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Burundi is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania.
With an area of 27,834 km², the country is somewhat smaller than half the size of Croatia, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maryland.
The country has a population of 10.11 million people (2016). Capital and largest city is Bujumbura. Spoken languages are French (official) and Kirundi.
This page aims to give you an overview of Burundi's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Republic of Burundi | Republika y'u Burundi
Burundi is a small nation in east-central Africa's Great Lakes region.
Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only one hundred days in office. Since then, some 200,000 Burundians have perished in widespread, often intense ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. Hundreds of thousands have been internally displaced or have become refugees in neighboring countries. Burundi troops, seeking to secure their borders, briefly intervened in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1998.
A new transitional government, inaugurated on 1 November 2001, signed a power-sharing agreement with the largest rebel faction in December 2003 and set in place a provisional constitution in October 2004. Implementation of the agreement has been problematic, however, as one remaining rebel group refuses to sign on and elections have been repeatedly delayed, clouding prospects for a sustainable peace.
Elections in August 2005 have radically transformed Burundi's political landscape. The success of the former CNDD-FDD rebels, including the selection of Pierre Nkurunziza as president on 19 August, gives the party control of all branches of government. Concurrently, the security sector has been profoundly restructured with CNDD-FDD fighters now making up 40 per cent of the army. They provide a safeguard against attempted coups to interrupt the peace process and thus a guarantee that further reforms required under the Arusha agreement for peace and reconciliation will be realized. Nonetheless, the elections are just one, albeit important, step toward a lasting peace.
related countries: Belgium
Republika y'u Burundi
République du Burundi
Republic of Burundi
short form: Burundi
ISO Country Code: bi
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-17 19:12
Country Calling Code: +257
Capital City: Bujumbura (pop 300 000)
Other Cities: Cibitoke, Muyinga, Ngozi, Bubanza, Gitega, Bururi.
Type: Republic; democratically elected, post-transition government established 26 August 2005.
Independence: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium).
Location: East-central Africa south of the Equator.
Area: 27,834 km² (10,746 sq mi)
Terrain: Hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains.
lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
highest point: Heha 2,670 m
Climate: Tropical equatorial, with wet and dry seasons, temperature varies with altitude.
Population: 10.11 million (2016)
Ethnic groups (estimated): Hutu 85%; Tutsi 14%; Twa 1.0%.
Religions (estimated): Roman Catholic 60%-65%; Protestant 10%-15%; traditional beliefs 15%-20%; Muslim 5%.
Languages: Rundi (Kirundi), and French (offiocial), Swahili (trade and governmental language)
Natural resources: Nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides.
Industries: Light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components.
Exports - commodities: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
Exports partners: Germany 12.3%, Pakistan 10.7%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 10.7%, Uganda 8.1%, Sweden 7.8%, US 7.1%, Belgium 6.3%, Rwanda 4.6%, France 4.4% (2015)
Imports - commodities: capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs
Imports partners: Kenya 15%, Saudi Arabia 14%, Belgium 9.9%, Tanzania 8.3%, Uganda 7.3%, China 7.1%, India 4.9%, France 4% (2015)
Currency: Burundi franc (BIF)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Burundi
République du Burundi - Portail du Gouvernement
Official website of the Burundi government. (in French)
Burundi's President Office.
Assemblée Nationale du Burundi
Burundi's National Assembly.
Embassy of The Republic of Burundi in the US
Embassy of Burundi in Washington, in the U.S.
Embassy of the Republic of Burundi to Germany
Embassy of Burundi in Berlin, Germany.
Ambassade du Burundi à Paris
Embassy of Burundi in Paris, France.
L'Institut de Statistiques et d’Etudes Economiques du Burundi (ISTEEBU)
Institute for Statistics and Economic Research of Burundi.
ONUB - United Nations Operation in Burundi
ONUBS mission is to support and help to implement the efforts undertaken by Burundians to restore lasting peace and bring about national reconciliation, as provided under the Arusha Agreement.
Map of Burundi
Political map of Burundi.
Google Earth Burundi
Searchable map and satellite view of Burundi.
Google Earth Bujumbura
Searchable map and satellite view of Burundi's capital city.
Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa
Map of West Africa
Political Map of West Africa.
Image: Dave Proffer
Burundi NewsOperating in a turbulent political climate, Burundi's media are subject to self-censorship and occasional government censorship.
Radio is the main source of information for many Burundians. The government runs the sole TV station, the only radio station with national coverage, as well as the only newspaper that publishes regularly.
Agence Burundaise de Presse; privately owned Burundi Press Agency (in French).
Analysis, Research, Information and Data on Burundi (French and English)
Central news (in French).
afrol News - Burundi
Burundi related news in English and Spaanish.
IRIN Africa: Burundi
Burundi News and background information.
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Arts & CultureWood carvings from Burundi. Master Carver Lazar Rurerekana
Expressions of Burundian Life and Culture through the carvings of Master Carver Lazar Rurerekana.
Burundi : Musique
AfroMix provide a list of contemporary Burundi musicians.
Election Burundi - a woman voting
© ONUB Photo: Martine Perret 2005
Business & Economy
Banque de la République du Burundi
Central Bank Burundi.
Banque de Credit de Bujumbura
Belgium based private bank group.
Coffee Board of Burundi
Site provides information about the Coffee Board and arabica coffee farming.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Burundi - Community and Country Guides
Office National du Tourisme
National Burundi Tourism site with information about travel in and around Burundi.
Official website of the city of Bujumbura, Burundi's capital. (in French)
burundi information project
Site ment to be a tool to get a better overview of the projects and initiatives that are going on in Burundi.
Université du Burundi Official university web site with information about its mission, its institutions and its organisation structure. (in French)
Burundis History from Prehistory until the ethnic conflict in the beginning of the 1990s (In French).
Wikipedia article about the ethnic conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi Tribes in Burundi.
WWW-VL History Index of Burundi
Collection of web resources related to the history of Burundi.
Human RightsLigue Burundaise des Droits de l'Homme
Human Rights League of Burundi with information ont he work of the league (in French.)
OPDE - Oeuvre humanitaire pour la Protection et le Développement de l'Enfant en difficulté
A humanitarian charity for the protection and development of the street children of the Great Lakes.
Relief Web: Burundi
The UN administered Relief Web with Humanitarian information on Burundi.
Peace and Collaborative Development Network:
Early warning for Burundi - It needs violence-prevention now! Article by Jan Oberg.
Additional Information on Burundi:
BBC News Country Profile: Burundi
The Transnational Foundation: Burundi
The World Factbook -- Burundi
Africa South of the Sahara: Burundi
Open Directory Project: Burundi
Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa)
Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe
Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
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