Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Home Earth Continents Europe Italy
  Cities and Regions in Italy

___ Italy

Destination Italy, a virtual travel guide to "Bella Italia" - beautiful Italy how the Italians often call their country. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Italy's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Italy, addresses of Italian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Italy.

Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, Firenze

Italian Republic | Repubblica Italiana

Country Profile

Flag of Italy
Flag of Italy

Italy became a nation-state belatedly - in 1861 when the city-states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL.
An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II.
A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the European Monetary Union in 1999.
Persistent problems include illegal immigration, the ravages of organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the more prosperous north.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Austria, France, Holy See (Vatican City), San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland
Where in Europe is Italy?

Official Name:
Repubblica Italiana
short form: Italia
int'l long form: Italian Republic
int'l short form: Italy
former: Kingdom of Italy

ISO Country Code: it
Actual Time: Tue-Dec-1  01:16
Local Time = UTC +1h;
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +39

Capital City: Rome (pop. 2.8 million)

Other Cities:
Italian Cities

Type: Republic since 2 June 1946.
Constitution: 1 January 1948.

Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea.
Area: 301 318 km² (116 303 sq. mi.);
Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous.

Climate: Generally mild mediterranean; cold winters in the north.

Nationality: Italian(s)
Population: 59 million (2011 census)
Ethnic groups: Primarily Italian, but there are small groups of German-, French-, Slovene-, and Albanian-Italians.
Religion: Roman Catholic (majority).
Language: Italian.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, arable land.
Agriculture products: Fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish.
Industries: Tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics.

Exports partners: Germany 13.8%, France 12.3%, USA 8.5%, Spain 7%, UK 6.9% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 17.9%, France 11.2%, Netherlands 5.8%, Spain 4.8%, UK 4.7%, Belgium 4.3%, USA 4% (2003)

Currency: Euro (EUR) has replaced the formerly used Italian Lira.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Italy

Parlamento Italiano
The Italian Parliament.

Ministero degli Affari Esteri (MAE)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italy.

Italian State Tourism Board
Una finestra sull' Italia - A window to Italy.

Diplomatic Representations
Permanent Mission of Italy to the United Nations
Italy at the UN.
Ambasciata d'Italia
The Italian Embassy, Washington D.C.
Italian Diplomatic Representations
List of Italian embassies and consulates abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Representations in Italy
List of Foreign Missions in Italy.

Instituto Nazionale di Statistica
Italy's National Institute of Statistics.

Centro Nazionale di Meteorologia e Climatologia Aeronautica
National center of Meteorology and Aeronautical Climatology (in Italian).


 Map of Italy
Political Map of Italy.
Google Earth Google Map Italy
Searchable map and satellite view of Italy.
Google Earth Google Map Rome
Searchable map and satellite view of Italy's capital.
Google Earth Google Map Colossseum
Satellite view of the ancient Roman amphitheatre.
Google Earth Google Map Florence
Searchable map and satellite view of Florence.
Google Earth Google Map Milan
Searchable map and satellite view of Milan.
Google Earth Google Map Venice
Searchable map and satellite view of Venice.
Google Earth Google Map Naples
Searchable map and satellite view of the capital of Campania region and the province of Naples.
Google Earth Google Map Mount Vesuvius near Naples
Searchable map and satellite view of Mount Vesuvius showing the volcano near Naples and the location of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Italy Newspaper

Italians News Agency.
Corriere della Sera
Italy's most important newspaper with national and international news (in Italian).
Il Giorno
Italian Newspaper online (in Italian).
Il Mattino
Italian News - Naples (in Italian).
Il Messaggero
Italian News - Rome (in Italian).
la Repubblica
National and international news (in Italian).
La Stampa
National and international news - Turin (in Italian).
National and international news (in Italian).
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Arena di Verona
The Arena of Verona is a Roman amphitheater now used for the annual Opera Festival
La Biennale di Venezia
Biennale Venice, an international exhibition of contemporary visual arts, architecture, cinema, dance, music and theatre.
Italian cinema; official web site of the Italian Hollywood (in Italian)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Firenze
The Uffizi Gallery, Florence - shows artworks of Leonardo, Giotto, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Tiziano, Tintoretto, Caravaggio and many others.
Music Italian style. Music portal with news, concerts, reviews, TOP 20, chat and more (in Italian)
Palazzo Grassi, Venice
Centro di Cultura di Palazzo Grassi, with internationally-renowned exhibitions.
Teatro alla Scala, Milano
One of the world's most famous opera houses.
Teatro La Fenice
The Opera of Venice, founded in 1792, reopened in December 2003 after it has been almost destroyed by fire in 1996.

List of Links to Museums in Italy
Musei on line
A guide to Italy's museums.

Mangiare Bene
The English version of the most popular Italian internet recipe archive and guide to Italian cooking.

Lega Calcio
Italy's national football (soccer) league.


Business & Economy

Banca d'Italia
Central Bank Italy.
Borsa Italiana
Stock Exchange Italy.
Sito Nazionale CCIAA italiane
Chamber of Commerce and Industry Italy.

Italian Products

great site Made*In*Italy*On*Line
Information about the best that Italy has to offer.

Italian Cars:
Typical Italian car.
Native Italian car
Typical Italian car.
Also a typical Italian car.

Italian Design:
B&B Italia
Interior decoration.

Italian Fashion, Perfumes and Accessories:
United Colors of Benetton.
Contemporary Italian Jewellers.
Dolce & Gabbana
Since 1985 precise Italian fashion design.
Gianfranco Ferré
Contemporary Italian fashion.
One of the largest suppliers of eyewear in the world.
Neapolitan Tailors - Hands express the soul of Naples.
Laura Biagiotti
Fashion, Accessories, Parfumes.
Knitware (virtuoso).
Italian Fashion from Milano.
opening soon.
Fashion style.
Italian Fashion.
Italian style, Italian fashion directory.
Moda Online
More Italian style.

Air One
Scheduled and charter airline based in Rome.
Italy's flag airline.
Volare Airlines
A low-cost airline made in Italy.

Aeroporti di Roma
Airport Rome provides information on both Fiumicino and Rome Ciampino airports.

Italy's Railway.
Ferrovie Turistiche
FTI - Italian Touristics Railways - Italy by historical railways.

Yellow Pages
Italian Yellow Pages.

Destination Italy - Country Guides

Italian State Tourism Board
Una finestra sull' Italia - A window to Italy, a comprehensive travel and tourism guide.
Italian Government Tourist Board - North America
Tourism in Italy, travel tips, information, italian regions.

Sicily for Tourists
Official tourism information for Sicily.

More destinations in Italy: Cities and Regions in Italy

Italy by car.
The insider's guide to Italy.
Guida Internet Italia
Internet Guide Italy.
Guide to know and travel Italy.
Italian Tourist Web Guide
The Italy Travel Guide.
Traveleurope Italy
An Italian tourist guide.
Ultimate Italy
A non-profit Site which creates opportunities to explore the many aspects of Italian culture.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Hotels in Italy
Find Hotels in Italy.
Accommodation in Italy
Hotels, Hotel Reservations, Pensions, Farm Holidays, Camping, Youth Hostels.


Museo della Scienza e della Tecnica
National Museum of Science and Technology "Leonardo da Vinci".

Nuova Accademia di Bella Arti
Fine art academy, Milan.
Politecnico di Torino
Public University, Turin.
Università Bocconi
The first school in Italy to grant a university degree in economics, founded 1902, Milano.
Università degli Studi di Bologna
The oldest university in the western world, founded in 1088.
Università degli Studi di Firenze
University of Florence. (in Italian)
Università degli Studi di Milano
University of Milan.
Università di Padova
University of Padova.
Università di Pavia
University of Pavia home page. (in Italian)
Università di Pisa
University of Pisa, founded: 1343. (in Italian)
Università degli Studî di Roma "La Sapienza"
University of Rome.
Università di Siena
University of Siena, founded: 1252.
Università Ca' Foscari di Venezia
University Ca' Foscari, Venice. (in Italian)

Environment & Nature

Environmental Organizations
Italian NGO for environment, part of the International Union for Conservation of Natures (in Italian).
LIPU - Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli
Association for nature conservation (in Italian).
An association for international solidarity and cooperation.

National Parks
Parco Nazionale Arcipelago Toscano
The Tuscan Archipelago with the islands of Elba, Giglio, Capraia, Gorgona, Pianosa, Giannutri and Montecristo, is one of the largest marine parks in Europe.
Parco Nazionale delle Cinque Terre
Cinque Terre National Park in Northern Italy, in the region of Liguria is a Unesco world heritage site.
Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio
Vesuvius National Park, founded in 1995, in order to protect the last-remaining active volcanic complex in Europe.
Google Earth Google Map Mount Vesuvius
Searchable map and satellite view of Mount Vesuvius showing the volcano near Naples and the location of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Parks in Italy
Comprehensive online guide to National Reserves and National Parks in Italy.


Fori Imperiali di Roma
Rome's Imperial Forums - the history of the age of Emperors, the history of Rome, sayings and habits of the Antique Romans.

Italian History Index
WWW Virtual Library Resources produced in Italy together with other world-wide resources that deal with the history of Italy.
The Roman Empire
Illustrated History of the Roman Empire.

History of Italy
Wikipedia entry about Italy's history.
Imperium Romanum
Think Quest site with information about Roman history and culture.

 Support UNICEF

Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Egypt | France
Gaza Strip | Greece | Israel | Lebanon | Libya | Malta | Monaco | Montenegro | Morocco | Portugal
Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey