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Russian fighter jets at Victory Day military parade in Moscow.
Russian fighter jets at Victory Day military parade in Moscow.
Image: Pavel Kazachkov

___ Russia

Flag of Russian Federation
Flag of Russia
Location map of Russia. Where in the world is Russia
Location map of Russia

Destination Russia, the world's largest country. A virtual travel guide to the Russian Federation. The country, which is commonly known as Russia, is located partly in eastern Europe and partly in northern Asia, bordering the Arctic Ocean in north.

With an area of 17,098,242 km² the country is somewhat larger than twice the size of the contiguous United States, it is the largest country in the world, covering more than 11% of Earth's inhabited areas.

But vast regions of the country were uninhabited or uninhabitable. Russia is a country with a very low population density (8.5 people/km², compared Germany 226 people/km², USA about 33 people/km²). But still, Russia has a population of 146 million people (in 2016). Moscow is the capital and core of political power and a center of culture, and trade, St. Petersburg is Russia's second largest city.

Russian Federation | Rossiyskaya Federatsiya

Country Profile

National Emblem of Russia
The double-headed eagle is the State Seal of the Russian Federation.
The defeat of the Russian Empire in World War I led to the seizure of power by the communists and the formation of the USSR.

The brutal rule of Josef STALIN (1924-53) strengthened Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into 15 independent republics.

Since then, Russia has struggled in its efforts to build a democratic political system and market economy to replace the strict social, political, and economic controls of the communist period. A determined guerrilla conflict still plagues Russia in Chechnya.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

Border countries are: Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, and Ukraine.

Official Name:
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
short form: Rossiya
int'l long form: Russian Federation
int'l short form: Russia
former: Russian Empire, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic local

ISO Country Code: ru
Actual Time:
Moscow, Saint-Petersburg:
Sun-Dec-11  07:11
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Novosibirsk:
Sun-Dec-11  10:11
Local Time = UTC +6h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October

Country Calling Code: +7

Capital City: Moscow (pop. 8.3 million)

Other Cities:
St. Petersburg (4.6 million), Novosibirsk (1.4 million), Nizhniy Novgorod (1.3 million)

Independence: August 24, 1991.

Location: Northern Asia (that part west of the Urals is included with Europe), bordering the Arctic Ocean, between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean.
Area: 17 million km² (6.5 million sq. mi.); about 1.8 times the size of the United States.
Terrain: Broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains (Caucasus range) along southern borders.

Climate: Northern continental, from subarctic to subtropical.

Nationality: Russian(s).
Population: (2016) 146 million.
Ethnic groups: Russian 81%, Tatar 4%, Ukrainian 3%, other 12%.
Religion: Russian Orthodox, Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Protestant, Buddhist, other.
Language: Russian (official); more than 140 other languages and dialects.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber, furs, precious and nonferrous metals.

Agriculture products: Grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk.

Industries: Complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts.

Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures

Exports partners: Netherlands 11.9%, China 8.3%, Germany 7.4%, Italy 6.5%, Turkey 5.6%, Belarus 4.4%, Japan 4.2% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel

Imports partners: China 19.2%, Germany 11.2%, US 6.4%, Belarus 4.8%, Italy 4.6% (2015)

Currency: Russian Ruble (RUR)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Russia

Russian Government
Russia's Home Page.

President of Russia
The official website of Russia's president, who is again Vladimir Putin.

Council of Federation
The upper chamber of the Russian parliament.
State Duma
The State Duma is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Russian Federation.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the UN
Russia is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council.
Embassy of the Russian Federation in the USA
Washington D.C.

State Comittee of the Russian Federation on Statistics.
Interstate Statistical Committee of the CIS
Official statistical information on social and economic situation in the CIS countries.


Map of Russia
Political Map of the Russian Federation.
Google Earth Google Earth Russian Federation
Searchable map and satellite view of Russian Federation.
Google Earth Google Earth Map of Moscow
Searchable map and satellite view of the capital, Moscow.
Google Earth Google Earth Map of Moscow Kremlin
Labeled map/satellite view of the Moscow Kremlin.
Google Earth Saint Petersburg
Searchable map and satellite view of Russia's cultural capital.
Google Earth Novosibirsk
Searchable map and satellite view of Russia's third largest city and the gateway to Siberia.
Google Earth Sochi
Searchable map and satellite view of Russia's Winter Olympic capital 2014.

Russia - Autonomous Areas in Russia
Chechenya (Chechen Republic) Map
Ethnolinguistic Groups of the Caucasus Region

profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Aerial view of Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island, Saint Petersburg.
Image: Andrew Shiva

Russian Newspapers and News Agencies

Russian News Agency.
Russian News Agency.
International Journalists' Association "ASMO-Press"
Analytical materials in the field of economics, justice, history, some information and photos about regions, outstanding figures of Russia at the 20th century.
National and international news (in Rusian).
The Moscow Times
Up-to-the-minute news on Moscow, Russia and the world.
Russia Journal
Business weekly.
Russia Today
National and international news (Russian propaganda).
The St. Petersburg Times
The English-language newspaper of St. Petersburg, Russia.
National and international news.
Prime Tass
Business News Agency.
Vladivostok News on-line.

Homepage of the critical independent TV-Station they try to took over (in Russian).
RT (Russia Today)
Russian propaganda TV and online magazine funded by the Russian government.

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Arts & Culture

 TC Art Gallery
by Catherine Yakovina, St. Petersburg.

The State Hermitage Museum
St Petersburg - Presents the development of the world culture and art from the Stone Age to the 20th century.
The Moscow Kremlin
Official website of the Kremlin Museum - the oldest museum in Russia.
Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
The Museum has one of the most representative collection in Russia of foreign art dated from ancient times to modern days.
The State Tretyakov Gallery
One of the largest museums in Russia with more than 100 000 works of art, the museum of the history of Russian art presents icons, paintings, graphics and sculpture,.

Museums in Russia (official list)
Detailed information about any Russian museum. The official list of russian museums, more than 3000 museums listed.

National Library of Russia
The country's oldest state library, St. Petersburg.
Russian State Library
The largest library in Europe and the second largest in the world, Moscow.

United Space Of Humanity.

Institute of the Information Society - Russia
IIS.RU an independent non-government organisation for Information Society development in Russia.

Native - Russians indigenous peoples

Culture Center of the Northern Asian First Peoples' Art
For foreigner's & our first people's information, founded '96 in Ulan -Ude (Buryatia, Russia).
The Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District is a member of the Russian Federation, named after the native peoples Khanty and Mansi.
Site related to the Republic of Tuva is the former Tannu Tuva, a country in south Siberia, and a member of the Russian Federation (in Russian), see also Friends of Tuva.
Peterhof Palace
Peterhof Palace, St Petersburg

Business & Economy

Bank of Russia
The Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
Moscow Central Stock Exchange
(in Russian)

American-Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Russian Business Cooperation Network Corporation
Russian Federation Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Russian National Trade Point


The Russian flag carrier.
East Line Group
Group of companies for air transportation and airport management at Domodedovo International Airport.
Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise
One of the biggest enterprises in aviation industry of Russia.
Siberia Airlines
Russia and abroad services.
Transaero Airlines serves domestic destinations and operates flights to Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and North America.
UTair is one of the five largest air carriers of Russia and the largest Russian helicopter airline.

JSC "Russian Railways"
Official website of Russian Railways, with information on passenger and freight transportation; Online services, Infrastructure, railway maps.
Railway Ticket Reservation Center
Railway adventure in Russia.
Trans-Siberian Railway
Railway guide with a photo-gallery of stations, views and bridges.
Belorusskii railway station, Moscow
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Russia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Russia: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude, Kamchatka, Baikal, Vladivostok, Trans-Siberian Railroad.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, adventure tours and much more.

Travel Guide to Russia
Almost everything you need to know about travel to Russia , from The Moscow Times.
Russian National Group
Semi-official travel, tourism and visa application site.
great site  WayToRussia.Net
Comprehensive guide to Russia and a travel services directory.
"Where Russia" is a national portal for foreign tourists and businessmen, first of all Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Travel Russia
Travel information on Russia and St. Petersburg.

City Guides

Federal Cities
Capital City:
The Municipality of Moscow the Russian Capital City.
Official City of Moscow Tourism web site.

St. Petersburg
Saint Petersburg City Administration.
Saint Petersburg City
Official English-language portal to St. Petersburg, offering a wide variety of information about the city and its life.

Heritage of Perm
Major events in cultural life, and also some thousand documents on a history, archaeology, art and architecture of the Perm region.

Grand Hotel Europe
Russia's oldest operating grand hotel, founded 1703.

Kafkas Vakfi - Caucasus Foundation
Publishes social, political, cultural and historical researches on Caucasus.
Troubled borderland
BBC News about the Caucasus region.
Catherine Palace Tsarskoe
Catherine Palace Tsarskoe

Education & Research

The Moscow State University - MGU
Russian Academy of Science
Saint-Petersburg State University
Samara State Aerospace University
Samara State University
Tyumen State University

Russian Space Research
Astronomical Istitute
Astronomical Department of Saint Petersburg State University.
Space Research Institute (IKI)
Investigations of Outer Space.
Google Earth Google Earth Baikonur Cosmodrome
Satellite view of the Russian Baikonur Cosmodrome space launch facility in Kazakhstan.
St. Basil Cathedral and Kremlin
St. Basil Cathedral ©

Environment & Nature

Anti-nuclear and safe energy movement.
Greenpeace Russia
Greenpeace organization of Russia.
Guild of Ecologists
Over 30 leading Moscow environmental enterprises form the Guild of Ecologists.
Russian Green Pages
Russian Green Business Guide to environmental and ecological resources and companies in Russia and worldwide sorted by countries, regions and types.
Socio-Ecological Union
The Socio-Ecological Union is the only international ecological organization born in the USSR.


History of Russia
An overview on Russians history by interKnowledge.
Russian and Soviet history - bibliographical, research and teaching aids
Museum of History of Moscow.
Russian History Websites
The history of the Romanovs, Russian art and architecture.


Russian search engine (in Russian).
Russian search engine (in Russian).
Russia Online
Russia Index.
Russia On The Net
One of the first Russian Net directories.
Russian search engine (in Russian).

Additional Information on Russia

BBC News Country Profile: Russia
Open Directory: Russia
REENIC: Russia
Russian and East European Network Information Center about Russia.
Wikipedia: Russia
The World Factbook -- Russia
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