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Teatro Antico di Taormina, the Greek theater in Taormina, Sicily, Italy.
Ancient ruins of the Greek theater (Teatro Antico di Taormina) in Taormina, a hilltop town on the east coast of Sicily island. Ancient and medieval Greek communities have lived in southern of Italy for centuries.
Image: Lukasz Stachowiak
 

Flag of Italy
Flag of Italy
Where in Europe is Italy?
Location map of Italy
 
Destination Italy, a virtual guide to "Bella Italia" - beautiful Italy, how many Italians love to call their country. Italy is located in southern Europe on the Apennine Peninsula. Its distinct shape, resembling a kicking boot, makes it easy to recognize it on maps or even from space.

The peninsula is bordered by the Adriatic Sea in east, the Sea of Sicily in south, the Ionian Sea in southeast, the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea in west, all of them are parts of the Mediterranean Sea.

Italy has international borders with Austria, France, the Holy See (Vatican City), San Marino, Slovenia, and Switzerland. It shares maritime borders with Albania, Algeria, Croatia, Greece, Libya, Malta, Montenegro, Spain, and Tunisia.

Two of the largest Mediterranean islands belong to Italy: Sardinia in west and Sicily in south.
The country covers an area of 301,318 kmĀ² (116,340 sq. mi.), this is about 80% the size of Japan or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Arizona.

Italy has a population of more than 60 million people (in 2016), capital city is Rome (Italian: Roma). Major cities are Florence, Milan, Naples, and Venice. Spoken language is Italian.
 

Italian Republic | Repubblica Italiana

Country Profile



Background:
Italy became a nation-state belatedly - in 1861, when the city-states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL.

An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II.

A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the European Monetary Union in 1999.

Persistent problems include illegal immigration, the ravages of organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the more prosperous north.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


Official Name:
Repubblica Italiana
short form: Italia
int'l long form: Italian Republic
int'l short form: Italy
former: Kingdom of Italy

ISO Country Code: it
Actual Time: Sun-Dec-11  05:11
Local Time = UTC +1h;
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +39

Capital City: Rome (pop. 2.8 million)

Other Cities:
Italian Cities

Government:
Type: Republic since 2 June 1946.
Constitution: 1 January 1948.

Geography:
Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea.
Area: 301 318 km² (116 303 sq. mi.);
Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous.

Climate: Generally mild mediterranean; cold winters in the north.

People:
Nationality: Italian(s)
Population: 60 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Primarily Italian, but there are small groups of German-, French-, Slovene-, and Albanian-Italians.
Religion: Roman Catholic (majority).
Language: Italian.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, arable land.
Agriculture products: Fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish.
Industries: Tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics.

Exports - commodities: engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco; minerals, nonferrous metals

Exports - partners: Germany 12.3%, France 10.3%, US 8.7%, UK 5.4%, Spain 4.8%, Switzerland 4.7% (2015)

Imports - commodities: engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages, tobacco

Imports - partners: Germany 15.4%, France 8.7%, China 7.7%, Netherlands 5.6%, Spain 5%, Belgium 4.7% (2015)

Currency: Euro (EUR) has replaced the formerly used Italian Lira.



Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Italy


President of Italy
The President of the Italian Republic is the head of state of Italy.

Governo Italiano
The Italian Government and Office of Italy's Prime Minister.

Parlamento Italiano
The Italian Parliament.

Ministero degli Affari Esteri (MAE)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italy.

Italian State Tourism Board
Una finestra sull' Italia - A window to Italy.

Diplomatic Representations
Permanent Mission of Italy to the United Nations
Italy at the UN.
Ambasciata d'Italia
The Italian Embassy, Washington D.C.
Italian Diplomatic Representations
Map of Italian embassies and consulates abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Representations in Italy
List of Foreign Missions in Italy.

Statistics
Instituto Nazionale di Statistica
Italy's National Institute of Statistics.

Weather
Centro Nazionale di Meteorologia e Climatologia Aeronautica
National center of Meteorology and Aeronautical Climatology (in Italian).

Maps

 Map of Italy
Political Map of Italy.

Google Map Italy
Searchable map and satellite view of Italy.

Searchable maps and satellite views of Italian cities:
Google Map Rome (capital city),
Florence, Milan, Venice, Naples

Italian Landmarks:
Colossseum
Satellite view of the ancient Roman amphitheatre.
Mount Vesuvius near Naples
Searchable map and satellite view of Mount Vesuvius showing the volcano near Naples and the location of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Leaning Tower of Pisa
Saint Peter Basilica (Holy See)


Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of Mediterranean Region.
 

Italy Newspaper


l'ANSA
Italians News Agency.

Corriere della Sera
Italy's most important newspaper with national and international news (in Italian and English).

Il Giorno
Italian Newspaper online (in Italian).
Il Mattino
Italian News - Naples (in Italian).
Il Messaggero
Italian News - Rome (in Italian).
la Repubblica
National and international news (in Italian).
La Stampa
National and international news - Turin (in Italian).
L'Unita
National and international news (in Italian).
virgilio
Italian news magazine.

 

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Arts & Culture

Arena di Verona
The Arena of Verona is a Roman amphitheater now used for the annual Opera Festival
La Biennale di Venezia
Biennale Venice, an international exhibition of contemporary visual arts, architecture, cinema, dance, music and theatre.
Cinecitta
Italian cinema; official web site of the Italian Hollywood (in Italian)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Firenze
The Uffizi Gallery, Florence - shows artworks of Leonardo, Giotto, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Tiziano, Tintoretto, Caravaggio and many others.
MusicaItaliana
Music Italian style. Music portal with news, concerts, reviews, TOP 20, chat and more (in Italian)
Palazzo Grassi, Venice
Centro di Cultura di Palazzo Grassi, with internationally-renowned exhibitions.
Teatro alla Scala, Milano
One of the world's most famous opera houses.
Teatro La Fenice
The Opera of Venice, founded in 1792, reopened in December 2003 after it has been almost destroyed by fire in 1996.

List of Links to Museums in Italy
Musei on line
A guide to Italy's museums.

Mangiare Bene
The English version of the most popular Italian internet recipe archive and guide to Italian cooking.

Sports
Lega Calcio
Italy's national football (soccer) league.
 


 

Business & Economy

Banca d'Italia
Central Bank Italy.
Borsa Italiana
Stock Exchange Italy.
Sito Nazionale CCIAA italiane
Chamber of Commerce and Industry Italy.

Italian Products

great site Made*In*Italy*On*Line
Information about the best that Italy has to offer.

Italian Cars:
Ferrari
Typical Italian car.
Fiat
Native Italian car.
Lamborghini
Typical Italian car.
Lancia
Granturismo.
Maserati
Also a typical Italian car.

Italian Design:
B&B Italia
Interior decoration.

Italian Fashion, Perfumes and Accessories:
Benetton
United Colors of Benetton.
Bvlgari
Contemporary Italian Jewellers.
Dolce & Gabbana
Since 1985 precise Italian fashion design.
Gianfranco Ferré
Contemporary Italian fashion.
Luxottica
One of the largest suppliers of eyewear in the world.
Kiton
Neapolitan Tailors - Hands express the soul of Naples.
Laura Biagiotti
Fashion, Accessories, Parfumes.
Missoni
Knitware (virtuoso).
Moschino
Italian Fashion from Milano.
Prada
Founded in 1913 in Milan, offers men's and women's clothing, leather goods, footwear, eyewear and fragrances and Made to Measure service.
Trussardi
Fashion style, handbags, shoes, eyewear, perfume and more.
Versace
Italian luxury fashion company.

Modaitalia.net
Italian style, Italian fashion directory.
Moda Online
More Italian style.

Transportation
Airlines
Air One
Scheduled and charter airline based in Rome.
Alitalia
Italy's flag airline.
Volare Airlines
A low-cost airline made in Italy.

Aeroporti di Roma
Airport Rome provides information on both Fiumicino and Rome Ciampino airports.


__Railroad
Trenitalia
Italy's Railway.
Ferrovie Turistiche
FTI - Italian Touristics Railways - Italy by historical railways.

Yellow Pages
PagineGialle
Italian Yellow Pages.
 
Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Italy - Country Guides


Italian State Tourism Board
Una finestra sull' Italia - A window to Italy, a comprehensive travel and tourism guide.

Italian Government Tourist Board - North America
Tourism in Italy, travel tips, information, italian regions.

Sicily for Tourists
Official tourism information for Sicily.

More destinations in Italy: Cities and Regions in Italy


Autostrade
Italy by car.
DolceVita
The insider's guide to Italy.
Guida Internet Italia
Internet Guide Italy.
ITALYGUIDE
Guide to know and travel Italy.
Italian Tourist Web Guide
The Italy Travel Guide.
Traveleurope Italy
An Italian tourist guide.
Ultimate Italy
A non-profit Site which creates opportunities to explore the many aspects of Italian culture.
 


Education

Museo della Scienza e della Tecnica
National Museum of Science and Technology "Leonardo da Vinci".

Nuova Accademia di Bella Arti
Fine art academy, Milan.
Politecnico di Torino
Public University, Turin.
Università Bocconi
The first school in Italy to grant a university degree in economics, founded 1902, Milano.
Università degli Studi di Bologna
The oldest university in the western world, founded in 1088.
Università degli Studi di Firenze
University of Florence. (in Italian)
Università degli Studi di Milano
University of Milan.
Università di Padova
University of Padova.
Università di Pavia
University of Pavia home page. (in Italian)
Università di Pisa
University of Pisa, founded: 1343. (in Italian)
Università degli Studî di Roma "La Sapienza"
University of Rome.
Università di Siena
University of Siena, founded: 1252.
Università Ca' Foscari di Venezia
University Ca' Foscari, Venice. (in Italian)
 
 
 

Environment & Nature

Environmental Organizations
Legambiente
Italian NGO for environment, part of the International Union for Conservation of Natures (in Italian).
LIPU - Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli
Association for nature conservation (in Italian).
Movimondo
An association for international solidarity and cooperation.

National Parks
Parco Nazionale Arcipelago Toscano
The Tuscan Archipelago with the islands of Elba, Giglio, Capraia, Gorgona, Pianosa, Giannutri and Montecristo, is one of the largest marine parks in Europe.
Parco Nazionale delle Cinque Terre
Cinque Terre National Park in Northern Italy, in the region of Liguria is a Unesco world heritage site.
Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio
Vesuvius National Park, founded in 1995, in order to protect the last-remaining active volcanic complex in Europe.
Google Earth Google Map Mount Vesuvius
Searchable map and satellite view of Mount Vesuvius showing the volcano near Naples and the location of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Parks in Italy
Comprehensive online guide to National Reserves and National Parks in Italy.
 
 

History

Fori Imperiali di Roma
Rome's Imperial Forums - the history of the age of Emperors, the history of Rome, sayings and habits of the Antique Romans.

Italian History Index
WWW Virtual Library Resources produced in Italy together with other world-wide resources that deal with the history of Italy.
The Roman Empire
Illustrated History of the Roman Empire.

History of Italy
Wikipedia entry about Italy's history.
Imperium Romanum
Think Quest site with information about Roman history and culture.
 
 

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Ciao Italy
Ciao Italy's index of Italian web sites.
Il Porto
Webportal in Italian and English, a guide to Italian information resources.


Additional Information on Italy

BBC News - Country profile: Italy
Open Directory Project: Italy
Wikipedia: Italy
The World Factbook -- Italy
 
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