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A virtual guide to the Republic of Macedonia. Get an overview of Macedonia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this Balkan nation, e.g.: official web sites of Macedonia, addresses of Macedonian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more.

St John Caneo church above Ohrid Lake

Republic of Macedonia | Republika Makedonija

Country Profile

Flag of Macedonia
Flag of Macedonia

The Republic of Macedonia, formerly a part of Yugoslavia from which it declared independence in 1991, is situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula (Southeastern Europe). The country is characterized by large and high mountain massifs giving way to extensive, flat valleys and plains.

International recognition of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia's (FYROM) independence from Yugoslavia was delayed by Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbol.
Greece finally lifted its trade blockade in 1995, and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, despite continued disagreement over FYROM's use of "Macedonia." FYROM's large Albanian minority and the de facto independence of neighboring Kosovo continue to be sources of ethnic tension.

border countries: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia
Where in Europe is Macedonia?
Official Name:
Republika Makedonija
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (abbrev.; FYROM)
or Republic of Macedonia

ISO Country Code: mk

Local Time = UTC +1h (in summer +2h)
Actual Time: Thu-Mar-5  05:04

Country Calling Code: +389

Capital City: Skopje (pop. 500 000)

Other Cities: Bitola, Gostivar, Kumanovo, Struga, Tetovo.

Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: Adopted 17 November 1991;
Last Amended 6 January 1992.
Independence: 8 September 1991 (from Yugoslavia).

Location: a landlocked country in the southern region of the Balkan Peninsula, north of Greece.
Area: 25,713 kmĀ² (9,927 sq. mi.)
Geography: Situated, Macedonia is landlocked and mountainous.
Terain: The country is mountainous, bisected by the Vardar River.

Climate: Three overlaping climatic area types--Mediterranean; moderately continental; and mountainous, with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.

Nationality: 2 million.
Ethnic groups (2002): Macedonian 64.18%, Albanian 25.17%, Turkish 3.85%, Roma 2.66%, Serb 1.78%.
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 65%, Muslim 29%, Catholic 4% and others 2%.
Languages: Macedonian 70%, Albanian 21%, Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 3%, and others 3%.
Literacy: 94%

Natural resources: Low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land.

Agriculture products: Grapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk, eggs.

Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals.

Exports partners: Germany 17.8%, Greece 15.3%, Italy 8.3% (2005)

Imports partners: Russia 13.2%, Germany 10.4%, Greece 9.2%, Bulgaria 7.3%, Italy 6% (2005)

Currency: Macedonian Denar (MKD)

Sources: Presidency of Republic of Macedonia and others.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Macedonia

Government of the Republic of Macedonia
Official website of the Government of Macedonia.

The Macedonian President
President of Republic of Macedonia - Branko Crvenkovski.

Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia
Site of the national assembly of the Republic of Macedonia.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The official website of the ministry describes the work and function.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of Macedonia
Ottawa, Canada.
Diplomatic and Consular Representations of Macedonia
Address list of Macedonia's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Diplomatic mission and Consular Offices to Macedonia
Address list of Diplomatic Missions accredited to Macedonia.

State Statistical Office
Macedonia in figures.


Map of Republic of Macedonia
Political Map of Republic of Macedonia.
Administrative Map of Republic of Macedonia
Map showing Republic of Macedonia and the surrounding countries with international borders, provincial boundaries, the national capital Skopje, municipalities, major cities, main roads, railroads and major airports.
Maps of Macedonia
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection of Macedonian maps.
Google Earth Google Earth Macedonia
Searchable map and satellite view of Macedonia.
Google Earth Google Earth Skopje
Searchable map and satellite view of Skopje, Macedonia's capital.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Lake Ohrid 
Lake Ohrid


News Agencies
Macedonian Information Agency - MIA
Macedonian news agency - official news and information.
Macedonian news agency.

Daily News in Macedonian
Nova Makedonija
State subsidized national and regional daily news.
National news (in Macedonian)

Private Dailys
A daily newspaper.
Utrinski Vesnik
Daily news.
Macedonian daily newspaper.

English Language News
New Balkan Politics
Journal of Politics - a political magazine.


Arts & Culture

The Macedonian Cultural & Information Centre (MCIC)
Promoting Macedonian culture and art.
Skopje Museum of Contemporary Art
Official website of the museum.
Soros Center for Contemporary Arts (SCCA)
The contemporary art center.


Business & Economy

National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia
Responsible for the stability of the national currency Denar.

Economic Chamber of Macedonia

Yellow Pages
Macedonian business directory

MAT Macedonian Airlines
Skopje based regional airline.

Skopje and Ohrid International Airports
Official website of Public Enterprise for Airport Services Macedonia.

Destination Macedonia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover the Republic of Macedonia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, hunting, tours and much more.
the Republic of Macedonia's official National Tourism Portal, presents travel information, culture and adventure tourism.

The City of Skopje.
Tourist Association of Skopje
Scopje tourist information.
Skopje city guide.

 Macedonia FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions about Macedonia.

Hotels in the Republic of Macedonia
Find a Hotel in the Republic of Macedonia.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


The Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts

National and University Library "St. Kliment Ohridski"

University of Sts. Cyrilus and Methodius at Skopje

University of St. Clement of Ohrid at Bitola

Environment & Nature

Macedonian National Environmental Portal
Site about Macedonia's environment policy within Europe.
Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
Official website of the ministry (in Macedonian).



State Archives of the Republic of Macedonia
Official website of the archive.

History of Macedonia
2500 years of continued documented history of Macedonia and the Macedonian Nation.
History of Macedonia
Historical Review of Macedonia (from the Greek point of view), history of Thessaloniki, the Origin of the Macedonians.
Macedonian History
Good source for Macedonian history.


 Macedonia Directory
Macedonian index.
The official Macedonian Web Directory.

Additional Information about Macedonia

BBC News Country Profile: Macedonia
Open Directory Project: Macedonia
Wikipedia: Macedonia
The World Factbook -- Macedonia

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.