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Destination Sweden, this page is about many aspects of this Scandinavian country. Here you will find comprehensive information about Sweden in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Sweden and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Sweden.


  
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Kingdom of Sweden |Konungariket Sverige

Country Profile


Flag of Sweden
Flag of Sweden

Background:
The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe.
Since 1812 Sweden's borders have been unchanged and Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars.
Despite its small population and large area, Sweden is a technologically advanced country with good infrastructure, including an efficient transportation and communications system.
Indecision over the country's role in the political and economic integration of Europe caused Sweden not to join the EU until 1995, and to forgo the introduction of the euro in 1999.


border countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway
related countries: Iceland
 

where in Europe is Sweden

Official Name:
Konungariket Sverige
short form: Sverige
int'l long form: Kingdom of Sweden
int'l short form: Sweden

ISO Country Code: se

Time:
Time Zone: Central European Time CET
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Sun-Apr-20  02:50
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +46

Capital City: Stockholm (city population: 743,000; metropolitan population 1.8 million)
Stockholm
The Municipality of Stockholm.

Other Cities:
Göteborg
Göteborgs Stad - the City of Gothenburg (city population: 467,000; metropolitan population: 766,000).
Helsingborg
Stad Helsingborg.
Helsingborg Turistinformation
Kiruna
Kiruna, Sweden's most northerly municipality.
Malmö (city population: 257,000; metropolitan population: 550,000)
Malmö Stad - the City of Malmö.
Uppsala
The City of Uppsala.

Government:
Type: constitutional monarchy
Independence: 6 June 1523; when Gustav Eriksson Vasa, known as the elected king Gustav I of Sweden re-established separation of the Swedish Crown from the Kalmar Union of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.

Geography:
Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway.
Area: 450,295 kmĀ² (173,859 sq. mi.)
Terrain: fertile plains in the south; further north heavily wooded highlands, mountains in west, the northern three-fifths of Sweden - you see hills and mountains, forests and large river valleys.

Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Swedes; adjective--Swedish.
Population: 9.5 million (2012).
Ethnic Groups: Indigenous Swedes, ethnic Finns, ethnic Lapps.
Immigrants: Finns, Bosnians, Iranians, Norwegians, Danes, Hungarians, Iraqis, and Turks.
Religions: Lutheran (87%), Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Jewish, Buddhist, Muslim. Languages: Swedish, English is by far the leading foreign language, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
Literacy: 100%

Natural resources: Iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk.

Industries: Iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles.

Exports partners: USA 11.5%, Germany 10%, Norway 8.4%, UK 7.8%, Denmark 6.4%, Finland 5.7%, Netherlands 4.9%, France 4.9%, Belgium 4.5% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 18.7%, Denmark 9%, UK 8%, Norway 8%, Netherlands 6.8%, Finland 5.6%, France 5.5%, Belgium 4.2% (2003)

Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Sweden

royal Kungliga Hovstaterna
The Royal Court of Sweden - The Bernadotte Dynasty.


Sveriges Riksdag
The Swedish Parliament.
Regeringskansliet
Swedish Government Offices.

Sweden.se
The official gateway to Sweden on the Internet.

SverigeDirekt
Access to information about Sweden and to Swedish government agencies.

Utrikesdepartementet
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sweden.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations
Official site of Sweden's representation to the UN.
Sweden Abroad
The web site for Swedish Diplomatic Missions abroad.


Svenska FN-förbundet
United Nations Association of Sweden - A Movement for a Stronger United Nations.


Statistics
Statistiska Centralbyrån - SCB - Statistik
Statistics Sweden.


Weather
Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut (SMHI)
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.


Maps
Map of Sweden
Political Map of Sweden.
The National Atlas of Sweden
Maps, facts and statistics about Sweden.
Google Earth Google Earth Sweden
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden.
Google Earth Google Earth Stockholm
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Malmö
Searchable map and satellite view of Malmö.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 


Swedish News

Aftonbladet
Swedens major newspaper (in Swedish).
Dagens Nyheter
National and international news (in Swedish).
Expressen
News from Sweden (Swedish).
Göteborgs-Posten
Göteborgs newspaper (in Swedish).
Stockholm News
National news (in Swedish).
Svenska Dagbladet
National and international news (in Swedish).

Radio
Sveriges Radio
The Swedish Broadcasting Corporation.
SR International
The international and multicultural channel of the Swedish Broadcasting Corporation, with programs in 17 languages.
 

 

Arts & Culture

Arkitekturmuseet
Swedish Museum of Architecture, Stockholm.
Culturenet Sweden
Culturenet Sweden is comissioned by the Swedish Government to be the national gateway to all organizations and individuals working with culture in Sweden. (in Swedish)
Icehotel Jukkas
10,000 tons of crystal clear ice from the Torne River, and 30,000 tons of pure snow gare needed to build the Ice Hotel every year.
Kulturbolaget
Sweden's oldest (and best) rock club ("The culture company"), Malmö.
new  Mer Design
The web site of Sweden's 2005 Year of Design.
National Museum of Fine Arts
Stockholm
The Nobel Foundation
Nobel prizes.
Röhss Museum of Applied Art and Design
Skansen
Skansen is the world's oldest open-air museum, founded in1891.
Stockholm Challenge Award
Stockholm Challenge is an international renowned award programme for innovative use of IT.
Statens kulturråd
The Swedish National Council for Cultural Affairs.
Swedish Museum of Glass - Sveriges glasmuseum
Covers the history of Swedish glass and the development of the local glass industry. UFO-Sweden
Swedish UFO organization with scientific ambitions.

Natives
Gaaltije
Southsami language and culture.
Härjedalens fjällmuseum
Showing the lives of the Sami people, the farmers and the miners during the past 1000 years (Introduction in English).
The Saami
People of the sun and wind.
Samefolket
Homepage of the Saami Nation.
SameNet
Web site of the Sapmi Nation (in Swedish).
 
 

Stockholm Challenge Award
The Nations Online Project is finalist in the 6th Stockholm Challenge

 

Business & Economy

Riksbank
Sweden's Central Bank.
Stockholmsbörsen
The former OM Stockholm Exchange, Stockholm.
Stockholms Handelskammare
The Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.


__Transportation
_ Airlines
HelikopterService
Offers transportation between Copenhagen Airport and Helsingborg.
SAS
Scandinavian Airlines.

_Bus
Swebus Express
Svenska Buss
Swedish Busses.

_Rail
SJ
The major rail travel company in Sweden.

Swedish Products
Absolut Vodka
Absolut vodka.
Ericsson
Typical Swedish Cellular Phones.
H&M
Typical Swedish Clothes.
IKEA
Typical Swedish furnitures.
Läkerol
Makes people talk.
SAAB
Swedish cars and planes.
Scania
Swedish heavy trucks.
Sweden Yachts
Sailing Yachts.
Volvo
Typical Swedish cars.
 
 

Destination Sweden - Country Guides


 Visit Sweden
Information by the Swedish Travel & Tourism Council.

Swedish Information Service
by the Consulate General of Sweden, New York.

The Swedish Institute
Public agency entrusted with disseminating knowledge abroad about Sweden.

Stockholmtown.com
The official Stockholm visitors guide.

 Smorgasbord
Some hundred pages of editorial content by the Swedish Tourism Trade Association.

Hotels
 NEW  Hotels in Sweden
Find a Hotel in Sweden.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education & Research

Göteborg Universitet
Lunds Universitet
Stockholms Universitet
Centre for higher education and research.
Sun SITE
The Royal Institute of Technology.
Svenska Fysikersamfundet
The Swedish Physical Society (Swedish).
Uppsala University

Universities and University Colleges in Sweden
List of links.

Stockholm Challenge Award SWEDKID: antiracist website
A website with the pedagogical aim of challenging racist and anti- democratic ideas among young people.

LIBRIS
Union catalogue of Swedish research and special libraries.
Högskoleverket
The National Agency for Higher Education.


Technology
The Royal Institute of Technology
Tekniska museet
Museum of Science and Technology, Stockholm.
 
 Stockholm School

Environment

Söderåsen
Sweden's latest (2001) national park.
Swedish Museum of Natural History
Official website of the Museum.

 
 

History

A bit of Swedish (and scandinavian) history
General History of Sweden - Luleä University.
The Centre for Local History
Research on local history.
Department of Archaeology and Ancient history
A department of Uppsala university.
Genline
Swedish Church Records Online.
Släktforskarnas Hus - House of Genealogy
Qualified resource centre for family and emigration research.
royal Kings and Queens of Sweden - A Thousand-Year Succession
Kings & Queens.
Kungliga biblioteket - Sveriges nationalbibliotek
The Royal Library Sweden.
Riddarhuset
The House of Nobility, administrative centre for the Swedish knighthood and nobility.
Riksantikvarieämbetet
Government agency responsible for the care of Sweden's cultural heritage (Swedish).
Riksarkivet - The Swedish National Archives
One of the oldest public agencies in Sweden.
Viking Heritage
A network for Viking-related knowledge.

Museums
Etnografiska i Stockholm
The National Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm.
The Museums of Sigtuna
Around thousand years ago Sigtuna was the most important town in the country.
Nordiska museet
The national museum of cultural history.
Sjöhistoriska museet
National Maritime Museum, Stockholm.
Stockholm Vasa Museum
About a well preserved warship from 1628.

 
 

Search

Gula Sidorna
The Swedish Yellow Pages.
SUNET
Index of Swedish WWW Servers.
 VirtualSweden
An official index to Sweden.

Newsgroup of Sweden
soc.culture.nordic

Additional Information on Sweden

Sweden Basic Facts
Background Notes: Sweden
Governments on the WWW: Sweden
Open Directory Project: Sweden
Wikipedia: Sweden
The World Factbook -- Sweden
 
 

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.