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South China Sea (Pacific Ocean, in north). It is bordered by Malaysia (on Borneo), Papua New Guinea (on the island of New Guinea), Timor-Leste (East Timor) on the island of Timor. Indonesia shares maritime borders with Australia, India, Palau, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Flag of Indonesia
The country consists of a number of islands between, 13,000 and more than 17,000, depending on what you define as an island. Largest islands are Sumatra, Java (with more than half of the country's population), Borneo (known as "Kalimantan" in Indonesia), Sulawesi, and New Guinea. Most of the larger islands are mountainous, with peaks ranging between 3,000 and 3,800 m.
The whole country lies in the south western arm of the Ring of Fire, an arc of volcanic activities, ocean trenches, fault lines and plate movements. The islands of Indonesia are prone to earthquakes and even tsunamis. Indonesia is supposed to be the country with the most volcanoes in the world.
Image: Flying Pharmacist
With an area of 1,904,569 km² and a population of 258 million people (in 2016) making Indonesia the largest and most populous country situated only on islands, the combined area of the archipelago is slightly smaller than Mexico, or more than five times the size of Germany.
Indonesia's capital and largest city is Jakarta on the island of Java (pop. 10 million), other major cities: Bandung, Medan, Surabaya. Official language is Indonesian.
Republic of Indonesia | Republik Indonesia
Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups. The archipelago is on a crossroad between two oceans, the Pacific and the Indian, and bridges two continents, Asia and Australia/Oceania. This strategic position has always influenced the cultural, social, political, and economic life of the country which has achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1949.
Current issues include: implementing IMF-mandated reforms of the banking sector, effecting a transition to a popularly elected government after four decades of authoritarianism, addressing charges of cronyism and corruption, holding the military accountable for human rights violations, and resolving growing separatist pressures in Aceh and Irian Jaya.
short form: Indonesia
int'l long form: Republic of Indonesia
int'l short form: Indonesia
formerly: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies
ISO Country Code: id
Local Time = UTC +7h to UTC +9h
Denpasar, Bali Thu-Apr-19 19:48
Jakarta, Java Thu-Apr-19 18:48
Country Calling Code: +62
Capital City: Jakarta (Special Capital City Region of Jakarta), situated on the island of Java (pop. est. 8.8 million)
Surabaya, Medan, Bandung
Type: Independent republic.
Independence: 17 August 1945 Indonesia proclaimed independence; on 27 December 1949, the country became legally independent from the Netherlands.
Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
Largest islands: Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), New Guinea.
Area: 2 million km² (736 000 sq. mi.).
Terrain: More than 17 000 islands; 6 000 are inhabited; 1 000 of which are permanently settled. Large islands consist of coastal plains with mountainous interiors.
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; cooler in the highlands.
Population: 258 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: 45% Javanese, 14% Sudanese, 7.5% Madurese and 26% other ethnic groups.
Religions: Islam 87%, Protestant 6%, Catholic 3%, Hindu 2%, Buddhist and other 1%.
Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, akin to Malay), English, Dutch, plus 583 dialects, the most widely spoken of which is Javanese.
Natural resources: Petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver.
Agriculture products: Rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra, poultry, beef, pork, eggs.
Industries: Petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism.
Exports - commodities: mineral fuels, animal or vegetable fats (includes palm oil), electrical machinery, rubber, machinery and mechanical appliance parts.
Exports - partners: Japan 12%, USA 10.8%, China 10%, Singapore 8.4%, India 7.8%, South Korea 5.1%, Malaysia 5.1% (2015)
Imports - commodities: mineral fuels, boilers, machinery, and mechanical parts, electric machinery, iron and steel, foodstuffs.
Imports - partners: China 20.6%, Singapore 12.6%, Japan 9.3%, Malaysia 6%, South Korea 5.9%, Thailand 5.7%, US 5.3% (2015)
Currency: Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)
Indonesia in Figures
Indonesia key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Indonesia
Government of the Republic of Indonesia.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Indonesia.
Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the UN
Indonesia's representation to the United Nations.
Embassy of Indonesia Canada
Indonesia's Embassy, Ottawa.
Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in the U.S.
BPS - Badan Pusat Statistik
Official Websites of Regional Governments:
Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
NAD Province online (in Bahasa Indonesia)
Bengkulu Province online (in Bahasa Indonesia)
Official Site of Riau's Province Government.
Provinsi Sumatera Barat
West Sumatra Province government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
Lampung Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia)
Resmi Provinsi DKI Jakarta
Official site of the DKI Jakarta Province Government.
Provinsi Jawa Barat
West Java Province (in Bahasa Indonesia).
Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta Province Government site (in Bahasa Indonesia).
Provinsi Jawa Tengah
Central Java Province (in Bahasa Indonesia).
Provinsi Jawa Timur
East Java Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
Bali Province, Provinsi Bali
Bali Province Government site (Bahasa Indonesia).
Pemerintah Provinsi Sulawesi Utara
North Sulawesi Province Government (Bahasa Indonesia).
East Kalimantan Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan Barat
West Kalimantan Province Government (in Bahasa Indonesia).
Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan
South Kalimantan Province (partly in English)
Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
Pemerintah Provinsi Papua - The Government of Papua Province
The Government of Papua Province (Indonesia).
Map of Indonesia
Small Map of Indonesia.
Political Map of Indonesia
Political Map of Indonesia.
Administrative Regions of Indonesia
Map of Indonesia with administrative regions (provinces).
Google Map of Indonesia
Searchable map and satellite view of Indonesia.
Google Map of Jakarta
Searchable map and satellite view of Indonesia's capital city (formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia).
Google Map of Bandung
Searchable map and satellite view of Bandung, capital of West Java province.
Google Map of Medan
Searchable map and satellite view of Medan, capital of North Sumatra province.
Google Map of Surabaya
Searchable map and satellite view of Surabaya, capital of Jawa Timur (East Java).
South China Sea
Map and information about the South China Sea.
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
The official news agency of the government of Indonesia.
The Jakarta Post
The journal of Indonesia today provides current Indonesian news.
The Jakarta Globe
English-language daily printed in Jakarta.
Newspaper in Bahasa Indonesia
Magazine with online news from Indonesia.
Business and finance (English/Indonesian).
Indonesia News by World News Network.
Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI)
Public, operates six national networks provides online news in English and Indonesian.
Televisi Republik Indonesia (TVRI)
TVRI operates two networks (Indonesian).
Rajawali Citra TV Indonesia (RCTI)
Surya Citra Televisi Indonesia (SCTV)
Media Nusantara Citra
Private TV MNCTV's official website, formerly TPI.
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Arts & Culture
National Museum of Indonesia
Indonesia's 'Museum Nasional' reflects Indonesian culture, it is located in central Jakarta (in Indonesian).
Galeri Nasional Indonesia
The National Gallery of Indonesia is the national art gallery and a center for modern and contemporary art in Jakarta.
Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
Indonesian culture in a recreational park.
Living in Indonesia
A site for Expats.
© The Jakarta Post (Murdani Usman)
Business & Economy
Central Bank of Republic of Indonesia.
Bursa Efek Indonesia
Indonesia Stock Exchange.
Ministry of Industry
Indonesian Ministry of Industry website.
Indonesia Business Directory. Find products from Indonesia.
The Indonesian Airline.
Jakarta Airport (Soekarno-Hatta)
Official website of Soekarno-Hatta International also called Cengkareng by Indonesians (IATA code: CGK).
Port of Jakarta
The Port of Tanjung Priok is the largest Indonesian seaport.
PT Kereta Api Indonesia
Indonesian Railways (Java).
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Indonesia - Travel and Tour Guides
Cities: Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, Bandung
Borobudur (9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple complex), Prambanan (9th-century Hindu temple complex), Java; Pura Besakih (important Hindu temple complex), Sabangau National Park, Bali; Jayapura, Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua; Equator Monument Museum, Kalimantan (Borneo); Lake Toba (large crater lake), Alas River (rafting), Mount Leuser National Park, Sumatra
Find accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.
The official site of the Indonesian Tourism Ministry.
Comprehensive travel and tourism guide to art and culture of Indonesia.
Living in Indonesia, Site for Expatriates-Jakarta Indonesia
Articles with essential information on moving to Indonesia, the site provides in-depth information on Indonesia from an expat point of view.
Bali Government Tourism
Official Bali Tourism Website.
Country and travel guide to Bali.
A gateway to Yogyakarta on the island of Java, one of the main tourist destinations in Indonesia.
Java - Temples, Volcanoes and Bustling Cities.
State university of Indonesia, Jakarta.
A list of Indonesian Universities.
Environment & Nature
Down to Earth
UK based project monitors and campaigns on the social and human implications of environmental issues in Indonesia.
Friends of the Earth Indonesia
Site of the Indonesian Forum for Environment.
Jaringan Advokasi Tambang - the Mining Advocacy Network
JATAM is working on issues concerning human rights, gender, the environment, indigenous people and social justice in relation to the mining, oil, and gas industries.
WALHI - Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia
Indonesian Forum for Environment, largest forum of NGOs and community-based organisations in Indonesia with more than 430 member organisations.
Orang Utan Rehabilitation Center and Tanjung Puting National Park
Site about the Rehabilitation Center at Tanjung Puting National Park.
Outline of Indonesia's History
Library of Congress: Indonesia from prehistory until today.
Sources and additional Information on Indonesia
Other Countries in Southeast Asia:
Brunei | Cambodia | East Timor | Laos | Malaysia | Myanmar | Philippines | Singapore | Thailand | Vietnam
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