Central Europe that is bordered by Austria and the Czech Republic in west, by Hungary in south, by Poland in north, and the Ukraine in east.
Flag of Slovakia
Formerly part of Czechoslovakia, it was known as the Slovak Socialist Republic from 1969 until 1990. In 1993, the Slovak Republic became an independent sovereign state.
The country covers an area of 49,035 km², making it somewhat larger than half the size of Portugal or about twice the size of the U.S. state New Hampshire.
Slovakia has a population of 5.4 million people (in 2015), Slovakia's capital and largest city is Bratislava. Spoken languages are Slovak (official) and Hungarian.
Slovak Republic | Slovenska Republika
Formerly a part of Austria-Hungary, the Slovaks joined with the closely related regions of Bohemia and neighbouring Moravia to form Czechoslovakia in 1918.
In the chaos of World War II Slovakia became a separate republic in 1938, tightly controlled by Germany. Post World War II in 1945 with the Warsaw Pact Czechoslovakia has become a communist state within a Soviet-ruled Eastern Europe. With the collapse of the Soviet influence in 1989 Czechoslovakia became a sovereign state.
Historic, political, and geographic factors have caused Slovakia to experience more difficulty than some of its Central European neighbors in developing from a centrally planned economy to a modern market economy.
In 1993 the Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully. In 2004 Slovakia became a member of the European Union and the NATO.
related countries: Russia, Czech Republic
long form: Slovenska Republika
int'l form: Slovakia
int'l long form: Slovak Republic
ISO Country Code: sk, svk
Time Zone: CET
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Sat-June-23 23:36
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +421
Capital City: Bratislava (pop. 451 395)
Kosice (242 170)
Capital of Eastern Slovakia and the second largest city in the Slovak Republic.
Presov (93 461)
City of Presovsk (Slovak)
Nitra (87 555), Zilina (86 923), Banska Bystrica (84 816)
Type: Parliamentary republic.
Independence: The Slovak Republic was established l January 1993
(former Czechoslovak Republic established 1918).
Constitution: Signed September 3, 1992.
Area: 49,035 km² (18,932 sq. mi.)
Location: landlocked country in Central Europe, bounded on the northwest by the Czech Republic, on the north by Poland, on the east by Ukraine, on the south by Hungary, and on the southwest by Austria.
Climate: Temperate; mild summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters.
Population: 5.4 million (2015)
Ethnic groups (2001): Slovaks 85.8%, Hungarians 9.7%, Roma 1.7%, Czechs 0.8%, Ruthenians 0.4%, Ukranians 0.2%, other 1.4%.
Unofficial estimates place the Roma population between 6%-10%.
Religions (2001): Roman Catholic 69%, Protestant 9%, Greek Catholic 4%, Orthodox 0.9%.
Languages: Slovak (official), Hungarian, Ruthenian, and Ukrainian.
Natural resources: Antimony, mercury, iron, copper, lead, zinc, magnesite, limestone, lignite.
Agriculture products: Milk, eggs, poultry, cattle, hogs, potatoes, oils, grains, vegetables.
Industries: Metal and metal products; food and beverages; electricity, gas, coke, oil, nuclear fuel; chemicals and manmade fibers; machinery; paper and printing; earthenware and ceramics; transport vehicles; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products.
Exports - commodities: vehicles and related parts 27%, machinery and electrical equipment 20%, nuclear reactors and furnaces 12%, iron and steel 4%, mineral oils and fuels 5% (2015 est.)
Exports partners: Germany 22.7%, Czech Republic 12.5%, Poland 8.5%, Austria 5.7%, Hungary 5.7%, France 5.6%, UK 5.5%, Italy 4.5% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and electrical equipment 20%, vehicles and related parts 14%, nuclear reactors and furnaces 12%, fuel and mineral oils 9% (2015 est.)
Imports partners: Germany 19.4%, Czech Republic 17.4%, Austria 9.1%, Hungary 6.3%, Poland 6.3%, South Korea 5.5%, Russia 5.2%, China 4.1% (2015)
Currency: Slovak Koruna (SKK)
Slovakia is a parliamentary democratic republic with a multi-party system. The head of state of Slovakia is the president, he is elected by direct popular vote for a five-year term. Head of government is the Prime Minister, he is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament. In 2004 Slovakia became an EU member country, and in December 2007, it joined the Schengen zone.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Slovakia
Government Office of the Slovak Republic.
The President of the Slovak Republic
Office of the President of the Slovak
Ministerstvo Zahranicnych Veci
Slovakia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Permanent Mission of the Slovak Republic to the United Nations
Slovakia's representation to the UN.
Embassy of the Slovak Republic in the U.S.
The Mission in Washington D.C.
Slovak Embassies Abroad
Address Llist of Slovak Embassies Abroad.
Statisticky úrad Slovenskej republiky
Statistical Office of the Slowak Repubilc.
Slovensky hydrometeorologicky ústav (SHMÚ)
Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute.
Map of Slovakia
Political Map of Slovakia.
Google Earth Map Slovakia (Slovensko)
Searchable map and satellite view of Slovakia.
Google Earth Map Bratislava
Searchable map and satellite view of Slovakia's capital city.
Map of Central Europe
Political Map of Central Europe.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Popular newspaper (tabloid), the best-selling daily in Slovakia.
Political-oriented daily with national news (in Slovak)
Mainstream broadsheet in Slovakia (in Slovak)
Tabloid style online magazine with national news.
The Slovak Spectator
The Daily Slovakia
English language news from Slovakia.
rtv: (Radio and Television Slovakia)
With news in several languages.
The News Agency of the Slovak Republic.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
A guide to Museums and Galleries in Slovakia
National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library
Exhibit galleries filled with items that tell the story of the Czech and Slovak peoples.
Showcase the literary, artistic, and scholarly contributions of Slovaks and Slovak-Americans to the world.
Slovak Design Center
Non-profit, state-funded institution, active in the area of culture of SR since 1991.
Slovenske Narodne Muzeum
The Slovak National Museum.
Business & EconomySlovakia's economy is based on industry (25%), trade, transport, accommodation and catering (22%), public administration, defense, education, health and social services (13.6 %).
National Bank of Slovakia
Bratislava Stock Exchange
Slovak Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Slovak Investment and Trade Developement Agency
Airline is based in Bratislava.
M. R. Štefánik Airport
Principal airport of Slovakia in Bratislava.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Slovakia - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Slovakia: Bratislava, High Tatra Mountains, Danube River, Súľov Mountains, Spiš Castle, Spiš Castle, Demänovská Cave of Liberty, Slovak Paradise National Park.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, and much more.
Official portal for travel in Slovakia.
Official Web Site of the Slovak Tourist Board.
Slovakia travel guide.
A guide to the Slovac Republic.
Provides information about cities, regions, routes, accommodation and travel solutions.
The City of Bratislava.
A guide to Banská Bystrica.
City of Kosice, capital of Eastern Slovakia and the second largest city in the Slovak Republic.
Official website of the city of Nitra.
City of Presovsk (in Slovak)
City of Zilina portal site.
Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAV)
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Slovak Technical University
Founded in 1938 , Bratislava.
CU was founded in 1919 and follows the university tradition of the Academia Istropolitana which was established in Bratislava by Matthias Corvinus, the Hungarian King, in 1465.
Slovak Academic Network
IP network infrastructure in Slovakia.
Environment - Environmental organizations Slovakia
Slovak foundation for the development of civil society and environmental sustainability.
Slovak Greenpeace site (in Slovak)
Priatelia Zeme Slovensko
Friends of the Earth Slovakia.
Slovenska agentura zivotneho prostredia
Slovak environmental agency an organisation of the Ministry of Environment.
Za matku Zem
For Mother of Earth, Slovakia (in Slovak)
Regional Environmental Center
The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe.
The National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library
Institution in the United States that preserves and interprets Czech and Slovak history and culture.
History of Slovakia
The Slovak history.
History of Slovakia
Comprehensive presentation of Slovakia's history by Slovak-Republic.org.
Travel and country related index.
Internet directory of interesting Slovak sites.
Open Directory Project: Slovakia
Sources and additional Information on Slovakia
BBC Country Profile: Slovakia
EU member countries: Slovakia
The World Factbook -- Slovakia
Other Countries of Eastern Europe:
Belarus | Bulgaria | Czech Republic | Hungary | Moldova
Poland | Romania | Russian Federation | Ukraine
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