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Austrian mountains near Salzburg. Image: © nationsonline.org
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in East Central Europe which borders the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
Flag of Austria
With an area of 83,871 km², Austria is somewhat smaller than Portugal (92,090 km²), or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maine.
The country is mostly dominated in the west and south by mountains (the Alps). Austria's highest point is Grossglockner mountain, with a height of 3,798 m (12,460 ft.).
The major rivers north of the watershed of the Austrian Alps are the Inn, the Salzach, and the Enns, they are tributaries of the Danube. The rivers south of the watershed are the Gail and Drau rivers in Carinthia and the Mürz and Mur rivers.
Austria has a population of nearly 8.6 million people (in 2015), capital and largest city is Vienna, with a population of 1.8 million people. Spoken language is Austrian German (official), spoken regional languages are Croatian, Hungarian, and Slovene.
Austria | Österreich | Autriche
Official Name: Republik Österreich
short form: Österreich
int'l long form: Federal Republic of Austria
int'l short form: Austria
ISO Country Code: at
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-6 20:33
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +43
Capital City: Wien (Vienna) (pop. 1.5 million)
Bregenz, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg.
Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated May 1, 1945).
Location: Central Europe
Area: 83,871 km² (32,382 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Alpine (64%), northern highlands that form part of the Bohemian Massif (10%), lowlands to the east (26%).
Climate: Continental temperate.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Austrian(s).
Population: 8.6 million (2015)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 32 962 (year)
Ethnic groups: 81.1% Austrians, 2.7% Germans, 2.2% Turks; other recognized minorities include Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma.
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Lutheran 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 5.5, no confession 12.0%.
Language: German 92%.
Natural resources: Iron ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber, tungsten, magnesite, lignite, cement.
Agriculture products: Drains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber.
Industries: Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.
Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs.
Exports partners: Germany 29.31%, Italy 6.25%, Switzerland 5.08%, USA 5%, France 4.27% (2013 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs.
Imports partners: Germany 40.39%, Italy 6.13%, Switzerland 5.36% (2013 est.)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies, Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral" as a condition of Soviet military withdrawal.
Neutrality, once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity, has been called into question since the Soviet collapse of 1991 and Austria's increasingly prominent role in European affairs.
Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and the euro monetary system in 1999.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of AustriaDer Bundespräsident der Republik Österreich
The Austrian Federal President.
The Federal Republic of Austria.
Bundeskanzleramt Republik Österreich
The Federal Chancellery.
The Austrian e-government portal (in German)
Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
The Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Austria.
Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations, New York
Austria's representation to the UN.
The Austrian Embassy in Ottawa
Austrian representations Abroad
LIst of Austrian representations Abroad
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Austria
List of Foreign representations in Austria (in German)
Statistical Office Austria. (in German)
Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG)
Central Institute of Meteorology and Geodynamics.
Map of Austria
Political map of Austria.
Austrian Map online
Maps and City search.
Google Earth Austria (Österreich)
Searchable map and satellite view of Austria.
Searchable map and satellite view of Austria's capital city.
Vienna City Map
Searchable city map of Vienna.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
View of Vienna from the city's old ferris wheel (Wiener Riesenrad, constructed in 1897) at Prater amusement park.
Image: © nationsonline.org
Austrian NewsAustrian Press & Information Service
Austrian related news and information.
APA - Austria Presse Agentur
The Austrian Press Agency (in German).
News from Austria (in German).
National and international news (in German).
National and international news (in German).
National and international news (in German).
National and international news from Vienna with "Amtsblatt", the Official newspaper of the Austrian Government (in German).
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Arts & CultureAEIOU
The Austrian Cultural Information System, included an Encyclopedia of Austria.
AEIOU * Österreich-Online
Links to internet resources of Austrian Art and Culture. (in German)
Ars Electronica Center
Austria's museum of the future.
The Bregenz Festival, the opera on the Floating Stage at Lake of Constance.
Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Eternal Beauty
One of the most beautiful women of her time, after her sudden death transfigured into a myth: Empress Elisabeth of Austria, affectionately called Sissi.
Links to Austrians State Museums.
The Austrian National Library.
The 2004 Salzburg Festival.
Collection of contemporary Austrian art.
The residence of the Habsburg emperors, from the 18th century until 1918.
Swarovski Crystal Worlds
The Crystal Worlds of Swarovski, designed by André Heller.
The philharmonic orchestra.
The Vienna Symphony Orchestra
The Association of Visual Artists "Wiener Secession", founded in 1897.
The Vienna State Opera. (in German)
Austrian Parliament in Vienna
Palace Schönbrunn - Vienna
Business & EconomyAustria, with its well-developed market economy, skilled labor force, and high standard of living, is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Germany's. Austria's economy features a large service sector, a sound industrial sector, and a small, but highly developed agricultural sector. Following several years of solid foreign demand for Austrian exports and record employment growth, the international financial crisis of 2008 led to a sharp but brief recession.
OeNB: Die Oesterreichische Nationalbank
The Austrian Central Bank.
Vienna Stock Exchange.
Austrian Business Agency
A government-operated consulting firm.
Austrian Federal Economic Chamber.
wko.at das - Portal der Wirtschaftskammern
The Austrian Chambers of Commerce.
AMA - Messen Austria
Trade fairs in Austria (in German)
Austria's flag carrier.
Scheduled leisure flights and charters to
holiday destinations in Europe, North Africa,
the Caribbean and South-East Asia.
Austrian Airlines' regional service.
Vienna International Airport
Principal Airport Austria's.
Second largest airport in Austria.
Destination Austria - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Austria: Vienna, Salzburg, Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg, Austrian Alps, Grossglockner.
Hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, climbing, tours and much more.
Austria Tourism Information
The Official Web Site of the Austrian National Tourist Office with comprehensive travel information for visitors and tourists.
Austria Culture Net
Austria presented by the Austrian Cultural Institute (ACI) New York.
The Austrian National Tourist Office's photo library.
The unofficial interface to Austria ;-)
Tourist Offices of Austria's Provinces.
Burgenland Tourist Board
A guide to the easternmost federal state of Austria.
Travel and tourism guide to Kärnten.
Lower Austrian Tourist Board
Visit Niederösterreich, a tour guide to Lower Austria.
Upper Austria Information
Oberösterreich for Tourists.
Styria Tourist Board
Travel and tourism information on Styria by the Steiermark Tourist Board.
Tyrol Tourist Office
Some say its typical Austria, Tyrol the region in the eastern Alps.
Visit the westernmost federal state of Austria, close to Bavaria.
Salzburger Land Tourism
The Alp region around the City of Salzburg.
Official site of the City of Vienna.
Official site of the Vienna tourism association, with comprehensive information about Vienna.
Best of vienna, a Vienna portal and city guide to Vienna (in German).
Wien online - the city of Vienna's online information service
vienna is different - Insider Info.
The City of Bregenz.
The City of Graz.
The City of Innsbruck.
The City of Klagenfurt.
The City of Linz.
City of Salzburg.
Tourist information Salzburg.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Austria
City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
The old town of Graz is an exemplary model of the living heritage of a central European urban complex influenced by the secular presence of the Habsburgs and the cultural and artistic role played by the main aristocratic families.
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
Salzburg where Mozart was born, was once a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop, the city is the point where the Italian and German cultures met and played a crucial role in the exchanges between these two cultures.
Historic Centre of Vienna
Vienna developed from early Celtic and Roman settlements into a Medieval and Baroque city, and was the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, as well as the late-19th-century Ringstrasse lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.
More World Heritage Sites in Austria
Hotels in Austria
Find Hotels in Austria.
Education & ResearchTechnische Universität Graz
Graz University of Technology, founded in 1811.
University of Art and Industrial Design
University of Innsbruck
University of Klagenfurt
Alma Mater Rudolphina, the University of Vienna, founded 1365.
Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology
A scientific institute devoted to the study of animal behavior, ecology, and evolutionary biology.
The Austrian National Library.
Library of the Vienna University.
Environment & NatureOrganizations
Environmental roof federation for nature and environmental protection (in German).
Austrian Alpine Club, largest mountaineering club in Austria (in German).
BirdLife is the largest organization for ornithology and the protection of birds in Austria.
Austrian nature lovers association (in German).
Advocate for nature (in German.
Association for the protection of environment and nature against the negative effects of through traffic (in German).
Austrian branch of the global environmental conservation organization.
Portal to the 42 Nature Parks in Austria.
Heiligenblut near Grossglockner © austrianviews.at
Timeline, with comprehensive information about Austrian's History (in German)
WWW-VL History Index: Austria
Index of internet resources about Austrian History.
History of Austria
Austro-Hungarian Empire: Primary Documents.
Index and Austrian search engine (in German)
Austrian Index and search engine (in German)
Additional Information on AustriaBBC Country profile: Austria
Open Directory Project: Austria
The World Factbook -- Austria
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