Image: Niele Geypens
France and the Netherlands, it borders Luxembourg and Germany in east and it shares maritime borders with the United Kingdom.
Flag of Belgium
The country occupies an area of 30,528 km², it is about three-fourths the size of neighboring Netherlands, or about the size of the U.S. state of Maryland.
Belgium is a federal state divided into three regions: Dutch-speaking Flanders in the north, francophone Wallonia in the south and Brussels, the bilingual capital, where French and Dutch share official status. There is also a small German-speaking minority in the eastern part of the country.
Read on to get comprehensive information about many aspects of this Benelux country in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
Belgium | Belgique | België | Belgien
Royaume de Belgique - Koninkrijk Belgie
local short form: Belgique - België
int'l long form: Kingdom of Belgium
int'l short form: Belgium
ISO Country Code: be
Time Zone: CET -- Central European Time
Actual Time: Sun-Oct-23 16:14
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +32
Capital: Bruxelles (Brussels - pop. 954 460)
Antwerp (pop. 445,570)
Brugge (pop. 116,559)
Charleroi (pop. 202,233)
Gent (pop. 224,685)
Liège (pop. 184,550)
Namur (pop. 105,248)
Federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch
Independence: 1830 (from the Netherlands)
Location: Western Europe
Area: 30,528 km² (11,786 sq. mi.)
Highest elevation: Signal de Botrange (694 m)
Climate: Temperate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
Nationality: noun: Belgian(s)
Population: 11.1 million (2014)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 31 549 (year)
Religions: Predominantly Roman Catholic (although less than 20% practicing); Protestant, Jewish, Islamic, Anglican, Greek and Russian Orthodox recognized.
Languages: Dutch, French, German
Linguistic regions: Dutch-speaking 58%; French-speaking 32%; legally bilingual (Brussels) 9.3%; German-speaking 0.7%
Natural resources: Coal, natural gas, construction materials, silica sand, carbonates.
Agriculture products: Sugar beets, fresh vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal, pork, milk.
Industries: Engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum.
Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, finished diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs
Exports partners: Germany 18%, France 16.1%, Netherlands 13%, UK 7.3%, USA 5.3%, Italy 4.4% (2012)
Imports - commodities: raw materials, machinery and equipment, chemicals, raw diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transportation equipment, oil products
Imports partners: Netherlands 20.9%, Germany 14.2%, France 10.6%, USA 6.1%, UK 5.5%, Ireland 4.4% (2012)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Belgium became independent from the Netherlands after a nationalist revolt in 1830. Occupied and devastated during both world wars, Belgium formed the Benelux Customs Union with the Netherlands and Luxembourg in 1948 and became a founding member of the EEC.
Tensions between the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the north and the French-speaking Walloons of the south have led in recent years to constitutional amendments granting these regions formal recognition and autonomy.
Read more about Belgium's History.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of BelgiumThe Belgian Monarchy
Official website of the Belgian King and the members of the Royal Family.
Prime Minister of Belgium
Belgian Prime Minister’s website.
Het federale Parlement van België - Le parlement fédéral de la Belgique
The Federal Parliament of Belgium. The bicameral federal parliament is composed of the Senate (or upper house) and the Chamber of Representatives.
Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation Belgium.
Official portal of Belgium.
Permanent Mission of Belgium to the United Nations
The Belgian UN Mission.
Embassy of Belgium
Belgian Embassies Abroad
Addresses of Belgian Embassies Abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Belgium
Addresses of Foreign Embassies in Belgium.
Visa for Belgium
Visa information for Belgium.
Directorate-general Statistics and Economic information, the National Institute of Statistics.
Koninklijk Meteorologisch Instituut
The Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium.
Map of Belgium
Political Map of Belgium.
Google Earth Belgium (Belgie, Belgique)
Searchable map and satellite view of Belgium.
Google Earth Brussels
Searchable map and satellite view of Belgium's capital.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Image: Wouter Hagens
NewsNews in Dutch language:
Gazet van Antwerpen
Het Laatste Nieuws
News in French:
La Libre Belgique
Belgium and international news.
National and international news.
Belgium News in German:
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureAtomium
Official Atomium's website of Belgium's most famous landmark.
Principia Cybernetica tries to tackle age-old philosophical questions with the help of the most recent cybernetic theories and technologies.
Belgian Art Research Institute
We plan to publish definitive catalogues raisonnés for several major Belgian artists.
Belgiums uber-most famous poet and singer. (site is not working)
Magritte Museum displays works of the surrealist artist and great Belgian painter René Magritte.
Foundation Paul Delvaux and museum dedicated to the Belgian painter, associated with Surrealism.
Peter Paul Rubens home.
Antwerp Royal Academy of Fine Arts Belgium - Fashion Department
Think of unconventional fashion and you think of Antwerp.
De Munt/La Monnaie
La Monnaie Opera House.
Musée de Louvain-la-Neuve
University museum open to the public in 1979, part of the Department of Archeology and the History of Art, Louvain-la-Neuve.
Musées royaux des Beaux-Arts- Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten
Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels.
Design Museum Gent
Museum of Decorative Arts and Design, Ghent. The accent in the collections and exhibitions lies on 20th century and actual design.
Palais des Beaux-Arts de Charleroi
Fine Arts at Charleroi.
Royal Museums of Art and History
One of the biggest museum institutions in Belgium.
Royal Museum for Central Africa
Part of the Belgian history.
Business & Economy
Belgium's modern, open, and private-enterprise-based economy has capitalized on its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and diversified industrial and commercial base.
Industry is concentrated mainly in the more heavily-populated region of Flanders in the north. With few natural resources, Belgium imports substantial quantities of raw materials and exports a large volume of manufactures, making its economy vulnerable to volatility in world markets.
Belgian banks were severely affected by the international financial crisis in 2008 with three major banks receiving capital injections from the government, and the nationalization of the Belgian retail arm of a Franco-Belgian bank.
Nationale Bank van België - Banque Nationale de Belgique
The Central Bank of Belgium.
Belgian Foreign Trade Agency
Belgian Trade Promotion Organization.
Brussels Stock Exchange (BSE)
Brussels Stock Exchange merged with Paris Bourse, Lisbon Stock Exchange and the stock exchanges of Amsterdam, to form Euronext
Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Belgium
The official site of the Belgian Chambers of Commerce and Industry.
Information about investing in Belgium, part of Belgium's Information campaign about investing in Belgium.
Golden Pages online
Belgian's yellow pages.
The Atomium - Brusseles
Since its creation in 1958, the Atomium has become a symbol of the 20th Century.
Belgian Lace Manufactory.
Chocolate since 1857.
Godiva Chocolatier was founded in 1926 in Brussels.
Diamond High Council - HRD
More than half of the world's consumption of rough as well as polished and industrial diamonds is traded in Antwerp.
Belgian airline, covering 43 European & 13 African destinations, corporate profile, timetables, etc.
The former regional business airline is now CityJet, CityJet bought Belgian airline VLM in 2007.
Brussels (Zaventem) International Airport
Belgium's largest airport (IATA: BRU).
Brussels South Charleroi Airport
Second busiest airport Belgium's (IATA: CRL).
High-speed passenger train linking London, Paris and Brussels.
The Belgian Railways.
Image: © atomium.be - SABAM - DJ Sharko
Destination Belgium - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Belgium: Wallonia, Flanders, Brussels, Antwerp, Charleroi, Ghent, Namur, Waterloo
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.
Office de Promotion du Tourisme Wallonie
Belgian Tourist Office for Brussels and Wallonia.
Belgian Tourist Office for Brussels and Flanders.
Belgian National Tourist Office
Official Site of the Belgian Tourist Office in The Americas.
Image: Elke Wetzig
Historic Centre of Brugge
Brugge (Bruges) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders, the Historic Town of Brugge, a medieval historic city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
La Grand-Place, Brussels
The central square of Brussel since the Middle Ages, is surrounded by Gothic buildings, guildhalls, Brussels Town Hall, and the Breadhouse building which today houses the Museum of the City of Brussels
Lifts on the old Canal du Centre
The four hydraulic boat-lifts on the historic Canal du Centre, near the town of La Louvière, Wallonia, are industrial monuments built in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai
The Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Tournai was built in the first half of the 12th century. The building combines the work of three design periods. It is especially distinguished by a Romanesque nave of extraordinary dimensions and a wealth of sculpture on its capitals.
Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex
The Plantin-Moretus Museum is a museum in Antwerp, it was originally a printing plant and publishing house dating from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. The complex is is associated with the history of the invention and spread of printing.
More World Heritage Sites in Belgium
Welcome to the official website of the Tourism and convention bureau of Brussels.
Welcome to Brussels
A guide to Brussels.
Other Belgian Cities:
City of Antwerp
Digital Metropolis Antwerp.
The City of Bruges.
Ville de Charleroi
The City of Charleroi.
The City of Ghent.
Ville de Liège
The City of Liege.
The City of Namur, the capital of Wallonia.
The Wallonian Capital of Water.
Commune de Waterloo
The City of Waterloo.
Find and book hotels and venues in Brussels and others cities of Belgium.
Brussels' legendary hotel.
Hotels in Belgium
Find Hotels in Belgium.
|Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationKatholieke Universiteit Leuven
One of the best European universities.
University of Ghent
UGent, is one of the major universities in the Dutch-speaking region, founded in 1817 as a Latin-speaking State University.
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Founded in 1834.
University of Liège
University of Liège was founded in 1817
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Flemish university with a specific ideological basis, namely Free Inquiry, founded in 1970.
Royal Library Belgium
Koninklijke Bibliotheek België; Bibliothèque royale Belgique (Dutch, French)
Science & Research
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
Museum and research institution.
Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium
Official Belgian waether website.
Royal Observatory of Belgium
Home of the Belgian astronomy.
Scientific and Technical Information Service (STIS)
Information brokerage and document delivery.
Belgian Portal for Research and Innovation in the fields of Science and Technology.
Environment & NatureEnvironmental organizations Belgium
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Belgium portal site to promote technical and scientific cooperation in the field of biodiversity.
The Belgian Greenpeace organization (in French nad Dutch).
Les Amis de la Terre-Belgique
Friends of the Earth, Belgium.
VMM - Vlaamse Milieumaatschappij
The Flemish Environment Agency, a public Flemish institution.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) - Belgium
The Belgian WWF site (in French nad Dutch).
HistoryBelgium History and politics
About the different periods of Belgium's history.
Belgium - Short History
Outline of Belgian history.
Genealogy: Belgium - The BELGIUM-ROOTS Project
First Belgian Search Engine.
BBC News Country profile: Belgium
FAO Country Profiles - Belgium
A UK Foreign Office country profile.
EU Belgium profile
Open Directory: Belgium
UNDP - Human Development Indicators: Belgium
Worldbank Data: Belgium
The World Factbook -- Belgium
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