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A virtual guide to Iran. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Iran's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this Middle East nation, e.g.: official web sites of Iran, addresses of Iran and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Iran.


Islamic Republic of Iran | Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran

Country Profile

Flag of Iran
Flag of Iran


Historically known as Persia, Iran was one of the greatest empires of the ancient world, which was frequently invaded. Iran's hereditary monarch, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, fled the country in 1979 after decades of corrupt and authoritarian rule, and mounting religious and political unrest. Exiled Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned to lead an Islamic revolution and formed the world's first Islamic republic the same year. An eight-year war with Iraq followed.

In the elections of 1992 and 1996, former president Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani's support increased and at the presidential election of 1997 Mohammad Khatami, Rafsanjani's cultural adviser, succeeded him. Khatami promised greater freedom and tolerance and was supported mainly by women, younger voters and intellectuals.

In June 2005, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, former mayor of the capital, Tehran, and famous for his conservative approach and for rolling back reforms put in place by modernists before him was elected president. He has not been shy of confronting the West and has pushed ahead with a national nuclear programme that has brought international condemnation.
(Source: IRIN)

border countries: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

where in the world is Iran

Official Name:
Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran
short form: Iran
int'l long form: Islamic Republic of Iran
former: Persia

ISO Country Code: ir

Local Time = UTC +3.5h
Actual Time: Sat-Apr-29  12:58
Summer UTC +4.5

Country Calling Code: +98

Capital City: Tehran

Other Cities: Isfahan, Tabriz, Mashhad, Shiraz.

Type: Islamic republic.
Independence: 1 April 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed)
Constitution: Ratified December 1979, revised 1989 to expand powers of the presidency and eliminate the prime ministership.

Location: Middle East bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea.
Area: 1.6 million km² (636,294 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Desert and mountains.

Climate: Semiarid; subtropical along the Caspian coast.

Nationality: Iranian(s).
Population: 76 million (2012).
GNI per capita PPP: $ 8 065 (year)
Ethnic groups: Persians 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%.
Religions: Shi'a Muslim 89%; Sunni Muslim 9%; Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2%.
Languages: Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other.
Literacy: 80%

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur.

Agriculture products: Wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar.

Industries: Petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), metal fabrication, armaments.

Currency: Iranian Rial (IRR)

Iran in Figures
Iran key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Iran

Presidency of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Official website of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's Office.

The Iranian parliament.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA of Islamic Republic of Iran.

Diplomatic Missions
Mission of The Islamic Republic of Iran to the UN
Iran's representation to the United Nations.
The Embassy of The Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran Embassy, Ottawa, Canada.
Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in London
Official Iran embassy website London, UK.

Statistical Centre of Iran (SCI)
Contains official statistics in fields such as agriculture, population, trade and economy of Iran.

Islamic Republic Of Iran Meteorological Organization
The weather in Iran.


profile Map of Iran
Political Map of Iran.

Google Earth Google Earth Iran
Searchable map and satellite view of Iran.
Google Earth Google Earth Tehran
Searchable map and satellite view of Iran's capital city.

profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.


News Agencies
Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA)
The official news agency of Iran.
Iran Press Service
Private Iranian News Agency.

Iran Daily
Published by the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA).
Iran va Jahan
Iran related news in Farsi, German, French, and English.
RahNema News
Iranian political, business and weather news.
Tehran Times
Tehran based English daily newspaper.

News in Persian
Aftab-e Yazd
Ettelaat International
International Persian Daily Newspaper.
Jaam-e Jam
Daily Newspaper (partly in English and French)
Kayhan News
Daily Newspaper.
Daily news.

International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Iran
With links to Iran related news and background information.
Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Iran
Press agencies news on Iran

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Iran
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Iran
Background Briefings.
IRINnews Iran
UN humanitarian news and analysis.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Iran
Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.
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Arts & Culture

Carpet Museum of Iran
Fine Persian carpets.
Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization
Iranian Cultural & Information Center
The first Iranian web site on the net. Started at Stanford University in California, offers a wealth of information on Iranian culture for everyone.
The Iranian
Iranian community magazine.
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Business & Economy

Central Bank of Iran
Responsible for Iranian monetary policy.
Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE )
The site provides market summary, last prices, indices and listed companies.

Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Mines
With information on joint chambers and international affairs.


The Airline of Islamic Republic of Iran.
Iran Aseman Airline
Domestic airline.
Mahan Air
Serves destinations in Europe and Southeast Asia.

Destination Iran - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Iran: Damavand Mountain ( highest point: 5 610 m), Caspian Sea, Persepolis, Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, Shiraz

Iran Tourism & Touring Organization
Comprehensive travel and tourism information for Iran.
Portal for Iranian -Persian- history and culture.

Images of Iran.
Bize village
Tirdâd Gorgâni's page about a small village in Iran.
All about Iran, Geschichte, Kultur, Kunst (in German).
Iran related portal.

Hotels in Iran
Find a Hotel in Iran.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


ACM Tehran
The Tehran / Iran ACM Chapter promotes knowledge in the science, design, development, construction, languages, management and applications of modern computing.
Shahid Beheshti University
Sharif University of Technology
Shiraz University
University of Tehran
     - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Environment & Nature

Geological Survey of Iran (GSI)
Organization for the geological study and the exploration of the mineral resources of Iran.
Green Party of Iran Environment
Includes articles about Iran's drought, air and water pollution, agriculture, flora and fauna.
Green Front of Iran
Practiced protection of the environment.
International Institute for Caspian Studies
Studying political, economical, social, cultural, environmental issues of Caspian sea


Iran History
Historic Periods & Events, provided by
Iran's history in brief
About Iran's history by Iran Embassy, Ottawa.
The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS)
Site about art, archaeology, culture, history and languages of the area known as the "Greater Iran".
Virtual reconstruction of Persepolis, the ancient capital of the Persian Empire.
Reza Abbasi Museum
Museum of Iranian cultural and art history.

Iran, History, Land and People
History of Persia/Iran.

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