Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
 
Home Earth Continents Europe Austria

___ Austria

A virtual travel guide to Austria. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Austria's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this country, e.g.: official web sites of Austria, addresses of Austrian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Austria.
Austrian Parliament
Austrian Parliament in Vienna © austrianviews.at
 

Austria | Österreich | Autriche

Country Profile


Flag of Austria
Flag of Austria

Background:
Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies, Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral" as a condition of Soviet military withdrawal.
Neutrality, once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity, has been called into question since the Soviet collapse of 1991 and Austria's increasingly prominent role in European affairs.
A prosperous country, Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and the euro monetary system in 1999.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland

 

where in Europe is Austria?

Official Name: Republik Österreich
short form: Österreich
int'l long form: Federal Republic of Austria
int'l short form: Austria

ISO Country Code: at
Actual Time: Sat-Nov-1  14:03
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +43

Capital City: Wien (Vienna) (pop. 1.5 million)

Other Cities:
Bregenz, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg.

Government:
Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated May 1, 1945).

Geography:
Location: Central Europe
Area: 83,871 kmĀ² (32,382 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Alpine (64%), northern highlands that form part of the Bohemian Massif (10%), lowlands to the east (26%).

Climate: Continental temperate.

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Austrian(s).
Population: 8.45 million (2012)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 32 962 (year)
Ethnic groups: Germans 98%, Croats, Slovenes; other recognized minorities include Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma.
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Lutheran 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 5.5, no confession 12.0%.
Language: German 92%.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Iron ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber, tungsten, magnesite, lignite, cement.

Agriculture products: Drains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber.

Industries: Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.

Exports partners: Germany 31.9%, Italy 9.6%, Switzerland 5.2%, USA 4.9%, France 4.8%, UK 4.7% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 43.2%, Italy 6.7%, Hungary 5.4%, Switzerland 5%, Netherlands 4.2% (2003)

Currency: Euro (EUR)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Austria

Der Bundespräsident der Republik Österreich
The Austrian Federal President.

Republik Österreich
The Federal Republic of Austria.

Bundeskanzleramt Republik Österreich
The Federal Chancellery.

oesterreich.at
The Austrian e-government portal (in German)


Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
The Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Austria.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations, New York
Austria's representation to the UN.
The Austrian Embassy in Ottawa
Canada.
Austrian representations Abroad
LIst of Austrian representations Abroad
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Austria
List of Foreign representations in Austria (in German)


Statistics
Statistik Austria
Statistical Office Austria. (in German)


Weather
Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG)
Central Institute of Meteorology and Geodynamics.


Maps
 Map of Austria
Political map of Austria.
Austrian Map online
Maps and City search.

Google Earth Google Earth Austria (Österreich)
Searchable map and satellite view of Austria.
Google Earth Vienna Map
Searchable map and satellite view of Austria's capital city.
Vienna City Map
Searchable city map of Vienna.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

Austrian News

Austrian Press & Information Service
Austrian related news and information.
APA - Austria Presse Agentur
The Austrian Press Agency (in German).
Kurier Online
News from Austria (in German).
Die Presse
National and international news (in German).
Salzburger Nachrichten
National and international news (in German).
Der Standard
National and international news (in German).
Wiener Zeitung
National and international news from Vienna with "Amtsblatt", the Official newspaper of the Austrian Government (in German).
 

 

Arts & Culture

 AEIOU
The Austrian Cultural Information System, included an Encyclopedia of Austria.
AEIOU * Österreich-Online
Links to internet resources of Austrian Art and Culture. (in German)
culture reference Ars Electronica Center
Austria's museum of the future.
Bregenzer Festspiele
The Bregenz Festival, the opera on the Floating Stage at Lake of Constance.
royal Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Eternal Beauty
One of the most beautiful women of her time, after her sudden death transfigured into a myth: Empress Elisabeth of Austria, affectionately called Sissi.
Kunsthalle Wien
Contemporary art.
Österreichische Bundesmuseen
Links to Austrians State Museums.
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
The Austrian National Library.
Salzburger Festspiele
The 2004 Salzburg Festival.
Sammlung Essl
Collection of contemporary Austrian art.
royal Schloß Schönbrunn
The residence of the Habsburg emperors, from the 18th century until 1918.
Swarovski Crystal Worlds
The Crystal Worlds of Swarovski, designed by André Heller.
Wiener Philharmoniker
The philharmonic orchestra.
Wiener Symphoniker
The Vienna Symphony Orchestra
Wiener Secession
The Association of Visual Artists "Wiener Secession", founded in 1897.
Wiener Staatsoper
The Vienna State Opera. (in German)
 


Schoenbrunn, Vienna, AustriaPalace Schönbrunn - Vienna © austrianviews.at

Business & Economy

OeNB: Die Oesterreichische Nationalbank
The Austrian Central Bank.
Wiener Börse
Vienna Stock Exchange.

Austrian Business Agency
A government-operated consulting firm.
austriantrade.org
Austrian Federal Economic Chamber.
wko.at das - Portal der Wirtschaftskammern
The Austrian Chambers of Commerce.

Trade Fairs:
AMA - Messen Austria
Trade fairs in Austria (in German)

Transportation

Airlines
Austrian Airlines
Austria's flag carrier.
Lauda Air
Scheduled leisure flights and charters to holiday destinations in Europe, North Africa, the Caribbean and South-East Asia.
Tyrolean Airways
Austrian Airlines's regional service.

Airport
Vienna International Airport
Principal Airport Austria's.
Salzburg Airport
Second largest airport in Austria.
 
Railroad
ÖBB
Östereichische Bundesbahn.
 
 

Destination Austria - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Austria: Vienna, Salzburg, Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg, Austrian Alps, Grossglockner.
Hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, climbing, tours and much more.

Austria Tourism Information
The Official Web Site of the Austrian National Tourist Office with comprehensive travel information for visitors and tourists.
Austria Culture Net
Austria presented by the Austrian Cultural Institute (ACI) New York.
Austrian Views
The Austrian National Tourist Office's photo library.

Austria Cafe
The unofficial interface to Austria ;-)


Regions
Tourist Offices of Austria's Provinces.

Burgenland Tourist Board

A guide to the easternmost federal state of Austria.
Carinthia Information
Travel and tourism guide to Kärnten.
Lower Austrian Tourist Board
Visit Niederösterreich, a tour guide to Lower Austria.
Upper Austria Information
Oberösterreich for Tourists.
Styria Tourist Board
Travel and tourism information on Styria by the Steiermark Tourist Board.
Tyrol Tourist Office
Some say its typical Austria, Tyrol the region in the eastern Alps.
Vorarlberg Tourism
Visit the westernmost federal state of Austria, close to Bavaria.
Salzburger Land Tourism
The Alp region around the City of Salzburg.


City Guides
Wien (Vienna)
Official site of the City of Vienna.
Wiener Tourismusverband
Official site of the Vienna tourism association, with comprehensive information about Vienna.
Vienna Online
Best of vienna, a Vienna portal and city guide to Vienna (in German).
Wien online - the city of Vienna's online information service
cool-places.wien
vienna is different - Insider Info.

Bregenz
The City of Bregenz.
Graz
The City of Graz.
Innsbruck
The City of Innsbruck.
Klagenfurt
The City of Klagenfurt.
Linz
The City of Linz.

Salzburg
City of Salzburg.
Salzburg
Tourist information Salzburg.

Hotels
 NEW  Hotels in Austria
Find Hotels in Austria.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Grossglockner, Austria
Heiligenblut at Grossglockner © austrianviews.at





Education & Research

Technische Universität Graz
Graz University of Technology, founded in 1811.
Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg
Founded: 1622.
University of Art and Industrial Design
Linz
University of Innsbruck
Universität Klagenfurt
University of Klagenfurt
Universität Wien
Alma Mater Rudolphina, the University of Vienna, founded 1365.

Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology
A scientific institute devoted to the study of animal behavior, ecology, and evolutionary biology.

Libraries
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
The Austrian National Library.
Universitätsbibliothek Wien
Library of the Vienna University.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Organizations
Umweltdachverband
Environmental roof federation for nature and environmental protection (in German).

Österreichischer Alpenverein
Austrian Alpine Club, largest mountaineering club in Austria (in German).

BirdLife Österreich
BirdLife is the largest organization for ornithology and the protection of birds in Austria.
Naturfreunde Österreich
Austrian nature lovers association (in German).
Naturschutzbund Österreich
Advocate for nature (in German.
Transitforum Austria-Tirol
Association for the protection of environment and nature against the negative effects of through traffic (in German).
WWF Österreich
Austrian branch of the global environmental conservation organization.

Parks
Naturparke Österreich
Portal to the 42 Nature Parks in Austria.

 
 

History

Österreichische Biographien
Timeline, with comprehensive information about Austrian's History (in German)
WWW-VL History Index: Austria
Index of internet resources about Austrian History.
History of Austria
Austro-Hungarian Empire: Primary Documents.
 
 

Search

Austrian WWW
Index and Austrian search engine (in German)
Austronaut
Austrian Index and search engine (in German)



Additional Information on Austria

BBC Country profile: Austria
Governments on the WWW: Austria
Open Directory Project: Austria
Wikipedia: Austria
The World Factbook -- Austria
 
Travel Links
Top Travel Destinations
Maps of the World
International Airlines
 
Popular Country Pages

Australia
Guam
Canada
USA
Italy
Greece
South Korea
China

Updated Country Profiles
New Zealand
Australia
Namibia
Thailand
 

Search Nations Online
Google
Bookmark/share this page:




 Support UNICEF Valid HTML5!
Valid CSS

Other Countries in Western Europe
Belgium | France | Germany | Liechtenstein | Luxembourg | Monaco | Netherlands | Switzerland

Countries of the World: A - C | D - G | H - L | M - P | Q - T | U - Z
Continents: Africa | The Americas | Asia | Australia/Oceania | Europe
 
 

Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.