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Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe bordering the Black Sea in east. The country shares international borders with Greece, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Turkey.
Flag of Bulgaria
The country occupies an area of 110,879 km², compared it is somewhat larger than Iceland (103,000 km²), or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Bulgaria has a population of 7.2 million people (2015), capital and largest city is Sofia with 1.3 million inhabitants. Official language is Bulgarian, it is written in Cyrillic.
This page aims to give you a broad overview of Bulgarian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Republic of Bulgaria | Republika Bulgariya | Република България
short form: Bulgariya
int'l long form: Republic of Bulgaria
int'l short form: Bulgaria
ISO Country Code: bg
Time Zone: EET
Local Time = UTC +2h (summer +3)
Actual Time: Wed-Oct-26 03:23
Country Calling Code: +359
Capital City: Sofia (pop. 1.3 million)
Other Cities: Plovdiv (370 000), Varna (350 000).
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Location: Southeast Europe
Area: 111,000 km² (42,857 sq. mi.)
Terrain: with large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains, coastline along the Black Sea.
Climate: Temperate continental, mild summers and cold, snowy winters.
Population: 7.2 million (2015)
Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 84%, Turkish 10%, Roma 5%.
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 83%, Muslim 12%,
Literacy: 98.6% male: 99.1% female
Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.
Agriculture products: Vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets.
Industries: Electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.
Exports - commodities: clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels.
Exports partners: Germany 12.5%, Italy 9.2%, Turkey 8.5%, Romania 8.2%, Greece 6.5%, France 4.2% (2015)
Imports partners: Germany 12.9%, Russia 12%, Italy 7.6%, Romania 6.8%, Turkey 5.7%, Greece 4.8%, Spain 4.8% (2015)
Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Bulgaria earned its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878, but having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, it fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946.
Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multi-party election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime.
Bulgaria became a NATO member state in 2004 and joined the EU on 1 January 2007.
Other countries in Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of BulgariaRepublic of Bulgaria
The Government of the Republic of Bulgaria.
President of Bulgaria
Official website of the President of Bulgaria.
National Assembly of Republic of Bulgaria
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria
Official website of the ministry.
The Official Web Portal of the Diplomatic Missions of Bulgaria Abroad.
Embassy of Bulgaria
Bulgarian Embassy in London
National Statistical Institute
National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH)
Southeast Europe Online is designed as a Balkan portal site focusing on creating a virtual network of NGOs in Southeast Europe.
Map of Bulgaria
Political Map of Bulgaria.
Google Earth Bulgaria
Searchable map/satellite view of Bulgaria.
Google Earth Sofia
Searchable map/satellite view of Sofia.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
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Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Bulgarian News Agency
BTA with news in English and Bulgarian.
BNN - Bulgarian News Network
Online news agency.
Gateway to Bulgaria. News and Information from Bulgaria.
Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Focus News Agency
News by Focus Information Agency.
National and international news.
Bulgaria's weekly English-language newspaper.
Sofia News Agency
Current national and international news.
Bulgarian Business News (in German)
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Arts & CultureKultura
Weekly online news for culture (in Bulgarian)
Business & EconomyBulgaria was a former Communist country that entered the EU on 1 January 2007, it had an averaged more than 6% annual growth from 2004 to 2008, driven by significant amounts of bank lending, consumption, and foreign direct investment.
Corruption in public administration, a weak judiciary, and the presence of organized crime continue to hamper the country's investment climate and economic prospects.
Bulgarian National Bank
The Central Bank of Bulgaria, established in 1879.
Bulgarian Stock Exchange
The only functioning stock exchange in Bulgaria.
Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Official website of the chamber.
The national airline carrier of Bulgaria, based in Sofia.
Bulgaria International Airports
Site provides airport and flight information for departures and arrivals.
The gateway to the Black Sea coast.
Bulgarian State Railways
Official website of Bulgarian State Railways - BDZ.
Port of Varna
Official website of Varna's port.
Destination Bulgaria - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Bulgaria: Black Sea, Danube, Golden Sands, Nessebar, Pirin, Sunny Beach, Strandja,
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
The Official Tourism site for Destination Bulgaria.
Discover the area of Strandja Mountain and National park.
Bulgaria travel information.
Site about the town of Nessebar one of the oldest settlements in Europe.
A travel guide to Bulgaria.
Bulgaria - with its history, geography, population, and folklore.
Goldstrand, a Black Sea resort close to Varna.
The biggest Black Sea resort, Burgas, Bulgaria.
The Municipality of Sofia Capital City of Bulgaria.
Bourgas the city at Black Sea.
Tourism guide to the city of Plovdiv.
Official website of the the biggest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast (in Bulgarian).
Hotels in Bulgaria
Find Hotels in Bulgaria.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationBulgarian Academy of Sciences
New Bulgarian University
The Paissii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv
Saint Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia.
The oldest institution of higher education in Bulgaria.
Environment & NatureMinistry of Environment and Water of Bulgaria
To preserve the natural heritage of Bulgaria and to ensure a healthy environment for the population.
BlueLink Information Network
Civil environmental gateway to Bulgaria.
Bulgarian web-portal on climate change and its impact on the environment.
Ocean Planet - Discover your Wolrd
Made to inspire youngsters in the countries of the Black Sea region to take interest in Earth Sciences.
HistoryBulgaria a brief history outline
Dimiter Markovski's not so brief History of Bulgaria.
History and Culture
Comprehensive information about Bulgaria's rich history.
History of Bulgaria 681-1944
An extract from the book "Bulgaria Illustrated History" by Dr. Bojidar Dimitrov (1995)
National Museum of History
The Bulgarian history.
Bulgarian search engine and directory.
Additional Information on BulgariaBBC News Country Profile: BulgariaBackground Notes: Bulgaria
Open Directory Project: Bulgaria
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Bulgaria.
The World Factbook -- Bulgaria
Other countries in the Balkan region:
Albania | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Greece | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Serbia | Slovenia | Turkey
Other Countries of Eastern Europe:
Belarus | Czech Republic | Hungary | Moldova | Poland | Romania | Russian Federation | Slovakia | Ukraine
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