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Storm clouds in Neembucu department, south west Paraguay.
Image: Marissa Strniste

___ Paraguay

Paraguay Flag
Flag of Paraguay
Location map of Paraguay. Where in the South America is Paraguay?
Location map of Paraguay

Destination Paraguay, a landlocked country in central South America. The Pilcomayo and the Paraguay river form parts of its eastern border with Argentina. Sections of its western and southern borders are defined by the Paraná river, the second longest river in South America (the longest is the Amazon River). The Paraguay river and the Apa river forms part of Paraguay's border with Brazil. In north and north west it is bordered by Bolivia.

Paraguay covers an area of 406,752 km², making it slightly larger than 1.5 times the size of the United Kingdom or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of California.

The country has a population of 6.8 million people (official estimates 2014); capital and largest city is Asunciòn, largest metropolitan area is Gran Asunción a conglomerate of several smaller cities around Asunciòn.
Spoken languages are Spanish (official) and indigenous Guaraní.

Republic of Paraguay | República del Paraguay

Country Profile

In the early 16th century Europeans arrived in the area inhabited by seminomadic Guarani-speaking tribes called Cayua or Caingua, "men of the forest". In 1537 the Spaniards founded Asuncion which became the center of a Spanish colonial province. Paraguay declared its independence by overthrowing the local Spanish authorities in 1811.

In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay (1865-70), Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Bolivia.

The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.

related countries: Spain

Official Name:
República del Paraguay
short form: Paraguay
int'l long form: Republic of Paraguay

ISO Country Code: py

Actual Time: Sat-Mar-25  09:39
Local Time = UTC -4h

Country Calling Code: +595

Capital City: Asunción (pop. 612 000)

Other Cities:
Ciudad del Este, San Lorenzo, Capiatá, Fernando de la Mora, Encarnación.

Type: Constitutional Republic.
Independence: May 1811 (from Spain).
Constitution: June 1992.

Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina
Area: 406,752 km² (157,047 sq. mi.)
Terrain: East of the Paraguay River--grassy plains, wooded hills, tropical forests; west of the Paraguay River (Chaco region)--low, flat, marshy plain.

Climate: Temperate east of the Paraguay River, semiarid to the west.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Paraguayan(s).
Population: 6.8 million (2014)
Ethnic groups: Mixed Spanish and Amerindian (mestizo) 95%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%; Mennonite and other Protestant denominations.
Languages: Spanish, Guaraní.
Literacy: 91.6%.

Natural resources: Hydroelectric sites, forests.
Agriculture products: Cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber.

Industries: Sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power.

Exports - commodities: soybeans, livestock feed, cotton, meat, edible oils, wood, leather

Exports - partners: Brazil 31.7%, Russia 9.1%, Chile 7.1%, Argentina 7% (2015)

Imports - commodities: road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery, tractors, chemicals, vehicle parts

Imports - partners: Brazil 25.4%, China 23.7%, Argentina 14.8%, US 7.9% (2015)

Currency: Guaraní (PYG)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Paraguay

República del Paraguay Gobierno
The Paraguay Government (Spanish).
Presidencia de la República
Luis Angel González Macchi's Office.

Paraguay National Congress
Honorable Cámara de Diputados
Honorable Cámara de Senadores

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of External Relations (in Spanish).

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations
Useless page of the Paraguayan Mission to the UN.
Embassy of Paraguay in Ottawa
Site of Paraguay's embassy in Canada.
Diplomatic Missions of Paraguay Abroad
Addresses of Paraguay's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Paraguay
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Paraguay.


Map of Paraguay
Political Map of Paraguay.
Administrative Map of Paraguay
Administrative Map of Paraguay showing Paraguay's departments
and autonomous regions.

Google Earth Google Earth Paraguay
Searchable map and satellite view Paraguay.
Google Earth Google Earth Asunción
Searchable map and satellite view of Paraguay's capital city.

Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
Paraguay News
Paraguay ISP and Paraguay portal with regional news (in Spanish).
La Nacion
Paraguayan News (in Spanish)
Noticias on line
Noticias on line, Paraguay News (in Spanish)
Ultima Hora
National news (Spanish)
Paraguay related news by World News Network.

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Arts & Culture

Guarani Legacy
About the Guarani and their language.
Guarani Ñanduti Rogue
Guarani language and culture (in German, Portuguese, and Spanish)
Guarani Renda
About the Guarani language (in Guaraní and Spanish)
About Paraguay's native people.
Museo del Barro
The Visual Arts Center shows the popular art, the indigenous art and the urban art of Paraguay
Musica Paraguaya
Music from Paraguay (in Spanish)


Business & Economy

Banco Central del Paraguay
The Central Bank of Paraguay (in Spanish)
Bolsa de Valores y Productos de Asunción S.A.
Paraguay Stock Exchange (in Spanish)
Cámara y Bolsa de Comercio
(in Spanish)

Ferrocarriles del Paraguay
Paraguay Railroad.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Paraguay - Travel and Tour Guides

Secretaría de Turismo del Paraguay
Paraguay travel and tourism information (in Spanish).

The Absolutely Unofficial Home Page of Paraguay
Absolutely unofficial.

Paraguay ISP and Paraguay portal with regional news.

Paraguay ... País de Maravillas
General travel and tourism information on Paraguay (Spanish).

The heart of South America.
The Municipality of Asunción (in Spanish)


Universidad Católica "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción"
Universidad Columbia del Paraguay
Universidad Nacional de Asunción


Environment & Nature

Fundación Moisés Bertoni
Moisés Bertoni Foundation for sustainable development, through conservation of ecosystems with the active participation of the population (in Spanish).

The Nature Conservancy in Paraguay
Page with information about the work of Nature Conservancy in Paraguay.

Waterland Research Institute
A non-profit, inter-disciplinary, research, education, and conservation organization. The institute's primary concern and arena of activity is the Paraguay River Basin in South America, with particular emphasis on the Pantanal region and Upper Paraguay River Basin of Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay.


The Triple Alliance War (1864-1870)
The Gran Chaco War (1928-1935)
WWW-VL History: Paraguay
Paraguay history resources.


Paraguay search engine and directory.

Additional Information on Paraguay

Background Notes: Paraguay

LANIC - Paraguay
Latin American Network Information Center on Paraguay.

Open Directory Project: Paraguay

Wikipedia: Paraguay

The World Factbook -- Paraguay
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama