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Rep. of Macedonia
___ Republic of Macedonia
Image: Marcin Szala
Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia and Kosovo. The country was formerly a Republic within Yugoslavia, it gained independence in 1991.
Flag of Macedonia
Due to an ongoing dispute with Greece about the use of the name of Macedonia (the bordering northern region of Greece is also known as Macedonia), the country is now known as the 'Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia' or short FYROM or Republic of Macedonia. The small nation covers only a part of the larger historical and geographical area known as Macedonia. Its culture and lifestyle has Ottoman and European influences.
Macedonia covers an area of 25,713 km², compared it is about two-third the size of Switzerland, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Vermont. Macedonia is situated in a mountainous part of the Balkans, it is bisected from north west to south east by the Vardar River (also known as Axios river), the major river in the country and its longest. Highest point with 2,764 m is Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit; Mount Korab) a mountain situated on the border with Albania, it is the highest peak in both countries.
The Republic of Macedonia has a population of just over 2 million people (2014), largest city and the national capital is Skopje (Скопје). Official language is Macedonian, in writing the language uses an adaptation of the Cyrillic alphabet.
Republic of Macedonia | Republika Makedonija
The Republic of Macedonia, formerly a part of Yugoslavia from which it declared independence in 1991, is situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula (Southeastern Europe). The country is characterized by large and high mountain massifs giving way to extensive, flat valleys and plains.
International recognition of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia's (FYROM) independence from Yugoslavia was delayed by Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbol.
Greece finally lifted its trade blockade in 1995, and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, despite continued disagreement over FYROM's use of "Macedonia." FYROM's large Albanian minority and the de facto independence of neighboring Kosovo continue to be sources of ethnic tension.
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (abbrev.; FYROM)
or Republic of Macedonia
ISO Country Code: mk, mkd
Local Time = UTC +1h (in summer +2h)
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-23 14:57
Country Calling Code: +389
Capital City: Skopje (pop. 500 000)
Other Cities: Bitola, Gostivar, Kumanovo, Struga, Tetovo.
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: Adopted 17 November 1991;
Last Amended 6 January 1992.
Independence: 8 September 1991 (from Yugoslavia).
Location: a landlocked country in the southern region of the Balkan Peninsula, north of Greece.
Area: 25,713 km² (9,927 sq. mi.)
Geography: Situated, Macedonia is landlocked and mountainous.
Terain: The country is mountainous, bisected by the Vardar River.
Climate: Three overlaping climatic area types--Mediterranean; moderately continental; and mountainous, with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.
Population: 2 million (2014)
Ethnic groups (2002): Macedonian 64.18%, Albanian 25.17%, Turkish 3.85%, Roma 2.66%, Serb 1.78%.
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 65%, Muslim 29%, Catholic 4% and others 2%.
Languages: Macedonian 70%, Albanian 21%, Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 3%, and others 3%.
Natural resources: Low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land.
Agriculture products: Grapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk, eggs.
Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals.
Exports - commodities: foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco; textiles, miscellaneous manufactures, iron, steel; automotive parts
Exports - partners: Germany 33.2%, Kosovo 11.5%, Bulgaria 5.1%, Greece 4.5% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels, food products
Imports - partners: Germany 15.9%, UK 13.6%, Greece 10.9%, Serbia 8.7%, Bulgaria 6.7%, Turkey 5.5%, Italy 4.7% (2015)
Currency: Macedonian Denar (MKD)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of MacedoniaGovernment of the Republic of Macedonia
Official website of the Government of Macedonia.
The Macedonian President
President of Republic of Macedonia - Branko Crvenkovski.
Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia
Site of the national assembly of the Republic of Macedonia.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The official website of the ministry describes the work and function.
Embassy of the Republic of Macedonia
Diplomatic and Consular Representations of Macedonia
Address list of Macedonia's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Diplomatic mission and Consular Offices to Macedonia
Address list of Diplomatic Missions accredited to Macedonia.
State Statistical Office
Macedonia in figures.
Map of Republic of Macedonia
Political Map of Republic of Macedonia.
Administrative Map of Republic of Macedonia
Map showing Republic of Macedonia and the surrounding countries with international borders, provincial boundaries, the national capital Skopje, municipalities, major cities, main roads, railroads and major airports.
Maps of Macedonia
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection of Macedonian maps.
Google Earth Macedonia
Searchable map and satellite view of Macedonia.
Google Earth Skopje
Searchable map and satellite view of Skopje, Macedonia's capital.
Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Image: Marcin Szala
NewsMedia freedom has declined throughout the region, but the erosion of the rule of law has been most visible in Macedonia, a candidate for EU membership. There were many reports of threats, violence, harassment, and intimidation of journalists during political demonstrations in 2016, but of those responsible, few were charged. (RSF)
Macedonian Information Agency - MIA
Macedonian news agency - official news and information.
Macedonian news agency.
Daily News in Macedonian
State subsidized national and regional daily news.
National news (in Macedonian)
A daily newspaper.
Macedonian daily newspaper.
English Language News
New Balkan Politics
Journal of Politics - a political magazine.
Bookmark/share this page
- Image: Vladimir Menkov
Arts & Culture
The Macedonian Cultural & Information Centre (MCIC)
Promoting Macedonian culture and art.
Skopje Museum of Contemporary Art
Official website of the museum.
Soros Center for Contemporary Arts (SCCA)
The contemporary art center.
Image: Carole Raddato
Business & Economy
National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia
Responsible for the stability of the national currency Denar.
Economic Chamber of Macedonia
Macedonian business directory
Skopje and Ohrid International Airports
Official website of the Public Enterprise for Airport Services Macedonia.
Image: Don macedone
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Macedonia - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover the Republic of Macedonia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, and much more.
The Republic of Macedonia's official National Tourism Portal, presents travel information, culture and adventure tourism.
The City of Skopje.
Skopje city guide.
World Heritage Sites in the Republic of Macedonia:
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region
Ohrid, a town on the shores of Lake Ohrid, is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe.
The Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts
National and University Library "St. Kliment Ohridski"
University of Sts. Cyrilus and Methodius at Skopje
University of St. Clement of Ohrid at Bitola
Environment & Nature
Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
Official website of the ministry.
State Archives of the Republic of Macedonia
Official website of the archive.
History of Macedonia
2500 years of continued documented history of Macedonia and the Macedonian Nation.
History of Macedonia
Historical Review of Macedonia (from the Greek point of view), history of Thessaloniki, the Origin of the Macedonians.
History of the Republic of Macedonia
Wikipedia article about the Macedonian history.
SearchOpen Directory Project: Macedonia
Sources and additional Information about MacedoniaBBC Country Profile: Macedonia
Amnesty International: Macedonia
The Heritage Foundation: Macedonia
Human Rights Watch: Macedonia
Reporters Without Borders: Macedonia
The World Factbook -- Macedonia
Other Countries in Southern Europe:
Albania | Andorra | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Greece | Italy | Malta | Montenegro | Portugal | San Marino | Serbia | Slovenia | Spain | Turkey
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