Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
 
Home Earth Continents The Americas Colombia

___ Colombia



Destination Colombia, a virtual guide to Colombia. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Colombia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this South American nation, e.g.: official web sites of Colombia, addresses of Colombian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Colombia.
Colombia Capital City Bogotá
Bogotá Colombia's Capital © bogotaturismo.gov.co
 

Rebublic of Colombia | Republica de Colombia

Country Profile


Flag of Colombia
Flag of Colombia

Background:
Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and Venezuela).
A 40-year insurgent campaign to overthrow the Colombian Government escalated during the 1990s, undergirded in part by funds from the drug trade. Although the violence is deadly and large swaths of the countryside are under guerrilla influence, the movement lacks the military strength or popular support necessary to overthrow the government. While Bogota continues to try to negotiate a settlement, neighboring countries worry about the violence spilling over their borders.
Four decades of conflict have turned Colombia into one of the world's worst humanitarian hotspots, with millions caught up in the crossfire between leftist rebels, cocaine smugglers and far-right paramilitary militias.



border countries: Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela



 

where in the world is Colombia?

Official Name:
Republica de Colombia
conventional long form: Rebublic of Colombia
conventional short form: Colombia
former: United States of Colombia

ISO Country Code: co
Actual Time: Sat-Nov-22  18:31
Local Time = UTC -5h

Country Calling Code: +57

Capital City: Bogotá formerly Santa Fe de Bogotá, (pop. about 6 million)

Other Cities:
Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena.

Government:
Type: Republic
Independence: 20 July 1810.

Geography:
Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama.
Area: 1.134 million km² (440,000 sq. mi.), fourth-largest country in South America.
Terrain: Flat coastal areas, with extensive coastlines on the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea, three rugged parallel mountain chains, central highlands, and flat eastern grasslands.

Climate: Tropical on coast and eastern plains, cooler in highlands.

People:
Nationality: Colombian(s).
Population: 46.5 million (2012)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 7 303 (year)
Ethnic groups: Mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Religion: Roman Catholic 90%.
Language: Spanish
Literacy: 93% in urban areas, 67% in rural areas.

Natural resources: Coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nickel, gold, silver, copper, platinum, emeralds.

Agriculture products: Coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp.

Industries: Textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds.

Exports partners: USA 47.1%, Ecuador 6%, Venezuela 5.3% (2003)

Imports partners: USA 29.6%, Brazil 5.5%, Mexico 5.4%, Venezuela 5.2%, China 5%, Japan 4.6%, Germany 4.4% (2003)

Currency: Colombian Peso (COP)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Colombia

Colombia
Presidencia de la Republica de Colombia. Presidente Álvaro Uribe Vélez's office. (in Spanish)

Senado de la República
The Senate of the Colombian Republic. (in Spanish)


Gobiernoenlinea
Online Information and Service by the Colombian Government. (in Spanish)


Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
The Ministry of External Relations. (in Spanish)

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Colombia to the United Nations
Embassy of Colombia in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Foreign Missions in Colombia
List of foreign diplomatic missions in Colombia.
Colombian Missions Abroad
List of Colombia's diplomatic missions.


Statistics
Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadistica - DANE
Statistics Colombia (in Spanish).

Maps
profile Map of Colombia
Political Map of Colombia.
Google Earth Google Earth Colombia
Searchable map and satellite view of Colombia.
Google Earth Google Earth Bogotá
Searchable map and satellite view of Bogotá, capital city of Colombia.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
 

Colombia News

El Colombiano
Colombia News (in Spanish).
El Diario On-Line
News (in Spanish).
El Espectador
The oldest newspaper in Colombia. (in Spanish)
El Mundo
Colombia News (in Spanish)
El Tiempo
Domestic and international news. (in Spanish)
Portafolio
Noticias económicas, business news Colombia. (in Spanish)
 

 

Arts & Culture

Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia
The National Library of Colombia. (in Spanish)
Museo de Arte
Art Museum at the National University of Colombia,
Museo del Oro
Colección de más de 33.000 piezas de orfebrería prehispánica.
Pacho Rada
El Acordeón del Diablo - Pacho Rada, a 93-year old Caribbean musician, was the inspiration for Gabriel Garcia Márquez's novel "One Hundred Years of Solitude".
 

 

Business & Economy

Banco de la República
Central Bank Colombia (in Spanish).
Bolsa de Valores de Colombia
Stock Exchange Colombia (in Spanish).

Confederacion Colombiana de Camaras de Comercio
The Colombian Federation of Chambers of Commerce.
Cámara de Comercio de Bogotá
Chamber of Commerce Bogotá (in Spanish).
Colombian Government Trade Bureau
Doing business in Colombia, Import, Export and Trade information.

Colombian Products

Federación Nacional de cafeteros
Colombian Coffee Growers Federation.
Café de Colombia
Colombian Coffee (Spanish).

¡Qué Hubo
Colombian Yellow Pages.


Economic Indicators
FocusEconomics: Colombia

Transportation
Airline
Avianca
The Colombian Airline.

 
 

Destination Colombia - Travel and Tour Guides

Instituto Distrital de Cultura y Turismo
Institute for culture and tourism (in Spanish)

Explore Bogota
Official city guide with extensive information on Bogota and surroundings.

Colombia Info
by Latin-American Student Organization.

Colombia
Colombia Information by the Universidad de los Andes (Spanish).

Yo creo en Colombia
The "I Believe In Colombia" program is a group that empowers Colombians to speak well about Colombia and act on its behalf.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education

Pontivicia Universidad Javeriana
Universidad de Antioquia
Official website of the University of Antioquia, Medellín (in Spanish)
Universidad de los Andes
Bogotá
Universidad EAFIT
The official university website provides information about EAFIT and its study programs.
Universidad La Gran Colombia
Bogotá
Universidad Nacional Bogotá
Universidad Nacional / Medellín
Universidad del Valle
Cali

Science
Colombian Institute for Science and Techonology Development
 
 

Environment

Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia
Site of the National System of Protected Areas in Colombia. (in Spanish)

WWF Colombia
WWF Colombia site. (in Spanish)
WWF in Colombia
Site about WWF's work in Colombia.
 
 

History

Archivo General de la Nación
The Colombian National Archive. (in Spanish)
Departamento de Historia, Universidad del Valle
Department of History (in Spanish)
History of Colombia
Documents about Colombia's history by World History Archives.
History of Colombia
From Wikipedia.
 



Issues Colombian

Decades of conflict have turned Colombia into one of the world's worst humanitarian hotspots. More than 3 million people have been forced from their homes and tens of thousands have been killed. The main players are government troops, leftist rebels, right-wing militias and cocaine cartels. (AlertNet Colombia)

Sites related to the very difficult political and social situation in Colombia.

AlertNet - Colombia
Colombia's long-running war has forced three million people from their homes. Find articles about the background of violence in Colombia.

Human Rights Watch: Colombia
HRW Org about Colombia.
Human Rights Watch Report: Colombia


__Sites from and about abductees of the FARC
www.betancourt.info
Ingrid Betancourt and Clara Rojas since Februar 2002 prisoners of the FARC. A multilingual site for information on Ingrid's and Clara's abduction.
Die dunkle Seite der FARC
The dark side of the FARC, site from FARC abductees Ulrich and Thomas Künzel, and Reiner Bruchmann. (in German)

Various Interest Groups of Colombia

Right-wing paramilitaries, who have deep links with the army and police.
AUC - Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia
The right-wing paramilitary United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia.
The bulk of the AUC's blocs was demobilized by early 2006 and its former top leaders were extradited to the U.S. in 2008. However, local successors such as the Black Eagles (Spanish: Águilas Negras) continue to exist and death threats have been made using its name.

__Marxist guerrilla groups:
ELN
The National Liberation Army, Colombia's second largest guerrilla group. (in Spanish)
FARC-EP - Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - Ejercito del Pueblo, Colombia's main guerrilla group.

Native
Etnias de Colombia
Site for and about ethnic groups of Colombia, by Fundación Hemera. (in Spanish)
 

Search

¡Qué Hubo
Colombia internetdirectory and Colombian Yellow Pages.
LatinWorld: Colombia
LatinWorld's Colombia.
Open Directory Project: Colombia

Additional Information on Colombia

Colombia - LANIC
Latin American Network Information Center on Colombia.

BBC News Country Profile: Colombia

LatinFocus - Colombia
An information source for the Colombian economy.

Wikipedia: Colombia
The World Factbook -- Colombia
 
Travel Links
Top Travel Destinations
Maps of the World
International Airlines
 
Popular Country Pages

Australia
Guam
Canada
USA
Italy
Greece
South Korea
China

Updated Country Profiles
New Zealand
Australia
Namibia
Thailand
 

Search Nations Online
Google
Bookmark/share this page:




 Support UNICEF Valid HTML5!
Valid CSS

Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama

Countries of the World: A - C | D - G | H - L | M - P | Q - T | U - Z
Continents: Africa | The Americas | Asia | Australia/Oceania | Europe
 

Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.