org

 

Education


University of Malaya
The oldest and most prestigious university in the country, the public research university is located in Kuala Lumpur.

Universiti Teknologi (UTM)
Official web portal of the University of Technology, the public research University in Johor Bahru.

Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia
The National Library of Malaysia.
 
Iban girls
Iban Women at Citrawarna (Colors, a festival of culture) © MTPB
 

Environment & Nature

Department of Environment
Official site of the Malaysian Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment.
 
 
 

History


Malaysia : History
Summary about Malaysia's history by the Commonwealth of Nations organization.

History of Malaysia
Wikipedia article about Malaysia's history.

National Archives of Malaysia
Custodian of the Nation's Heritage.

 
 
 

Search

Cari
Malaysia Search Engine.
Malaysia Directory
Malaysian Search Engine Portal.
Open Directory: Malaysia

Sources and additional Information on Malaysia


BBC Country Profile: Malaysia

Reporters sans frontières - Malaysia
Press Freedom Malaysia.

Wikipedia: Malaysia

The World Factbook -- Malaysia
 
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