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Destination Bulgaria, a virtual travel guide to Bulgaria. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Bulgarian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this South-East European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Bulgaria, addresses of Bulgarian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Bulgaria.

National Assembly of Bulgaria
Bulgaria's National Assembly

Republic of Bulgaria | Republika Bulgariya

Country Profile

Flag of Bulgaria
Flag of Bulgaria

Bulgaria earned its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878, but having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, it fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946.
Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multi-party election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime.
Today, reforms and democratization keep Bulgaria on a path toward eventual integration into NATO and the EU - with which it began accession negotiations in 2000.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Greece, Macedonia, Rep. of, Romania, Serbia, Turkey

Other countries in Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia
where in Europe is Bulgaria?

Official Name:
Republika Bulgariya
short form: Bulgariya
int'l long form: Republic of Bulgaria
int'l short form: Bulgaria

ISO Country Code: bg

Time Zone: EET
Local Time = UTC +2h (summer +3)
Actual Time: Sun-Feb-1  07:37

Country Calling Code: +359

Capital City: Sofia (pop. 1.3 million)

Other Cities: Plovdiv (370 000), Varna (350 000).

Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire)

Location: Southeast Europe
Area: 111,000 kmĀ² (42,857 sq. mi.)
Terrain: with large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains, coastline along the Black Sea.

Climate: Temperate continental, mild summers and cold, snowy winters.

Nationality: Bulgarian
Population: 7.4 million (2011 census)
Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 84%, Turkish 10%, Roma 5%.
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 83%, Muslim 12%,
Language: Bulgarian
Literacy: 98.6% male: 99.1% female

Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.

Agriculture products: Vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets.

Industries: Electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.

Exports partners: Italy 13.1%, Germany 11.6%, Turkey 9.3%, Belgium 6.1%, Greece 5.6%, USA 5.3%, France 4.9% (2004)

Imports partners: Germany 15.1%, Italy 10.2%, Russia 7.9%, Greece 7.5%, Turkey 6.9%, France 4.4% (2004)

Currency: Bulgarian
Lev (BGN)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Bulgaria

Republic of Bulgaria
The Government of the Republic of Bulgaria.

President of Bulgaria
Georgi Parvanov's Office.

National Assembly of Republic of Bulgaria
Bulgaria's Parliament.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria
Official website of the ministry.

Diplomatic Missions
The Official Web Portal of the Diplomatic Missions of Bulgaria Abroad.
Embassy of Bulgaria
Washington D.C.
Bulgarian Embassy in London

National Statistical Institute

National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH)

SEE Online
Southeast Europe Online is designed as a Balkan portal site focusing on creating a virtual network of NGOs in Southeast Europe.

Map of Bulgaria
Political Map of Bulgaria.

Google Earth Google Earth Bulgaria
Zoomable map/satellite view of Bulgaria.
Google Earth Google Earth Sofia
Zoomable map/satellite view of Sofia.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


24 Chasa
Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Bulgarian News Agency
BTA with news in English and Bulgarian.
BNN - Bulgarian News Network
Online news agency.
Bulgaria Online
Gateway to Bulgaria. News and Information from Bulgaria.
Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Focus News Agency
News by Focus Information Agency.
National and international news.
Sofia Echo
Bulgaria's weekly English-language newspaper.
Sofia News Agency
Current national and international news.
Bulgarian Business News (in German)


Arts & Culture

Weekly online news for culture (in Bulgarian)


Business & Economy

Bulgarian National Bank
The Central Bank of Bulgaria, established in 1879.
Bulgarian Stock Exchange
The only functioning stock exchange in Bulgaria.

Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Official website of the chamber.


Bulgaria Air
The national airline carrier of Bulgaria, based in Sofia.

Bulgaria International Airports
Sofia Airport
Site provides airport and flight information for departures and arrivals.
Bourgas Airport
Charter hub.
Varna Airport
The gateway to the Black Sea coast.

Bulgarian State Railways
Official website of Bulgarian State Railways - BDZ.

Port of Varna
Official website of Varna's port.

Destination Bulgaria - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Bulgaria: Black Sea, Danube, Golden Sands, Nessebar, Pirin, Sunny Beach, Strandja,
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
The Official Tourism site for Destination Bulgaria.

Discover Strandja
Discover the area of Strandja Mountain and National park.
Bulgaria travel information.
Site about the town of Nessebar one of the oldest settlements in Europe.
Travel Bulgaria
A travel guide to Bulgaria.
Wonderland Bulgaria
Bulgaria - with its history, geography, population, and folklore.

Golden Sands
Goldstrand, a Black Sea resort close to Varna.
Sunny Beach
The biggest Black Sea resort, Burgas, Bulgaria.

The Municipality of Sofia Capital City of Bulgaria. 
Bourgas the city at Black Sea.
Tourism guide to the city of Plovdiv.
Official website of the the biggest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast (in Bulgarian).

Hotels in Bulgaria
Find Hotels in Bulgaria.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Sunny Beach
Sunny Beach ©

Cathedral of the Assumption
Cathedral, Varna ©


Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
New Bulgarian University

The Paissii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv

Saint Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia.
The oldest institution of higher education in Bulgaria.

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Environment and Water of Bulgaria
To preserve the natural heritage of Bulgaria and to ensure a healthy environment for the population.

BlueLink Information Network
Civil environmental gateway to Bulgaria.
Climate Change
Bulgarian web-portal on climate change and its impact on the environment.

Ocean Planet - Discover your Wolrd
Made to inspire youngsters in the countries of the Black Sea region to take interest in Earth Sciences.
Maliovitsa ©


Bulgaria a brief history outline
Dimiter Markovski's not so brief History of Bulgaria.
History and Culture
Comprehensive information about Bulgaria's rich history.
History of Bulgaria 681-1944
An extract from the book "Bulgaria Illustrated History" by Dr. Bojidar Dimitrov (1995)

National Museum of History
The Bulgarian history.
Black Sea Coast
Black Sea Coast ©

Search - Links
Bulgarian Directory.
Bulgarian search engine and directory.

Additional Information on Bulgaria

BBC News Country Profile: BulgariaBackground Notes: Bulgaria
Governments on the WWW: Bulgaria
Open Directory Project: Bulgaria
REENIC: Bulgaria
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Bulgaria.
Wikipedia: Bulgaria
The World Factbook -- Bulgaria
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Other countries in the Balkan region:
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.