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The island, geographically already part of Asia (Middle East), is located about 80 km (50 mi) south of the coast of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.
The third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea has a land area of 9,251 km², including the Republic of Cyprus, Northern Cyprus (a country only recognized by Turkey), and the British Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
The official name of the country that occupies the southern part of the island in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea is Republic of Cyprus.
The Republic of Cyprus has a population of 848,300 (in 2015), about 1.1 million people live on the island. Capital and largest city is Nicosia, spoken languages are Greek and Turkish.
Cyprus is famous for:
Aphrodite, the Rock of the Greek, legend has it that the Greek goddess of love and beauty was born there. The solid rock Tombs of the Kings and the Roman ruins with mosaics of Nea Paphos . Wreck diving (Zenobia wreck). Haloumi cheese and Commandaria, the sweet dessert wine from Cyprus and Limassol carnival.
Cypriot culture is among the oldest in the Mediterranean. The island fell successively under Assyrian, Egyptian, Persian, Greek, and Roman domination. For 800 years, beginning in 364 AD, Cyprus was ruled by Byzantium. In 1571, the island was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and was ceded to Great Britain in 1878. Annexed formally by the United Kingdom in 1914 it became a crown colony in 1925. British rule lasted until August 1960 when, after a four-year liberation struggle, the island became independent and was proclaimed a Republic.
In 1974, a coup was staged in Cyprus by the Greek-military junta to seize the government of the President of Cyprus, Archbishop Makarios, answered by a military intervention from Turkey in which the Turkish troops soon controlled about 37% of the island. 40% of the total Greek Cypriot population, were forced to leave their homes in the occupied area.
Since 1974, Cyprus has been divided de facto into the government-controlled two-thirds of the island in the south and the Turkish Cypriot one-third in the north, with an by UN peacekeeping forces maintained buffer zone between them.
The Republic of Cyprus became an independent state on 16 August 1960, and a member of the United Nations one month later, it is a member state of the European Union since 2004.
Under the influence of the United Nations and the European Union efforts to reunite the island under a federal structure are ongoing.
related countries: Greece, Turkey, United Kingdom
Kypriake Demokratia (Greek), Kibris Cumhuriyeti (Turk.)
short form: Kypros (Greek), Kibris (Turk.)
int'l long form: Republic of Cyprus
int'l short form: Cyprus
(the Turkish Cypriot area refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), only recognized by Turkey)
ISO Country Code: cy
Actual Time: Sat-Feb-25 22:20
Local Time = UTC +2h
Summer Time (DST) UTC +3
Country Calling Code: +357
Capital City: Nicosia (Lefkosia) (pop. 197 800)
Larnaca, Limassol (Lemesos)
Famagusta, Paphos, Kyrenia, Morphou.
Independence: 16 August 1960 (from the UK).
Constitution: 16 August 1960.
Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey.
Area: 9,251 km² (3,572 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central plain with mountain ranges to the north and south.
Climate: Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.
Population: 848,000 (2015 census)
Ethnic groups: Greek (77%), Turkish (18%), Armenian and other (4%).
Religions: Greek Orthodox, Muslim, Maronite, Roman Catholic, Armenian Orthodox.
Languages: Greek, Turkish, English.
Literacy: about 99%.
Natural resources: Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.
Agriculture products: Potatoes, citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables, poultry, pork, lamb, kids, dairy.
Industries: Food, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metal products, tourism, wood products.
Greek Cypriot area: Beginning 1 January 2008, the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was replaced by the euro;
Turkish Cypriot area: Turkish Lira (TRL)
Exports partners: Turkey 40%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited
Imports partners: Turkey 60%; direct trade between the area administered by Turkish Cypriots and the area under government control remains limited
Cyprus in Figures
Cyprus key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of CyprusRepublic of Cyprus (The Greek Cypriots)
Republic of Cyprus
Official web site and entry point for all government departments and services.
House of Representatives
The Cyprus Parliament.
Press and Information Office
The mission of PIO is to inform world opinion on the Cyprus problem and to promote Cyprus.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Responsible for the promotion of the political, economic, cultural and other interests of the Republic of Cyprus abroad.
Permanent Mission of Cyprus to the United Nations
Representation of Cyprus to the UN.
Embassy of Cyprus
Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus in the U.S., Washington D.C.
Cyprus Diplomatic Missions Abroad
List of Cyprus Diplomatic Missions.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Cyprus
List of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Cyprus.
Turkish Republic Of Northern Cyprus
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Website of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Statistical Service of Cyprus
Provides statistical data of Cyprus.
Map of Cyprus
Political Map of Cyprus.
Google Earth Cyprus
Searchable map and satellite view of Cyprus.
Google Earth Map of Nicosia
Searchable map and satellite view of the capital city of Cyprus.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
International daily news from Cyprus.
Cyprus News Agency CNA
Major news agency in Cyprus.
InCyprus - The Cyprus Weekly
Comprehensive news portal.
Press and Information Office
Official Cyprus news.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureCyprus Cultural Informer
What's on in Cyprus, a guide to Cyprus cultural and sub cultural events.
Cyprus on Film
The website contains a large number of short films covering various themes such as history, culture, tradition, political issues, environment, etc..
Cyprus Wine Museum
The Cyprus Wine Museum is located in the village of Erimi.
Cyprus Museum of Natural History
Museum for the flora, fauna and geology of Cyprus.
The Paradise Jazz Festival Cyprus
Official website of the festival.
Business & Economy
Central Bank of Cyprus
The Central Bank of Cyprus is located in Nicosia. Founded in 1963.
Cyprus Stock Exchange CSE
A European stock exchange located in Nicosia.
The Bank of Cyprus Group
Major financial institution, it ncludes a joint stock bank and an insurance company.
Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry CCCI
Private corporate body funded by its members’ subscription fees and through income generated from a number of services.
Cyprus flagcarrier ceased operations in January 2015.
Larnaka International Airport
One of two international airports and the largest in the country.
Paphos International Airport
Cyprus' other international airport
Cyprus Ports Authority
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Cyprus - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Cyprus: Nicosia, Larnaca, Limassol, Paphos
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, sailing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
The Official Website of the Cyprus Tourism Organization with broad information about the island.
World heritage sites in Cyprus:
Paphos was a center of the cult of Aphrodite and of pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite's legendary birthplace was on this island, where her temple was erected by the Myceneans in the 12th century B.C..
Painted Churches in the Troodos Region
The complex of 10 monuments included on the World Heritage List, all richly decorated with murals, provides an overview of Byzantine and post-Byzantine painting in Cyprus.
The Neolithic settlement of Choirokoitia, occupied from the 7th to the 4th millennium B.C., is one of the most important prehistoric sites in the eastern Mediterranean.
Other Tourism Websites:
The World of Cyprus.
A Window on Cyprus
A comprehensive cypriot portal.
Larnaca Port and city guide.
North Cyprus (the Turkish part of Cyprus)
A guide to the Turkish Cypriot-administered area.
Cyprus Higher Education
Official information website of the Higher Education System in Cyprus.
Cyprus College is the oldest University College in Cyprus, founded in 1961.
University of Cyprus
The University of Cyprus was established in 1989 in Nicosia.
Open University of Cyprus
The Open University of Cyprus (OUC) was established in 2002 as the second State Institution of Higher Education in Cyprus.
University of Nicosia
The University of Nicosia is a private, co-educational tertiary education institution.
Cyprus International University
Turkish Cypriot University, established in 1996.
Environment & Nature
Environmental organizations Cyprus
The Environmental Study Center - ESC
ESC is the first and probably the only centre for practical environmental education in Cyprus .
The Cyprus Conservation Foundation, an NGO and a sibling to the Laona Foundation for the Conservation and Regeneration of the Cypriot Countryside.
Birds & Birding Cyprus.
Nature of Cyprus
Site about Cyprus' various habitats.
A History of Cyprus
Illustrated page about the History of Cyprus.
Aspects of Cyprus
Under History, the page covers Cyprus' history from the earliest days until today.
Additional Information on Cyprus
BBC News Country Profile: Cyprus
EU Member Countries: Cyprus
Open Directory Project: Cyprus
The World Factbook -- Cyprus
Other countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Greece | Israel | Italy | Lebanon
Libya | Malta | Monaco | Montenegro | Morocco | Portugal | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey
Other countries and territories in the Middle East
Bahrain | Egypt | Gaza Strip | Iran | Iraq | Israel | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman
Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Syria | Turkey | United Arab Emirates | West Bank | Yemen
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