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Scandinavian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, the Kattegat, Skagerrak, and Öresund straits, by Norway in west and north, the Torne river forms most of Sweden's border with Finland in east. A portion of the country lies north of the Arctic Circle. The country shares maritime borders with Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Flag of Sweden
The country covers an area of 450,295 km² making Sweden roughly twice the size of Great Britain (island), or slightly larger than the U.S. state of California.
The Swedish population of 9,9 million people (in 2016) is concentrated in the southern part of the country, capital and largest city is Stockholm, spoken language is Swedish, a North Germanic language similar to Danish and Norwegian, English is widely spoken.
Kingdom of Sweden :: Konungariket Sverige
The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe.
Since 1812 Sweden's borders have been unchanged and Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars.
Despite its small population and large area, Sweden is a technologically advanced country with good infrastructure, including an efficient transportation and communications system.
Indecision over the country's role in the political and economic integration of Europe caused Sweden not to join the EU until 1995, and to forgo the introduction of the euro in 1999.
short form: Sverige
int'l long form: Kingdom of Sweden
int'l short form: Sweden
ISO Country Code: se
Time Zone: Central European Time CET
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-17 18:07
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +46
Capital City: Stockholm (city population: 743,000; metropolitan population 1.8 million)
The Municipality of Stockholm.
Göteborgs Stad - the City of Gothenburg (city population: 467,000; metropolitan population: 766,000).
Kiruna, Sweden's most northerly municipality.
Malmö (city population: 257,000; metropolitan population: 550,000)
Malmö Stad - the City of Malmö.
The City of Uppsala.
Type: constitutional monarchy
Independence: 6 June 1523; when Gustav Eriksson Vasa, known as the elected king Gustav I of Sweden re-established separation of the Swedish Crown from the Kalmar Union of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.
Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway.
Area: 450,295 km² (173,859 sq. mi.)
Terrain: fertile plains in the south; further north heavily wooded highlands, mountains in west, the northern three-fifths of Sweden - you see hills and mountains, forests and large river valleys.
Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north.
Nationality: Noun--Swedes; adjective--Swedish.
Population: 9.9 million (2016).
Ethnic Groups: Indigenous Swedes, ethnic Finns, ethnic Lapps.
Immigrants: Finns, Bosnians, Iranians, Norwegians, Danes, Hungarians, Iraqis, and Turks.
Religions: Lutheran (87%), Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Jewish, Buddhist, Muslim. Languages: Swedish, English is by far the leading foreign language, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
Natural resources: Iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk.
Industries: Iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles.
Exports - commodities: machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals (2012 est.)
Exports partners: Norway 10.3%, Germany 10.3%, USA 7.7%, UK 7.2%, Denmark 6.8%, Finland 6.7%, Netherlands 5.2%, Belgium 4.4%, France 4.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing
Imports partners: Germany 17.9%, Netherlands 8.1%, Norway 7.8%, Denmark 7.7%, China 6%, UK 5.5%, Finland 4.6%, France 4.3%, Belgium 4.3% (2015)
Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of SwedenKungliga Hovstaterna
The Royal Court of Sweden - The Bernadotte Dynasty.
The Swedish Parliament.
Swedish Government Offices.
The official gateway to Sweden on the Internet.
Access to information about Sweden and to Swedish government agencies.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sweden.
Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations
Official site of Sweden's representation to the UN.
The web site for Swedish Diplomatic Missions abroad.
United Nations Association of Sweden - A Movement for a Stronger United Nations.
Statistiska Centralbyrån - SCB - Statistik
Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut (SMHI)
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
Map of Sweden
Political Map of Sweden.
The National Atlas of Sweden
Maps, facts and statistics about Sweden.
Google Earth Sweden
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden.
Google Earth Stockholm
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden's capital.
Google Earth Malmö
Searchable map and satellite view of Malmö.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Swedens major newspaper (in Swedish).
National and international news (in Swedish).
News from Sweden (Swedish).
Göteborgs newspaper (in Swedish).
National news (in Swedish).
National and international news (in Swedish).
The Swedish Broadcasting Corporation.
The international and multicultural channel of the Swedish Broadcasting Corporation, with programs in 17 languages.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureArkitekturmuseet
Swedish Museum of Architecture, Stockholm.
Culturenet Sweden is comissioned by the Swedish Government to be the national gateway to all organizations and individuals working with culture in Sweden. (in Swedish)
10,000 tons of crystal clear ice from the Torne River, and 30,000 tons of pure snow gare needed to build the Ice Hotel every year.
Sweden's oldest (and best) rock club ("The culture company"), Malmö.
The web site of Sweden's 2005 Year of Design.
National Museum of Fine Arts
The Nobel Foundation
Röhss Museum of Applied Art and Design
Skansen is the world's oldest open-air museum, founded in1891.
Stockholm Challenge Award
Stockholm Challenge is an international renowned award programme for innovative use of IT.
The Swedish National Council for Cultural Affairs.
Swedish Museum of Glass - Sveriges glasmuseum
Covers the history of Swedish glass and the development of the local glass industry. UFO-Sweden
Swedish UFO organization with scientific ambitions.
Southsami language and culture.
Showing the lives of the Sami people, the farmers and the miners during the past 1000 years (Introduction in English).
People of the sun and wind.
Homepage of the Saami Nation.
Web site of the Sapmi Nation (in Swedish).
Business & EconomyRiksbank
Sweden's Central Bank.
The former OM Stockholm Exchange, Stockholm.
The Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.
Offers transportation between Copenhagen Airport and Helsingborg.
The major rail travel company in Sweden.
Typical Swedish Cellular Phones.
Typical Swedish Clothes.
Typical Swedish furnitures.
Makes people talk.
Swedish cars and planes.
Swedish heavy trucks.
Typical Swedish cars.
Destination Sweden - Country Guides
Travel and Tour Consumer InformationVisit Sweden
Information by the Swedish Travel & Tourism Council.
Swedish Information Service
by the Consulate General of Sweden, New York.
The Swedish Institute
Public agency entrusted with disseminating knowledge abroad about Sweden.
The official Stockholm visitors guide.
Some hundred pages of editorial content by the Swedish Tourism Trade Association.
Hotels in Sweden
Find a Hotel in Sweden.
Education & ResearchGöteborg Universitet
Centre for higher education and research.
The Royal Institute of Technology.
The Swedish Physical Society (Swedish).
Universities and University Colleges in Sweden
List of links.
SWEDKID: antiracist website
A website with the pedagogical aim of challenging racist and anti- democratic ideas among young people.
Union catalogue of Swedish research and special libraries.
The National Agency for Higher Education.
The Royal Institute of Technology
Museum of Science and Technology, Stockholm.
Environment & NatureSöderåsen
Sweden's latest (2001) national park.
Swedish Museum of Natural History
Official website of the Museum.
HistoryA bit of Swedish (and scandinavian) history
General History of Sweden - Luleä University.
The Centre for Local History
Research on local history.
Department of Archaeology and Ancient history
A department of Uppsala university.
Swedish Church Records Online.
Släktforskarnas Hus - House of Genealogy
Qualified resource centre for family and emigration research.
Kings and Queens of Sweden - A Thousand-Year Succession
Kings & Queens.
Kungliga biblioteket - Sveriges nationalbibliotek
The Royal Library Sweden.
The House of Nobility, administrative centre for the Swedish knighthood and nobility.
Government agency responsible for the care of Sweden's cultural heritage (Swedish).
Riksarkivet - The Swedish National Archives
One of the oldest public agencies in Sweden.
A network for Viking-related knowledge.
Etnografiska i Stockholm
The National Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm.
The Museums of Sigtuna
Around thousand years ago Sigtuna was the most important town in the country.
The national museum of cultural history.
National Maritime Museum, Stockholm.
Stockholm Vasa Museum
About a well preserved warship from 1628.
Find local information.
Open Directory Project: Sweden
Additional Information on Sweden
Background Notes: Sweden
The World Factbook -- Sweden
Other Countries and Regions of Northern Europe:
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Latvia | Lithuania | Norway | Northern Ireland | Scotland | United Kingdom | Wales
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