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A virtual guide to Angola, a republic on the western coast of southern Africa. Angola has an area of 1,246,700 km², compared it is slightly larger than South Africa or slightly less than twice the size of the U.S. state of Texas.
Angola has a population of 24.4 million people (census 2014). Spoken languages are Portuguese (official), and several Bantu languages. Largest city and the national capital is Luanda.
Angola is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in west, Namibia in the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (former Zaire) in the north, and Zambia in the east.
The exclave province of Cabinda is separated from Angola by a tongue of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and has also borders with the Republic of the Congo.
The Lucala River at Kalandula Falls (Quedas de Kalandula) in Malanje Province, Angola. The falls are about 105 meters high and about 400 meters wide. They are one of the largest waterfalls by volume in Africa.
Image: L. Willms
Republic of Angola | República de Angola
Flag of Angola
República de Angola (Republic of Angola)
former: People's Republic of Angola
ISO Country Code: ao
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Tue-Aug-30 18:01
Country Calling Code: +244
Capital: Luanda (pop. 3.8 million)
Independence: 11 November 1975 (from Portugal).
Location: Southern Africa, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Area: 1,246,700 km² (481 400 sq. mi)
Terrain: A narrow, dry coastal strip extending from Luanda to Namibia; well-watered agricultural highlands; savanna in the far east and south; rain forest in the north and Cabinda.
Huambo (750 000); Benguela (600 000)
Climate: Semiarid in south and along the coast; north has a cool, dry season (May - October) and a hot, rainy season (November - April)
Population: 24,4 million (2014)
GNI per capita PPP: $6,484 (year)
Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed racial 2%.
Religions: Christians 88%, indigenous beliefs.
Languages: Portuguese (official), Ovimbundu, Kimbundu, Bakongo, and others.
Literacy 70% (male 82%, female 58%).
Natural resources: Petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium.
Agriculture products: Bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish.
Industries: Petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing; brewing; tobacco products; sugar; textiles.
Exports - commodities: crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton
China 46.3%, USA 13.9%, India 10.1%, South Africa 4.2% (2012)
Imports - commodities: machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods
Imports partners: China 20.9%, Portugal 19.5%, US 7.7%, South Africa 7.1%, Brazil 5.9% (2012)
Currency: Kwanza (AOA)
Civil war has been the norm in Angola since independence from Portugal in 1975. A 1994 peace accord between the government and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) provided for the integration of former UNITA insurgents into the government and armed forces.
A national unity government was installed in April of 1997, but serious fighting resumed in late 1998, rendering hundreds of thousands of people homeless. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost in fighting over the past quarter century. The death of Jonas SAVIMBI and a cease fire with UNITA may bode well for the country.
Related countries: Portugal
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of AngolaAngola
The Official Web Site of the Republic of Angola.
Assembleia Nacional da República de Angola
The National Assembly.
The Angolan National Assembly's Constitutional Commission.
Ministério das Relações Exteriores
Ministry for external relations.
Permanent Mission of Angola to the United Nations
Republic of Angola's Mission to the UN.
Embassy of Angola in the UK
Republic of Angola Embassy in the UK.
Angolan Embassies Abroad
Address List of Angolan Embassies worldwide.
Political map of Angola.
Administrative Map of Angola
Map showing the administrative divisions of Angola.
Google Earth Angola
Searchable map/satellite view of Angola.
Google Earth Luanda
Searchable map/satellite view of Angola's capital city.
Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa
Miradouro da Lua, (watchpoint or valley of the moon), a set of cliffs situated at the coast 40 km south of Luanda.
Image: Paulo César Santos
Angola NewsAngola News Index
News from Angola.
AngolaPress Agency (ANGOP)
Jornal de Angola
Angola's daily newspaper (in Portuguese)
WorldNews powered Angolan news.
Yahoo Full Coverage: Angola
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Arts & CultureArt & Culture of Angola
The Art and Style of Angola.
News about the Angolan culture scene. (in Portuguese)
Operation Noah's Ark
The Kissama Foundation, along with the Angolan government, is relocating 150 elephant and eight other species of game from Namibia and Botswana to Quiçama National Park, Angola.
Business & EconomyAngola's high growth rate in recent years was driven by high international prices for its oil. Angola became a member of OPEC in late 2006. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about 85% of GDP and diamond exports contribute an additional 5%.
Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the people, but half of the country's food is still imported. Despite a postwar reconstruction boom, much of the country's infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war.
Direcção Nacional do Comércio Interno
Ministry of Commerce provides information on commercial reforms, legislation and developments in Angola. (in Portuguese)
Ministério da Indústria
Ministry of Industry. (in Portuguese)
Banco Nacional de Angola (BNA)
National Bank of Angola.
Guide to Trade & Investment Opportunities (in PDF format)
Guide to Opportunities in the Hotel and Tourism Sectors
Business Bulletin Board
Angola's National Oil Company
TAAG - Linhas Aereas de Angola
Angola Airlines, the national carrier.
Destination Angola: travel and tourism guidesAngola
The Official Web Site of the Republic of Angola (the site is sometimes down).
Virtual Angola - Tourism - Why Angola?
Information about travel and tourism in Angola by the Angolan Embassy, London.
Regularly updated travel advice provided by the governments of various countries.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationUniversidade Agostinho Neto
The home page for Angola's Agostinho Neto University.
Universidade Catolica de Angola
Home page of the university. (in Portuguese)
Environment & NatureUNDP in Angola - Energy and Environment
The United Nations Development Programme in Angola, creates and supports partnerships to fight poverty and leads in advice, advocacy and resources to empower the poor.
Foundation for the rehabilitation of Angola's Quiçama National Park.
Timeline by AfricaNet.
Virtual Historical Tour of Angola
Comprehensive information about Angola's history.
SearchAngola Internet Directory
Additional Information about AngolaAfrica South of the Sahara: Angola (by Karen Fung) Angola related Documents and recources.
BBC NEWS Country profile: Angola
Open Directory Project: Angola
UPENN African Studies: Angola
The World Factbook -- Angola
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