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___ Sao Tome and Principe

A virtual guide to Sao Tome and Principe, the second smallest country in the Organization of African Unity. This page aims to give you a broad overview of STP's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this Western African nation, e.g.: official web sites of Sao Tome and Principe, addresses of Sao Tomean and foreign embassies, country guides with travel and tourism information and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Sao Tome and Principe.

Statues at the National Museum
Statues at the National Museum

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Country Profile

Flag of Sao Tome and Principe
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe

Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. Although independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. Though the first free elections were held in 1991, the political environment has been one of continued instability with frequent changes in leadership and coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea is likely to have a significant impact on the country's economy.

related countries: Cape Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Portugal
Where in Africa is Sao Tome and Principe?

Official Name:
República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
short form: S. Tomé e Príncipe
int'l long form: Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
abbreviations: R.D.S.T.P., STP

ISO Country Code: st

Local Time = UTC
Actual Time: Mon-Oct-5  17:07

Country Calling Code: +239

Capital City: São Tomé

Other Cities: Trinidade, Santana, Angolares, Neves, Santo Antonio (capital of Principe).

Type: Republic.
Independence: 12 July 1975 (from Portugal).

Location: Western Central Africa; islands straddling the equator in the Gulf of Guinea west of Gabon.
Area: 1 000 sq. km. (386 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Two small, volcanic islands.

Climate: Tropical, with wet and dry seasons, influenced by the mountainous topography.

Nationality: Sao Tomean(s).
Population: 160 000
Ethnic groups: Mixed African, Portuguese-African.
Religions: Christian 80%.
Languages: Portuguese (official).
Literacy: 68%

Natural resources: Fish, hydropower, petroleum (not yet exploited).

Agriculture products: Cocoa, coconuts, copra, palm kernels, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, beans, poultry.

Industries: light construction, shirts, soap, beer, fisheries, shrimp processing, palm oil.

Exports partners: Netherlands 37.3%, China 12.8%, Belgium 7.6%, Germany 6.6%, Poland 5.3%, France 5%, Brazil 4.1% (2004)

Imports partners: Portugal 52.3%, Germany 9.5%, USA 6%, Netherlands 4.8%, South Africa 4.3%, Belgium 4.1% (2004)

Currency: Dobra (STD)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Sao Tome and Principe

Presidência da República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Official website of the Presidency of São Tomé and Príncipe (in Portuguese).

Assembleia Nacional de São Tomé and Príncipe
Official website of São Tomé and Príncipe's National Assembly (in Portuguese).

Diplomatic Missions
Atlanta Consulate of the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome & Principe
Very basic website of the STP consulate.

Instituto Nacional de Estatística
São Tomé and Príncipe in figures (in Portuguese).


Map of Sao Tome and Principe
Political map of Sao Tome and Principe.

Google Earth Google Earth São Tomé and Príncipe
Searchable map and satellite view of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Google Earth Google Earth Sao Tome
Searchable map and satellite view of São Tomé and Príncipe's capital.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.

São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé island ©


Diário Téla Nón
Daily news (in Portuguese)
Jornal de São Tomé
Portugal based website with news from São Tomé and Príncipe (in Portuguese)
São Tomé and Príncipe news (in Portuguese)

International News Sources
Expresso África
São Tomé and Príncipe related news (in Portuguese)
UN press agency with the latest news from Sao Tome and Principe.

Rádio Nacional de São Tomé e Príncipe
Website of the national broadcaster.
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Arts & Culture

Sorry. Despite of a rich culture there is no such site online by now.
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Business & Economy

CST - Companhia Santomense de Telecomunicações
ISP and Telecommunication of São Tomé and Príncipe.

Nigeria São Tomé & Príncipe Joint Development Authority
The Joint Development Zone (JDZ) is an area of overlapping maritime boundary claims that will be jointly developed by the two countries.

Destination Sao Tome and Principe - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Sao Tome and Principe: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

São Tomé and Príncipe
The official São Tomé and Principe tourist site is economical of travel and tourism information.

Guia do Turismo
A travel and tourism guide with some images of São Tomé and Príncipe (in Portuguese)

Welcome to São Tomé e Príncipe
Germany based website with travel information.

Do you know the way to São Tomé?
Article by Sunday Times Travel Magazine.

Tour Operator
Discover São Tomé and Príncipe with Navetur
Local tourist agency in Sao Tomé and Principe offering services of hotel booking, car rental etc.


Travel and Tour Consumer Information
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INHEA - Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé and Príncipe higher education information by International Network for Higher Education in Africa.

Environment & Nature

Gulf of Guinea Islands' Biodiversity Network
Information about the biodiversity, and its conservation, of the four Gulf of Guinea islands of Bioko, Príncipe, São Tomé and Annobón.
Parc naturel Obo


Human History of the Sao Tome and Principe
Short article about Sao Tome and Principe's history.
History of São Tomé and Príncipe
Wikipedia article about STP's history from colonial period to recent times.

Additional Information on Sao Tome and Principe

Africa South of the Sahara: Sao Tome and Principe
Stanford University.
BBC News Country Profile: Sao Tome and Principe
Mbendi Profile: Sao Tome and Principe
Including economic overviews and directories of companies.
Open Directory Project: Sao Tome and Principe
Wikipedia: Sao Tome and Principe
The World Factbook -- Sao Tome and Principe

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