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A destination guide to Argentina, this page is about many aspects of "the land of the six continents". Argentina is an independent state and a republic that occupies much of the southern part of South America. With an area of of 2,780,400 km² it is the second-largest country in South America (after Brazil), it is bordered by the Andes mountain range and Chile in west, by Bolivia and Paraguay in north and by Brazil and Uruguay in north east and it borders the South Atlantic Ocean in east.

Argentina has a population of 40 million people; capital and and largest city is Buenos Aires.
Spoken language is Spanish.
Casa Rosada Buenos Aires
Casa Rosada - the Government House" at Buenos Aires

Argentine Republic | República Argentina

Country Profile

Flag of Argentina
Flag of Argentina

Argentina was colonized by Spain in the 16th century, it declared its independence in 1816 and emerged as a democratic republic in the mid 19th century, but has since then periodically fallen under military rule.

In 1982, Argentina’s claim to the Falkland Islands led to an unsuccessful war with Britain.; its people are a fusion of diverse national and ethnic groups, with descendants of Italian and Spanish immigrants predominant.
Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions.
After World War II, a long period of Peronist authoritarian rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976.
Democracy returned in 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina's progress in democratic consolidation.

border countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay

related countries: Spain
where in South America is Argentina

Official Name:
República Argentina
for purposes of legislation: Nación Argentina (Argentine Nation)
short form: Argentina
int'l long form: Argentine Republic

ISO Country Code: ar

Local Time = UTC -3h
Actual Time: Fri-Mar-27  00:34

Country Calling Code: +54

Capital City: Buenos Aires (pop. 3 million)

Other Cities:
Córdoba (pop. 1 350 000), Rosario (pop. 1 158 000), Mendoza (pop. 800 000 ), Santa Fe (pop. 360 000), Mar del Plata, La Plata, Tucuman.

Type: Republic.
Independence: 9 July 1816 (from Spain). Constitution: 1 May 1853; revised August 1994.

Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay.
Area: 2.8 million km² (1.1 million sq. mi.); second-largest country in South America.
Terrain: Rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border.

Climate: Varied--predominantly temperate with extremes ranging from subtropical in the north to arid/sub- Antarctic in far south.

Nationality: Argentine(s).
Population: 40 million (2010)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 13,153 (year)
Ethnic groups: European 97%, mostly of Spanish and Italian descent; Mestizo, Amerindian or other nonwhite groups 3%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%.
Languages: Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French.
Literacy (2001): 97%.

Natural resources: Fertile plains (pampas); minerals--lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron, manganese, oil, and uranium.

Agriculture products: Grains, oilseeds and by-products, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock.

Industries: Food processing, motor vehicles, oil refining, machinery and equipment, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals.

Exports - commodities: soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat

Exports - partners: Brazil 20.4%, China 7.4%, Chile 6%, US 5.2% (2012)

Currency: Argentine Peso (ARS)

Argentina in numbers
More Argentina statistical figures.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Argentina

Portal del Estado - Gateway to Argentina's Federal Administration.

Presidencia de la Nación - Argentina
Office of the presidency of Argentina.

Cristal will provide information on exactly how the federal government is spending its $48 billion annual budget, making it difficult for officials to mismanage or spirit away public money.

Ministry of Foreing Affairs, International Trade and Worship
MOFA Argentina.

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de la República Argentina ante las Naciones
Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations.
Embassy of Argentina
Washington D.C.
Argentines Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Argentines Diplomatic Missions around the world.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Argentina
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Argentina.

Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos
National Institute of Statistics and Census.
Argentina in numbers
Argentina key statistical data.

Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
Argentine's meteorological Service.


Administrative Map of Argentina
Map of the Argentine Republic with provinces and their capitals.
Map of Argentina
Political Map of Argentina.
Google Earth Google Earth Argentina
Searchable map and satellite viewArgentina.
Google Earth Google Earth Buenos Aires
Searchable map and satellite view of Argentina's capital city.
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.

News from Argentina

Buenos Aires Herald
Argentinas international newspaper.
Clarin digital
National and international news (in Spanish).
El Cronista
Regional News (in Spanish).
El Ojo Digital
Argentine newspaper from Buenos Aires (in Spanish).
La Nacion
La Nacion line - Regional News (in Spanish).
La Razón
National and international news (in Spanish).
National and international news (in Spanish).

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Arts & Culture

Academia Nacional del Tango
The National Tango Academy.
Comprehensive directory to Argentine Arts.
Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina
The National Library.
Museos Argentinos
Directory of Argentine Museums (Spanish).
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
The National Museum of Fine Arts.
Todo Tango
All about Tango Argentino.


Business & Economy

Banco Central de la Republica Argentina
Central Bank of the Argentine Republic.
Banco de la Nación Argentina
Bank of the Argentine Nation,state-owned and largest bank in the country.
Bolsa de Comercio de Buenos Aires
Argentine Stock Exchange System.

Cámara Argentina de Comercio
Argentine Chamber of Commerce.
Fundación Invertir Argentina
A portal to Argentina's business, trade, investment and economic resources.

Aerolineas Argentinas
Argentine Airline

Trenes de Buenos Aires.

Destination Argentina - Country Guides

Discover Argentina: hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, nature, tours and much more.

Secretaría de Turismo
Informations on "the land of the six continents".

A guide to Argentina by argentour.
 Sur del Sur
El Sur del Sur (The Southernmost South), Argentina, presents an entertaining synthesis of Argentine geography, history, population, economy and culture. (English/Spanish).
Information on Tandil and surroundings.

Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
The Municipality of Buenos Aires.
Turismo Bs As
Official tourism site of Buenos Aires.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Ministerio de Educación
The Ministry of Culture and Education.

Argentina's National Universities
List of Argentine higer education institutions.
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
Guide to Argentine Universities. (in Spanish)

Environment - Environmental organizations Argentina

Fundación para la defensa del ambiente (FUNAM)
Environment Defense Foundation, an NGO for a sustainable development.
Fundación PROTEGER
Organization for sustainable development, member of the UICN
World-wide union for the Nature.
Greenpeace Argentina
Argentine section of Greenpeace.
''In Argentina there is environmental masquerading''
Argentine biologist Raúl Montenegro, winner of the ''Alternative Nobel Prize'' about his environmental achievements.


WWW-VL: History: Argentina
Index of online recources of Argentina's history.

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Other Countries of South America:
Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama