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___ Mauritius

A virtual travel guide to Mauritius, an archipelago in Southern Africa in the Indian Ocean. The main island Mauritius is about 880 km (550 mi) east of Madagascar. The island nation includes Mauritius, the island Rodrigues, 600 km (373 mi) further east, the islands of Agalega, 1065 km (660 mi) to the north, and the archipelago Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), 400 km away.

The islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, and nearby Réunion (170 km (110 mi) southwest) form part of the Mascarene Islands. The combined area of 2,040 km² of the country is about one fifth smaller than Luxembourg or about half the size of the US state of Rhode Island. The capital and largest city is Port Louis.

This page aims to give you a broad overview of Mauritian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government. and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Mauritius.

Aerial View of Le Morne
Aerial View of Le Morne Brabant, the peninsula at the south-western tip of Mauritius.

Republic of Mauritius | République de Maurice (French) | Republik Moris (Mauritian creole)

Country Profile

Mauritius Flag
Flag of Mauritius
where in Africa is Mauritius

Official Name:
Republic of Mauritius
République de Maurice
short form: Mauritius

ISO Country Code: mu

Local Time = UTC +4h
Actual Time: Thu-May-25  07:16

Country Calling Code: +230

Capital City: Port Louis (pop. 148 000)

Other Cities: Beau Bassin and Rose Hill (105 000), Vacoas-Phoenix (100 000), Curepipe (80 000), Quatre Bornes (80 000).

Type: Republic.
Independence: 12 March 1968 ( from UK, Mauritius became a republic in 1992).
Constitution: 12 March 1968.

Location: East South Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, 500 miles east of Madagascar.
Area: 2,040 km² (770 sq. mi.)
Dependencies: Rodrigues Island, the Agalega Islands and Cargados Carajos Shoals; Mauritius also claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, where the U.S. Naval Support Facility at Diego Garcia is located.
Terrain: A volcanic island with a central plateau rimmed by mountains, the island is surrounded by coral reefs.

Climate: Tropical; cyclone season mid-December-April.

Nationality: Mauritian(s).
Population: 1.3 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Indo-Mauritians 68%, Creoles 27%, Sino-Mauritians 3%, Franco-Mauritians 2%.
Religions: Hindu 48%, Christian 32%, Muslim.
Languages: French, English (official), Creole (common), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri.
Literacy: 85-90%

Natural resources: Arable land, fish.

Agriculture products: Sugar, sugar derivatives, tea, tobacco, vegetables, fruits, flowers and fishing.

Industries: Labor-intensive goods for export, including textiles and clothing, watches and clocks, jewelry, optical goods, toys and games, and cut flowers; tourism.

Exports - commodities: clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish, primates (for research)

Exports partners: UK 19.3%, France 16.4%, USA 9.9%, South Africa 9.8%, Spain 7.5%, Italy 6.9%, Madagascar 6.8% (2012)

Imports partners: India 23.1%, China 16%, France 8.5%, South Africa 6.5% (2012)

Currency: Mauritian Rupee (MUR)

Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was attained in 1968.
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. The country has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India, South Africa, and China, and it has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Mauritius has a stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Mauritius

The Government of Mauritius
Webportal of the Government of Mauritius, provides information and links of the government.

Office of the President
Official website of Mauritius' State House.

Mauritius National Assembly
The site provides information about the Mauritius National Assembly.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Mauritius Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Regional Cooperation.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of Mauritius
Washington D.C.
Mauritius Embassies in Foreign Countries
Address list of Mauritius Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Mauritius
Address list of Foreign Embassies accredited in Mauritius.

Transparency Mauritius
Combating corruption in Mauritius.

The Central Statistical Office/Mauritius
Mauritius in Figures.

Mauritius Meteorological Services
Mauritius Weather.


Map of Mauritius
Political Map of Mauritius.
Google Earth Google Earth Mauritius
Searchable map and satellite view of Mauritius.
Google Earth Google Earth Port Louis
Searchable map and satellite view of Mauritius's capital city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.

Port Louis
Capital City Port Louis ©


National news (in French)
Le Mauricien
National news (in French)
Mauritius News
UK-based Monthly Newspaper.

Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation
The public broadcasting station of the Republic of Mauritius.
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Arts & Culture

Mauritius Culture
About Mauritius' diverse cultures.

Music from Mauritius: Séga, Seggae et Ragga (Streaming).

The Sega
Image gallery of Sega dancer, the Sega is both the national dance and musical form of Mauritius.
Sega Dancer
Sega Dancer ©

Business & Economy

Bank of Mauritius
The Central Bank of Mauritius.

Mauritius Chamber of Commerce and Industry - MCCI
Official website of Mauritius Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Mauritius Online Business Directory
Mauritius Business Directory.

Yellow Pages Mauritius
Mauritius Yellow Pages.


Air Mauritius

Mauritius Freeport
The Mauritius Freeport Authority.


Destination Mauritius - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Mauritius and Rodrigues, Agalega, and St. Brandon.

Mauritius Tourism Promotion Authority
Official travel and tourism site for Mauritius, with information about accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, and much more.

Mauritius Info
Info on Mauritius.

Mauritius Island On-line
US-based Mauritius Portal.

A Week in Mauritius
A Photo Gallery and Travelogue by Andy Carvin.

Mauritius in Images
An island album.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



University of Mauritius
Mauritius' university was founded in 1965.


Environment & Nature

Mauritian Wildlife Foundation
The Mauritian Wildlife Foundation is committed to the conservation of Mauritian fauna and flora.



History of Mauritius
Mauritius's History by periods: the Dutch period (1598-1710), the French period (1715-1810), the British period (1810-1968)
Pieter Both, Mauritius
Pieter Both ©

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