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Destination Mongolia, a virtual travel guide to "Blue Mongolia". This page aims to give you a broad overview of Mongolia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this North Asian nation, e.g.: official web sites of Mongolia, addresses of Mongolian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Mongolia.

City of Ulaanabaatar; Mongolia
Ulaanabaatar ©

Mongolia | Mongol Uls

Country Profile

Mongolia Flag
Flag of Mongolia

Long a province of China, Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing. A communist regime was installed in 1924. During the early 1990s, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) gradually yielded its monopoly on power. In 1996, the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) defeated the MPRP in a national election. Over the next four years the Coalition implemented a number of key reforms to modernize the economy and institutionalize democratic reforms. However, the former communists were a strong opposition that stalled additional reforms and made implementation difficult. In 2000, the MPRP won 72 of the 76 seats in Parliament and completely reshuffled the government. While it continues many of the reform policies, the MPRP is focusing on social welfare and public order priorities.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: China, Russia
where in Asia is Mongolia
Official Name:
Mongol Uls
int'l form: Mongolia
former: Outer Mongolia

ISO Country Code: mn

Local Time = UTC +8h
Actual Time: Wed-Mar-4  14:58
DST March - September (UTC +9h).

Country Calling Code: +976

Capital City: Ulaanbaatar, (Ulan Bator) founded in 1639 (pop. 1 million)

Other Cities: Darkhan (95 000 inhabitants) and Erdenet (74 000 inhabitants)

Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: gained in 1921; in 1990, democratic reform begun and shift from dependence on the former Soviet Union declared.
Constitutions: 1960 and 12 February 1992.

Location: Northern Asia, between China and Russia.
Area: 1,564,100 kmĀ² (603,863 sq. mi.); Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central; almost 90% of land area is pasture or desert, of varying usefulness; 1% arable; 9% forested.

Climate: Sharp continental, marked by four seasons. Average summer temperature +17'C, average winter temperature -26'C.

Nationality: Mongolian(s).
Population: 2.78 million (2010)
Ethnic groups: 85% Mongol (predominantly Khalkha), 7% Turkic (largest group, Kazakh) 4.6% Tungusic, and 3.4% others, including Chinese and Russian.
Languages: Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, and English.
Religions: Tibetan Buddhist Lamaism 94%, Muslim 6% (primarily in the southwest), and Shamanism.
Literacy: 90%.

Natural resources: Oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron.

Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops, sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses.

Industries: Construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing.

Currency: Togrog/Tugrik (MNT)

Mongolia in Figures
Mongolia key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Mongolia

The Government of Mongolia Home Page.

Mongolia Presidency
Official site of the president of Mongolia.

Mongolia Parliament
Official site of the State Great Hural (Parliament) of Mongolia.

Government Organizations of Mongolia
Index of Governments Organizations.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia
Official site of the Ministry.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Mongolia to the United Nations
representation to the UN.Mongolia
Embassy of Mongolia in the U.S.
The Embassy at Washington, D.C.
Diplomatic Missions
Address list of Missions of Mongolia abroad and Foreign Missions to Mongolia.

National Statistics Office
Mongolia in figures.

profile Map of Mongolia
Political map of Mongolia.
Google Earth Google Earth Mongolia
Searchable map and satellite view of Mongolia.
Google Earth Google Earth Ulaanbaatar
Searchable map and satellite view of Mongolia's capital city.

Map of East Asia
Political map of East Asia.
profile Reference Map of Asia
Political map of Asia.


Mongolia's National News Agency.
Mongolian independent English weekly newspaper.


Arts & Culture

Art Council of Mongolia
Advocates and supports the sustainable development of Mongolian arts and culture.
Culture Center of the Northern Asian First Peoples' Art
For foreigner's & our first people's information, founded '96 in Ulan -Ude (Buryatia, Russia).
Throat singing is Mongolia's invaluable contribution to world.
Mongol Art
Designed to promote global interest and understanding of Mongolian arts and culture.
Mongolia: The Legacy of Chinggis Khan
Site of the presentation of Mongolian art at Asian Art Museum San Francisco.
 Mongolia Today
Online magazine devoted to the promotion of history, culture and traditions of Mongol nomads.
Mongolian Traditional Archery
Information about the art of the bow.
National Costumes of the Mongolian People's Republic
History and tradition of Mongolian Costumes.
The Realm of The Mongols
Dedicated to the philosophical and spiritual legacy of the Old Mongols, and to the memory of Chingis Khan.
Little Warrior
Little Warrior ©

Business & Economy

Bank of Mongolia
Central Bank of Mongolia.
Mongolian Stock Exchange

Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Products of Mongolia
Khan Bräu
Mongolian Beer.

Petroleum Authority of Mongolia
Governmental organization responsible for the exploration, protection, production, processing, transportation, storage and marketing of petroleum in Mongolia.

Ulaanbaatar carpet
Hand- and machine -made Mongolian carpets.

MIAT Mongolian Airlines
Serves destinations in Germany, Russia, and south east Asia.

Mongolian Railway
Official site.

Destination Mongolia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Mongolia: Naadam Festival, Gobi Desert, Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil), Lake Khovsgol, Kharakhorum.
Adventure travel, accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more; .

Mongolia Tourism Board
Official travel and tourism site with a lot of information on Mongolia.

great site Discover Mongolia
Mongolia Guide including a Photo Gallery.
Mongolia photo
Photo gallery with high quality pictures of Mongolia.
Mongolia Travel Photos
Mongolia picture gallery.
A Mongolia portal provides information on Mongolian traditions and culture, geography and much more.
Virtual Mongolia
Mongolia Traveler Magazine.
Visit Mongolia
A travel and tourism guide to Mongolia.

The Portal focuses on Mongolia's capital city.

Hotels in Mongolia
Find a Hotel in Mongolia.

__Tour Operator
Black Ibex Expeditions
A specialist tour operator located in Ulaanbaatar.
Gobi Expeditions Mongolia
Adventure Travel company based in Ulaanbaatar offers a wide range of activities throughout the country.
Mongolian Adventure Tours
All-inclusive and mini-package tour services.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Gers are the traditional tents of the nomads.


National University of Mongolia (NUM)
NUM is the country's oldest and only comprehensive university and a leading center of sciences, education and culture, stablished on 5 October 1942.


Mongolian Biodiversity & Ecological Studies
The mission of the Institute for Mongolian Biodiversity and Ecological Studies is to stimulate and help coordinate biodiversity and ecological research in Mongolia.
Mongolian Nature and Environment Consortium 
An alliance of 14 nature and environment conservation research institutes, centers and NGOs of Mongolia.


Mongolia's history from the ancient periods unil today.
History of Mongolia
Information on various periods of Mongolia's History.
History of Buryatia (Ar Mongol)
Buryat Mongols are significant minorities in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia.

Historical Path of Mongolia's Statehood and Independence
Mongolias history in the 20th century.
Mongolia History
Modern History of Mongolia by Mongolia Embassy.

The Mongol Empire
More about the largest empire in human history.
The Mongol Khâns
History of Mongolia and the Khans.
Wikipedia entry about the the Mongols and the Mongol Empire.

Chinese Dynasties
Timeline of Chinese Imperial and Modern Dynasties.
Nomad family
Nomad family © 


Mongolia search engine and directory (in Mongolian)

Newsgroup of Mongolia

Additional Information on Mongolia

BBC News Country Profile: Mongolia
The Center for the Study of Eurasian Nomads (CSEN)
Nomadic cultures who lived in, or are currently living in Eurasia.
Eurasianet: Mongolia
Governments on the WWW: Mongolia
Infosystem Mongolei
An Internet-based Journal on Mongolian Affairs, stablished in November 1993 as the first information base on Mongolia in the Internet
Open Directory: Mongolia
The United Nations in Mongolia
Wikipedia: Mongolia
The World Factbook -- Mongolia
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.