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Flag of Senegal
Senegal lies within three climate zones, with a hot desert zone in north, a semi arid zone in center and a tropical savanna area in south. The country occupies an area of 196,722 km², this is about 1.5 times the size of Greece or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of South Dakota.
The country has a population of about 14.8 million people (in 2016); capital and largest city is Dakar. Spoken languages are French (official), Wolof, and other West African languages.
Republic of Senegal | République du Sénégal
Independent from France in 1960, Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. However, the envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989.
Despite peace talks, a southern separatist group sporadically has clashed with government forces since 1982. Senegal has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
related countries: France
République du Sénégal
conventional long form: Republic of Senegal
conventional short form: Senegal
ISO Country Code: sn, SEN
Actual Time: Sun-June-25 13:51
Local Time = UTC +0h
Country Calling Code: +221
Capital City: Dakar
Mairie de Dakar - the city of Dakar.
Diourbel, Kolda, Kaolack, Louga,
Saint-Louis, Thies, Tambacounda, Ziguinchor.
Independence: 4 April 1960 (from France).
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania.
Area: 196,722 km² (76,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flat or rising to foothills.
Climate: Tropical Sahelian desert or grasslands in the north, more vegetation in the south and southeast.
Nationality: Senegalese (sing. and pl.)
Population: 14.8 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: Wolof 43%; Pular (Fulani, Peulh) and Toucouleur 23%; Serer 15%; Diola (Jola) 3.7%, Mandingo (Mandinka) 3%, Soninke 1.1%, and others 19%.
Religions: Muslim 95%, Christian 4%, traditional 1%.
Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Serer, Diola, Mandingo, Soninke.
Natural resources: Fish, peanuts, phosphate, iron ore, gold, titanium.
Agriculture products: Peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Industries: Agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials.
Exports - commodities: fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
Exports partners: Mali 12.8%, Switzerland 9.7%, India 5.9%, Cote dIvoire 5.3%, China 5.1%, UAE 4.1%, France 4.1% (2015)
Imports - commodities: food and beverages, capital goods, fuels
Imports partners: France 17.9%, China 10%, Nigeria 8.7%, India 5.6%, Spain 4.9%, Netherlands 4.5% (2015)
Currency: CFA Franc BCEAO (XOF)
Senegal is a semi-presidential, democratic republic. The country's political system remains dominated by the office of the presidency. The President is chief of state, he is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Head of government is the prime minister, who is appointed by the president. Senegal has a mixed legal system, its judicial system is based on the French civil code and Senegalese Islamic law.
According to Amnesty International, Senegal's authorities continued to restrict the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and expression. Prisons remained overcrowded. Although several police officers were convicted of unlawful killings, impunity remained a concern. Men and women faced arrest because of their real or perceived sexual orientation.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of SenegalSenegal
Gouvernement du Sénégal (in French).
Ambassade du Sénégal à Ottawa, Canada
Embassy of Senegal - Ottawa, Canada.
Ambassade de la République du Sénégal à Paris
Embassy of Senegal - Paris, France.
Direction Nationale de la Météorologie
Meteo Senegal (in French).
Map of Senegal
Political Map of Senegal.
Administrative Map of Senegal
Map of Senegal showing its administrative regions.
Google Earth Senegal
Searchable map/satellite view of Senegal.
Google Earth Dakar
Searchable map/satellite view of Senegal's capital city.
Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
Senegal online news
L'Agence de Presse Sénégalaise
APS - Senegalese government press agency.
Senegal news (in French).
Dakar - prominent main-stream daily (in French).
Le Senegal Online
Senegal magazine with news.
Senegal tabloid news (in French)
One of Senegal's top newspapers and radio stations (in French).
Senegalese news magazine (in French).
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Art, Culture & History of Senegal
A page about Senengalese Art and Artisans, Cinema, Cuisine, Dance, Fashion, Literature, and Music.
Cosaan: Senegalese Culture
Site about general Senegalese culture, griots, and performing arts.
Festival de Jazz de Saint-Louis du Sénégal
Official site of the Saint Louis Jazz Festival.
Business & Economy
Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Central Bank of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo.
Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA)
West African Economic and Monetary Union (in French).
IZF.net, le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)
Union Nationale des Chambres de Métiers
The national Chambers of Commerce.
Trade Point Senegal
Business and investment Senegal (in French)
Air Sénégal International - part of Groupe Royal Air Maroc (in French).
Image: Jeff Attaway
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Senegal - Travel and Tour Guides
Ministère du Tourisme et des Transports Aériens du Sénégal
Travel and tourism in Senegal.
Senegal Ministry of Tourism
With some travel and tourism information on Senegal (in French).
A Senegal travel and tourism guide.
Senegal portal site with Senegal related news and information on the country (in French)
The Republic of Sénégal
A resource for everything Sénégalese by Amadou Thiam a member of the Sénégalese Senate.
Mairie de Dakar - a guide to the city of Dakar.
Official site of the city of Saint-Louis, Senegal.
Centre de Suivi Ecologique (CSE)
About Senegal's Ecology by the Ministry of Environement (in French).
L'Institut Pasteur de Dakar
Pasteur Institut for medical Science, Dakar (in French).
Université Cheikh Anta Diop
Official site of the University, Dakar (in French).
Université Gaston Berger
Official site of the University, Saint-Louis (in French).
Environment - Environmental Organizations Senegal
Comité Permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)
Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (in French).
Virtual Visit of Gorée Island and the House of Slaves.
Histoire du Sénégal
Brief history of Senegal (in French).
An abbreviated history of Sénégal: From pre-colonial to the present.
La route de l'esclave - The Slave Route
An UNESCO documentation about four centuries of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. (pdf format)
© Centre Edmond Fortier
Sources and additional Information about Senegal
Africa South of Sahara (Karen Fung) Senegal
Amnesty International: Senegal
BBC Country Profile: Senegal
The Heritage Foundation: Senegal
Human Rights Watch: Senegal
Reporters Without Borders: Senegal
The World Factbook -- Senegal
Other Countries of Western Africa
Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau
Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Sierra Leone | Togo
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