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a large country in Eastern Europe with a coastline at the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, it is bordered by Russia in northeast and east, Belarus in northwest, Poland and Slovakia in west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest.
Flag of Ukraine
Ukraine covers an area of 600,000 km² making it the second largest country in Europe after Russia, it is about twice the size of Italy or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Texas.
Ukraine's landscape consists mainly of plains and plateaus, only the Carpathian mountains in the west reach 2,061 m (6,760 ft.) at Mount Hoverla (Hora Hoverla), the highest mountain in the country.
The country has a population of 45.4 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Kiev, spoken languages are Ukrainian, Russian is widely spoken, especially in the eastern and southern parts of the country.
Ukraine | Ukrayina | Україна
Ukraine, a country in Eastern Europe, and the second largest country in Europe after Russia. The Crimean Autonomous Republic - encompassing the Crimean Peninsula, or Crimea, in the south was included in Ukraine's borders but is now occupied by Russia.
The country is rich in natural resources, Ukraine has been fought over and subjugated for centuries; its 20th-century struggle for liberty is not yet complete. A short-lived independence from Russia (1917-1920) was followed by brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died, and World War II, in which German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 million more deaths.
Although independence was attained in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, true freedom remains elusive as many of the former Soviet elite remain entrenched, stalling efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civic liberties.
int'l form: Ukraine
formerly: Carpathian Ukraine, Ukrainian Socialists Soviet Republic.
ISO Country Code: ua, ukr
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Sat-July-22 03:31
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +3)
Country Calling Code: +380
Capital City: Kiev (Kyiv)
Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kharkiv, Lviv, Odesa
Independence: August 24, 1991.
Constitution: First post-Soviet constitution adopted June 28, 1996.
Location: Eastern Europe, bordered on the West by Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary; on the Southwest by Romania and Moldova; on the South by the Black Sea and Sea of Azov; on the East and Northeast by Russia; and on the North by Belarus.
Area: 603,000 km² (233,100 sq mi)
Terrain: mostly flat; 95% of lands are plains and 5% are mountainous.
Climate: two climatic zones: moderate and subtropical (southern shore of Crimea)
Population: 42 million (2015)
Ethnic Groups: Ukrainians, Russians, Belarusians, Moldovans, Hungarians, Bulgarians, Jews, Poles, Crimean Tatars, and other groups.
Religions: Ukrainian Orthodoxy, Ukrainian Greek Catholicism, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Islam
Languages: Ukrainian (official), Russian, others
Agriculture products: Grain, sugar, sunflower seeds.
Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, oil and gas, gravel, salt; biggest ozocerite and brimstone deposits in the world.
Exports - commodities: ferrous and nonferrous metals, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, foodstuffs.
Exports - partners: Russia 12.7%, Turkey 7.3%, China 6.3%, Egypt 5.5%, Italy 5.2%, Poland 5.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: energy, machinery and equipment, chemicals.
Imports - partners: Russia 20%, Germany 10.4%, China 10.1%, Belarus 6.5%, Poland 6.2%, Hungary 4.2% (2015)
Currency: Ukrainian Hryvnia (UAH)
(Source: Embassy of Ukraine and others)
External links will open in the top browser window.
Official Sites of UkrainePresident of Ukraine
Petro Poroshenko's office.
Verkhovna Rada - Parliament of Ukraine
Supreme Council of Ukraine is is Ukraine's parliament.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
Mission of Ukraine to the UN
Ukraine's Permanent Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Ukraine
Embassy of Ukraine
Administrative Map of Ukraine
Map showing the administrative divisions of Ukraine.
Map of Ukraine
Political Map of Ukraine.
Google Earth Ukraine
Searchable map and satellite view of Ukraine.
Map of Crimea
Map of the Crimean peninsula.
Google Earth Crimea peninsula
Searchable map and satellite view of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
Kiev, Odessa, Sevastopol, Simferopol
Map of Central and Eastern Europe
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Image: Uncle Sasha
Ukrainian daily newspaper.
National daily newspaper.
Ukrainian National News Agency.
BBC current news from Ukraine.
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Arts & Culture
National Palace of Arts "Ukraina".
Odessa National Academic Theater of Opera and Ballet
Opera and Ballet Theater in Odessa.
Trypillia culture (Trypil'ska kultura)
Ukraine's Neolithic culture.
Business & Economy
National Bank of Ukraine
The central bank of Ukraine.
Ukrainian Stock Exchange
Ukrainian Stock Exchange Kiew.
Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The Ukrainian Chamber is also home to the Industry International Commercial Arbitration Court and the Maritime Arbitration Commission.
Kherson Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Kherson, a city in southern Ukraine
Ukraine International Airlines
Ukraine's flag carrier and the largest airline operates direct flights to most major cities in Europe.
DART Ukrainian Airlines
Ukrainian airline based in Kiev.
Ukrainian charter airline.
International State airport Boryspil
Ukraine's international airport in Kiev.
"LOT" Transportation Company was established in 1993 and was the first private company in Nikolayev region.
National Space Agency of Ukraine
Development of state policy concepts in the sphere of research and peaceful uses of space, as well as in the interests of national security.
Image: Andrew Bossi
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Ukraine - Country Guides
Discover Ukraine: Lviv, the cultural capital of Ukraine; Odessa; Kiev and the Kyiv region; Volyn region, Zakarpattya region, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Poltava region, Kharkiv region
Tourism Administration Ukraine
Official tourism information (in Ukrainian)
Travel to Ukraine
A guide to the Ukraine
General facts about Ukraine.
Welcome to Ukraine
Information and Links.
Ivan Franko National University of L'viv
Oldest continuously operating university in Ukraine, founded in 1661.
Kharkiv National University
Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University
Institution of higher education.
Sumy State University
Sumy State University (SSU) is situated in Sumy city in North-East of Ukraine and is a leading higher education establishment of the region.
Uzhgorod National University
Uzhhorod, founded in October 18,1945.
Environment & Nature
Chernobyl Information Center
You are in Chernobyl, the site provides some information about the Chernobyl disaster.
Wikipedia article about the catastrophic nuclear accident that occurred on 26 April 1986.
History of Ukraine
Page about Ukraine's history from the oldest period of Ukrainian history to independence.
History of Ukraine
Wikipedia pages related to the history of Ukraine.
Open Directory Project: Ukraine
Sources and additional Information on UkraineBBC Country Profile: Ukraine
The Heritage Foundation: Ukraine
Human Rights Watch: Ukraine
The World Factbook -- Ukraine
Other Countries of Eastern Europe:
Belarus | Bulgaria | Czech Republic | Hungary | Moldova
Poland | Romania | Russian Federation | Slovakia
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