Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Gambia flag detail
Home Earth Continents Africa The Gambia

___ The Gambia

Flag of Gambia
Flag of Gambia
Where in Africa is The Gambia?
Location map of Gambia
A virtual guide to Gambia, a West African country bordering the North Atlantic Ocean in west. Gambia is a narrow strip of land on either side of the Gambia River, just 48 km (29 mi) at its widest point. Within the country, the Gambia River is navigable the entire length, it is Gambia's chief transport artery.

The smallest country on mainland Africa occupies an area of 11,295 kmĀ², it is about the size of one third of Belgium or slightly less than twice the size of the US state of Delaware. The country forms an enclave within Senegal with the exception of its coast.

The country has a population of 1,9 million inhabitants (2015). Most of the people live near the coast. Gambia's population is made up of several ethnic groups, about one-third are Mandinka, followed by Fula, Wolof, and Jola people. Spoken languages are English (official), Malinke and other indigenous languages and Creole. More than 95 percent of the population in the Islamic Republic of the Gambia are Muslims.


Republic of The Gambia

Country Profile

The Gambia is a strip of land 15 to 30 miles (25 to 50 kilometres) wide and 295 miles long on either bank of the Gambia River; except for a short coastline, it is surrounded by Senegal. Its unusual shape and size are attributable to territorial compromises arising from 19th-century Anglo-French rivalry in western Africa.
(from "Gambia, The." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2006)

After 200 years of British colonial rule The Gambia gained its independence in 1965; it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia with Senegal between 1982 and 1989.
In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty.
A military coup in 1994 overthrew the president and banned political activity, but a 1996 constitution and presidential elections, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. The country undertook another round of presidential and legislative elections in late 2001 and early 2002.

Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH, the leader of the coup, has been elected president in all subsequent elections.

Yahya Jammeh was defeated by Adama Barrow, a politician from the United Democratic Party, in the 2016 election.

(Sources: CIA - The World Factbook and others)

related countries: UK


Official Name:
Republic of The Gambia
short form: The Gambia
former: Senegambia; federation with Senegal (1982-1989)

ISO Country Code: gm

Local Time = UTC
Actual Time: Thu-Jan-19  00:15

Country Calling Code: +220

Capital City: Banjul (pop. 35 000, with suburbs 500 000)

Other Cities: Serrekunda (pop. 200 000),
Basse Santa Su, Georgetown (Jangjang-bureh), Juffureh.

Type: Civilian.
Independence: 18 February 1965 (from the UK).
Constitution:16 January 1997.

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean surrounded by Senegal.
Area: 11 300 sq. km. (4 360 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by low hills.

Climate: Tropical; hot rainy season (June to Nov.); cooler, dry season (Nov. to May).

Nationality: Gambian(s).
Population: 1.8 million (2015 UN estimate)
Ethnic groups: Mandinka 40%, Fula 18%, Wolof 14%, Jola 10%, Serahule 9%, Serere 8%, Krio/Aku Marabout, Manjago, Bambara.
Non-Gambians 13% of the population.
Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 4%, animists.
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula (Pulaar), Jola, other indigenous languages.
Literacy: 38%

Natural resources: Fish, titanium, tin, zircon, silica sand.

Agriculture products: Peanuts, rice, millet, sorghum, fish, palm kernels, vegetables, livestock, forestry.

Industries: Peanut products, construction, telecommunications, brewing; tourism.

Exports - commodities: peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels

Exports - partners: China 47.6%, India 27.2%, France 5.9%, UK 4.9% (2015)

Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment.

Imports - partners: China 34.2%, Brazil 8.1%, Senegal 6.9%, India 5.7%, Netherlands 4.8% (2015)

Currency: Dalasi (GMD)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of The Gambia

Republic of The Gambia State House
Office of The Gambian President.

National Assembly of The Gambia
National Assembly Services Authority of The Gambia.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of The Gambia to the USA
Embassy website provides information on The Gambia and Embassy work.
The Gambia - Permanent Mission to the United Nations
The Gambia's UN mission website.

United Nations
United Nations System in The Gambia
Information about UN agencies work in The Gambia.
UNDP in The Gambia
UN's global development network in the Gambia.


Map of Gambia
Political map of Gambia.
Google Earth Google Earth Gambia
Searchable map and satellite view of Gambia.
Google Earth Google Earth Banjul
Searchable map and satellite view of Gambia's capital city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.



Daily Observer
Old news from the region.
Freedom Newspaper
Breaking news from Gambia.
The Point
National and regional news from the Gambian newspaper.
The Standard
More old news from the Gambia.

International Nerws Sources
IRIN News: The Gambia
Gambia related news by the UN news agency.


Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Gambian Griot School of Music and Dance
Site about the tradition of The Gambia's music, dance and griots (court musicians).
Listen All - Dembo Jobarteh
Dembo Jobarteh is a griot from Niani Kayai, The Gambia.

Gambian music portal site.

RAKI Web Radio
Gambian music.
Arch 22 Banjul
Arch 22 Memorial - Banjul

Business & Economy

Central Bank of The Gambia
Official website of the Central Bank of The Gambia.
Guaranty Trust Bank Gambia
Licensed by the Central Bank of the Gambia to operate full commercial Banking activities.
Trust Bank Limited
Gambia's local Bank.

Department of State for Trade, Industry and Employment (DOSTIE)
"To transform The Gambia into a financial center, a tourist paradise, a trading, export-oriented agricultural and manufacturing nation".
The Gambia Chamber of Commerce and Industry ( GCCI )
Official website withz information on the work of the Chamber and about The Gambia.
Gambia Investment Promotion and Free Zones Agency
The national agency charged with the promotion of The Gambia as an ideal investment destination.

Gambia's IT and ISP.

Gambia International Airlines
The National Carrier of the Gambia .

Port of Banjul
Official website of The Gambia Ports Authority
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination The Gambia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Gambia: Banjul, Bakau, Gunjur, Wassu Stone Circles, Fort James Island, Juffureh.
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, and more.

The Gambia Tourism Website
The Gambia travel and tourism information by Gambia Tourism Authority.

Gambia Tourist Support
Travel and tourism information about The "Smiling Coast of Africa".

The Gambia
Information on Gambia and its recent history.


Department of State for Education
Provides information on the Gambia's education plans and programms.
Gambia, Building Links in Education - GamBLE, is a small Kent based charity, which helps provide nursery and primary school education in the village of Farato, near Banjul.
INHEA: Gambia Higher Education Profile
Profile of higher education practice in Gambia by International Network for Higher Education in Africa.
PAGEANT stands for Projects Aiding Gambian Education And Natural Talent. It was established as a UK Charity in 2002 specifically to support education and related projects in The Gambia.

Environment & Nature

Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Trust
Chimpanzee rehabilitation project at River Gambia National Park on Baboon Islands.


Historic Sites
Brief Gambian history.


Gambia Gateway
Directory of Gambia related websites & information.

Additional Information on Gambia

Africa South of the Sahara: The Gambia
Stanford University.

BBC News Country Profile: Gambia

Background Notes: Gambia

Open Directory Project: Gambia

Wikipedia: Gambia

The World Factbook -- Gambia
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of Western Africa
Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo