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Austrian mountains near Salzburg. Image: ©

___ Austria

Flag of Austria
Flag of Austria
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in East Central Europe which borders the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

With an area of 83,871 km², Austria is somewhat smaller than Portugal (92,090 km²), or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maine.

The country is mostly dominated in the west and south by mountains (the Alps). Austria's highest point is Grossglockner mountain, with a height of 3,798 m (12,460 ft.).

The major rivers north of the watershed of the Austrian Alps are the Inn, the Salzach, and the Enns, they are tributaries of the Danube. The rivers south of the watershed are the Gail and Drau rivers in Carinthia and the Mürz and Mur rivers.

Austria has a population of nearly 8.6 million people (in 2015), capital and largest city is Vienna, with a population of 1.8 million people. Spoken language is Austrian German (official), spoken regional languages are Croatian, Hungarian, and Slovene.

Where in Europe is Austria?

Austria | Österreich | Autriche

Country Profile


Official Name: Republik Österreich
short form: Österreich
int'l long form: Federal Republic of Austria
int'l short form: Austria

ISO Country Code: at
Actual Time: Thu-Nov-26  09:39
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +43

Capital City: Wien (Vienna) (pop. 1.5 million)

Major Cities:
Bregenz, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg.

Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated May 1, 1945).

Location: Central Europe
Area: 83,871 km² (32,382 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Alpine (64%), northern highlands that form part of the Bohemian Massif (10%), lowlands to the east (26%).

Climate: Continental temperate.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Austrian(s).
Population: 8.6 million (2015)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 32 962 (year)
Ethnic groups: 81.1% Austrians, 2.7% Germans, 2.2% Turks; other recognized minorities include Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma.
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Lutheran 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 5.5, no confession 12.0%.
Language: German 92%.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Iron ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber, tungsten, magnesite, lignite, cement.

Agriculture products: Drains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber.

Industries: Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.

Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs.

Exports partners: Germany 29.31%, Italy 6.25%, Switzerland 5.08%, USA 5%, France 4.27% (2013 est.)

Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs.

Imports partners: Germany 40.39%, Italy 6.13%, Switzerland 5.36% (2013 est.)

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies, Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral" as a condition of Soviet military withdrawal.
Neutrality, once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity, has been called into question since the Soviet collapse of 1991 and Austria's increasingly prominent role in European affairs.
Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and the euro monetary system in 1999.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Austria

Der Bundespräsident der Republik Österreich
The Austrian Federal President.

Republik Österreich
The Federal Republic of Austria.

Bundeskanzleramt Republik Österreich
The Federal Chancellery.
The Austrian e-government portal (in German)

Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
The Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Austria.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations, New York
Austria's representation to the UN.
The Austrian Embassy in Ottawa
Austrian representations Abroad
LIst of Austrian representations Abroad
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Austria
List of Foreign representations in Austria (in German)

Statistik Austria
Statistical Office Austria. (in German)

Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG)
Central Institute of Meteorology and Geodynamics.


 Map of Austria
Political map of Austria.
Austrian Map online
Maps and City search.

Google Earth Google Earth Austria (Österreich)
Searchable map and satellite view of Austria.
Google Earth Vienna Map
Searchable map and satellite view of Austria's capital city.
Vienna City Map
Searchable city map of Vienna.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

View of Vienna
View of Vienna from the city's old ferris wheel (Wiener Riesenrad, constructed in 1897) at Prater amusement park.
Image: ©

Austrian News

Austrian Press & Information Service
Austrian related news and information.
APA - Austria Presse Agentur
The Austrian Press Agency (in German).
Kurier Online
News from Austria (in German).
Die Presse
National and international news (in German).
Salzburger Nachrichten
National and international news (in German).
Der Standard
National and international news (in German).
Wiener Zeitung
National and international news from Vienna with "Amtsblatt", the Official newspaper of the Austrian Government (in German).
Bookmark/share this page


Arts & Culture

The Austrian Cultural Information System, included an Encyclopedia of Austria.
AEIOU * Österreich-Online
Links to internet resources of Austrian Art and Culture. (in German)
culture reference Ars Electronica Center
Austria's museum of the future.
Bregenzer Festspiele
The Bregenz Festival, the opera on the Floating Stage at Lake of Constance.
royal Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Eternal Beauty
One of the most beautiful women of her time, after her sudden death transfigured into a myth: Empress Elisabeth of Austria, affectionately called Sissi.
Kunsthalle Wien
Contemporary art.
Österreichische Bundesmuseen
Links to Austrians State Museums.
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
The Austrian National Library.
Salzburger Festspiele
The 2004 Salzburg Festival.
Sammlung Essl
Collection of contemporary Austrian art.
royal Schloß Schönbrunn
The residence of the Habsburg emperors, from the 18th century until 1918.
Swarovski Crystal Worlds
The Crystal Worlds of Swarovski, designed by André Heller.
Wiener Philharmoniker
The philharmonic orchestra.
Wiener Symphoniker
The Vienna Symphony Orchestra
Wiener Secession
The Association of Visual Artists "Wiener Secession", founded in 1897.
Wiener Staatsoper
The Vienna State Opera. (in German)
Austrian Parliament
Austrian Parliament in Vienna

Schoenbrunn, Vienna, AustriaPalace Schönbrunn - Vienna

Business & Economy

Austria, with its well-developed market economy, skilled labor force, and high standard of living, is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Germany's. Austria's economy features a large service sector, a sound industrial sector, and a small, but highly developed agricultural sector. Following several years of solid foreign demand for Austrian exports and record employment growth, the international financial crisis of 2008 led to a sharp but brief recession.

OeNB: Die Oesterreichische Nationalbank
The Austrian Central Bank.
Wiener Börse
Vienna Stock Exchange.

Austrian Business Agency
A government-operated consulting firm.
Austrian Federal Economic Chamber. das - Portal der Wirtschaftskammern
The Austrian Chambers of Commerce.

Trade Fairs:
AMA - Messen Austria
Trade fairs in Austria (in German)


Austrian Airlines
Austria's flag carrier.
Lauda Air
Scheduled leisure flights and charters to
holiday destinations in Europe, North Africa,
the Caribbean and South-East Asia.
Tyrolean Airways
Austrian Airlines' regional service.

Vienna International Airport
Principal Airport Austria's.
Salzburg Airport
Second largest airport in Austria.
Östereichische Bundesbahn.


Destination Austria - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Austria: Vienna, Salzburg, Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg, Austrian Alps, Grossglockner.
Hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, climbing, tours and much more.

Austria Tourism Information
The Official Web Site of the Austrian National Tourist Office with comprehensive travel information for visitors and tourists.
Austria Culture Net
Austria presented by the Austrian Cultural Institute (ACI) New York.
Austrian Views
The Austrian National Tourist Office's photo library.

Austria Cafe
The unofficial interface to Austria ;-)

Tourist Offices of Austria's Provinces.

Burgenland Tourist Board

A guide to the easternmost federal state of Austria.
Carinthia Information
Travel and tourism guide to Kärnten.
Lower Austrian Tourist Board
Visit Niederösterreich, a tour guide to Lower Austria.
Upper Austria Information
Oberösterreich for Tourists.
Styria Tourist Board
Travel and tourism information on Styria by the Steiermark Tourist Board.
Tyrol Tourist Office
Some say its typical Austria, Tyrol the region in the eastern Alps.
Vorarlberg Tourism
Visit the westernmost federal state of Austria, close to Bavaria.
Salzburger Land Tourism
The Alp region around the City of Salzburg.

City Guides
Wien (Vienna)
Official site of the City of Vienna.
Wiener Tourismusverband
Official site of the Vienna tourism association, with comprehensive information about Vienna.
Vienna Online
Best of vienna, a Vienna portal and city guide to Vienna (in German).
Wien online - the city of Vienna's online information service
vienna is different - Insider Info.

The City of Bregenz.
The City of Graz.
The City of Innsbruck.
The City of Klagenfurt.
The City of Linz.

City of Salzburg.
Tourist information Salzburg.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Austria
City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
The old town of Graz is an exemplary model of the living heritage of a central European urban complex influenced by the secular presence of the Habsburgs and the cultural and artistic role played by the main aristocratic families.

Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
Salzburg where Mozart was born, was once a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop, the city is the point where the Italian and German cultures met and played a crucial role in the exchanges between these two cultures.

Historic Centre of Vienna
Vienna developed from early Celtic and Roman settlements into a Medieval and Baroque city, and was the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, as well as the late-19th-century Ringstrasse lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.

More World Heritage Sites in Austria official website

Hotels in Austria
Find Hotels in Austria.

Austrian cattle
Cattle out at feed.
Image: ©

Mozart's native town of Salzburg on the banks of the Salzach river. Salzburg's 'Old Town' is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: ©

Historic-Center of Graz
The Historic center of the city of Graz is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: ©


Education & Research

Technische Universität Graz
Graz University of Technology, founded in 1811.
Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg
Founded: 1622.
University of Art and Industrial Design
University of Innsbruck
Universität Klagenfurt
University of Klagenfurt
Universität Wien
Alma Mater Rudolphina, the University of Vienna, founded 1365.

Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology
A scientific institute devoted to the study of animal behavior, ecology, and evolutionary biology.

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
The Austrian National Library.
Universitätsbibliothek Wien
Library of the Vienna University.

Environment & Nature

Environmental roof federation for nature and environmental protection (in German).

Österreichischer Alpenverein
Austrian Alpine Club, largest mountaineering club in Austria (in German).

BirdLife Österreich
BirdLife is the largest organization for ornithology and the protection of birds in Austria.
Naturfreunde Österreich
Austrian nature lovers association (in German).
Naturschutzbund Österreich
Advocate for nature (in German.
Transitforum Austria-Tirol
Association for the protection of environment and nature against the negative effects of through traffic (in German).
WWF Österreich
Austrian branch of the global environmental conservation organization.

Naturparke Österreich
Portal to the 42 Nature Parks in Austria.

Grossglockner, Austria
Heiligenblut near Grossglockner ©


Österreichische Biographien
Timeline, with comprehensive information about Austrian's History (in German)
WWW-VL History Index: Austria
Index of internet resources about Austrian History.
History of Austria
Austro-Hungarian Empire: Primary Documents.
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