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___ Burundi

A virtual guide to Burundi. This page aims to give you an overview of Burundi's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources with information about this east-central African nation, e.g.: some official web sites of Burundi, addresses of Burundi and foreign embassies, country guides, weather information, maps, and local newspapers from Burundi.

A Woman voting
Election Burundi - a woman voting
© ONUB Photo: Martine Perret 2005
 

Republic of Burundi | Republika y'u Burundi

Country Profile


Flag of Burundi
Flag of Burundi

Background:
Burundi is a small nation in east-central Africa's Great Lakes region.
Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only one hundred days in office. Since then, some 200,000 Burundians have perished in widespread, often intense ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. Hundreds of thousands have been internally displaced or have become refugees in neighboring countries. Burundi troops, seeking to secure their borders, briefly intervened in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1998. A new transitional government, inaugurated on 1 November 2001, signed a power-sharing agreement with the largest rebel faction in December 2003 and set in place a provisional constitution in October 2004. Implementation of the agreement has been problematic, however, as one remaining rebel group refuses to sign on and elections have been repeatedly delayed, clouding prospects for a sustainable peace.

Elections in August 2005 have radically transformed Burundi's political landscape. The success of the former CNDD-FDD rebels, including the selection of Pierre Nkurunziza as president on 19 August, gives the party control of all branches of government. Concurrently, the security sector has been profoundly restructured with CNDD-FDD fighters now making up 40 per cent of the army. They provide a safeguard against attempted coups to interrupt the peace process and thus a guarantee that further reforms required under the Arusha agreement for peace and reconciliation will be realized. Nonetheless, the elections are just one, albeit important, step toward a lasting peace.


border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania

related countries: Belgium
 
Where in Africa is Burundi?

Official Name:
Republika y'u Burundi
République du Burundi
Republic of Burundi
short form: Burundi
formerly: Urundi

ISO Country Code: bi

Time:
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-21  21:53

Country Calling Code: +257

Capital City: Bujumbura (pop 300 000)

Other Cities: Cibitoke, Muyinga, Ngozi, Bubanza, Gitega, Bururi.

Government:
Type: Republic; democratically elected, post-transition government established 26 August 2005.
Independence: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium).

Geography:
Location: East-central Africa south of the Equator.
Area: 27,834 km² (10,746 sq mi)
Terrain: Hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains.
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
highest point: Heha 2,670 m

Climate: Tropical equatorial, with wet and dry seasons, temperature varies with altitude.

People:
Nationality: Burundian(s).
Population: 10.2 million (2011)
Ethnic groups (estimated): Hutu 85%; Tutsi 14%; Twa 1.0%.
Religions (estimated): Roman Catholic 60%-65%; Protestant 10%-15%; traditional beliefs 15%-20%; Muslim 5%.
Languages: Rundi (Kirundi), and French (offiocial), Swahili (trade and governmental language)
Literacy: 37%

Natural resources: Nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides.

Industries: Light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components.

Exports partners: Germany 20.7%, Belgium 8.6%, Pakistan 7%, USA 5.9%, Rwanda 5.9% (2004)

Imports partners: Kenya 13.6%, Tanzania 11.1%, USA 8.8%, Belgium 8.5%, France 8.3%, Italy 5.9%, Uganda 5.6%, Japan 4.6%, Germany 4.4% (2004)

Currency: Burundi franc (BIF)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Burundi

République du Burundi - Portail du Gouvernement
Official website of the Burundi government.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of Burundi
Embassy of Burundi in Washington, in the U.S.
Embassy of Burundi
Embassy of Burundi in Berlin, Germany.

ONUB - United Nations Operation in Burundi
ONUBS mission is to support and help to implement the efforts undertaken by Burundians to restore lasting peace and bring about national reconciliation, as provided under the Arusha Agreement.



Maps
Map of Burundi
Political map of Burundi.
Above Map of Burundi as PDF
(Get Acrobat PDF Reader)

Google Earth Google Earth Burundi
Searchable map and satellite view of Burundi.
Google Earth Google Earth Bujumbura
Searchable map and satellite view of Burundi's capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa


 

Burundi News

Operating in a turbulent political climate, Burundi's media are subject to self-censorship and occasional government censorship.

Radio is the main source of information for many Burundians. The government runs the sole TV station, the only radio station with national coverage, as well as the only newspaper that publishes regularly.
(BBC)

Net Press
Agence Burundaise de Presse; privately owned Burundi Press Agency (in French).

Burundi Realities
Analysis, Research, Information and Data on Burundi (French and English)

Africatime Burundi
Central news (in French).
afrol News - Burundi
Burundi related news in English and Spaanish.

IRIN Africa: Burundi
Burundi News and background information.

 

 

Arts & Culture

Wood carvings from Burundi. Master Carver Lazar Rurerekana
Expressions of Burundian Life and Culture through the carvings of Master Carver Lazar Rurerekana.


Burundi : Musique
AfroMix provide a list of contemporary Burundi musicians.
 

 

Business & Economy


Banque de la République du Burundi
Central Bank Burundi.

Banque de Credit de Bujumbura
Belgium based private bank group.

Coffee
Coffee Board of Burundi
Site provides information about the Coffee Board and arabica coffee farming.
 

Destination Burundi - Community and Country Guides



Office National du Tourisme
National Burundi Tourism site with information about travel in and around Burundi.

Buja City
Official website of the city of Bujumbura, Burundi's capital. (in French)

burundi information project
Site ment to be a tool to get a better overview of the projects and initiatives that are going on in Burundi.



Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education


Université du Burundi Official university web site with information about its mission, its institutions and its organisation structure. (in French)

 
 

History

Histoire Burundi
Burundis History from Prehistory until the ethnic conflict in the beginning of the 1990s (In French).

Burundi genocide
Wikipedia article about the ethnic conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi Tribes in Burundi.

WWW-VL History Index of Burundi
Collection of web resources related to the history of Burundi.

 
 

Human Rights

Ligue Burundaise des Droits de l'Homme
Human Rights League of Burundi with information ont he work of the league (in French.)
OPDE - Oeuvre humanitaire pour la Protection et le Développement de l'Enfant en difficulté
A humanitarian charity for the protection and development of the street children of the Great Lakes.
Relief Web: Burundi
The UN administered Relief Web with Humanitarian information on Burundi.
 
 


Human Rights
Ligue Burundaise des Droits de l'Homme
Human Rights League of Burundi with information on the work of the league (in French.)

Peace and Collaborative Development Network:
Early warning for Burundi - It needs violence-prevention now! Article by Jan Oberg.

Country Profiles:

BBC News Country Profile: Burundi
Relief Web: Burundi
The UN administered Relief Web with Humanitarian information on Burundi.
The Transnational Foundation: Burundi
Wikipedia: Burundi
The World Factbook -- Burundi 

Web resources.
Africa South of the Sahara: Burundi
Stanford University
Open Directory Project: Burundi


 

 

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.