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Destination Cyprus, this page is about many aspects of the Mediterranean island Cyprus between the Middle East and Europe. Find comprehensive information about Cyprus in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Cyprus and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Cyprus.
Kourion, Cyprus
Temple of Apollo near Kourion
© visitcyprus.org.cy
 

Kypros, Kibris

Country Profile


Flag of Cyprus
Flag of Cyprus


Background:
Cypriot culture is among the oldest in the Mediterranean. The island fell successively under Assyrian, Egyptian, Persian, Greek, and Roman domination. For 800 years, beginning in 364 AD, Cyprus was ruled by Byzantium. In 1571, the island was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and was ceded to Great Britain in 1878. Annexed formally by the United Kingdom in 1914 it became a crown colony in 1925. British rule lasted until August 1960 when, after a four-year liberation struggle, the island became independent and was proclaimed a Republic.

In 1974, a coup was staged in Cyprus by the Greek-military junta to seize the government of the President of Cyprus, Archbishop Makarios, answered by a military intervention from Turkey in which the Turkish troops soon controlled about 37% of the island. 40% of the total Greek Cypriot population, were forced to leave their homes in the occupied area.

Since 1974, Cyprus has been divided de facto into the government-controlled two-thirds of the island in the south and the Turkish Cypriot one-third in the north, with an by UN peacekeeping forces maintained buffer zone between them. Under the influence of the United Nations and the European Union efforts to reunite the island under a federal structure are ongoing.

related countries: Greece, Turkey, United Kingdom
 

where in Eurasia is Cyprus

Official Name:
Kypriake Demokratia (Greek), Kibris Cumhuriyeti (Turk.)
short form: Kypros (Greek), Kibris (Turk.)
int'l long form: Republic of Cyprus
int'l short form: Cyprus
(the Turkish Cypriot area refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), only recognized by Turkey)

ISO Country Code: cy

Actual Time: Thu-Apr-17  21:26
Local Time = UTC +2h
Summer Time (DST) UTC +3

Country Calling Code: +357

Capital City: Nicosia (Lefkosia) (pop. 197 800)

Other Cities:
Larnaca, Limassol (Lemesos)
Famagusta, Paphos, Kyrenia, Morphou.

Government:
Type: Republic.
Independence: 16 August 1960 (from the UK).
Constitution: 16 August 1960.

Geography:
Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey.
Area: 9,251 kmĀ² (3,572 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central plain with mountain ranges to the north and south.

Climate: Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.

People:
Nationality: Cypriot(s).
Population: 839,000 (2011 census)
Ethnic groups: Greek (77%), Turkish (18%), Armenian and other (4%).
Religions: Greek Orthodox, Muslim, Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Orthodox.
Languages: Greek, Turkish, English.
Literacy: about 99%.

Natural resources: Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.

Agriculture products: Potatoes, citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables, poultry, pork, lamb, kids, dairy.

Industries: Food, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metal products, tourism, wood products.

Currency:
Greek Cypriot area: Beginning 1 January 2008, the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was replaced by the euro;
Turkish Cypriot area: Turkish Lira (TRL)


Cyprus in Figures
Cyprus key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.  

Official Sites of Cyprus

Republic of Cyprus (The Greek Cypriots)

Republic of Cyprus
Official web site and entry point for all government departments and services.
House of Representatives
The Cyprus Parliament.

Press and Information Office
The mission of PIO is to inform world opinion on the Cyprus problem and to promote Cyprus.


Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Responsible for the promotion of the political, economic, cultural and other interests of the Republic of Cyprus abroad.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Cyprus to the United Nations
Representation of Cyprus to the UN.
Embassy of Cyprus
Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus in the U.S., Washington D.C.


Turkish Republic Of Northern Cyprus
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Public Information Office
Website of the Public Information Office. (in Turkish)


Statistics
Statistical Service of Cyprus
Provides statistical data of Cyprus.


Maps
profile Map of Cyprus
Political Map of Cyprus.

Google Earth Google Earth Cyprus
Searchable map and satellite view of Cyprus.
Google Earth Google Earth Map of Nicosia
Searchable map and satellite view of the capital city of Cyprus.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
 

News

Cyprus Mail
International daily news from Cyprus.
Cyprus News
Cyprus News by Kypros.org
Cyprus News Agency
The Cyprus Weekly
Latest News from Cyprus
Press and Information Office
Official Cyprus news.
 

 

Arts & Culture

Cyprus Cultural Informer
What's on in Cyprus, a guide to Cyprus cultural and sub cultural events.

Cyprus on Film
The website contains a large number of short films covering various themes such as history, culture, tradition, political issues, environment, etc..

Cyprus Wine Museum
The Cyprus Wine Museum is located in the village of Erimi.

Cyprus Museum of Natural History
Museum for the flora, fauna and geology of Cyprus.


Music
The Paradise Jazz Festival Cyprus
Official website of the festival.
 
Aphrodite - Cyprus Museum
Aphrodite at Cyprus Museum

Business & Economy

The Bank of Cyprus Group
The Central Bank of Cyprus

The Cyprus Stock Exchange

Cyprus State Fairs Authority
The semi-goverment corporation CSFA organizes and promotes the annual Cyprus International Fair.

Transportation
Airline
Cyprus Airways

Ports
Cyprus Ports Authority

 
 

Destination Cyprus - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Cyprus: Nicosia, Larnaca, Limassol, Paphos
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, sailing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Cyprus
The Official Website of the Cyprus Tourism Organization with broad information about the island.

World heritage sites in Cyprus:
Paphos
Paphos was a centre of the cult of Aphrodite and of pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite's legendary birthplace was on this island, where her temple was erected by the Myceneans in the 12th century B.C.
Painted Churches in the Troodos Region
The complex of 10 monuments included on the World Heritage List, all richly decorated with murals, provides an overview of Byzantine and post-Byzantine painting in Cyprus.
Choirokoitia
The Neolithic settlement of Choirokoitia, occupied from the 7th to the 4th millennium B.C., is one of the most important prehistoric sites in the eastern Mediterranean.

Other Tourism Websites:
Cyprus-Net
The World of Cyprus.
A Window on Cyprus
A comprehensive cypriot portal.

City Guides
Nicosia
Nicosia Municipality.
Larnaca
Larnaca Port and city guide.
Limassol (Lemesos)
Limassol Municipality.
Paphos
Paphos Municipality.

North Cyprus (the Turkish part of Cyprus)

North Cyprus
A guide to the Turkish Cypriot-administered area.

Hotels
Hotels in Cyprus
Find a Hotel in Cyprus.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Limassol, Cyprus
Cruise Ship at Limassol © visitcyprus.org.cy

Education

Cyprus Higher Education
Official information website of the Higher Education System in Cyprus.


Cyprus College
Cyprus College is the oldest University College in Cyprus, founded in 1961.

University of Cyprus
The University of Cyprus was established in 1989 in Nicosia.

Open University of Cyprus
The Open University of Cyprus (OUC) was established in 2002 as the second State Institution of Higher Education in Cyprus.

University of Nicosia
The University of Nicosia is a private, co-educational tertiary education institution.

Cyprus International University
Turkish Cypriot University, established in 1996.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Environmental organizations Cyprus
The Environmental Study Center - ESC
ESC is the first and probably the only centre for practical environmental education in Cyprus .
Terra Cypria
The Cyprus Conservation Foundation, an NGO and a sibling to the Laona Foundation for the Conservation and Regeneration of the Cypriot Countryside.

Nature
Birdlife Cyprus
Birds & Birding Cyprus.
Nature of Cyprus
Site about Cyprus' various habitats.

 
 

History

A History of Cyprus
Illustrated page about the History of Cyprus.
Aspects of Cyprus
Under History, the page covers Cyprus' history from the earliest days until today.

Search

Cyprus Directory
An index of Cypriot web sites.

Additional Information on Cyprus

BBC News Country Profile: Cyprus
Governments on the WWW: Cyprus
Open Directory Project: Cyprus
Wikipedia: Cyprus
The World Factbook -- Cyprus
 
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