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Fishing activities at Lake Tanganyika, Burundi
Fishing activities at Lake Tanganyika, Burundi.
Image: SuSanA Secretariat
Flag of Burundi
Flag of Burundi
Location map of Burundi. Where in Africa is Burundi?
Location map of Burundi
A virtual guide to Burundi, a small landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region in central Eastern Africa at Lake Tanganyika. With an area of 27,834 km², it is somewhat smaller than half the size of Croatia, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maryland.

Burundi is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania.

The country has a population of 10.75 million people (2011). Capital and largest city is Bujumbura. Spoken languages are French (official) and Kirundi.

This page aims to give you an overview of Burundi's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.


Republic of Burundi | Republika y'u Burundi

Country Profile

Official Name:
Republika y'u Burundi
République du Burundi
Republic of Burundi
short form: Burundi
formerly: Urundi

ISO Country Code: bi

Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Mon-Oct-24  01:49

Country Calling Code: +257

Capital City: Bujumbura (pop 300 000)

Other Cities: Cibitoke, Muyinga, Ngozi, Bubanza, Gitega, Bururi.

Type: Republic; democratically elected, post-transition government established 26 August 2005.
Independence: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium).

Location: East-central Africa south of the Equator.
Area: 27,834 km² (10,746 sq mi)
Terrain: Hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains.
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
highest point: Heha 2,670 m

Climate: Tropical equatorial, with wet and dry seasons, temperature varies with altitude.

Nationality: Burundian(s).
Population: 10.7 million (2011)
Ethnic groups (estimated): Hutu 85%; Tutsi 14%; Twa 1.0%.
Religions (estimated): Roman Catholic 60%-65%; Protestant 10%-15%; traditional beliefs 15%-20%; Muslim 5%.
Languages: Rundi (Kirundi), and French (offiocial), Swahili (trade and governmental language)
Literacy: 37%

Natural resources: Nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides.

Industries: Light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components.

Exports partners: Germany 20.7%, Belgium 8.6%, Pakistan 7%, USA 5.9%, Rwanda 5.9% (2004)

Imports partners: Kenya 13.6%, Tanzania 11.1%, USA 8.8%, Belgium 8.5%, France 8.3%, Italy 5.9%, Uganda 5.6%, Japan 4.6%, Germany 4.4% (2004)

Currency: Burundi franc (BIF)

Burundi is a small nation in east-central Africa's Great Lakes region.
Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only one hundred days in office. Since then, some 200,000 Burundians have perished in widespread, often intense ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. Hundreds of thousands have been internally displaced or have become refugees in neighboring countries. Burundi troops, seeking to secure their borders, briefly intervened in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1998.
A new transitional government, inaugurated on 1 November 2001, signed a power-sharing agreement with the largest rebel faction in December 2003 and set in place a provisional constitution in October 2004. Implementation of the agreement has been problematic, however, as one remaining rebel group refuses to sign on and elections have been repeatedly delayed, clouding prospects for a sustainable peace.

Elections in August 2005 have radically transformed Burundi's political landscape. The success of the former CNDD-FDD rebels, including the selection of Pierre Nkurunziza as president on 19 August, gives the party control of all branches of government. Concurrently, the security sector has been profoundly restructured with CNDD-FDD fighters now making up 40 per cent of the army. They provide a safeguard against attempted coups to interrupt the peace process and thus a guarantee that further reforms required under the Arusha agreement for peace and reconciliation will be realized. Nonetheless, the elections are just one, albeit important, step toward a lasting peace.

related countries: Belgium


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Burundi

République du Burundi - Portail du Gouvernement
Official website of the Burundi government.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of Burundi
Embassy of Burundi in Washington, in the U.S.
Embassy of Burundi
Embassy of Burundi in Berlin, Germany.

ONUB - United Nations Operation in Burundi
ONUBS mission is to support and help to implement the efforts undertaken by Burundians to restore lasting peace and bring about national reconciliation, as provided under the Arusha Agreement.


Map of Burundi
Political map of Burundi.
Above Map of Burundi as PDF
(Get Acrobat PDF Reader)

Google Earth Google Earth Burundi
Searchable map and satellite view of Burundi.
Google Earth Google Earth Bujumbura
Searchable map and satellite view of Burundi's capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa


Burundi News

Operating in a turbulent political climate, Burundi's media are subject to self-censorship and occasional government censorship.

Radio is the main source of information for many Burundians. The government runs the sole TV station, the only radio station with national coverage, as well as the only newspaper that publishes regularly.

Net Press
Agence Burundaise de Presse; privately owned Burundi Press Agency (in French).

Burundi Realities
Analysis, Research, Information and Data on Burundi (French and English)

Africatime Burundi
Central news (in French).
afrol News - Burundi
Burundi related news in English and Spaanish.

IRIN Africa: Burundi
Burundi News and background information.

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Arts & Culture

Wood carvings from Burundi. Master Carver Lazar Rurerekana
Expressions of Burundian Life and Culture through the carvings of Master Carver Lazar Rurerekana.

Burundi : Musique
AfroMix provide a list of contemporary Burundi musicians.
Election Burundi, a woman voting
Election Burundi - a woman voting
© ONUB Photo: Martine Perret 2005

Business & Economy

Banque de la République du Burundi
Central Bank Burundi.

Banque de Credit de Bujumbura
Belgium based private bank group.

Coffee Board of Burundi
Site provides information about the Coffee Board and arabica coffee farming.

Destination Burundi - Community and Country Guides

Office National du Tourisme
National Burundi Tourism site with information about travel in and around Burundi.

Buja City
Official website of the city of Bujumbura, Burundi's capital. (in French)

burundi information project
Site ment to be a tool to get a better overview of the projects and initiatives that are going on in Burundi.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Université du Burundi Official university web site with information about its mission, its institutions and its organisation structure. (in French)



Histoire Burundi
Burundis History from Prehistory until the ethnic conflict in the beginning of the 1990s (In French).

Burundi genocide
Wikipedia article about the ethnic conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi Tribes in Burundi.

WWW-VL History Index of Burundi
Collection of web resources related to the history of Burundi.


Human Rights

Ligue Burundaise des Droits de l'Homme
Human Rights League of Burundi with information ont he work of the league (in French.)

OPDE - Oeuvre humanitaire pour la Protection et le Développement de l'Enfant en difficulté
A humanitarian charity for the protection and development of the street children of the Great Lakes.

Relief Web: Burundi
The UN administered Relief Web with Humanitarian information on Burundi.

Peace and Collaborative Development Network:
Early warning for Burundi - It needs violence-prevention now! Article by Jan Oberg.

 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa)
Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe

Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe