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___ BulgariaDestination Bulgaria, a virtual travel guide to Bulgaria. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Bulgarian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this South-East European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Bulgaria, addresses of Bulgarian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Bulgaria.
Bulgaria's National Assembly
Republic of Bulgaria | Republika Bulgariya
Flag of Bulgaria
Bulgaria earned its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878, but having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, it fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946.
Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multi-party election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime.
Today, reforms and democratization keep Bulgaria on a path toward eventual integration into NATO and the EU - with which it began accession negotiations in 2000.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
border countries: Greece, Macedonia, Rep. of, Romania, Serbia, Turkey
Other countries in Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia
short form: Bulgariya
int'l long form: Republic of Bulgaria
int'l short form: Bulgaria
ISO Country Code: bg
Time Zone: EET
Local Time = UTC +2h (summer +3)
Actual Time: Sun-Feb-1 07:37
Country Calling Code: +359
Capital City: Sofia (pop. 1.3 million)
Other Cities: Plovdiv (370 000), Varna (350 000).
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Location: Southeast Europe
Area: 111,000 km² (42,857 sq. mi.)
Terrain: with large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains, coastline along the Black Sea.
Climate: Temperate continental, mild summers and cold, snowy winters.
Population: 7.4 million (2011 census)
Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 84%, Turkish 10%, Roma 5%.
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 83%, Muslim 12%,
Literacy: 98.6% male: 99.1% female
Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.
Agriculture products: Vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets.
Industries: Electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.
Exports partners: Italy 13.1%, Germany 11.6%, Turkey 9.3%, Belgium 6.1%, Greece 5.6%, USA 5.3%, France 4.9% (2004)
Imports partners: Germany 15.1%, Italy 10.2%, Russia 7.9%, Greece 7.5%, Turkey 6.9%, France 4.4% (2004)
Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Republic of Bulgaria
The Government of the Republic of Bulgaria.
President of Bulgaria
Georgi Parvanov's Office.
National Assembly of Republic of Bulgaria
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria
Official website of the ministry.
The Official Web Portal of the Diplomatic Missions of Bulgaria Abroad.
Embassy of Bulgaria
Bulgarian Embassy in London
National Statistical Institute
National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH)
Southeast Europe Online is designed as a Balkan portal site focusing on creating a virtual network of NGOs in Southeast Europe.
Map of Bulgaria
Political Map of Bulgaria.
Google Earth Bulgaria
Zoomable map/satellite view of Bulgaria.
Google Earth Sofia
Zoomable map/satellite view of Sofia.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Bulgarian News Agency
BTA with news in English and Bulgarian.
BNN - Bulgarian News Network
Online news agency.
Gateway to Bulgaria. News and Information from Bulgaria.
Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Focus News Agency
News by Focus Information Agency.
National and international news.
Bulgaria's weekly English-language newspaper.
Sofia News Agency
Current national and international news.
Bulgarian Business News (in German)
Weekly online news for culture (in Bulgarian)
Bulgarian National Bank
The Central Bank of Bulgaria, established in 1879.
Bulgarian Stock Exchange
The only functioning stock exchange in Bulgaria.
Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Official website of the chamber.
The national airline carrier of Bulgaria, based in Sofia.
Bulgaria International Airports
Site provides airport and flight information for departures and arrivals.
The gateway to the Black Sea coast.
Bulgarian State Railways
Official website of Bulgarian State Railways - BDZ.
Port of Varna
Official website of Varna's port.
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
The Official Tourism site for Destination Bulgaria.
Discover the area of Strandja Mountain and National park.
Bulgaria travel information.
Site about the town of Nessebar one of the oldest settlements in Europe.
A travel guide to Bulgaria.
Bulgaria - with its history, geography, population, and folklore.
Goldstrand, a Black Sea resort close to Varna.
The biggest Black Sea resort, Burgas, Bulgaria.
The Municipality of Sofia Capital City of Bulgaria.
Bourgas the city at Black Sea.
Tourism guide to the city of Plovdiv.
Official website of the the biggest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast (in Bulgarian).
Hotels in Bulgaria
Find Hotels in Bulgaria.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Sunny Beach © nationsonline.org
Cathedral, Varna © nationsonline.org
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
New Bulgarian University
The Paissii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv
Saint Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia.
The oldest institution of higher education in Bulgaria.
Ministry of Environment
and Water of Bulgaria
To preserve the natural heritage of Bulgaria and to ensure a healthy environment for the population.
BlueLink Information Network
Civil environmental gateway to Bulgaria.
Bulgarian web-portal on climate change and its impact on the environment.
Ocean Planet - Discover your Wolrd
Made to inspire youngsters in the countries of the Black Sea region to take interest in Earth Sciences.
Maliovitsa © bulgariatravel.org
Bulgaria a brief
Dimiter Markovski's not so brief History of Bulgaria.
History and Culture
Comprehensive information about Bulgaria's rich history.
History of Bulgaria 681-1944
An extract from the book "Bulgaria Illustrated History" by Dr. Bojidar Dimitrov (1995)
National Museum of History
The Bulgarian history.
Black Sea Coast © bulgariatravel.org
Bulgaria.com - Links
Bulgarian search engine and directory.
Additional Information on BulgariaBBC News Country Profile: BulgariaBackground Notes: Bulgaria
Governments on the WWW: Bulgaria
Open Directory Project: Bulgaria
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Bulgaria.
The World Factbook -- Bulgaria
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Actually, there are more than five colors,
Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.
|Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.
Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.
But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
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