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Scandinavian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, the Kattegat, Skagerrak, and Öresund straits, by Norway in west and north. The Torne river forms most of Sweden's border with Finland in east. A portion of the country lies north of the Arctic Circle. The country shares maritime borders with Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Flag of Sweden
Sweden covers an area of 450,295 km² making Sweden roughly twice the size of Great Britain (island), or slightly larger than the U.S. state of California.
The Swedish population of 9,9 million people (in 2016) is concentrated in the southern part of the country, capital and largest city is Stockholm, spoken language is Swedish, a North Germanic language similar to Danish and Norwegian, English is widely spoken.
Kingdom of Sweden :: Konungariket Sverige
The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe.
Since 1812 Sweden's borders have been unchanged and Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars.
Despite its small population and large area, Sweden is a technologically advanced country with good infrastructure, including an efficient transportation and communications system.
Indecision over the country's role in the political and economic integration of Europe caused Sweden not to join the EU until 1995, and to forgo the introduction of the euro in 1999.
short form: Sverige
int'l long form: Kingdom of Sweden
int'l short form: Sweden
ISO Country Code: se, swe
Time Zone: Central European Time CET
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Mon-Oct-23 13:39
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +46
Capital City: Stockholm (city population: 743,000; metropolitan population 1.8 million)
The Municipality of Stockholm.
Göteborgs Stad - the City of Gothenburg (city population: 467,000; metropolitan population: 766,000).
Kiruna, Sweden's most northerly municipality.
Malmö (city population: 257,000; metropolitan population: 550,000)
Malmö Stad - the City of Malmö.
The City of Uppsala.
Type: constitutional monarchy
Independence: 6 June 1523; when Gustav Eriksson Vasa, known as the elected king Gustav I of Sweden re-established separation of the Swedish Crown from the Kalmar Union of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.
Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway.
Area: 450,295 km² (173,859 sq. mi.)
Terrain: fertile plains in the south; further north heavily wooded highlands, mountains in west, the northern three-fifths of Sweden - you see hills and mountains, forests and large river valleys.
Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north.
Nationality: Noun--Swedes; adjective--Swedish.
Population: 9.9 million (2016).
Ethnic Groups: Indigenous Swedes, ethnic Finns, ethnic Lapps.
Immigrants: Finns, Bosnians, Iranians, Norwegians, Danes, Hungarians, Iraqis, and Turks.
Religions: Lutheran (87%), Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Jewish, Buddhist, Muslim. Languages: Swedish, English is by far the leading foreign language, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
Natural resources: Iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk.
Industries: Iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles.
Exports - commodities: machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals (2012 est.)
Exports partners: Norway 10.3%, Germany 10.3%, USA 7.7%, UK 7.2%, Denmark 6.8%, Finland 6.7%, Netherlands 5.2%, Belgium 4.4%, France 4.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing
Imports partners: Germany 17.9%, Netherlands 8.1%, Norway 7.8%, Denmark 7.7%, China 6%, UK 5.5%, Finland 4.6%, France 4.3%, Belgium 4.3% (2015)
Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)
Official Sites of SwedenNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
The Royal Court of Sweden - The Bernadotte Dynasty.
The Swedish Parliament.
Swedish Government Offices.
The official gateway to Sweden on the Internet.
Access to information about Sweden and to Swedish government agencies.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sweden.
Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations
Official site of Sweden's representation to the UN.
The web site for Swedish Diplomatic Missions abroad.
United Nations Association of Sweden - A Movement for a Stronger United Nations.
Statistiska Centralbyrån - SCB - Statistik
Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut (SMHI)
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
Map of Sweden
Political Map of Sweden.
The National Atlas of Sweden
Maps, facts and statistics about Sweden.
Google Earth Sweden
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden.
Google Earth Stockholm
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden's capital.
Google Earth Malmö
Searchable map and satellite view of Malmö.
Map of the Baltic Sea Area
Political map of the Baltic Sea region.
Map of Scandinavia
Political Map of Scandinavia.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Swedens major newspaper (in Swedish).
National and international news (in Swedish).
News from Sweden (Swedish).
Göteborgs newspaper (in Swedish).
National news (in Swedish).
National and international news (in Swedish).
The Swedish Broadcasting Corporation.
Swedish news in six languages.
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Arts & Culture
Swedish Museum of Architecture, Stockholm.
Swedish culture and traditions
Lund University about Swedish culture.
10,000 tons of crystal clear ice from the Torne River, and 30,000 tons of pure snow gare needed to build the Ice Hotel every year.
Sweden's oldest (and best) rock club ("The culture company"), Malmö.
Non-profit website created to showcase Swedish design.
National Museum of Fine Arts
The Nobel Foundation
The Röhsska Museum of fashion, design and applied arts in Göteborg.
Skansen is the world's oldest open-air museum, founded in1891.
Stockholm Challenge Award
Stockholm Challenge is an international renowned award programme for innovative use of IT.
The Swedish National Council for Cultural Affairs.
Swedish Museum of Glass - Sveriges glasmuseum
Covers the history of Swedish glass and the development of the local glass industry. UFO-Sweden
Swedish UFO organization with scientific ambitions.
Southsami language and culture.
Showing the lives of the Sami people, the farmers and the miners during the past 1000 years (Introduction in English).
People of the sun and wind.
Homepage of the Saami Nation.
Business & Economy
Image: Arild Vågen
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Sweden - Country Guides
Stockholm: Vasa Museum, Gamla stan old town, Skansen open-air museum and zoo, Djurgården island, Drottningholm Palace, Stockholm Palace, ABBA Museum, Fotografiska.
Cities: Göteborg, Lund, Uppsala, Malmö, Visby.
Information by the Swedish Travel & Tourism Council.
Swedish Information Service
by the Consulate General of Sweden, New York.
The Swedish Institute
Public agency entrusted with disseminating knowledge abroad about Sweden.
The official Stockholm visitors guide.
Some hundred pages of editorial content by the Swedish Tourism Trade Association.
Education & Research
The university in Sweden's second largest city, Gothenburg.
The university in the city of Lund is one of northern Europe's oldest, largest and most prestigious universities.
Stockholm University is a public university in Stockholm, Sweden, founded as a college in 1878, a major center for higher education and research.
The Swedish Physical Society is a nonprofit organization founded in 1920 (in Swedish).
Oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries.
Universities and University Colleges in Sweden
List of links.
Union catalogue of Swedish research and special libraries.
The National Agency for Higher Education.
Royal Institute of Technology - KTH
KTH is one of the highest ranking institutions in northern Europe in its academic fields, with several campuses in Stockholm County.
Museum of Science and Technology, Stockholm.
Environment & Nature
Sweden's National Parks
A guide to Sweden's 29 national parks.
Swedish Museum of Natural History
Official website of the Museum.
The Centre for Local History
Research on local history.
Department of Archaeology and Ancient history
A department of Uppsala university.
Swedish Church Records Online.
Kings and Queens of Sweden - A Thousand-Year Succession
Kings & Queens.
Kungliga biblioteket - Sveriges nationalbibliotek
The Royal Library, Sweden's National Library.
The House of Nobility, administrative centre for the Swedish knighthood and nobility.
Government agency responsible for the care of Sweden's cultural heritage (Swedish).
Riksarkivet - The Swedish National Archives
One of the oldest public agencies in Sweden.
A network for Viking-related knowledge.
Etnografiska i Stockholm
The National Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm.
The Museums of Sigtuna
Around thousand years ago Sigtuna was the most important town in the country.
The national museum of cultural history.
National Maritime Museum, Stockholm.
Stockholm Vasa Museum
About a well preserved warship from 1628.
Sources and additional Information on Sweden
Amnesty International: Sweden
BBC Country Profile: Sweden
The Heritage Foundation: Sweden
Human Rights Watch: Sweden
Reporters Without Borders: Sweden
The World Factbook -- Sweden
Other Countries and Regions of Northern Europe:
Denmark | Estonia | Faroe Islands | Finland | Greenland | Iceland | Ireland
Latvia | Lithuania | Norway | Northern Ireland | Scotland | United Kingdom | Wales
Major Cities in Northern Europe
Belfast, Birmingham, Bremen, Cardiff, Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kiel, Liverpool, London, Malmö, Manchester, Moscow, Nuuk, Oslo, Reykjavik, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Tallinn, Vilnius
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