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View of Sweden's High Coast
Stony islands rising from the sea in the Gulf of Bothnia, this is Sweden's High Coast (Swedish: Höga kusten), it is the highest uplift of land in the world. The High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago official website is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Pudelek (Marcin)
 

___ Sweden


Flag of Sweden
Flag of Sweden
Location map of Sweden. Where in Europe is Sweden?
Location map of Sweden



Destination Sweden, one of the Scandinavian countries located in northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, the Kattegat, Skagerrak, and Öresund straits, by Norway in west and north. The Torne river forms most of Sweden's border with Finland in east. A portion of the country lies north of the Arctic Circle. The country shares maritime borders with Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

The country covers an area of 450,295 km² making Sweden roughly twice the size of Great Britain (island), or slightly larger than the U.S. state of California.

The Swedish population of 9,9 million people (in 2016) is concentrated in the southern part of the country, capital and largest city is Stockholm, spoken language is Swedish, a North Germanic language similar to Danish and Norwegian, English is widely spoken.


Kingdom of Sweden :: Konungariket Sverige


Country Profile




Background:
The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe.

Since 1812 Sweden's borders have been unchanged and Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars.

Despite its small population and large area, Sweden is a technologically advanced country with good infrastructure, including an efficient transportation and communications system.

Indecision over the country's role in the political and economic integration of Europe caused Sweden not to join the EU until 1995, and to forgo the introduction of the euro in 1999.
 
 


Official Name:
Konungariket Sverige
short form: Sverige
int'l long form: Kingdom of Sweden
int'l short form: Sweden

ISO Country Code: se, swe

Time:
Time Zone: Central European Time CET
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Fri-July-21  00:31
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +46

Capital City: Stockholm (city population: 743,000; metropolitan population 1.8 million)
Stockholm
The Municipality of Stockholm.

Other Cities:
Göteborg
Göteborgs Stad - the City of Gothenburg (city population: 467,000; metropolitan population: 766,000).
Helsingborg
Stad Helsingborg.
Helsingborg Turistinformation
Kiruna
Kiruna, Sweden's most northerly municipality.
Malmö (city population: 257,000; metropolitan population: 550,000)
Malmö Stad - the City of Malmö.
Uppsala
The City of Uppsala.

Government:
Type: constitutional monarchy
Independence: 6 June 1523; when Gustav Eriksson Vasa, known as the elected king Gustav I of Sweden re-established separation of the Swedish Crown from the Kalmar Union of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.

Geography:
Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway.
Area: 450,295 km² (173,859 sq. mi.)
Terrain: fertile plains in the south; further north heavily wooded highlands, mountains in west, the northern three-fifths of Sweden - you see hills and mountains, forests and large river valleys.

Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Swedes; adjective--Swedish.
Population: 9.9 million (2016).
Ethnic Groups: Indigenous Swedes, ethnic Finns, ethnic Lapps.
Immigrants: Finns, Bosnians, Iranians, Norwegians, Danes, Hungarians, Iraqis, and Turks.
Religions: Lutheran (87%), Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Jewish, Buddhist, Muslim. Languages: Swedish, English is by far the leading foreign language, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
Literacy: 100%

Natural resources: Iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk.

Industries: Iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles.

Exports - commodities: machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals (2012 est.)

Exports partners: Norway 10.3%, Germany 10.3%, USA 7.7%, UK 7.2%, Denmark 6.8%, Finland 6.7%, Netherlands 5.2%, Belgium 4.4%, France 4.2% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing

Imports partners: Germany 17.9%, Netherlands 8.1%, Norway 7.8%, Denmark 7.7%, China 6%, UK 5.5%, Finland 4.6%, France 4.3%, Belgium 4.3% (2015)

Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Sweden

royal Kungliga Hovstaterna
The Royal Court of Sweden - The Bernadotte Dynasty.


Sveriges Riksdag
The Swedish Parliament.
Regeringskansliet
Swedish Government Offices.

Sweden.se
The official gateway to Sweden on the Internet.

SverigeDirekt
Access to information about Sweden and to Swedish government agencies.

Utrikesdepartementet
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sweden.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations
Official site of Sweden's representation to the UN.
Sweden Abroad
The web site for Swedish Diplomatic Missions abroad.


Svenska FN-förbundet
United Nations Association of Sweden - A Movement for a Stronger United Nations.


Statistics
Statistiska Centralbyrån - SCB - Statistik
Statistics Sweden.


Weather
Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut (SMHI)
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.


Maps

Map of Sweden
Political Map of Sweden.
The National Atlas of Sweden
Maps, facts and statistics about Sweden.
Google Earth Google Earth Sweden
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden.
Google Earth Google Earth Stockholm
Searchable map and satellite view of Sweden's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Malmö
Searchable map and satellite view of Malmö.

Map of Scandinavia
Political Map of Scandinavia.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.




Stockholm City Hall
Stockholm City Hall at the dusk. The well known landmark in Sweden's capital is home to the Municipal Council for the City of Stockholm.
Image: MindBlocker
 

 

Swedish News


Aftonbladet
Swedens major newspaper (in Swedish).
Dagens Nyheter
National and international news (in Swedish).
Expressen
News from Sweden (Swedish).
Göteborgs-Posten
Göteborgs newspaper (in Swedish).
Stockholm News
National news (in Swedish).
Svenska Dagbladet
National and international news (in Swedish).

Radio
Sveriges Radio
The Swedish Broadcasting Corporation.
SR International
Swedish news in six languages.
 

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Arts & Culture


Arkitekturmuseet
Swedish Museum of Architecture, Stockholm.
Swedish culture and traditions
Lund University about Swedish culture.
Icehotel Jukkas
10,000 tons of crystal clear ice from the Torne River, and 30,000 tons of pure snow gare needed to build the Ice Hotel every year.
Kulturbolaget
Sweden's oldest (and best) rock club ("The culture company"), Malmö.
SwedishDesign.org
Non-profit website created to showcase Swedish design.
National Museum of Fine Arts
Stockholm
The Nobel Foundation
Nobel prizes.
Röhsska Museum
The Röhsska Museum of fashion, design and applied arts in Göteborg.
Skansen
Skansen is the world's oldest open-air museum, founded in1891.
Stockholm Challenge Award
Stockholm Challenge is an international renowned award programme for innovative use of IT.
Statens kulturråd
The Swedish National Council for Cultural Affairs.
Swedish Museum of Glass - Sveriges glasmuseum
Covers the history of Swedish glass and the development of the local glass industry. UFO-Sweden
Swedish UFO organization with scientific ambitions.

Natives
Gaaltije
Southsami language and culture.
Härjedalens fjällmuseum
Showing the lives of the Sami people, the farmers and the miners during the past 1000 years (Introduction in English).
The Saami
People of the sun and wind.
Samefolket
Homepage of the Saami Nation.
 
 

Stockholm Challenge Award
The Nations Online Project was finalist in the 6th Stockholm Challenge

 
 

Business & Economy

Riksbank
Sweden's Central Bank.
Stockholmsbörsen
The former OM Stockholm Exchange, Stockholm.
Stockholms Handelskammare
The Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.


__Transportation
_ Airlines
HelikopterService
Offers transportation between Copenhagen Airport and Helsingborg.
SAS
Scandinavian Airlines.

_Bus
Swebus Express
Svenska Buss
Swedish Busses.

_Rail
SJ
The major rail travel company in Sweden.

Swedish Products
Absolut Vodka
Absolut vodka.
Ericsson
Typical Swedish Cellular Phones.
H&M
Typical Swedish Clothes.
IKEA
Typical Swedish furnitures.
Läkerol
Makes people talk.
SAAB
Swedish cars and planes.
Scania
Swedish heavy trucks.
Sweden Yachts
Sailing Yachts.
Volvo
Typical Swedish cars.
Skpye
is an application that provides video chat and voice call services
Spotify
is a music, podcast, and video streaming service


 

Royal Palace
Royal Palace, Stockholm
© nationsonline.org
Blasieholmen, Stockholm, Sweden
The peninsula Blasieholmen in central Stockholm houses the Nationalmuseum, hotels and office buildings.
Image: Arild Vågen


Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Sweden - Country Guides


Discover Sweden
Stockholm: Vasa Museum, Gamla stan old town, Skansen open-air museum and zoo, Djurgården island, Drottningholm Palace,  Stockholm Palace, ABBA Museum, Fotografiska.
Cities: Göteborg, Lund, Uppsala, Malmö, Visby.

 Visit Sweden
Information by the Swedish Travel & Tourism Council.

Swedish Information Service
by the Consulate General of Sweden, New York.

The Swedish Institute
Public agency entrusted with disseminating knowledge abroad about Sweden.

Stockholmtown.com
The official Stockholm visitors guide.

 Smorgasbord
Some hundred pages of editorial content by the Swedish Tourism Trade Association.

 
 
 

Education & Research


Göteborg Universitet
The university in Sweden's second largest city, Gothenburg.
Lunds Universitet
The university in the city of Lund is one of northern Europe's oldest, largest and most prestigious universities.
Stockholms Universitet
Stockholm University is a public university in Stockholm, Sweden, founded as a college in 1878, a major center for higher education and research.

Svenska Fysikersamfundet
The Swedish Physical Society is a nonprofit organization founded in 1920 (in Swedish).
Uppsala University
Oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries.
Universities and University Colleges in Sweden
List of links.

LIBRIS
Union catalogue of Swedish research and special libraries.
Högskoleverket
The National Agency for Higher Education.


Technology
Royal Institute of Technology - KTH
KTH is one of the highest ranking institutions in northern Europe in its academic fields, with several campuses in Stockholm County.
Tekniska museet
Museum of Science and Technology, Stockholm.
 
Stockholm School
 

Environment & Nature


Sweden's National Parks
A guide to Sweden's 29 national parks.

Swedish Museum of Natural History
Official website of the Museum.

 
 
 

History


The Centre for Local History
Research on local history.
Department of Archaeology and Ancient history
A department of Uppsala university.
Genline
Swedish Church Records Online.

royal Kings and Queens of Sweden - A Thousand-Year Succession
Kings & Queens.

Kungliga biblioteket - Sveriges nationalbibliotek
The Royal Library, Sweden's National Library.
Riddarhuset
The House of Nobility, administrative centre for the Swedish knighthood and nobility.
Riksantikvarieämbetet
Government agency responsible for the care of Sweden's cultural heritage (Swedish).
Riksarkivet - The Swedish National Archives
One of the oldest public agencies in Sweden.
Viking Heritage
A network for Viking-related knowledge.

Museums
Etnografiska i Stockholm
The National Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm.
The Museums of Sigtuna
Around thousand years ago Sigtuna was the most important town in the country.
Nordiska museet
The national museum of cultural history.
Sjöhistoriska museet
National Maritime Museum, Stockholm.
Stockholm Vasa Museum
About a well preserved warship from 1628.
 


7 century Vendel era helmet, Museum of History, Stockholm
Vendel era helmet from a 7 century ship burial. Museum of History, Stockholm
Image: Mararie
 

Sources and additional Information on Sweden


Amnesty International: Sweden

BBC Country Profile: Sweden

FAO: Sweden

GlobalEDGE: Sweden

The Heritage Foundation: Sweden

Human Rights Watch: Sweden

OEC: Sweden

Reporters Without Borders: Sweden

Wikipedia: Sweden

The World Factbook -- Sweden
 
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Other Countries and Regions of Northern Europe:
Denmark | Estonia | Faroe Islands | Finland | Greenland | Iceland | Ireland
Latvia | Lithuania | Norway | Northern Ireland | Scotland | United Kingdom | Wales

Major Cities in Northern Europe
Belfast, Birmingham, Bremen, Cardiff, Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kiel, Liverpool, London, Malmö, Manchester, Moscow, Nuuk, Oslo, Reykjavik, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Tallinn, Vilnius
 
 
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