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a landlocked country in central South America. The Pilcomayo and the Paraguay river form parts of its eastern border with Argentina. Sections of its western and southern borders are defined by the Paraná river, the second longest river in South America (the longest is the Amazon River). The Paraguay river and the Apa river forms part of Paraguay's border with Brazil. In north and north west it is bordered by Bolivia.
Flag of Paraguay
Paraguay covers an area of 406,752 km², making it slightly larger than 1.5 times the size of the United Kingdom or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of California.
The country has a population of 6.8 million people (official estimates 2014); capital and largest city is Asunciòn, largest metropolitan area is Gran Asunción a conglomerate of several smaller cities around Asunciòn.
Spoken languages are Spanish (official) and indigenous Guaraní.
Republic of Paraguay | República del Paraguay
In the early 16th century Europeans arrived in the area inhabited by seminomadic Guarani-speaking tribes called Cayua or Caingua, "men of the forest". In 1537 the Spaniards founded Asuncion which became the center of a Spanish colonial province. Paraguay declared its independence by overthrowing the local Spanish authorities in 1811.
In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay (1865-70), Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Bolivia.
The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.
related countries: Spain
República del Paraguay
short form: Paraguay
int'l long form: Republic of Paraguay
ISO Country Code: py
Actual Time: Sun-Jan-22 10:13
Local Time = UTC -4h
Country Calling Code: +595
Capital City: Asunción (pop. 612 000)
Ciudad del Este, San Lorenzo, Capiatá, Fernando de la Mora, Encarnación.
Type: Constitutional Republic.
Independence: May 1811 (from Spain).
Constitution: June 1992.
Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina
Area: 406,752 km² (157,047 sq. mi.)
Terrain: East of the Paraguay River--grassy plains, wooded hills, tropical forests; west of the Paraguay River (Chaco region)--low, flat, marshy plain.
Climate: Temperate east of the Paraguay River, semiarid to the west.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Paraguayan(s).
Population: 6.8 million (2014)
Ethnic groups: Mixed Spanish and Amerindian (mestizo) 95%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%; Mennonite and other Protestant denominations.
Languages: Spanish, Guaraní.
Natural resources: Hydroelectric sites, forests.
Agriculture products: Cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber.
Industries: Sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power.
Exports - commodities: soybeans, livestock feed, cotton, meat, edible oils, wood, leather
Exports - partners: Brazil 31.7%, Russia 9.1%, Chile 7.1%, Argentina 7% (2015)
Imports - commodities: road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery, tractors, chemicals, vehicle parts
Imports - partners: Brazil 25.4%, China 23.7%, Argentina 14.8%, US 7.9% (2015)
Currency: Guaraní (PYG)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of ParaguayRepública del Paraguay Gobierno
The Paraguay Government (Spanish).
Presidencia de la República
Luis Angel González Macchi's Office.
Paraguay National Congress
Honorable Cámara de Diputados
Honorable Cámara de Senadores
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of External Relations (in Spanish).
Permanent Mission of Paraguay to the United Nations
Useless page of the Paraguayan Mission to the UN.
Embassy of Paraguay in Ottawa
Site of Paraguay's embassy in Canada.
Diplomatic Missions of Paraguay Abroad
Addresses of Paraguay's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Paraguay
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Paraguay.
Map of Paraguay
Political Map of Paraguay.
Administrative Map of Paraguay
Administrative Map of Paraguay showing Paraguay's departments
and autonomous regions.
Google Earth Paraguay
Searchable map and satellite view Paraguay.
Google Earth Asunción
Searchable map and satellite view of Paraguay's capital city.
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
Paraguay ISP and Paraguay portal with regional news (in Spanish).
Paraguayan News (in Spanish)
Noticias on line
Noticias on line, Paraguay News (in Spanish)
National news (Spanish)
Paraguay related news by World News Network.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureGuarani Legacy
About the Guarani and their language.
Guarani Ñanduti Rogue
Guarani language and culture (in German, Portuguese, and Spanish)
About the Guarani language (in Guaraní and Spanish)
About Paraguay's native people.
Museo del Barro
The Visual Arts Center shows the popular art, the indigenous art and the urban art of Paraguay
Music from Paraguay (in Spanish)
Business & EconomyBanco Central del Paraguay
The Central Bank of Paraguay (in Spanish)
Bolsa de Valores y Productos de Asunción S.A.
Paraguay Stock Exchange (in Spanish)
Cámara y Bolsa de Comercio
Ferrocarriles del Paraguay
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Paraguay - Travel and Tour Guides
Secretaría de Turismo del Paraguay
Paraguay travel and tourism information (in Spanish).
The Absolutely Unofficial Home Page of Paraguay
Paraguay ISP and Paraguay portal with regional news.
Paraguay ... País de Maravillas
General travel and tourism information on Paraguay (Spanish).
The heart of South America.
The Municipality of Asunción (in Spanish)
EducationUniversidad Católica "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción"
Universidad Columbia del Paraguay
Universidad Nacional de Asunción
Environment & NatureFundación Moisés Bertoni
Moisés Bertoni Foundation for sustainable development, through conservation of ecosystems with the active participation of the population (in Spanish).
The Nature Conservancy in Paraguay
Page with information about the work of Nature Conservancy in Paraguay.
Waterland Research Institute
A non-profit, inter-disciplinary, research, education, and conservation organization. The institute's primary concern and arena of activity is the Paraguay River Basin in South America, with particular emphasis on the Pantanal region and Upper Paraguay River Basin of Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay.
HistoryThe Triple Alliance War (1864-1870)
The Gran Chaco War (1928-1935)
WWW-VL History: Paraguay
Paraguay history resources.
Paraguay search engine and directory.
Additional Information on ParaguayBackground Notes: Paraguay
LANIC - Paraguay
Latin American Network Information Center on Paraguay.
Open Directory Project: Paraguay
The World Factbook -- Paraguay
Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela
Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
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