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A virtual guide to Bolivia, once part of the ancient Inca empire. Bolivia is a landlocked country in west central South America, bordered by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. With an area of 1,098,581 km² (424,164 sq mi) the country is about twice the size of Spain, or slightly less than three times the size of the U.S. state of Montana. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Bolivia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this South American nation, e.g.: official web sites of Bolivia, addresses of Bolivian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Bolivia.

Illimani Cordillera, Bolivia
Cordillera Real - Mount Illimani ©

Plurinational State of Bolivia | Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

Country Profile

Flag of Bolivia
Flag of Bolivia

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and counter-coups.
Comparatively democratic civilian rule was established in the 1980s, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and drug production.
Current goals include attracting foreign investment, strengthening the educational system, continuing the privatization program, and waging an anti-corruption campaign.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru

related countries: Spain
Where in South America is Bolivia?

Official Name:
Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
short form: Bolivia
int'l long form: Plurinational State of Bolivia

Bolivia changed its official name from Republic of Bolivia to Plurinational State of Bolivia in 2009.

ISO Country Code: bo

Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Mon-May-30  14:21

Country Calling Code: +591

Capital Cities:
La Paz (administrative, seat of the government; pop. 800,000)
Sucre (legislative/judiciary; pop. 300 000)

Other Cities:
Santa Cruz (1,500 000), Cochabamba (587,000), El Alto (860,000).

Type: Republic.
Independence: 6 August 1825.
Constitution: 1967; revised 1994.

Location: West central South America
Area: 1 million km² (424.164 sq. mi.)
Terrain: High plateau (altiplano), temperate and semitropical valleys, and the tropical lowlands.

Climate: Varies with altitude--from humid and tropical to semiarid and cold.

Nationality: Bolivian(s).
Population: 10.4 million (2010)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 3 049 (year)
Ethnic Groups: Quechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%.
Religions: Predominantly Roman Catholic; minority Protestant.
Languages: Spanish (official); Quechua, Aymara, Guarani.
Literacy: 85.5%.

Natural resources: Tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber.

Industries: Mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing

Currency: Boliviano (BOB)

Bolivia in numbers
Bolivia statistical key figures.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Bolivia

Presidencia de la República de Bolivia
Site of the Bolivian Presidency (in Spanish).

Congreso Nacional
The Bolivian National Congress (in Spanish).

BOLIVIA portal del gobierno boliviano
E-government portal of Bolivia (in Spanish).

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de Bolivia
Ministry of External Relations (in Spanish).

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de Bolivia ante las Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Bolivia to the United Nations (in Spanish).
Embajada de Bolivia
Embassy of Bolivia in the U.S. Washington D.C. (mostly in Spanish)
Embajada de Bolivia en la República Argentina
Embassy of Bolivia in Argentina.

INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística
The National Institute of Statistics.


Administrative Map of Bolivia
Map showing Bolivia's administrative divisions.
Detailed Map of Bolivia
Political Map of Bolivia.

Google Earth Google Earth Bolivia
Searchable map and satellite view of Bolivia.
Google Earth Google Earth La Paz
Searchable map and satellite view of Bolivia's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Sucre
Searchable map and satellite view of Bolivia's legislative capital.

Map of South America
Reference Map of South America.


Bolivia News

Correo del Sur
Sucre, local and national news (in Spanish).
El D
Santa Cruz de la Sierra - National news (in Spanish).
El Diario
La Paz - National and international news (in Spanish).
El Mundo
Santa Cruz - National and international news (in Spanish).
El Nuevo Dia
Santa Cruz - National and international news (in Spanish).
Diario el Potosí
Potosi - National and international news (in Spanish).
Los Tiempos
Cochabamba - National news (in Spanish).
La Razon
La Paz - National and international news (in Spanish).
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Arts & Culture

Museo de la Coca
Coca Museum site by International Coca Research Institute ICORI, background and history of a disputed plant.
Museo Nacional de Arqueologia
The National Archaeological Museum (in Spanish).
Museo Nacional de Arte
The National Museum of Art (in Spanish).
International Association of Andean Musicians
Aims the preservation of the Andean music through the conscious education towards musicians.
Potolo textile - Art Bolivia
Potolo textile ©

Business & Economy

Banco Central de Bolivia
Central Bank of Bolivia.
Bolsa Boliviana de Valores
Stock Exchange Bolivia.

Bolivia Business On Line
Information about Bolivia Business and Tourism

A regional carrier, by now the country's only significant private airline.
Lloyd Aereo Boliviano S.A.- L.A.B.
was the national airline of Bolivia until 2007, LAB has recommenced domestic services from its base in Cochabamba from August 2008.

Destination Bolivia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Bolivia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, the Andes, Salar de Uyuni, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Turismo Bolivia
Official site of the Bolivian Viceministry for Tourism, with travel and tourism information.

Bolivia Business
Business and tourism in Bolivia.
A window to Bolivia where you can learn more about Bolivia's culture, people, resources, updated news, and many other subjects
Bolivia Web - Travel
Bolivian community website.

La Paz
City Council La Paz.
The Municipality of Sucre (in Spanish).


Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia
The great salt lake Salar de Uyuni ©


Universidad Andina Simón Bolivar
Universidad Catílica Boliviana
La Paz

Environment & Nature

Asociación de Organizaciones de Productores Ecológicos de Bolivia AOPEB
The Association of Ecological Producers' Organizations of Bolivia with the purpose to improve the ecological producers' level of self-sufficiency on the basis of an ecologically sustainable agriculture.
Eco Bolivia Foundation
Indigenous Foundation for protecting Biodiversity and the quality of life of the original inhabitants in the area of the headwaters of the Amazon.
Fundación Amigos de la Naturaleza/ Friends of Nature Foundation
FAN is a private non profit organization, founded in 1988, dedicated to conserve Bolivian biodiversity.

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Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama