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___ Mauritania (موريتانيا‎)

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Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Country Profile

Mauritania Flag
Flag of Mauritania

Independent from France in 1960, Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976, but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Opposition parties were legalized and a new constitution approved in 1991.
Two multiparty presidential elections since then were widely seen as being flawed; Mauritania remains, in reality, a one-party state.
The country continues to experience ethnic tensions between its black minority population and the dominant Maur (Arab-Berber) populace.

Mauritania is a member state of the League of Arab States
border countries: Algeria, Mali, Senegal, Western Sahara
related countries: France
Where in Africa is Mauritania?

Official Name:
Islamic Republic of Mauritania
conventional short form: Mauritania
short form: Muritaniyah
local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah

ISO Country Code: mr
Actual Time: Wed-Mar-4  00:09
Local Time = No UTC no GMT offset

Country Calling Code: +222

Capital City: Nouakchott (pop. 800,000)

Other Cities:
Nouadhibou (113,000), Selibaby (107,000), Kaedi (91,000), Kiffa (77,000), Rosso (63,000), Zouerate (36,000).

Type: Republic.
Independence: November 28, 1960 (from Fance).
Constitution: Approved 1991. Military rule 1978-1992. Original constitution promulgated 1961.

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara.
Area: 1,030,000 km² (398,000 sq. mi.), almost 2 times the area of France.
Terrain: Northern four-fifths barren desert; southern 20% mainly Sahelian with small scale irrigated and rainfed agriculture in the Senegal River basin.

Climate: Predominantly hot and dry.

Nationality: Mauritanian(s).
Population: 3.34 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber (White Moor or Beydane), Arab-Berber-Negroid (Black Moor or Haritine), Haalpulaar, Soninke, Wolof.
Religion: Islam.
Languages: Arabic (official), French, Pulaar, Wolof, and Soninke. Literacy: 42%.

Natural resources: Fish, copper, iron ore, gypsum.
Agriculture products: Dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, cattle, sheep.

Industries: Fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum.

Exports partners: Japan 12.5%, France 12.1%, Spain 11.4%, Italy 10.4%, Belgium 7.8%, Germany 7.4%, Russia 5%, Cote d'Ivoire 4.2%, Netherlands 4% (2003)

Imports partners: France 16.8%, Spain 7.7%, China 6.3%, Belgium 5.1%, Germany 4.9%, Japan 4.3%, UK 4.1%, USA 4% (2003)

Currency: Ouguiya (MRO)
sign: UM

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Mauritania

Site du Gouvernement - Official Government site of Mauritania.

Consulate of Mauritania
Montreal, Canada
Embassy of Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Washington D.C.

Office National de la Statistique
The national Statistics office (in French).

 Map of Mauritania
Political Map of Mauritania.
Google Earth Google Earth Mauritania
Searchable map and satellite view of Mauritania.
Google Earth Google Earth Nouakchott
Searchable map and satellite view of Mauritania's capital city.

 Map of North Africa and the Middle East
Reference map of North Africa and the Middle East.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.


AMI - Agence Mauritanienne d'Iinformation
Mauritanian News Agency (in French and Arabic)

Nouakchott Info Quotidien
Provides summaries of Mauritanian news (in French).


Arts & Culture

Portal for and about Mauritanian women.



Business & Economy

Banque Centrale de Mauritanie
Mauritania's Central Bank (in French).


Mauritania Airways

Air Mauritanie
Mauritania's former national carrier ceased operations in 2007 replaced by Mauritania Airlines International.

Mauritania Country Guides
Tourism sites related to Mauritania.

Embassy of Islamic Republic of Mauritania in Washington D.C.
The embassy provides also information about the country.

LookLex / Mauritania
A guide to Mauritania.

De Terjit à Chinguitti
From Terjit to Chinguitt, a French based guide to the holy city of the Sahara (in French).

Trek en Mauritanie
A trek in Mauritania, afoot in the Sahara (in French).

Tour Operator
Adrar Voyages
Organizes voyages for groups in the most remote areas of the country (in French).
Amatliche Tours
Desert tours and more (in French).
Appel du Desert
Call of the desert, Mauritania and Senegal tours (in French).
Poussières d'Etoiles/PST
Expedition to Mauritania.
Surmi Voyages
Mauritania tour operator.
Tourist complex Tenadi
Located at Trarza 90 km from Nouakchott on the road connecting Nouakchott with Mali (in French).
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Bibliothèque de l'Université de NKTT
The Nouakchott University Library (in French).
Institut Pédagogique National
National Institute of Pedagogy (in French).
Université de Nouakchott
Main academic institution in Mauritania, founded in 1981.


Ministère du Développement Rural et de l'Environnement
Official website of the Ministry for Rural Development and the Environment with information about the ministry , its work and function. (in French and Arabic)

Le Parc National du Banc d'Arguin
Official website of the National Park of Banc d'Arguin with its exceptional coastal ecosystem (in French).

Parc National du Diawling (PND)
National Park Diawling.


History of Mauritania by the Embassy of Mauritania in Washington.

History of Mauritania
Wikipedia entry about Mauritania's history.


Click for Mauritania
Mauritania portal (in French).

L'Annuaire Internet de la Mauritanie
Index of websites related to Mauritania.

North Africa search engine and directory.

Additional Information on Mauritania

Africa South of the Sahara: Mauritania
Karen Fung's list of Mauritania related sites.

African Studies Center - University of Pennsylvania: Mauritania

BBC News Country Profile: Mauritania

An MBendi Profile: Mauritania

Miftah Shamali - Mauritania
LexicOrient info about Mauritania.

Wikipedia: Mauritania

The World Factbook -- Mauritania

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