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Avirtual travel guide to Peru. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Peruvian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this South American nation, e.g.: official web sites of Peru, addresses of Peruvian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Peru.
 

Republic of Peru | República del Perú

Country Profile



Flag of Peru
Flag of Peru

Background:
Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadores in 1533.
Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824.
After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime. FUJIMORI won reelection to a third term in the spring of 2000, but international pressure and corruption scandals caused him to resign in November of that year.
A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO as the new head of government.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador

related countries: Spain
 
where in South America is Peru

Official Name:
República del Perú
short form: Perú
int'l long form: Republic of Peru
int'l short form: Peru

ISO Country Code: pe

Time:
Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time: Sun-Mar-29  14:32

Country Calling Code: +51

Capital City: Lima; The Lima/Callao metropolitan area has a population of 8.27 million. (2000)

Other Cities: Arequipa, Trujillo.

Government:
Type: Constitutional republic.
Independence: 28 July 1821.
Constitution: 31 December 1993.

Geography:
Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador.
Area: 1.28 million km² (496,225 sq. mi.);
third-largest country in South America.
Terrain: Varies widely between western coastal plains, central Andean highlands, and eastern tropical lowlands in Amazon Basin.

Climate: Arid and mild in coastal area, temperate to frigid in the Andes, and warm and humid in jungle lowlands.

People:
Nationality: Peruvian(s).
Population: 30 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Indigenous (45%), mestizo (37%), European (15%), African, Japanese, Chinese, and other (3%).
Religion: Roman Catholic (90%).
Languages: Spanish is the principal language. Quechua, Aymara and other indigenous languages also have official status.
Literacy: 95% in urban areas, 77% in rural areas.

Natural resources: Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas.

Agriculture products: Coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish.

Industries: Mining and refining of minerals and metals, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing, steel, metal fabrication.

Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)


Peru in numbers
Key statistic figures Peru.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Peru

Congreso de la República del Perú
The Congress of the Republic of Peru.


Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (in Spanish).


Peru Online
The official site for the promotion of Peru.


Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MOFA Peru (in Spanish).

Diplomatic Missions
Embajada del Perú
Embassy of Peru in the U.S., Washington D.C. (in Spanish)
Peru's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Embassies of Peru Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Peru
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Peru



Statistics
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática
The National institute of statistics.



Maps

Map of Peru
Political Map of Peru.
Administrative Map of Peru
Peru Map with administrative divisions.
Google Earth Google Earth Peru
Searchable map and satellite view of Peru.
Google Earth Google Earth Lima
Searchable map and satellite view of Peru's capital.
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
 

Peru News

Caretas
News magazine (in Spanish)
El Comercio
National and international news (in Spanish)
El Heraldo
The Press Office of the Congress of Peru (in Spanish)
Expreso
National and international news (in Spanish)
La Republica
National news (in Spanish)

International
BBC NEWS | Americas

Peru Full Coverage on Yahoo! News
 

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Arts & Culture

El Rincón Musical Peruano
Sounds and lyrics of different styles of Peruvian Music
Santury - Museo de la Universidad Católica de Santa María
Exhibition of Juanita the famous mommy of a teenager girl sacrificed by the Incas.
 

 

Business & Economy

Banco Central de Reserva del Perú
Central Reserve Bank of Peru
Bolsa de Valores de Lima
Lima Stock Exchange

American Chamber of Commerce of Peru (AmCham Peru)
Cámara de Comercio de Lima
Lima Chamber of Commerce

Transportation 
Airlines
Aero-Condor
Domestic airline and oldest Peruvian airline.

 

Destination Peru - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Peru: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, the alps, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Go2Peru.com
Peru's Official Travel Planning Web site.
Peru - Land of the Inkas
Peru's Official Site of Tourism, Travel and Promotion, the official Tourism and travel guide of Peru.

Cultures of the Andes
Quechua Songs & Poems, Stories, Photos...
 Peru.com
Peru related portal with Peru info a guide to Peru
Peru Explorer
Online Guide to Peru.
Rumbos Online
US based Peru travel magazine.

City Guide
Lima
The Municipality of Lima.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Education

Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
Private university founded in 1917.
Universidad de Lima
The University of Lima.
Universidad del Pacífico
UniversidadPeru.com
Educational portal focused on career resources for students.
 
 
Environment
Amazon Center for Environmental Education and Research
Site about ACEER's activities in research, education and land husbandry in the Upper Amazon Basin.
Ilzro Raps Peru (IRP)
Rural electrification programs using renewable energies in the Amazon Basin of Peru.
International Potato Center - CIP
 
Scientific research on potato, sweetpotato, other root and tuber crops, and on the improved management of natural resources in the Andes.
 
 

History

History of Peru
Brief overview of Peru's history by Peru Gateway Travel.
WWW-VL History Index
Directory of online resources in English and Spanish pertaining to the history of Peru.
 
 
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Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama