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___ Madagascar

A virtual travel guide to the big red island, this page is about many aspects of the world's fourth-largest island. Search and locate official web sites from the island, and find comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: The Madagascaran culture, history and geography. Get key information on Madagascar's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Madagascar and you may visit Madagascaran cities. Find maps and other tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Madagascar.

Baobabs of Madagascar
Baobabs, the sacred trees of Madagascar
 

Republic of Madagascar | Repoblikan'i Madagasikara

Country Profile


Flag of Madagascar
Flag of Madagascar

Background:
Madagascar, the Red Island, the Rainbow Island, the Eighth Continent, there are many names for the world's 4th largest island. Madagascar is situated in the south western area of the Indian Ocean east of the coast of Africa about 400 km off the coast of Mozambique. The island is recognized as one of the world's top ten hotspots for biodiversity.
Madagascar is inhabited by various ethnic groups of Malayo-Indonesian, mixed African and Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry. Five centuries before the Europeans discovered the island Malayo-Indonesian seafarers arrived in roughly the first century A.D., the Arabs followed in the 6th century to establish trading posts.
Since the 16th century French and British influence left its mark.
In October 1958 the Malagasy Republic was proclaimed as an autonomous state within the French Community and gained full independence in June 1960.
Like many former colonial countries Madagascar went through various political states like uprisings, provisional governments, single-party rule, socialist economic policies, and threat of secession.
Today the country is on a slow and steady economical and political growth path from an extremely low level.


Madagascar is geographically relative close to:
Comoros, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, South Africa

related countries: France, United Kingdom
 
where in the world is Madagascar?

Official Name:
Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
Republique de Madagascar

short form: Madagascar
int'l long form: Republic of Madagascar
former: Malagasy Republic

ISO Country Code: mg

Time:
Local Time = East African Time (UTC +3h)
Actual Time: Thu-Oct-23  14:42

Country Calling Code: +261

Capital City: Antananarivo (Tananarive)

Other Cities:
Antsirabé (about 500 000), Mahajanga (about 400 000), Toamasina (about 450 000)

Government:
Type: Republic
Independence: 26 June 1960 (from France)
Constitution: 19 August 1992 by national referendum

Geography:
Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique.
Area: 587,040 km² (226,658 sq mil.) about the size of Texas or France.
Terrain: Mountainous central plateau, coastal plain.

Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south, periodic cyclones.

People:
Nationality: Malagasy
Population: 20.7 million (2011)
Ethnic Groups: 18 separate tribal groups of Malayo-Indonesian, mixed African and Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry, French, Indian, Creole, Comoran.
Religions: Indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%.
Languages: Malagasy (of Malayo-Polynesian origin), French, (both official), English
Literacy: 70%

Natural resources: Graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products.

Industries: Meat processing, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism.

Exports partners: France 37.4%, USA 29.2%, Germany 5.5%, Mauritius 5.2% (2003)

Imports partners: China 14.2%, France 13.2%, South Africa 6.4%, Iran 6.2% (2003)

Currency: Ariary and Malagasy Franc (FMG)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
 

Official Sites of Madagascar

Madagascar Government
Madagascar government portal site.

Assemblée nationale malgache
Official site of the Malagasy National Assembly.

Ministère des Affaires Etrangères de Madagascar
Madagascar's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Madagascar to the UN
Information site of the Permanent Mission.
Ambassade de Madagascar au Canada
The Embassy of Madagascar in Canada.
Représentation de Madagascar en Suisse
The Madagascar Embassy in Switzerland.
Madagascar Consulate General
General Consulate of Madagascar, South Africa.
Représentation étrangères à Madagascar
List of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Antananarivo, Madagascar.
Malagasy Diplomatic Missions
List of Malagasy Diplomatic Missions abroad.


Statistics
Institut National de la Statistique Malgache
The National Institute of Statistics.


Maps
Map of Madagascar
Detailed map of Madagascar.
Google Earth Google Map Madagascar
Searchable map/satellite view of Madagascar.
Google Earth Google Map Antananarivo
Searchable map/satellite view of Madagascar's capital city.

Small Map of Madagascar
Indian Ocean Map
Political map of the West Indian Ocean.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
 

News

La Gazette de la Grande Ile
Antananarivo daily (in French and Malagasy)
L'Express de Madagascar
Comprehensive Madagascar News (in French and Malagasy)
Madagascar Tribune
Madagascar News (in French and Malagasy)
Midi Madagasikara
Regional News (in French and Malagasy)
Mad'Online
Online magazine specialized on Madagascar, most articles are reserved to registered users. (English, French, Italian)

IRIN News: Madagascar
News on relief, development, social, economic and political affairs.
 

 

Arts & Culture

Links to Malagasy music
Artists, lyrics, bibliographies and discographies of Malagasy musicians.
 

 

Business & Economy

Chambre de Commerce, d'Industrie, d'Artisanat et d'Agriculture
Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Craft, and Agriculture.

Transportation
Airline
Air Madagascar
With information about the Airline and Madagascar.

Railroad
Fianarantsoa Cote Est
The FCE train line links the highland city of Fianarantsoa with the east coast town of Manakara.
 
 

Destination Madagascar - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Madagascar: accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

Office Maison du Tourisme de Madagascar MTM
The official site of Madagascar Tourism, provides travel and tourism information. (in French)

Explore Madagascar!
A country guide made by Air Madagascar.

Guide de Madagascar
Site pour les voyageurs atravel guid to Madagascar. (in French)

Madagascar
A guide to Madagascar and its unique and diverse species of wildlife.

Photography from Madagascar
Madagascar images.

Madanet
Madagascar Tourist Information (French)

Antananarivo
Antananarivo
official site of the city of Antananarivo, Madagascar's capital (in French and Malagasy).
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information




Education

Université d'Antananarivo
The autonomous University of Madagascar.
Université de Fianarantsoa
The University of Fianarantsoa.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Parcs Nationaux et Réserves Naturelles de Madagascar
Official site of Madagascar's National Parks (in French)
Madagascar Wildlife Conservation (MWC)
A Malagasy non-profit association, which organises and pursues various conservation projects in Madagascar.
MBG: Madagascar Biodiversity and Conservation
David Parks and Larry Barnes Madagascar site - A photographic tour of Madagascar.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Science and Horticulture: Madagascar
The focus of RBG Kew's programme in Madagascar has centered on conservation and sustainable utilisation of Madagascar's plant diversity.
 
 

History

About Madagascar
History, Culture, Cuisine and Language of Madagascar.
History of Madagascar
Wikipedia article on Madagascar's history.

 
 

Search

Will Go To: Madagascar
Travel guide and directory.
Index on Africa: Madagascar
Index of Madagascar related information.

Newsgroup of Madagascar
soc.culture.malagasy

Additional Information on Madagascar

African Studies: Madagascar
Africa South of the Sahara: Madagascar
Karen Fung's collection of Madagascar related resources
BBC News Country Profile: Madagascar
FAO Country Profiles: Madagascar
Governments on the WWW: Madagascar
An Mbendi Profile: Madagascar
Open Directory Project: Madagascar
Wikipedia: Madagascar
The World Factbook -- Madagascar
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.