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___ Equatorial Guinea

A virtual guide to Equatorial Guinea. The country is situated in central West Africa bordering the Bight of Biafra between Cameroon and Gabon, it shares maritime borders with Nigeria and São Tomé and Príncipe. Equatorial Guinea is composed of five inhabited islands plus Río Muni on the African mainland. It is one of the smallest countries on the African continent, with an area of 28,000 sq km its slightly smaller than Belgium or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maryland. Its capital city Malabo is situated on the island of Bioko. Spoken languages are Spanish (official), French, Portuguese and local Niger–Congo languages. It is the only independent Spanish-speaking state in Africa.

Read on to get a summary of Equatorial Guinea's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.

Bioko Island and Malabo -
Bioko Island and Malabo

Republic of Equatorial Guinea
República de Guinea Ecuatorial

Country Profile

Flag of Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Equatorial Guinea

The country gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. President OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country for over two decades since seizing power from his uncle, then President MACIAS, in a 1979 coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 and 2002 presidential elections - as well as the 1999 and 2004 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition.
Equatorial Guinea has also experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter.

Despite rapid growth in real GDP, there is strong evidence of government misappropriation of oil revenues, in particular, for lavish personal expenditures. Furthermore, the failure of the government to inject oil revenues into the country's economy, especially to fund much-needed improvements in the country's infrastructure, has meant little improvement in the economic and social welfare of most Equatoguineans.

(Source: CIA - The World Factbook and US Department of Energy Information)

border countries: ,
related countries: Sao Tome and Principe, Spain
Where in Africa is Equatorial Guinea?

Official Name:
República de Guinea Ecuatorial
République de la Guinée Équatoriale
short form: none
int'l form: Equatorial Guinea
former: Spanish Guinea

ISO Country Code: gq

Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-17  18:13

Country Calling Code: +240

Capital City: Malabo (on the island Bioko)
Bata (the economícal capital)

Other Cities: Luba (also on Bioko) and Bata and Ebebiyín in Río Muni, the mainland.

Nominally multi-party Republic with strong domination by the executive branch.
Independence: 12 October 1968 (from Spain).

Location: West central Africa bordering the Bight of Biafra.
Area: 28,000 km² (10,800 sq. miles)
Terrain: Varies. Annobón and Bioko Island are of volcanic origin, Río Muni the mainland stretches from coastal plain to hilly.

Climate: Tropical; always hot and humid.

Nationality: Equatorial Guinean, Equatoguinean
Population: 799,000 (2015, UN estimate)
Ethnic groups: The mainland ethnic group of the Fang constitutes the great majority of the population and dominates political life and business. The Bubi people (50 000) of Bioko Island; other--Annobonese, Ndowe, Kombe, and Bujebas. The pygmy populations have long been integrated into the dominant Bantu-speaking cultures.
Languages: Spanish, French (both official); other--pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo.
Religion: Christianity; pagan practices.
Literacy: 84%

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum.

Agriculture products: Main--cocoa, timber; other: coffee, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock.

Industries: petroleum, natural gas, fishing, sawmilling.

Exports partners: USA 29.3%, China 22.8%, Spain 16%, Taiwan 14.9%, Canada 6.8% (2004)

Imports partners: USA 26.8%, Cote d' Ivoire 21.4%, Spain 13.6%, France 8.8%, UK 7.8%, Italy 4.4% (2004)

Currency: CFA Franc (XAF)

Sources: GE Dirección General de Estadística y Cuentas Nacionales and others.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Equatorial Guinea

Sitio Web Institucional de Guinea Ecuatorial
Equatorial Guinea Government website.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassies of Equatorial Guinea Abroad
Address list of Embassies.
Embajada de La Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial - Reino Unido
Embassy of Equatorial Guinea in the United Kingdom.
U.S. Embassy Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Official website of the US Embassy at Malabo.

Sitio web Oficial del Gobierno de Guinea Ecuatorial en el exilio
Site of the self-styled government in exile in Madrid. (in Spanish)
Asociacion para la solidaridad democratica con Guinea Ecuatorial - ASODEGUE
Information about and from the Association for democratic solidarity with Equatorial Guinea (in Spanish).

Dirección General de Estadística y Cuentas Nacionales - DGECN
Statistics Equatorial Guinea (in Spanish)


Map of Equatorial Guinea
Political map of Equatorial Guinea.
Administrative Map of Equatorial Guinea
Map of Equatorial Guinea showing the countries administrative divisions.

Google Earth Google Earth Equatorial Guinea
Searchable map and satellite view of Equatorial Guinea and Bioko island.
Google Earth Google Earth Malabo
Searchable map and satellite view of Equatorial Guinea's capital on Bioko island.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
Relief Map of Africa.

Río Muni Coast of Equatorial Guinea
Coast of Río Muni the mainland on the African continent.


The organization Reporters Without Borders has included President Obiang in its list of "Predators of Press Freedom".

Equatorial Guinea News
Equatorial Guinea news section of the government website.

International News Sources
Afrol News
Current news provided by Afrol News.
Equatorial Guinea news (in English, French, Portugues and Arabic).
IRIN News Equatorial Guinea
Latest news from Equatorial Guinea by the UN humanitarian news and information service.
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Arts & Culture

Découverte de la Guinée Equatoriale - Arts et Tradition
Official website about Smart warriors, Scarce white masks, Bubi Songs and dances and more about the culture of Equatorial Guinea.
Malabosa: Variety magazine of Malabo (in Spanish)

Culture of Equatorial Guinea
Wikipedia article about Equatorial Guinea's culture.
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Business & Economy

Banque Centrale des Etats d'Afrique Centrale - BEAC
Central Bank of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon., le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the Western African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)

Ministry of Mines, Industry and Energy
Official website of the regulatory and legislative agency which has responsibility for all matters relating to minerals, petroleum, industry and energy supplies.

Destination Equatorial Guinea - Travel and Tour Guides

Equatorial Guinea provinces: the insular regions: Bioko-Norte with the Capital Malabo, Bioko-Sur, and Annobón.
The continental provinces of Río Muni: Litoral, Kie-Ntem, Wele-Nzás, and Centro-Sur.

Tourism in Equatorial Guinea
Geography, tourism, infrastructures and other useful information about Equatorial Guinea.


Travel and Tour Consumer Information
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Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial UNGE
The National University of Equatorial Guinea, located in Malabo.

Environment & Nature

Bioko Biodiversity Protection Program
BBPP is a joint initiative of Arcadia University in Glenside, PA, USA and Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial ("UNGE") to protect the wildlife of Bioko Island.
ECOFAC, Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d'Afrique Centrale
Conservation and development of the Forest Ecosystems of Central Africa, the European Union's commitment to a sustainable exploitation of natural resources.
Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial
A research project about the Flora of Equatorial Guinea (in Spanish).
Gulf of Guinea Islands' Biodiversity Network
Information about the biodiversity, and its conservation, of the four Gulf of Guinea islands of Bioko, Príncipe, São Tomé and Annobón.


Once Upon a Coup
History of Equatorial Guinea by PBS.
History of Equatorial Guinea
Wikipedia article about Equatorial Guinea's history from prehistory until today.

Additional Information on Equatorial Guinea

Africa South of the Sahara: Djibouti
Stanford University.
BBC News Country Profile: Equatorial Guinea
Open Directory Project: Equatorial Guinea
UNICEF Equatorial Guinea
Wikipedia: Equatorial Guinea
The World Factbook -- Equatorial Guinea

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Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad
Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa), Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe

Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe