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Some Facts about Africa

Africa is the second-largest continent in the world in both, area and population.

Area: about 30 244 000 km2 (11 700 000 mi2) including its adjacent islands it covers about 20 percent of Earth's total land area. The area of Mainland Africa is shared by 48 countries, plus six island nations (see list below).

Population: 11.9 million human inhabitants, about 14 percent of the world's population (in 2016). By far the most populated country is Nigeria with 182 million people.
(Source: UN 2015 Revision of World Population Prospects)

Highest Point: Mount Kilimanjaro, Uhuru Peak on the volcano Kibo, 5 895 m (19 340 ft) in Tanzania.

Largest Lake: Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza; 68 870 km², shared by Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.

Longest River: Nile; 6 695 km, the river flows through eleven countries.

Languages of Africa: about thousand languages classified in four major language families:
Afro-Asiatic (e.g. Berber language), Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo (Bantu), and Khoi-San.

Related Categories:
Relief Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa
Map of North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arabian Peninsula
 Map of West Africa
Google Earth Map of Africa
Searchable Maps of Countries and Capital Cities of Africa
Flags of Africa
Capital Cities of Africa

keywords: countries of africa, population of africa, destination africa, travel africa, capitals africa, central africa, north africa, south africa, eastern africa
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro - Tanzania
Image: Amoghavarsha

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Political Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa

List of African Countries

(as used by the United Nations when categorising geographic subregions)

Eastern Africa

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Burundi 8,500,000 Burundi Map Bujumbura
Comoros 727,000 Comoros Map Moroni
Djibouti 900,000 Djibouti Map Djibouti
Eritrea 5,200,000 Eritrea Map Asmara
Ethiopia 85,000,000 Ethiopia Map Addis Ababa
Kenya 40,000,000 Kenya Map Nairobi
Madagascar 20,100,000 Madagascar Map Antananarivo
Malawi 15,400,000 Malawi Map Lilongwe
Mauritius 1,300,000   Port Louis
Mozambique 23,400,000 Mozambique Map Maputo
Réunion 800,000 Réunion Map Saint-Denis
Rwanda 10,400,000 Rwanda Map Kigali
Seychelles 100,000   Victoria
Somalia 9,400,000 Somalia Map Mogadishu
Tanzania 45,000,000 Tanzania Map Dodoma, Dar es Salaam
Uganda 33,800,000 Uganda Map Kampala
Zambia 13,300,000 Zambia Map Lusaka
Zimbabwe 12,600,000 Zimbabwe Map Harare

Central Africa (Middle Africa, or also Equatorial Africa)

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Angola 19,000,000 Angola Map Luanda
Cameroon 20,000,000 Cameroon Map Yaoundé
Central African Republic 4,800,000 Central African Republic Map Bangui
Chad 11,500,000 Chad Map N'Djamena
Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville) 3,900,000 Congo, Rep. Map Brazzaville
Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) 67,800,000 Congo, Dem. Rep. Map Kinshasa
Equatorial Guinea 700,000 Equatorial Guinea Map Malabo
Gabon 1,500,000 Gabon Map Libreville
São Tomé and Príncipe 200,000   São Tomé

Northern Africa or North Africa

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Algeria 36,000,000 Algeria Map Algiers
Egypt 80,400,000 Egypt Map Cairo
Libya 6,500,000 Libya Map Tripoli
Morocco 31,900,000 Morocco Map Rabat
South Sudan 9,000,000 see: Sudan Map Juba
Sudan 36,000,000 Sudan Map Khartoum
Tunisia 10,500,000 Tunisia Map Tunis
Western Sahara 500,000 see: Mauritania Map (El Aaiún)

Southern Africa

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Botswana 1,800,000 Botswana Map Gaborone
Lesotho 1,900,000   Maseru
Namibia 2,200,000 Namibia Map Windhoek
South Africa 49,900,000 South Africa Map Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Cape Town
Swaziland 1,200,000 Swaziland Map Mbabane, Lobamba

Western Africa

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Benin 9,800,000 Benin Map Porto-Novo, Cotonou
Burkina Faso 16,200,000 Burkina Faso Map Ouagadougou
Cape Verde 500,000 Cape Verde Map Praia
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 22,000,000 Ivory Coast Map Yamoussoukro, Abidjan
Gambia, The 1,800,000 see: Senegal Map Banjul
Ghana 24,000,000 Ghana Map Accra
Guinea 10,800,000 Guinea Map Conakry
Guinea-Bissau 1,600,000 Guinea-Bissau Map Bissau
Liberia 4,100,000 Liberia Map Monrovia
Mali 15,200,000 Mali Map Bamako
Mauritania 3,400,000 Mauritania Map Nouakchott
Niger 15,900,000 Niger Map Niamey
Nigeria 158,300,000 Nigeria Map Abuja
Saint Helena 6,000   Jamestown
Senegal 12,500,000 Senegal Map Dakar
Sierra Leone 5,800,000 Sierra Leone Map Freetown
Togo 6,800,000 Togo Map Lomé

Population Sources see:  Population by Country
A List of up-to-date population figures from the most to the least populated countries in the world.

Related Categories:
World Population
List of population figures of the most populated countries, and the most densely populated countries in the world.


More about Africa:

Political Map of Africa
Relief Map of Africa
Map of North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arabian Peninsula
Google Earth Map of Africa
Searchable map and satellite view, find any place in Africa.
Flags of Africa
Languages of Africa
Capital Cities of Africa

Other Continents:

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Benin dwelling

Lioness close to Nairobi

royal granary
Royal Granary, Mali
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