One World
Nations Online

Guam Flag detail
Home Earth Continents Oceania Guam
 

___ Guam

Ritidian Point within Guam National Wildlife Refuge
Guam shore near Ritidian Point, Guam National Wildlife Refuge.
Image: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
 
Guam Flag
Flag of Guam
Location map of Guam. Where in the world is Guam?
Location map of Guam
 
Destination Guam, the tropical Micronesian island in the western Pacific Ocean, southwest of Rota an island of the Northern Mariana Islands. The U.S. Territory of Guam is with 549 km² (212 square miles) about the size of Ibiza (Spain) or a quarter the size of Long Island (New York, USA).

Guam is situated about 2,200 km (1,300 mi) east of the Philippines, about 1,800 km (1,100 mi) north of Papua New Guinea, 6.400 km (4,000 mi) west of Hawaii and 3,400 km (2,100 mi) south east of North Korea! The island lies on about the same latitude as Bangkok, Thailand.

Guam is the southernmost island of the Marianas Island Arc, a submerged mountain range that extends 2,500 km (1,550 mi) from Guam in south to near Japan. Guam is situated within Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania. The chain of islands stretches along the Mariana Trench, a deep depression in the ocean floor and the deepest part of the world's oceans. The Challenger Deep south of Guam is the deepest known point in the Earth's seabed hydrosphere, with a depth of 10,898 to 10,916 m.

Guam is an organized unincorporated territory of the USA, its capital is Hagåtña (Agana), largest city is Dededo (pop. 6,500). Apra (Harbor), is one of the largest deep water ports in the Western Pacific. The island is served by Guam International Airport (Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport). Guam has a population of 162,800 people (in 2016), the largest ethnic group are the native Chamorros with 37%. Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion.



Territory of Guam | Guahan


Country Profile



Background:
Guam is the southernmost and largest island of the Marianas Island Archipelago in the North Pacific. With Magellan's landing on Guam in 1521 Spain's reign began which lasted almost 4 centuries. In 1898 America claimed the island from Spain as part of the prizes in the Spanish-American War. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.

The economy of Guam depends on tourism, US military spending, and the export of fish and handicrafts.


other Micronesian countries: Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau

related countries: Japan, Spain, USA


 


Official Name:
Territory of Guam
short form: Guam
local form: Guahan (Guåhan)

ISO Country Code: gu

Time:
Timezone: Chamorro Standard Time
Local Time = UTC +10h
Actual Time: Mon-Nov-20  05:57

Country Calling Code: +1 671

Capital City: Hagåtña (formerly Agana)

Other Cities: Agat, Merizo, Yigo

Government:
Organized, unincorporated territory of the US.

Geography:
Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, east of the Philippines and north of Papua New Guinea.
Area: 549 km² (212 square miles)
Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs, low hills in center, mountains in south.

Climate: Tropical marine; warm and humid with little seasonal temperature variation, dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December.

People:
Nationality: Guamanian(s)
Population: 162,800 (in 2016)
Ethnic Groups: Chamorro 37%, Filipino 26%, white 10%, Asian and other 27%
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, other 15%
Languages: English, Chamorro, Japanese
Literacy: 99%

Natural resources: Fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism.

Agriculture products: Fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef .

Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles.


Exports partners: Palau (72%), South Korea (7.9%), Hong Kong (6.2%), Japan (6.0%), and Philippines (2.1%) (2014)

Exports commodities: Refined Petroleum (55%), Large Construction Vehicles (6.0%), Scrap Iron (4.0%), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (3.5%), and Jewellery (2.9%)

partners: Singapore (40%), South Korea (18%), Japan (12%), Hong Kong (11%), Russia (7.5%) (2014)

Imports commodities: Refined Petroleum (60%), Trunks and Cases (6.4%), Cars (6.3%), Precious Metal Watches (2.5%), and Base Metal Watches (2.0%)

Currency: US Dollar $ (USD)
Legislature Building in in Hagåtña, Guam
The renovated Legislature Building in Hagåtña, Guam. The rehabilitation of the old Congress building has been part of the government’s ongoing effort to revitalize Hagåtña.
Image: Mr.agf671 Guam Pacific Daily News

Political system
Guam is an organized unincorporated territory of the USA, governed under the Organic Act of Guam. This act made all Chamorros U.S. citizens. The island is governed by an elected governor and a unicameral 15-member legislature. In 1997 a Commission on Decolonization was established to educate the people of Guam about the various political status options should Guam be allowed to pursue a change in its political status and relationship with the United States: statehood, free association or independence.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Guam

Guam Government
Guam information by the Government of Guam.

U.S. Embassies around the world
U.S. representations in foreign countries, links to the American embassies.


Weather
National Weather Service Forecast Office - Tiyan, Guam
Marianas and Guam weather.


Maps

 Map of Guam
Reference map of Guam.

Google Earth Google Earth Guam
Searchable map and satellite view of Guam.

Google Earth Google Earth Hagåtña
Searchable map and satellite view of Guam's capital city.

Map of Micronesia
Map of the Island States of Micronesia.

profile Map of Oceania/South Pacific
Oceania reference map.
 

News


Pacific Daily News
Local news from Guam.
 
TV
Kuam
Island News.

PBS Guam
Public island PBS station.

Bookmark/share this page
Instagram



Latte Stone Park, Guam
Latte Stone Park, Guam. The mushroom shaped Latte are pillars, capped by a hemispherical stone with the flat side facing up. The stones are presumably used as support for meeting houses (stilt houses) by the ancient Chamorro people. The stones are found throughout most of the Mariana Islands. Today the latte stone is seen as a symbol of Chamorro identity.
Image: R Mendez

Arts & Culture


 Guam's NonProfit Organizations
About Indigenous Sea Warriors and Master Navigators.
Guam's History in Songs of Carmen Iglesias Santos
Site about Guam in Songs of Carmen Iglesias Santos.
Legends of Guam
Ancient Legends of Guam.
Guampedia
Community project that highlights Chamorro heritage and the history of Guam and the Mariana Islands.

Native

chamorro.com
The Chamorro community, native people of the Marianas Islands.
Nasion Chamoru: The Chamoru Nation, Guam
Site about Guams First Nation.
A Tragedy Told in Names
Chamoru Names From Early 18th Century Guam.
 
 
Fisherman on the shore in Guam
Fisherman on the shore of Guam
Image: ryan harvey

Business & Economy

The economy of Guam depends on tourism, US military spending, and the export of fish and handicrafts.

Bank Of Guam
The People's Bank

Guam Chamber of Commerce
Promoting the economic, social and environmental well-being of the Territory of Guam.
Guam Department of Commerce
Supports the growth of Guam's business sector.

Transportation
Guam International Airport
Port Authority of Guam
 
 
Evening at Tumon Bay, Guam
Evening at Tumon Bay (Tomhom), Guam, Tumon is the center of Guam's tourist industry.
Image: youkaine

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Guam - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Guam:
Ritidian Point (northernmost point of the island, part of the Guam National Wildlife Refuge); Guam National Wildlife Refuge (latte stones and other cultural sites like a newly rediscovered ancient village); Cocos Island (uninhabited island with a day resort within the Merizo Barrier Reef); Mount Lamlam (highest peak on Guam, some say the highest mountain on Earth measured from the deep of the Mariana Trench); Latte Stone Park ()

Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, events, tourist boards, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Welcome to Guam
The Guam Visitors Bureau's Official WebSite.


Guam Guide
Online directory to the Pacific island of Guam.

Bisita Guam
Visit Guam, guided by a native Chamorro.
What's It Like to Live on Guam?
A guide to Guam.
Guam-OnLine.Com
A guide to the US Pacific Island Territory of Guam.


Visit Guam

Visit Guam.
Clip: Guam Visitors Bureau


 
Guam Alupang Rock
Alupang Rock
© e-pixs Guam - Sam Ross

Education


Guam Community College
GCC offers Associate Degrees and Certificates in more than 50 areas of study.

University of Guam
The University of Guam is the major institution of higher education in the Western Pacific.
 
 

Environment & Nature


Guam Environmental Protection Agency
Guam's EPA provides environmental information.

Guam Department of Parks and Recreation
Site with less information about the department.

South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
The Pacific region's major intergovernmental organization charged with protecting and managing the environment and natural resources.

 
 

History


Chamorro History
History of Guam's Chamoru Nation.
History of Guam
Guam's History from Pre-Contact Period until today.
Notable History Of Events on Guam
Overview on Guam's History and its role in various wars.
War in the Pacific
The role of Guam in the War in the Pacific.
 
 

Sources and additional Information on Guam


BBC News Country Profile: Guam

OEC: Guam

Open Directory Project: Guam

Wikipedia: Guam

The World Factbook -- Guam
 

 Support UNICEF

Other Political divisions of the United States:
US States | American Samoa | Northern Mariana Island | Puerto Rico | US Virgin Islands
 
 
up